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%% Copyright (c) 2011-2012, Loïc Hoguin <essen@ninenines.eu>
%% Copyright (c) 2011, Anthony Ramine <nox@dev-extend.eu>
%%
%% Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
%% purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
%% copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
%%
%% THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
%% WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
%% MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
%% ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
%% WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
%% ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
%% OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
%% @doc HTTP request manipulation API.
%%
%% Almost all functions in this module return a new <em>Req</em> variable.
%% It should always be used instead of the one used in your function call
%% because it keeps the state of the request. It also allows Cowboy to do
%% some lazy evaluation and cache results where possible.
-module(cowboy_http_req).
-export([
method/1, version/1, peer/1, peer_addr/1,
host/1, host_info/1, raw_host/1, port/1,
path/1, path_info/1, raw_path/1,
qs_val/2, qs_val/3, qs_vals/1, raw_qs/1,
binding/2, binding/3, bindings/1,
header/2, header/3, headers/1,
parse_header/2, parse_header/3,
cookie/2, cookie/3, cookies/1,
meta/2, meta/3
]). %% Request API.
-export([
has_body/1, body_length/1, init_stream/4, stream_body/1,
skip_body/1, body/1, body/2, body_qs/1,
multipart_data/1, multipart_skip/1
]). %% Request Body API.
-export([
set_resp_cookie/4, set_resp_header/3, set_resp_body/2,
set_resp_body_fun/3, has_resp_header/2, has_resp_body/1,
reply/2, reply/3, reply/4,
chunked_reply/2, chunked_reply/3, chunk/2,
upgrade_reply/3
]). %% Response API.
-export([
compact/1, transport/1
]). %% Misc API.
-include("http.hrl").
%% Request API.
%% @doc Return the HTTP method of the request.
-spec method(#http_req{}) -> {cowboy_http:method(), #http_req{}}.
method(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.method, Req}.
%% @doc Return the HTTP version used for the request.
-spec version(#http_req{}) -> {cowboy_http:version(), #http_req{}}.
version(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.version, Req}.
%% @doc Return the peer address and port number of the remote host.
-spec peer(#http_req{})
-> {{inet:ip_address(), inet:port_number()}, #http_req{}}.
peer(Req=#http_req{socket=Socket, transport=Transport, peer=undefined}) ->
{ok, Peer} = Transport:peername(Socket),
{Peer, Req#http_req{peer=Peer}};
peer(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.peer, Req}.
%% @doc Returns the peer address calculated from headers.
-spec peer_addr(#http_req{}) -> {inet:ip_address(), #http_req{}}.
peer_addr(Req = #http_req{}) ->
{RealIp, Req1} = header(<<"X-Real-Ip">>, Req),
{ForwardedForRaw, Req2} = header(<<"X-Forwarded-For">>, Req1),
{{PeerIp, _PeerPort}, Req3} = peer(Req2),
ForwardedFor = case ForwardedForRaw of
undefined ->
undefined;
ForwardedForRaw ->
case re:run(ForwardedForRaw, "^(?<first_ip>[^\\,]+)",
[{capture, [first_ip], binary}]) of
{match, [FirstIp]} -> FirstIp;
_Any -> undefined
end
end,
{ok, PeerAddr} = if
is_binary(RealIp) -> inet_parse:address(binary_to_list(RealIp));
is_binary(ForwardedFor) -> inet_parse:address(binary_to_list(ForwardedFor));
true -> {ok, PeerIp}
end,
{PeerAddr, Req3}.
%% @doc Return the tokens for the hostname requested.
-spec host(#http_req{}) -> {cowboy_dispatcher:tokens(), #http_req{}}.
host(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.host, Req}.
%% @doc Return the extra host information obtained from partially matching
%% the hostname using <em>'...'</em>.
-spec host_info(#http_req{})
-> {cowboy_dispatcher:tokens() | undefined, #http_req{}}.
host_info(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.host_info, Req}.
%% @doc Return the raw host directly taken from the request.
-spec raw_host(#http_req{}) -> {binary(), #http_req{}}.
raw_host(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.raw_host, Req}.
%% @doc Return the port used for this request.
-spec port(#http_req{}) -> {inet:port_number(), #http_req{}}.
port(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.port, Req}.
%% @doc Return the path segments for the path requested.
%%
%% Following RFC2396, this function may return path segments containing any
%% character, including <em>/</em> if, and only if, a <em>/</em> was escaped
%% and part of a path segment in the path requested.
-spec path(#http_req{}) -> {cowboy_dispatcher:tokens(), #http_req{}}.
path(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.path, Req}.
%% @doc Return the extra path information obtained from partially matching
%% the patch using <em>'...'</em>.
-spec path_info(#http_req{})
-> {cowboy_dispatcher:tokens() | undefined, #http_req{}}.
path_info(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.path_info, Req}.
%% @doc Return the raw path directly taken from the request.
-spec raw_path(#http_req{}) -> {binary(), #http_req{}}.
raw_path(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.raw_path, Req}.
%% @equiv qs_val(Name, Req, undefined)
-spec qs_val(binary(), #http_req{})
-> {binary() | true | undefined, #http_req{}}.
qs_val(Name, Req) when is_binary(Name) ->
qs_val(Name, Req, undefined).
%% @doc Return the query string value for the given key, or a default if
%% missing.
