Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
414 lines (390 sloc) 17.732 kB
%% Copyright (c) 2011-2014, Loïc Hoguin <essen@ninenines.eu>
%%
%% Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
%% purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
%% copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
%%
%% THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
%% WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
%% MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
%% ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
%% WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
%% ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
%% OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
%% Cowboy supports versions 7 through 17 of the Websocket drafts.
%% It also supports RFC6455, the proposed standard for Websocket.
-module(cowboy_websocket).
-behaviour(cowboy_sub_protocol).
-export([upgrade/6]).
-export([handler_loop/4]).
-type terminate_reason() :: normal | stop | timeout
| remote | {remote, cow_ws:close_code(), binary()}
| {error, badencoding | badframe | closed | atom()}
| {crash, error | exit | throw, any()}.
-callback init(Req, any())
-> {ok | module(), Req, any()}
| {module(), Req, any(), hibernate}
| {module(), Req, any(), timeout()}
| {module(), Req, any(), timeout(), hibernate}
when Req::cowboy_req:req().
-callback websocket_handle({text | binary | ping | pong, binary()}, Req, State)
-> {ok, Req, State}
| {ok, Req, State, hibernate}
| {reply, cow_ws:frame() | [cow_ws:frame()], Req, State}
| {reply, cow_ws:frame() | [cow_ws:frame()], Req, State, hibernate}
| {stop, Req, State}
when Req::cowboy_req:req(), State::any().
-callback websocket_info(any(), Req, State)
-> {ok, Req, State}
| {ok, Req, State, hibernate}
| {reply, cow_ws:frame() | [cow_ws:frame()], Req, State}
| {reply, cow_ws:frame() | [cow_ws:frame()], Req, State, hibernate}
| {stop, Req, State}
when Req::cowboy_req:req(), State::any().
-callback terminate(any(), cowboy_req:req(), any()) -> ok.
-optional_callbacks([terminate/3]).
-record(state, {
env :: cowboy_middleware:env(),
socket = undefined :: inet:socket(),
transport = undefined :: module(),
handler :: module(),
key = undefined :: undefined | binary(),
timeout = infinity :: timeout(),
timeout_ref = undefined :: undefined | reference(),
messages = undefined :: undefined | {atom(), atom(), atom()},
hibernate = false :: boolean(),
frag_state = undefined :: cow_ws:frag_state(),
frag_buffer = <<>> :: binary(),
utf8_state = 0 :: cow_ws:utf8_state(),
extensions = #{} :: map()
}).
-spec upgrade(Req, Env, module(), any(), timeout(), run | hibernate)
-> {ok, Req, Env} | {suspend, module(), atom(), [any()]}
when Req::cowboy_req:req(), Env::cowboy_middleware:env().
upgrade(Req, Env, Handler, HandlerState, Timeout, Hibernate) ->
{_, Ref} = lists:keyfind(listener, 1, Env),
ranch:remove_connection(Ref),
[Socket, Transport] = cowboy_req:get([socket, transport], Req),
State = #state{env=Env, socket=Socket, transport=Transport, handler=Handler,
timeout=Timeout, hibernate=Hibernate =:= hibernate},
try websocket_upgrade(State, Req) of
{ok, State2, Req2} ->
websocket_handshake(State2, Req2, HandlerState)
catch _:_ ->
receive
{cowboy_req, resp_sent} -> ok
after 0 ->
_ = cowboy_req:reply(400, Req),
exit(normal)
end
end.
-spec websocket_upgrade(#state{}, Req)
-> {ok, #state{}, Req} when Req::cowboy_req:req().
websocket_upgrade(State, Req) ->
ConnTokens = cowboy_req:parse_header(<<"connection">>, Req),
true = lists:member(<<"upgrade">>, ConnTokens),
%% @todo Should probably send a 426 if the Upgrade header is missing.
