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%% Copyright (c) 2011-2012, Loïc Hoguin <essen@ninenines.eu>
%%
%% Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
%% purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
%% copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
%%
%% THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
%% WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
%% MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
%% ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
%% WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
%% ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
%% OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
%% @doc Public API for managing listeners.
-module(ranch_listener).
-behaviour(gen_server).
-export([start_link/2, stop/1,
add_connection/4, move_connection/3, remove_connection/2, check_upgrades/2,
get_protocol_options/1, set_protocol_options/2]). %% API.
-export([init/1, handle_call/3, handle_cast/2,
handle_info/2, terminate/2, code_change/3]). %% gen_server.
-type pools() :: [{atom(), non_neg_integer()}].
-record(state, {
conn_pools = [] :: pools(),
conns_table :: ets:tid(),
queue = undefined :: queue(),
max_conns = undefined :: non_neg_integer(),
proto_opts :: any(),
proto_opts_vsn = 1 :: non_neg_integer()
}).
%% API.
%% @private
%%
%% We set the process priority to high because ranch_listener is the central
%% gen_server in Ranch and is used to manage all the incoming connections.
%% Setting the process priority to high ensures the connection-related code
%% will always be executed when a connection needs it, allowing Ranch to
%% scale far beyond what it would with a normal priority.
-spec start_link(non_neg_integer(), any()) -> {ok, pid()}.
start_link(MaxConns, ProtoOpts) ->
gen_server:start_link(?MODULE, [MaxConns, ProtoOpts],
[{spawn_opt, [{priority, high}]}]).
%% @private
-spec stop(pid()) -> stopped.
stop(ServerPid) ->
gen_server:call(ServerPid, stop).
%% @doc Add a connection to the given pool in the listener.
%%
%% Pools of connections are used to restrict the maximum number of connections
%% depending on their type. By default, Ranch add all connections to the
%% pool <em>default</em>. It also checks for the maximum number of connections
%% in that pool before accepting again. This function only returns when there
%% is free space in the pool.
%%
%% When a process managing a connection dies, the process is removed from the
%% pool. If the socket has been sent to another process, it is up to the
%% protocol code to inform the listener of the new <em>ConnPid</em> by removing
%% the previous and adding the new one.
%%
%% This function also returns whether the protocol options have been modified.
%% If so, then an {upgrade, ProtoOpts, OptsVsn} will be returned instead of
%% the atom 'ok'. The acceptor can then continue with the new protocol options.
-spec add_connection(pid(), atom(), pid(), non_neg_integer())
-> ok | {upgrade, any(), non_neg_integer()}.
add_connection(ServerPid, Pool, ConnPid, OptsVsn) ->
gen_server:call(ServerPid, {add_connection, Pool, ConnPid, OptsVsn},
infinity).
%% @doc Move a connection from one pool to another.
-spec move_connection(pid(), atom(), pid()) -> ok.
move_connection(ServerPid, DestPool, ConnPid) ->
gen_server:cast(ServerPid, {move_connection, DestPool, ConnPid}).
%% @doc Remove the given connection from its pool.
-spec remove_connection(pid(), pid()) -> ok.
remove_connection(ServerPid, ConnPid) ->
gen_server:cast(ServerPid, {remove_connection, ConnPid}).
%% @doc Return whether a protocol upgrade is required.
-spec check_upgrades(pid(), non_neg_integer())
-> ok | {upgrade, any(), non_neg_integer()}.
check_upgrades(ServerPid, OptsVsn) ->
gen_server:call(ServerPid, {check_upgrades, OptsVsn}).
%% @doc Return the current protocol options.
-spec get_protocol_options(pid()) -> {ok, any()}.
get_protocol_options(ServerPid) ->
gen_server:call(ServerPid, get_protocol_options).
%% @doc Upgrade the protocol options.
-spec set_protocol_options(pid(), any()) -> ok.
set_protocol_options(ServerPid, ProtoOpts) ->
gen_server:call(ServerPid, {set_protocol_options, ProtoOpts}).
%% gen_server.