-spec qs_val(binary(), #http_req{}, Default)
-> {binary() | true | Default, #http_req{}} when Default::any().
qs_val(Name, Req=#http_req{raw_qs=RawQs, qs_vals=undefined,
urldecode={URLDecFun, URLDecArg}}, Default) when is_binary(Name) ->
QsVals = cowboy_http:x_www_form_urlencoded(
RawQs, fun(Bin) -> URLDecFun(Bin, URLDecArg) end),
qs_val(Name, Req#http_req{qs_vals=QsVals}, Default);
qs_val(Name, Req, Default) ->
case lists:keyfind(Name, 1, Req#http_req.qs_vals) of
{Name, Value} -> {Value, Req};
false -> {Default, Req}
end.
%% @doc Return the full list of query string values.
-spec qs_vals(#http_req{}) -> {list({binary(), binary() | true}), #http_req{}}.
qs_vals(Req=#http_req{raw_qs=RawQs, qs_vals=undefined,
urldecode={URLDecFun, URLDecArg}}) ->
QsVals = cowboy_http:x_www_form_urlencoded(
RawQs, fun(Bin) -> URLDecFun(Bin, URLDecArg) end),
qs_vals(Req#http_req{qs_vals=QsVals});
qs_vals(Req=#http_req{qs_vals=QsVals}) ->
{QsVals, Req}.
%% @doc Return the raw query string directly taken from the request.
-spec raw_qs(#http_req{}) -> {binary(), #http_req{}}.
raw_qs(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.raw_qs, Req}.
%% @equiv binding(Name, Req, undefined)
-spec binding(atom(), #http_req{}) -> {binary() | undefined, #http_req{}}.
binding(Name, Req) when is_atom(Name) ->
binding(Name, Req, undefined).
%% @doc Return the binding value for the given key obtained when matching
%% the host and path against the dispatch list, or a default if missing.
-spec binding(atom(), #http_req{}, Default)
-> {binary() | Default, #http_req{}} when Default::any().
binding(Name, Req, Default) when is_atom(Name) ->
case lists:keyfind(Name, 1, Req#http_req.bindings) of
{Name, Value} -> {Value, Req};
false -> {Default, Req}
end.
%% @doc Return the full list of binding values.
-spec bindings(#http_req{}) -> {list({atom(), binary()}), #http_req{}}.
bindings(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.bindings, Req}.
%% @equiv header(Name, Req, undefined)
-spec header(atom() | binary(), #http_req{})
-> {binary() | undefined, #http_req{}}.
header(Name, Req) when is_atom(Name) orelse is_binary(Name) ->
header(Name, Req, undefined).
%% @doc Return the header value for the given key, or a default if missing.
-spec header(atom() | binary(), #http_req{}, Default)
-> {binary() | Default, #http_req{}} when Default::any().
header(Name, Req, Default) when is_atom(Name) orelse is_binary(Name) ->
case lists:keyfind(Name, 1, Req#http_req.headers) of
{Name, Value} -> {Value, Req};
false -> {Default, Req}
end.
%% @doc Return the full list of headers.
-spec headers(#http_req{}) -> {cowboy_http:headers(), #http_req{}}.
headers(Req) ->
{Req#http_req.headers, Req}.
%% @doc Semantically parse headers.
%%
%% When the value isn't found, a proper default value for the type
%% returned is used as a return value.
%% @see parse_header/3
-spec parse_header(cowboy_http:header(), #http_req{})
-> {any(), #http_req{}} | {error, badarg}.
parse_header(Name, Req=#http_req{p_headers=PHeaders}) ->
case lists:keyfind(Name, 1, PHeaders) of
false -> parse_header(Name, Req, parse_header_default(Name));
{Name, Value} -> {Value, Req}
end.
%% @doc Default values for semantic header parsing.
-spec parse_header_default(cowboy_http:header()) -> any().
parse_header_default('Connection') -> [];
parse_header_default('Transfer-Encoding') -> [<<"identity">>];
parse_header_default(_Name) -> undefined.
%% @doc Semantically parse headers.
%%
%% When the header is unknown, the value is returned directly without parsing.
-spec parse_header(cowboy_http:header(), #http_req{}, any())
-> {any(), #http_req{}} | {error, badarg}.
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Accept' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:list(Value, fun cowboy_http:media_range/2)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Accept-Charset' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:nonempty_list(Value, fun cowboy_http:conneg/2)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Accept-Encoding' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:list(Value, fun cowboy_http:conneg/2)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Accept-Language' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:nonempty_list(Value, fun cowboy_http:language_range/2)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Connection' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:nonempty_list(Value, fun cowboy_http:token_ci/2)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Content-Length' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:digits(Value)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Content-Type' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:content_type(Value)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Expect' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:nonempty_list(Value, fun cowboy_http:expectation/2)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default)
when Name =:= 'If-Match'; Name =:= 'If-None-Match' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:entity_tag_match(Value)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default)
when Name =:= 'If-Modified-Since'; Name =:= 'If-Unmodified-Since' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:http_date(Value)
end);
%% @todo Extension parameters.
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Transfer-Encoding' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:nonempty_list(Value, fun cowboy_http:token_ci/2)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) when Name =:= 'Upgrade' ->
parse_header(Name, Req, Default,
fun (Value) ->
cowboy_http:nonempty_list(Value, fun cowboy_http:token_ci/2)
end);
parse_header(Name, Req, Default) ->
{Value, Req2} = header(Name, Req, Default),
{undefined, Value, Req2}.