[<<"websocket">>] = cowboy_req:parse_header(<<"upgrade">>, Req),
Version = cowboy_req:header(<<"sec-websocket-version">>, Req),
IntVersion = list_to_integer(binary_to_list(Version)),
true = (IntVersion =:= 7) orelse (IntVersion =:= 8)
orelse (IntVersion =:= 13),
Key = cowboy_req:header(<<"sec-websocket-key">>, Req),
false = Key =:= undefined,
websocket_extensions(State#state{key=Key},
cowboy_req:set_meta(websocket_version, IntVersion, Req)).
-spec websocket_extensions(#state{}, Req)
-> {ok, #state{}, Req} when Req::cowboy_req:req().
websocket_extensions(State, Req) ->
[Compress] = cowboy_req:get([resp_compress], Req),
Req2 = cowboy_req:set_meta(websocket_compress, false, Req),
case {Compress, cowboy_req:parse_header(<<"sec-websocket-extensions">>, Req2)} of
{true, Extensions} when Extensions =/= undefined ->
websocket_extensions(State, Req2, Extensions, []);
_ ->
{ok, State, Req2}
end.
websocket_extensions(State, Req, [], []) ->
{ok, State, Req};
websocket_extensions(State, Req, [], [<<", ">>|RespHeader]) ->
{ok, State, cowboy_req:set_resp_header(<<"sec-websocket-extensions">>, lists:reverse(RespHeader), Req)};
websocket_extensions(State=#state{extensions=Extensions}, Req, [{<<"permessage-deflate">>, Params}|Tail], RespHeader) ->
%% @todo Make deflate options configurable.
Opts = #{level => best_compression, mem_level => 8, strategy => default},
case cow_ws:negotiate_permessage_deflate(Params, Extensions, Opts) of
{ok, RespExt, Extensions2} ->
Req2 = cowboy_req:set_meta(websocket_compress, true, Req),
websocket_extensions(State#state{extensions=Extensions2},
Req2, Tail, [<<", ">>, RespExt|RespHeader]);
ignore ->
websocket_extensions(State, Req, Tail, RespHeader)
end;
websocket_extensions(State=#state{extensions=Extensions}, Req, [{<<"x-webkit-deflate-frame">>, Params}|Tail], RespHeader) ->
%% @todo Make deflate options configurable.
Opts = #{level => best_compression, mem_level => 8, strategy => default},
case cow_ws:negotiate_x_webkit_deflate_frame(Params, Extensions, Opts) of
{ok, RespExt, Extensions2} ->
Req2 = cowboy_req:set_meta(websocket_compress, true, Req),
websocket_extensions(State#state{extensions=Extensions2},
Req2, Tail, [<<", ">>, RespExt|RespHeader]);
ignore ->
websocket_extensions(State, Req, Tail, RespHeader)
end;
websocket_extensions(State, Req, [_|Tail], RespHeader) ->
websocket_extensions(State, Req, Tail, RespHeader).
-spec websocket_handshake(#state{}, Req, any())
-> {ok, Req, cowboy_middleware:env()}
| {suspend, module(), atom(), [any()]}
when Req::cowboy_req:req().
websocket_handshake(State=#state{transport=Transport, key=Key}, Req, HandlerState) ->
Challenge = base64:encode(crypto:hash(sha,
<< Key/binary, "258EAFA5-E914-47DA-95CA-C5AB0DC85B11" >>)),
Req2 = cowboy_req:upgrade_reply(101, [
{<<"upgrade">>, <<"websocket">>},
{<<"sec-websocket-accept">>, Challenge}
], Req),
%% Flush the resp_sent message before moving on.
receive {cowboy_req, resp_sent} -> ok after 0 -> ok end,
State2 = handler_loop_timeout(State),
handler_before_loop(State2#state{key=undefined,
messages=Transport:messages()}, Req2, HandlerState, <<>>).
