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%% Copyright (c) 2011-2012, Loïc Hoguin <essen@ninenines.eu>
%%
%% Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
%% purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
%% copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
%%
%% THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
%% WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
%% MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
%% ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
%% WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
%% ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
%% OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
%% @doc TCP transport API.
%%
%% Wrapper around <em>gen_tcp</em> implementing the Cowboy transport API.
%%
%% @see gen_tcp
-module(cowboy_tcp_transport).
-export([name/0, messages/0, listen/1, accept/2, recv/3, send/2, setopts/2,
controlling_process/2, peername/1, close/1, sockname/1]).
-export([connect/3]).
%% @doc Name of this transport API, <em>tcp</em>.
-spec name() -> tcp.
name() -> tcp.
%% @doc Atoms used in the process messages sent by this API.
%%
%% They identify incoming data, closed connection and errors when receiving
%% data in active mode.
-spec messages() -> {tcp, tcp_closed, tcp_error}.
messages() -> {tcp, tcp_closed, tcp_error}.
%% @private
connect(Host, Port, Opts) when is_list(Host), is_integer(Port) ->
gen_tcp:connect(Host, Port,
Opts ++ [binary, {active, false}, {packet, raw}]).
%% @doc Setup a socket to listen on the given port on the local host.
%%
%% The available options are:
%% <dl>
%% <dt>port</dt><dd>Mandatory. TCP port number to open.</dd>
%% <dt>backlog</dt><dd>Maximum length of the pending connections queue.
%% Defaults to 1024.</dd>
%% <dt>ip</dt><dd>Interface to listen on. Listen on all interfaces
%% by default.</dd>
%% </dl>
%%
%% @see gen_tcp:listen/2
-spec listen([{port, inet:port_number()} | {ip, inet:ip_address()}])
-> {ok, inet:socket()} | {error, atom()}.
listen(Opts) ->
{port, Port} = lists:keyfind(port, 1, Opts),
Backlog = proplists:get_value(backlog, Opts, 1024),
ListenOpts0 = [binary, {active, false},
{backlog, Backlog}, {packet, raw}, {reuseaddr, true}],
ListenOpts =
case lists:keyfind(ip, 1, Opts) of
false -> ListenOpts0;
Ip -> [Ip|ListenOpts0]
end,
gen_tcp:listen(Port, ListenOpts).
%% @doc Accept an incoming connection on a listen socket.
%% @see gen_tcp:accept/2
-spec accept(inet:socket(), timeout())
-> {ok, inet:socket()} | {error, closed | timeout | atom()}.
accept(LSocket, Timeout) ->
gen_tcp:accept(LSocket, Timeout).
%% @doc Receive a packet from a socket in passive mode.
%% @see gen_tcp:recv/3
-spec recv(inet:socket(), non_neg_integer(), timeout())
-> {ok, any()} | {error, closed | atom()}.
recv(Socket, Length, Timeout) ->
gen_tcp:recv(Socket, Length, Timeout).
%% @doc Send a packet on a socket.
%% @see gen_tcp:send/2
-spec send(inet:socket(), iolist()) -> ok | {error, atom()}.
send(Socket, Packet) ->
gen_tcp:send(Socket, Packet).
%% @doc Set one or more options for a socket.
%% @see inet:setopts/2
-spec setopts(inet:socket(), list()) -> ok | {error, atom()}.
setopts(Socket, Opts) ->
inet:setopts(Socket, Opts).
%% @doc Assign a new controlling process <em>Pid</em> to <em>Socket</em>.
%% @see gen_tcp:controlling_process/2
-spec controlling_process(inet:socket(), pid())
-> ok | {error, closed | not_owner | atom()}.
controlling_process(Socket, Pid) ->
gen_tcp:controlling_process(Socket, Pid).
%% @doc Return the address and port for the other end of a connection.
%% @see inet:peername/1
-spec peername(inet:socket())
-> {ok, {inet:ip_address(), inet:port_number()}} | {error, atom()}.
peername(Socket) ->
inet:peername(Socket).
%% @doc Close a TCP socket.
%% @see gen_tcp:close/1
-spec close(inet:socket()) -> ok.
close(Socket) ->
gen_tcp:close(Socket).
%% @doc Get the local address and port of a socket
%% @see inet:sockname/1
-spec sockname(inet:socket())
-> {ok, {inet:ip_address(), inet:port_number()}} | {error, atom()}.
sockname(Socket) ->
inet:sockname(Socket).
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