%% @todo This doesn't look in the cache.
parse_header(Name, Req=#http_req{p_headers=PHeaders}, Default, Fun) ->
case header(Name, Req) of
{undefined, Req2} ->
{Default, Req2#http_req{p_headers=[{Name, Default}|PHeaders]}};
{Value, Req2} ->
case Fun(Value) of
{error, badarg} ->
{error, badarg};
P ->
{P, Req2#http_req{p_headers=[{Name, P}|PHeaders]}}
end
end.
%% @equiv cookie(Name, Req, undefined)
-spec cookie(binary(), #http_req{})
-> {binary() | true | undefined, #http_req{}}.
cookie(Name, Req) when is_binary(Name) ->
cookie(Name, Req, undefined).
%% @doc Return the cookie value for the given key, or a default if
%% missing.
-spec cookie(binary(), #http_req{}, Default)
-> {binary() | true | Default, #http_req{}} when Default::any().
cookie(Name, Req=#http_req{cookies=undefined}, Default) when is_binary(Name) ->
case header('Cookie', Req) of
{undefined, Req2} ->
{Default, Req2#http_req{cookies=[]}};
{RawCookie, Req2} ->
Cookies = cowboy_cookies:parse_cookie(RawCookie),
cookie(Name, Req2#http_req{cookies=Cookies}, Default)
end;
cookie(Name, Req, Default) ->
case lists:keyfind(Name, 1, Req#http_req.cookies) of
{Name, Value} -> {Value, Req};
false -> {Default, Req}
end.
%% @doc Return the full list of cookie values.
-spec cookies(#http_req{}) -> {list({binary(), binary() | true}), #http_req{}}.
cookies(Req=#http_req{cookies=undefined}) ->
case header('Cookie', Req) of
{undefined, Req2} ->
{[], Req2#http_req{cookies=[]}};
{RawCookie, Req2} ->
Cookies = cowboy_cookies:parse_cookie(RawCookie),
cookies(Req2#http_req{cookies=Cookies})
end;
cookies(Req=#http_req{cookies=Cookies}) ->
{Cookies, Req}.
%% @equiv meta(Name, Req, undefined)
-spec meta(atom(), #http_req{}) -> {any() | undefined, #http_req{}}.
meta(Name, Req) ->
meta(Name, Req, undefined).
%% @doc Return metadata information about the request.
%%
%% Metadata information varies from one protocol to another. Websockets
%% would define the protocol version here, while REST would use it to
%% indicate which media type, language and charset were retained.
-spec meta(atom(), #http_req{}, any()) -> {any(), #http_req{}}.
meta(Name, Req, Default) ->
case lists:keyfind(Name, 1, Req#http_req.meta) of
{Name, Value} -> {Value, Req};
false -> {Default, Req}
end.
%% Request Body API.
%% @doc Return whether the request message has a body.
-spec has_body(#http_req{}) -> {boolean(), #http_req{}}.
has_body(Req) ->
Has = lists:keymember('Content-Length', 1, Req#http_req.headers) orelse
lists:keymember('Transfer-Encoding', 1, Req#http_req.headers),
{Has, Req}.
%% @doc Return the request message body length, if known.
%%
%% The length may not be known if Transfer-Encoding is not identity,
%% and the body hasn't been read at the time of the call.
-spec body_length(#http_req{}) -> {undefined | non_neg_integer(), #http_req{}}.
body_length(Req) ->
case lists:keymember('Transfer-Encoding', 1, Req#http_req.headers) of
true -> {undefined, Req};
false -> parse_header('Content-Length', Req, 0)
end.
%% @doc Initialize body streaming and set custom decoding functions.
%%
%% Calling this function is optional. It should only be used if you
%% need to override the default behavior of Cowboy. Otherwise you
%% should call stream_body/1 directly.
%%
%% Two decodings happen. First a decoding function is applied to the
%% transferred data, and then another is applied to the actual content.
%%
%% Transfer encoding is generally used for chunked bodies. The decoding
%% function uses a state to keep track of how much it has read, which is
%% also initialized through this function.
%%
%% Content encoding is generally used for compression.
%%
%% Standard encodings can be found in cowboy_http.
-spec init_stream(fun(), any(), fun(), #http_req{}) -> {ok, #http_req{}}.
init_stream(TransferDecode, TransferState, ContentDecode, Req) ->
{ok, Req#http_req{body_state=
{stream, TransferDecode, TransferState, ContentDecode}}}.
%% @doc Stream the request's body.
%%
%% This is the most low level function to read the request body.
%%
%% In most cases, if they weren't defined before using stream_body/4,
%% this function will guess which transfer and content encodings were
%% used for building the request body, and configure the decoding
%% functions that will be used when streaming.
%%
%% It then starts streaming the body, returning {ok, Data, Req}
%% for each streamed part, and {done, Req} when it's finished streaming.