-spec handler_before_loop(#state{}, Req, any(), binary())
-> {ok, Req, cowboy_middleware:env()}
| {suspend, module(), atom(), [any()]}
when Req::cowboy_req:req().
handler_before_loop(State=#state{
socket=Socket, transport=Transport, hibernate=true},
Req, HandlerState, SoFar) ->
Transport:setopts(Socket, [{active, once}]),
{suspend, ?MODULE, handler_loop,
[State#state{hibernate=false}, Req, HandlerState, SoFar]};
handler_before_loop(State=#state{socket=Socket, transport=Transport},
Req, HandlerState, SoFar) ->
Transport:setopts(Socket, [{active, once}]),
handler_loop(State, Req, HandlerState, SoFar).
-spec handler_loop_timeout(#state{}) -> #state{}.
handler_loop_timeout(State=#state{timeout=infinity}) ->
State#state{timeout_ref=undefined};
handler_loop_timeout(State=#state{timeout=Timeout, timeout_ref=PrevRef}) ->
_ = case PrevRef of undefined -> ignore; PrevRef ->
erlang:cancel_timer(PrevRef) end,
TRef = erlang:start_timer(Timeout, self(), ?MODULE),
State#state{timeout_ref=TRef}.
-spec handler_loop(#state{}, Req, any(), binary())
-> {ok, Req, cowboy_middleware:env()}
| {suspend, module(), atom(), [any()]}
when Req::cowboy_req:req().
handler_loop(State=#state{socket=Socket, messages={OK, Closed, Error},
timeout_ref=TRef}, Req, HandlerState, SoFar) ->
receive
{OK, Socket, Data} ->
State2 = handler_loop_timeout(State),
websocket_data(State2, Req, HandlerState,
<< SoFar/binary, Data/binary >>);
{Closed, Socket} ->
handler_terminate(State, Req, HandlerState, {error, closed});
{Error, Socket, Reason} ->
handler_terminate(State, Req, HandlerState, {error, Reason});
{timeout, TRef, ?MODULE} ->
websocket_close(State, Req, HandlerState, timeout);
{timeout, OlderTRef, ?MODULE} when is_reference(OlderTRef) ->
handler_loop(State, Req, HandlerState, SoFar);
Message ->
handler_call(State, Req, HandlerState,
SoFar, websocket_info, Message, fun handler_before_loop/4)
end.
-spec websocket_data(#state{}, Req, any(), binary())
-> {ok, Req, cowboy_middleware:env()}
| {suspend, module(), atom(), [any()]}
when Req::cowboy_req:req().
websocket_data(State=#state{frag_state=FragState, extensions=Extensions}, Req, HandlerState, Data) ->
case cow_ws:parse_header(Data, Extensions, FragState) of
%% All frames sent from the client to the server are masked.
{_, _, _, _, undefined, _} ->
websocket_close(State, Req, HandlerState, {error, badframe});
{Type, FragState2, Rsv, Len, MaskKey, Rest} ->
websocket_payload(State#state{frag_state=FragState2}, Req, HandlerState, Type, Len, MaskKey, Rsv, undefined, <<>>, 0, Rest);
more ->
handler_before_loop(State, Req, HandlerState, Data);
error ->
websocket_close(State, Req, HandlerState, {error, badframe})
end.
websocket_payload(State=#state{frag_state=FragState, utf8_state=Incomplete, extensions=Extensions},
Req, HandlerState, Type, Len, MaskKey, Rsv, CloseCode, Unmasked, UnmaskedLen, Data) ->
case cow_ws:parse_payload(Data, MaskKey, Incomplete, UnmaskedLen, Type, Len, FragState, Extensions, Rsv) of
{ok, CloseCode2, Payload, Utf8State, Rest} ->
websocket_dispatch(State#state{utf8_state=Utf8State},
Req, HandlerState, Type, << Unmasked/binary, Payload/binary >>, CloseCode2, Rest);
{ok, Payload, Utf8State, Rest} ->
websocket_dispatch(State#state{utf8_state=Utf8State},
Req, HandlerState, Type, << Unmasked/binary, Payload/binary >>, CloseCode, Rest);
{more, CloseCode2, Payload, Utf8State} ->
websocket_payload_loop(State#state{utf8_state=Utf8State},
Req, HandlerState, Type, Len - byte_size(Data), MaskKey, Rsv, CloseCode2,
<< Unmasked/binary, Payload/binary >>, UnmaskedLen + byte_size(Data));
{more, Payload, Utf8State} ->
websocket_payload_loop(State#state{utf8_state=Utf8State},
Req, HandlerState, Type, Len - byte_size(Data), MaskKey, Rsv, CloseCode,
<< Unmasked/binary, Payload/binary >>, UnmaskedLen + byte_size(Data));
Error = {error, _Reason} ->
websocket_close(State, Req, HandlerState, Error)
end.
websocket_payload_loop(State=#state{socket=Socket, transport=Transport,
messages={OK, Closed, Error}, timeout_ref=TRef},
Req, HandlerState, Type, Len, MaskKey, Rsv, CloseCode, Unmasked, UnmaskedLen) ->
Transport:setopts(Socket, [{active, once}]),
receive
{OK, Socket, Data} ->
State2 = handler_loop_timeout(State),
websocket_payload(State2, Req, HandlerState,
Type, Len, MaskKey, Rsv, CloseCode, Unmasked, UnmaskedLen, Data);
{Closed, Socket} ->
handler_terminate(State, Req, HandlerState, {error, closed});
{Error, Socket, Reason} ->
handler_terminate(State, Req, HandlerState, {error, Reason});
{timeout, TRef, ?MODULE} ->
websocket_close(State, Req, HandlerState, timeout);
{timeout, OlderTRef, ?MODULE} when is_reference(OlderTRef) ->
websocket_payload_loop(State, Req, HandlerState,
Type, Len, MaskKey, Rsv, CloseCode, Unmasked, UnmaskedLen);
Message ->
handler_call(State, Req, HandlerState,
<<>>, websocket_info, Message,
fun (State2, Req2, HandlerState2, _) ->
websocket_payload_loop(State2, Req2, HandlerState2,
Type, Len, MaskKey, Rsv, CloseCode, Unmasked, UnmaskedLen)
end)
end.
websocket_dispatch(State=#state{socket=Socket, transport=Transport, frag_state=FragState, frag_buffer=SoFar, extensions=Extensions},
Req, HandlerState, Type0, Payload0, CloseCode0, RemainingData) ->
case cow_ws:make_frame(Type0, Payload0, CloseCode0, FragState) of
%% @todo Allow receiving fragments.
{fragment, nofin, _, Payload} ->
websocket_data(State#state{frag_buffer= << SoFar/binary, Payload/binary >>}, Req, HandlerState, RemainingData);
{fragment, fin, Type, Payload} ->
handler_call(State#state{frag_state=undefined, frag_buffer= <<>>}, Req, HandlerState, RemainingData,
websocket_handle, {Type, << SoFar/binary, Payload/binary >>}, fun websocket_data/4);
close ->
websocket_close(State, Req, HandlerState, remote);
{close, CloseCode, Payload} ->
websocket_close(State, Req, HandlerState, {remote, CloseCode, Payload});
Frame = ping ->
Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame(pong, Extensions)),
handler_call(State, Req, HandlerState, RemainingData, websocket_handle, Frame, fun websocket_data/4);
Frame = {ping, Payload} ->
Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame({pong, Payload}, Extensions)),
handler_call(State, Req, HandlerState, RemainingData, websocket_handle, Frame, fun websocket_data/4);
Frame ->
handler_call(State, Req, HandlerState, RemainingData, websocket_handle, Frame, fun websocket_data/4)
end.
-spec handler_call(#state{}, Req, any(), binary(), atom(), any(), fun())
-> {ok, Req, cowboy_middleware:env()}
| {suspend, module(), atom(), [any()]}
when Req::cowboy_req:req().