-spec stream_body(#http_req{}) -> {ok, binary(), #http_req{}}
| {done, #http_req{}} | {error, atom()}.
stream_body(Req=#http_req{body_state=waiting}) ->
case parse_header('Transfer-Encoding', Req) of
{[<<"chunked">>], Req2} ->
stream_body(Req2#http_req{body_state=
{stream, fun cowboy_http:te_chunked/2, {0, 0},
fun cowboy_http:ce_identity/1}});
{[<<"identity">>], Req2} ->
{Length, Req3} = body_length(Req2),
case Length of
0 ->
{done, Req3#http_req{body_state=done}};
Length ->
stream_body(Req3#http_req{body_state=
{stream, fun cowboy_http:te_identity/2, {0, Length},
fun cowboy_http:ce_identity/1}})
end
end;
stream_body(Req=#http_req{buffer=Buffer, body_state={stream, _, _, _}})
when Buffer =/= <<>> ->
transfer_decode(Buffer, Req#http_req{buffer= <<>>});
stream_body(Req=#http_req{body_state={stream, _, _, _}}) ->
stream_body_recv(Req);
stream_body(Req=#http_req{body_state=done}) ->
{done, Req}.
-spec stream_body_recv(#http_req{})
-> {ok, binary(), #http_req{}} | {error, atom()}.
stream_body_recv(Req=#http_req{
transport=Transport, socket=Socket, buffer=Buffer}) ->
%% @todo Allow configuring the timeout.
case Transport:recv(Socket, 0, 5000) of
{ok, Data} -> transfer_decode(<< Buffer/binary, Data/binary >>, Req);
{error, Reason} -> {error, Reason}
end.
-spec transfer_decode(binary(), #http_req{})
-> {ok, binary(), #http_req{}} | {error, atom()}.
transfer_decode(Data, Req=#http_req{
body_state={stream, TransferDecode, TransferState, ContentDecode}}) ->
case TransferDecode(Data, TransferState) of
{ok, Data2, TransferState2} ->
content_decode(ContentDecode, Data2, Req#http_req{body_state=
{stream, TransferDecode, TransferState2, ContentDecode}});
{ok, Data2, Rest, TransferState2} ->
content_decode(ContentDecode, Data2, Req#http_req{
buffer=Rest, body_state=
{stream, TransferDecode, TransferState2, ContentDecode}});
%% @todo {header(s) for chunked
more ->
stream_body_recv(Req#http_req{buffer=Data});
{done, Length, Rest} ->
Req2 = transfer_decode_done(Length, Rest, Req),
{done, Req2};
{done, Data2, Length, Rest} ->
Req2 = transfer_decode_done(Length, Rest, Req),
content_decode(ContentDecode, Data2, Req2);
{error, Reason} ->
{error, Reason}
end.
-spec transfer_decode_done(non_neg_integer(), binary(), #http_req{})
-> #http_req{}.
transfer_decode_done(Length, Rest, Req=#http_req{
headers=Headers, p_headers=PHeaders}) ->
Headers2 = lists:keystore('Content-Length', 1, Headers,
{'Content-Length', list_to_binary(integer_to_list(Length))}),
%% At this point we just assume TEs were all decoded.
Headers3 = lists:keydelete('Transfer-Encoding', 1, Headers2),
PHeaders2 = lists:keystore('Content-Length', 1, PHeaders,
{'Content-Length', Length}),
PHeaders3 = lists:keydelete('Transfer-Encoding', 1, PHeaders2),
Req#http_req{buffer=Rest, body_state=done,
headers=Headers3, p_headers=PHeaders3}.
%% @todo Probably needs a Rest.
-spec content_decode(fun(), binary(), #http_req{})
-> {ok, binary(), #http_req{}} | {error, atom()}.
content_decode(ContentDecode, Data, Req) ->
case ContentDecode(Data) of
{ok, Data2} -> {ok, Data2, Req};
{error, Reason} -> {error, Reason}
end.
%% @doc Return the full body sent with the request.
-spec body(#http_req{}) -> {ok, binary(), #http_req{}} | {error, atom()}.
body(Req) ->
read_body(infinity, Req, <<>>).
%% @doc Return the full body sent with the request as long as the body
%% length doesn't go over MaxLength.
%%
%% This is most useful to quickly be able to get the full body while
%% avoiding filling your memory with huge request bodies when you're
%% not expecting it.
-spec body(non_neg_integer() | infinity, #http_req{})
-> {ok, binary(), #http_req{}} | {error, atom()}.
body(MaxLength, Req) ->
read_body(MaxLength, Req, <<>>).
-spec read_body(non_neg_integer() | infinity, #http_req{}, binary())
-> {ok, binary(), #http_req{}} | {error, atom()}.
read_body(MaxLength, Req, Acc) when MaxLength > byte_size(Acc) ->
case stream_body(Req) of
{ok, Data, Req2} ->
read_body(MaxLength, Req2, << Acc/binary, Data/binary >>);
{done, Req2} ->
{ok, Acc, Req2};
{error, Reason} ->
{error, Reason}
end.
-spec skip_body(#http_req{}) -> {ok, #http_req{}} | {error, atom()}.
skip_body(Req) ->
case stream_body(Req) of
{ok, _, Req2} -> skip_body(Req2);
{done, Req2} -> {ok, Req2};
{error, Reason} -> {error, Reason}
end.
%% @doc Return the full body sent with the reqest, parsed as an
%% application/x-www-form-urlencoded string. Essentially a POST query string.
%% @todo We need an option to limit the size of the body for QS too.
-spec body_qs(#http_req{}) -> {list({binary(), binary() | true}), #http_req{}}.
body_qs(Req=#http_req{urldecode={URLDecFun, URLDecArg}}) ->
{ok, Body, Req2} = body(Req),
{cowboy_http:x_www_form_urlencoded(
Body, fun(Bin) -> URLDecFun(Bin, URLDecArg) end), Req2}.
%% Multipart Request API.
%% @doc Return data from the multipart parser.
%%
%% Use this function for multipart streaming. For each part in the request,
%% this function returns <em>{headers, Headers}</em> followed by a sequence of
%% <em>{body, Data}</em> tuples and finally <em>end_of_part</em>. When there
%% is no part to parse anymore, <em>eof</em> is returned.
%%
%% If the request Content-Type is not a multipart one, <em>{error, badarg}</em>
%% is returned.
-spec multipart_data(#http_req{})
-> {{headers, cowboy_http:headers()}
| {body, binary()} | end_of_part | eof,
#http_req{}}.
multipart_data(Req=#http_req{body_state=waiting}) ->
{{<<"multipart">>, _SubType, Params}, Req2} =
parse_header('Content-Type', Req),
{_, Boundary} = lists:keyfind(<<"boundary">>, 1, Params),
{Length, Req3} = parse_header('Content-Length', Req2),
multipart_data(Req3, Length, {more, cowboy_multipart:parser(Boundary)});
multipart_data(Req=#http_req{body_state={multipart, Length, Cont}}) ->
multipart_data(Req, Length, Cont());
multipart_data(Req=#http_req{body_state=done}) ->
{eof, Req}.
multipart_data(Req, Length, {headers, Headers, Cont}) ->
{{headers, Headers}, Req#http_req{body_state={multipart, Length, Cont}}};
multipart_data(Req, Length, {body, Data, Cont}) ->
{{body, Data}, Req#http_req{body_state={multipart, Length, Cont}}};
multipart_data(Req, Length, {end_of_part, Cont}) ->
{end_of_part, Req#http_req{body_state={multipart, Length, Cont}}};
multipart_data(Req, 0, eof) ->
{eof, Req#http_req{body_state=done}};
multipart_data(Req=#http_req{socket=Socket, transport=Transport},
Length, eof) ->
%% We just want to skip so no need to stream data here.
{ok, _Data} = Transport:recv(Socket, Length, 5000),
{eof, Req#http_req{body_state=done}};
multipart_data(Req, Length, {more, Parser}) when Length > 0 ->
case stream_body(Req) of
{ok, << Data:Length/binary, Buffer/binary >>, Req2} ->
multipart_data(Req2#http_req{buffer=Buffer}, 0, Parser(Data));
{ok, Data, Req2} ->
multipart_data(Req2, Length - byte_size(Data), Parser(Data))
end.
%% @doc Skip a part returned by the multipart parser.
%%
%% This function repeatedly calls <em>multipart_data/1</em> until
%% <em>end_of_part</em> or <em>eof</em> is parsed.
multipart_skip(Req) ->
case multipart_data(Req) of
{end_of_part, Req2} -> {ok, Req2};
{eof, Req2} -> {ok, Req2};
{_Other, Req2} -> multipart_skip(Req2)
end.
%% Response API.
%% @doc Add a cookie header to the response.
-spec set_resp_cookie(binary(), binary(), [cowboy_cookies:cookie_option()],
#http_req{}) -> {ok, #http_req{}}.
set_resp_cookie(Name, Value, Options, Req) ->
{HeaderName, HeaderValue} = cowboy_cookies:cookie(Name, Value, Options),
set_resp_header(HeaderName, HeaderValue, Req).
%% @doc Add a header to the response.
-spec set_resp_header(cowboy_http:header(), iodata(), #http_req{})
-> {ok, #http_req{}}.
set_resp_header(Name, Value, Req=#http_req{resp_headers=RespHeaders}) ->
NameBin = header_to_binary(Name),
{ok, Req#http_req{resp_headers=[{NameBin, Value}|RespHeaders]}}.
%% @doc Add a body to the response.
%%
%% The body set here is ignored if the response is later sent using
%% anything other than reply/2 or reply/3. The response body is expected
%% to be a binary or an iolist.
-spec set_resp_body(iodata(), #http_req{}) -> {ok, #http_req{}}.
set_resp_body(Body, Req) ->
{ok, Req#http_req{resp_body=Body}}.
%% @doc Add a body function to the response.
%%
%% The response body may also be set to a content-length - stream-function pair.
%% If the response body is of this type normal response headers will be sent.
%% After the response headers has been sent the body function is applied.
%% The body function is expected to write the response body directly to the
%% socket using the transport module.
%%
%% If the body function crashes while writing the response body or writes fewer
%% bytes than declared the behaviour is undefined. The body set here is ignored
%% if the response is later sent using anything other than `reply/2' or
%% `reply/3'.
%%
%% @see cowboy_http_req:transport/1.
-spec set_resp_body_fun(non_neg_integer(), fun(() -> {sent, non_neg_integer()}),
#http_req{}) -> {ok, #http_req{}}.
set_resp_body_fun(StreamLen, StreamFun, Req) ->
{ok, Req#http_req{resp_body={StreamLen, StreamFun}}}.
%% @doc Return whether the given header has been set for the response.