handler_call(State=#state{handler=Handler}, Req, HandlerState,
RemainingData, Callback, Message, NextState) ->
try Handler:Callback(Message, Req, HandlerState) of
{ok, Req2, HandlerState2} ->
NextState(State, Req2, HandlerState2, RemainingData);
{ok, Req2, HandlerState2, hibernate} ->
NextState(State#state{hibernate=true},
Req2, HandlerState2, RemainingData);
{reply, Payload, Req2, HandlerState2}
when is_list(Payload) ->
case websocket_send_many(Payload, State) of
ok ->
NextState(State, Req2, HandlerState2, RemainingData);
stop ->
handler_terminate(State, Req2, HandlerState2, stop);
Error = {error, _} ->
handler_terminate(State, Req2, HandlerState2, Error)
end;
{reply, Payload, Req2, HandlerState2, hibernate}
when is_list(Payload) ->
case websocket_send_many(Payload, State) of
ok ->
NextState(State#state{hibernate=true},
Req2, HandlerState2, RemainingData);
stop ->
handler_terminate(State, Req2, HandlerState2, stop);
Error = {error, _} ->
handler_terminate(State, Req2, HandlerState2, Error)
end;
{reply, Payload, Req2, HandlerState2} ->
case websocket_send(Payload, State) of
ok ->
NextState(State, Req2, HandlerState2, RemainingData);
stop ->
handler_terminate(State, Req2, HandlerState2, stop);
Error = {error, _} ->
handler_terminate(State, Req2, HandlerState2, Error)
end;
{reply, Payload, Req2, HandlerState2, hibernate} ->
case websocket_send(Payload, State) of
ok ->
NextState(State#state{hibernate=true},
Req2, HandlerState2, RemainingData);
stop ->
handler_terminate(State, Req2, HandlerState2, stop);
Error = {error, _} ->
handler_terminate(State, Req2, HandlerState2, Error)
end;
{stop, Req2, HandlerState2} ->
websocket_close(State, Req2, HandlerState2, stop)
catch Class:Reason ->
_ = websocket_close(State, Req, HandlerState, {crash, Class, Reason}),
exit({cowboy_handler, [
{class, Class},
{reason, Reason},
{mfa, {Handler, Callback, 3}},
{stacktrace, erlang:get_stacktrace()},
{msg, Message},
{req, cowboy_req:to_list(Req)},
{state, HandlerState}
]})
end.
-spec websocket_send(cow_ws:frame(), #state{}) -> ok | stop | {error, atom()}.
websocket_send(Frame, #state{socket=Socket, transport=Transport, extensions=Extensions}) ->
Res = Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame(Frame, Extensions)),
case Frame of
close -> stop;
{close, _} -> stop;
{close, _, _} -> stop;
_ -> Res
end.
-spec websocket_send_many([cow_ws:frame()], #state{}) -> ok | stop | {error, atom()}.
websocket_send_many([], _) ->
ok;
websocket_send_many([Frame|Tail], State) ->
case websocket_send(Frame, State) of
ok -> websocket_send_many(Tail, State);
stop -> stop;
Error -> Error
end.
-spec websocket_close(#state{}, Req, any(), terminate_reason())
-> {ok, Req, cowboy_middleware:env()}
when Req::cowboy_req:req().
websocket_close(State=#state{socket=Socket, transport=Transport, extensions=Extensions},
Req, HandlerState, Reason) ->
case Reason of
Normal when Normal =:= stop; Normal =:= timeout ->
Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame({close, 1000, <<>>}, Extensions));
{error, badframe} ->
Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame({close, 1002, <<>>}, Extensions));
{error, badencoding} ->
Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame({close, 1007, <<>>}, Extensions));
{crash, _, _} ->
Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame({close, 1011, <<>>}, Extensions));
remote ->
Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame(close, Extensions));
{remote, Code, _} ->
Transport:send(Socket, cow_ws:frame({close, Code, <<>>}, Extensions))
end,
handler_terminate(State, Req, HandlerState, Reason).
-spec handler_terminate(#state{}, Req, any(), terminate_reason())
-> {ok, Req, cowboy_middleware:env()}
when Req::cowboy_req:req().
handler_terminate(#state{env=Env, handler=Handler},
Req, HandlerState, Reason) ->
cowboy_handler:terminate(Reason, Req, HandlerState, Handler),
{ok, Req, [{result, closed}|Env]}.
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.