-spec has_resp_header(cowboy_http:header(), #http_req{}) -> boolean().
has_resp_header(Name, #http_req{resp_headers=RespHeaders}) ->
NameBin = header_to_binary(Name),
lists:keymember(NameBin, 1, RespHeaders).
%% @doc Return whether a body has been set for the response.
-spec has_resp_body(#http_req{}) -> boolean().
has_resp_body(#http_req{resp_body={Length, _}}) ->
Length > 0;
has_resp_body(#http_req{resp_body=RespBody}) ->
iolist_size(RespBody) > 0.
%% @equiv reply(Status, [], [], Req)
-spec reply(cowboy_http:status(), #http_req{}) -> {ok, #http_req{}}.
reply(Status, Req=#http_req{resp_body=Body}) ->
reply(Status, [], Body, Req).
%% @equiv reply(Status, Headers, [], Req)
-spec reply(cowboy_http:status(), cowboy_http:headers(), #http_req{})
-> {ok, #http_req{}}.
reply(Status, Headers, Req=#http_req{resp_body=Body}) ->
reply(Status, Headers, Body, Req).
%% @doc Send a reply to the client.
-spec reply(cowboy_http:status(), cowboy_http:headers(), iodata(), #http_req{})
-> {ok, #http_req{}}.
reply(Status, Headers, Body, Req=#http_req{socket=Socket, transport=Transport,
version=Version, connection=Connection,
method=Method, resp_state=waiting, resp_headers=RespHeaders}) ->
RespConn = response_connection(Headers, Connection),
ContentLen = case Body of {CL, _} -> CL; _ -> iolist_size(Body) end,
HTTP11Headers = case Version of
{1, 1} -> [{<<"Connection">>, atom_to_connection(Connection)}];
_ -> []
end,
{ReplyType, Req2} = response(Status, Headers, RespHeaders, [
{<<"Content-Length">>, integer_to_list(ContentLen)},
{<<"Date">>, cowboy_clock:rfc1123()},
{<<"Server">>, <<"Cowboy">>}
|HTTP11Headers], Req),
if Method =:= 'HEAD' -> ok;
ReplyType =:= hook -> ok; %% Hook replied for us, stop there.
true ->
case Body of
{_, StreamFun} -> StreamFun();
_ -> Transport:send(Socket, Body)
end
end,
{ok, Req2#http_req{connection=RespConn, resp_state=done,
resp_headers=[], resp_body= <<>>}}.
%% @equiv chunked_reply(Status, [], Req)
-spec chunked_reply(cowboy_http:status(), #http_req{}) -> {ok, #http_req{}}.
chunked_reply(Status, Req) ->
chunked_reply(Status, [], Req).
%% @doc Initiate the sending of a chunked reply to the client.
%% @see cowboy_http_req:chunk/2
-spec chunked_reply(cowboy_http:status(), cowboy_http:headers(), #http_req{})
-> {ok, #http_req{}}.
chunked_reply(Status, Headers, Req=#http_req{
version=Version, connection=Connection,
resp_state=waiting, resp_headers=RespHeaders}) ->
RespConn = response_connection(Headers, Connection),
HTTP11Headers = case Version of
{1, 1} -> [
{<<"Connection">>, atom_to_connection(Connection)},
{<<"Transfer-Encoding">>, <<"chunked">>}];
_ -> []
end,
{_, Req2} = response(Status, Headers, RespHeaders, [
{<<"Date">>, cowboy_clock:rfc1123()},
{<<"Server">>, <<"Cowboy">>}
|HTTP11Headers], Req),
{ok, Req2#http_req{connection=RespConn, resp_state=chunks,
resp_headers=[], resp_body= <<>>}}.
%% @doc Send a chunk of data.
%%
%% A chunked reply must have been initiated before calling this function.
-spec chunk(iodata(), #http_req{}) -> ok | {error, atom()}.
chunk(_Data, #http_req{socket=_Socket, transport=_Transport, method='HEAD'}) ->
ok;
chunk(Data, #http_req{socket=Socket, transport=Transport, version={1, 0}}) ->
Transport:send(Socket, Data);
chunk(Data, #http_req{socket=Socket, transport=Transport, resp_state=chunks}) ->
Transport:send(Socket, [integer_to_list(iolist_size(Data), 16),
<<"\r\n">>, Data, <<"\r\n">>]).
%% @doc Send an upgrade reply.
%% @private
-spec upgrade_reply(cowboy_http:status(), cowboy_http:headers(), #http_req{})
-> {ok, #http_req{}}.
upgrade_reply(Status, Headers, Req=#http_req{
resp_state=waiting, resp_headers=RespHeaders}) ->
{_, Req2} = response(Status, Headers, RespHeaders, [
{<<"Connection">>, <<"Upgrade">>}
], Req),
{ok, Req2#http_req{resp_state=done, resp_headers=[], resp_body= <<>>}}.
%% Misc API.
%% @doc Compact the request data by removing all non-system information.
%%
%% This essentially removes the host, path, query string, bindings and headers.
%% Use it when you really need to save up memory, for example when having
%% many concurrent long-running connections.
-spec compact(#http_req{}) -> #http_req{}.
compact(Req) ->
Req#http_req{host=undefined, host_info=undefined, path=undefined,
path_info=undefined, qs_vals=undefined,
bindings=undefined, headers=[],
p_headers=[], cookies=[]}.
%% @doc Return the transport module and socket associated with a request.
%%
%% This exposes the same socket interface used internally by the HTTP protocol
%% implementation to developers that needs low level access to the socket.
%%
%% It is preferred to use this in conjuction with the stream function support
%% in `set_resp_body_fun/3' if this is used to write a response body directly
%% to the socket. This ensures that the response headers are set correctly.
-spec transport(#http_req{}) -> {ok, module(), inet:socket()}.
transport(#http_req{transport=Transport, socket=Socket}) ->
{ok, Transport, Socket}.
%% Internal.
-spec response(cowboy_http:status(), cowboy_http:headers(),
cowboy_http:headers(), cowboy_http:headers(), #http_req{})
-> {normal | hook, #http_req{}}.
response(Status, Headers, RespHeaders, DefaultHeaders, Req=#http_req{
socket=Socket, transport=Transport, version=Version,
pid=ReqPid, onresponse=OnResponse}) ->
FullHeaders = response_merge_headers(Headers, RespHeaders, DefaultHeaders),
Req2 = case OnResponse of
undefined -> Req;
OnResponse -> OnResponse(Status, FullHeaders,
%% Don't call 'onresponse' from the hook itself.
Req#http_req{resp_headers=[], resp_body= <<>>,
onresponse=undefined})
end,
ReplyType = case Req2#http_req.resp_state of
waiting ->
HTTPVer = cowboy_http:version_to_binary(Version),
StatusLine = << HTTPVer/binary, " ",
(status(Status))/binary, "\r\n" >>,
HeaderLines = [[Key, <<": ">>, Value, <<"\r\n">>]
|| {Key, Value} <- FullHeaders],
Transport:send(Socket, [StatusLine, HeaderLines, <<"\r\n">>]),
ReqPid ! {?MODULE, resp_sent},
normal;
_ ->
hook
end,
{ReplyType, Req2}.
-spec response_connection(cowboy_http:headers(), keepalive | close)
-> keepalive | close.
response_connection([], Connection) ->
Connection;
response_connection([{Name, Value}|Tail], Connection) ->
case Name of
'Connection' -> response_connection_parse(Value);
Name when is_atom(Name) -> response_connection(Tail, Connection);
Name ->
Name2 = cowboy_bstr:to_lower(Name),
case Name2 of
<<"connection">> -> response_connection_parse(Value);
_Any -> response_connection(Tail, Connection)
end
end.
-spec response_connection_parse(binary()) -> keepalive | close.
response_connection_parse(ReplyConn) ->
Tokens = cowboy_http:nonempty_list(ReplyConn, fun cowboy_http:token/2),
cowboy_http:connection_to_atom(Tokens).
-spec response_merge_headers(cowboy_http:headers(), cowboy_http:headers(),
cowboy_http:headers()) -> cowboy_http:headers().
response_merge_headers(Headers, RespHeaders, DefaultHeaders) ->
Headers2 = [{header_to_binary(Key), Value} || {Key, Value} <- Headers],
merge_headers(
merge_headers(Headers2, RespHeaders),
DefaultHeaders).
-spec merge_headers(cowboy_http:headers(), cowboy_http:headers())
-> cowboy_http:headers().
merge_headers(Headers, []) ->
Headers;
merge_headers(Headers, [{Name, Value}|Tail]) ->
Headers2 = case lists:keymember(Name, 1, Headers) of
true -> Headers;
false -> Headers ++ [{Name, Value}]
end,
merge_headers(Headers2, Tail).
-spec atom_to_connection(keepalive) -> <<_:80>>;
(close) -> <<_:40>>.
atom_to_connection(keepalive) ->
<<"keep-alive">>;
atom_to_connection(close) ->
<<"close">>.
-spec status(cowboy_http:status()) -> binary().
status(100) -> <<"100 Continue">>;
status(101) -> <<"101 Switching Protocols">>;
status(102) -> <<"102 Processing">>;
status(200) -> <<"200 OK">>;
status(201) -> <<"201 Created">>;
status(202) -> <<"202 Accepted">>;
status(203) -> <<"203 Non-Authoritative Information">>;
status(204) -> <<"204 No Content">>;
status(205) -> <<"205 Reset Content">>;
status(206) -> <<"206 Partial Content">>;
status(207) -> <<"207 Multi-Status">>;
status(226) -> <<"226 IM Used">>;
status(300) -> <<"300 Multiple Choices">>;
status(301) -> <<"301 Moved Permanently">>;
status(302) -> <<"302 Found">>;
status(303) -> <<"303 See Other">>;
status(304) -> <<"304 Not Modified">>;
status(305) -> <<"305 Use Proxy">>;
status(306) -> <<"306 Switch Proxy">>;
status(307) -> <<"307 Temporary Redirect">>;
status(400) -> <<"400 Bad Request">>;
status(401) -> <<"401 Unauthorized">>;
status(402) -> <<"402 Payment Required">>;
status(403) -> <<"403 Forbidden">>;
status(404) -> <<"404 Not Found">>;
status(405) -> <<"405 Method Not Allowed">>;
status(406) -> <<"406 Not Acceptable">>;
status(407) -> <<"407 Proxy Authentication Required">>;
status(408) -> <<"408 Request Timeout">>;
status(409) -> <<"409 Conflict">>;
status(410) -> <<"410 Gone">>;
status(411) -> <<"411 Length Required">>;
status(412) -> <<"412 Precondition Failed">>;
status(413) -> <<"413 Request Entity Too Large">>;
status(414) -> <<"414 Request-URI Too Long">>;
status(415) -> <<"415 Unsupported Media Type">>;
status(416) -> <<"416 Requested Range Not Satisfiable">>;
status(417) -> <<"417 Expectation Failed">>;
status(418) -> <<"418 I'm a teapot">>;
status(422) -> <<"422 Unprocessable Entity">>;
status(423) -> <<"423 Locked">>;
status(424) -> <<"424 Failed Dependency">>;
status(425) -> <<"425 Unordered Collection">>;
status(426) -> <<"426 Upgrade Required">>;
status(428) -> <<"428 Precondition Required">>;
status(429) -> <<"429 Too Many Requests">>;
status(431) -> <<"431 Request Header Fields Too Large">>;
status(500) -> <<"500 Internal Server Error">>;
status(501) -> <<"501 Not Implemented">>;
status(502) -> <<"502 Bad Gateway">>;
status(503) -> <<"503 Service Unavailable">>;
status(504) -> <<"504 Gateway Timeout">>;
status(505) -> <<"505 HTTP Version Not Supported">>;
status(506) -> <<"506 Variant Also Negotiates">>;
status(507) -> <<"507 Insufficient Storage">>;
status(510) -> <<"510 Not Extended">>;
status(511) -> <<"511 Network Authentication Required">>;
status(B) when is_binary(B) -> B.
-spec header_to_binary(cowboy_http:header()) -> binary().
header_to_binary('Cache-Control') -> <<"Cache-Control">>;
header_to_binary('Connection') -> <<"Connection">>;
header_to_binary('Date') -> <<"Date">>;
header_to_binary('Pragma') -> <<"Pragma">>;
header_to_binary('Transfer-Encoding') -> <<"Transfer-Encoding">>;
header_to_binary('Upgrade') -> <<"Upgrade">>;
header_to_binary('Via') -> <<"Via">>;
header_to_binary('Accept') -> <<"Accept">>;
header_to_binary('Accept-Charset') -> <<"Accept-Charset">>;
header_to_binary('Accept-Encoding') -> <<"Accept-Encoding">>;
header_to_binary('Accept-Language') -> <<"Accept-Language">>;
header_to_binary('Authorization') -> <<"Authorization">>;
header_to_binary('From') -> <<"From">>;
header_to_binary('Host') -> <<"Host">>;
header_to_binary('If-Modified-Since') -> <<"If-Modified-Since">>;
header_to_binary('If-Match') -> <<"If-Match">>;
header_to_binary('If-None-Match') -> <<"If-None-Match">>;
header_to_binary('If-Range') -> <<"If-Range">>;
header_to_binary('If-Unmodified-Since') -> <<"If-Unmodified-Since">>;
header_to_binary('Max-Forwards') -> <<"Max-Forwards">>;
header_to_binary('Proxy-Authorization') -> <<"Proxy-Authorization">>;
header_to_binary('Range') -> <<"Range">>;
header_to_binary('Referer') -> <<"Referer">>;
header_to_binary('User-Agent') -> <<"User-Agent">>;
header_to_binary('Age') -> <<"Age">>;
header_to_binary('Location') -> <<"Location">>;
header_to_binary('Proxy-Authenticate') -> <<"Proxy-Authenticate">>;
header_to_binary('Public') -> <<"Public">>;
header_to_binary('Retry-After') -> <<"Retry-After">>;
header_to_binary('Server') -> <<"Server">>;
header_to_binary('Vary') -> <<"Vary">>;
header_to_binary('Warning') -> <<"Warning">>;
header_to_binary('Www-Authenticate') -> <<"Www-Authenticate">>;
header_to_binary('Allow') -> <<"Allow">>;
header_to_binary('Content-Base') -> <<"Content-Base">>;
header_to_binary('Content-Encoding') -> <<"Content-Encoding">>;
header_to_binary('Content-Language') -> <<"Content-Language">>;
header_to_binary('Content-Length') -> <<"Content-Length">>;
header_to_binary('Content-Location') -> <<"Content-Location">>;
header_to_binary('Content-Md5') -> <<"Content-Md5">>;
header_to_binary('Content-Range') -> <<"Content-Range">>;
header_to_binary('Content-Type') -> <<"Content-Type">>;
header_to_binary('Etag') -> <<"Etag">>;
header_to_binary('Expires') -> <<"Expires">>;
header_to_binary('Last-Modified') -> <<"Last-Modified">>;
header_to_binary('Accept-Ranges') -> <<"Accept-Ranges">>;
header_to_binary('Set-Cookie') -> <<"Set-Cookie">>;
header_to_binary('Set-Cookie2') -> <<"Set-Cookie2">>;
header_to_binary('X-Forwarded-For') -> <<"X-Forwarded-For">>;
header_to_binary('Cookie') -> <<"Cookie">>;
header_to_binary('Keep-Alive') -> <<"Keep-Alive">>;
header_to_binary('Proxy-Connection') -> <<"Proxy-Connection">>;
header_to_binary(B) when is_binary(B) -> B.
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