%% @private
-spec init(list()) -> {ok, #state{}}.
init([MaxConns, ProtoOpts]) ->
ConnsTable = ets:new(connections_table, [set, private]),
Queue = queue:new(),
{ok, #state{conns_table=ConnsTable, max_conns=MaxConns,
proto_opts=ProtoOpts, queue=Queue}}.
%% @private
-spec handle_call(_, _, State)
-> {reply, ignored, State} | {stop, normal, stopped, State}.
handle_call({add_connection, Pool, ConnPid, AccOptsVsn}, From, State=#state{
conn_pools=Pools, conns_table=ConnsTable,
queue=Queue, max_conns=MaxConns,
proto_opts=ProtoOpts, proto_opts_vsn=LisOptsVsn}) ->
{NbConns, Pools2} = add_pid(ConnPid, Pool, Pools, ConnsTable),
State2 = State#state{conn_pools=Pools2},
if AccOptsVsn =/= LisOptsVsn ->
{reply, {upgrade, ProtoOpts, LisOptsVsn}, State2};
NbConns > MaxConns ->
Queue2 = queue:in(From, Queue),
{noreply, State2#state{queue=Queue2}};
true ->
{reply, ok, State2}
end;
handle_call({check_upgrades, AccOptsVsn}, _From, State=#state{
proto_opts=ProtoOpts, proto_opts_vsn=LisOptsVsn}) ->
if AccOptsVsn =/= LisOptsVsn ->
{reply, {upgrade, ProtoOpts, LisOptsVsn}, State};
true ->
{reply, ok, State}
end;
handle_call(get_protocol_options, _From, State=#state{proto_opts=ProtoOpts}) ->
{reply, {ok, ProtoOpts}, State};
handle_call({set_protocol_options, ProtoOpts}, _From,
State=#state{proto_opts_vsn=OptsVsn}) ->
{reply, ok, State#state{proto_opts=ProtoOpts, proto_opts_vsn=OptsVsn + 1}};
handle_call(stop, _From, State) ->
{stop, normal, stopped, State};
handle_call(_, _From, State) ->
{reply, ignored, State}.
%% @private
-spec handle_cast(_, State) -> {noreply, State}.
handle_cast({move_connection, DestPool, ConnPid}, State=#state{
conn_pools=Pools, conns_table=ConnsTable}) ->
Pools2 = move_pid(ConnPid, DestPool, Pools, ConnsTable),
{noreply, State#state{conn_pools=Pools2}};
handle_cast({remove_connection, ConnPid}, State=#state{
conn_pools=Pools, conns_table=ConnsTable, queue=Queue}) ->
{Pools2, Queue2} = remove_pid(ConnPid, Pools, ConnsTable, Queue),
{noreply, State#state{conn_pools=Pools2, queue=Queue2}};
handle_cast(_Msg, State) ->
{noreply, State}.
%% @private
-spec handle_info(_, State) -> {noreply, State}.
handle_info({'DOWN', _Ref, process, Pid, _Info}, State=#state{
conn_pools=Pools, conns_table=ConnsTable, queue=Queue}) ->
{Pools2, Queue2} = remove_pid(Pid, Pools, ConnsTable, Queue),
{noreply, State#state{conn_pools=Pools2, queue=Queue2}};
handle_info(_Info, State) ->
{noreply, State}.
%% @private
-spec terminate(_, _) -> ok.
terminate(_Reason, _State) ->
ok.
%% @private
-spec code_change(_, State, _) -> {ok, State}.
code_change(_OldVsn, State, _Extra) ->
{ok, State}.
%% Internal.
%% @private
-spec add_pid(pid(), atom(), pools(), ets:tid())
-> {non_neg_integer(), pools()}.
add_pid(ConnPid, Pool, Pools, ConnsTable) ->
MonitorRef = erlang:monitor(process, ConnPid),
ConnPid ! {shoot, self()},
{NbConnsRet, Pools2} = case lists:keyfind(Pool, 1, Pools) of
false ->
{1, [{Pool, 1}|Pools]};
{Pool, NbConns} ->
NbConns2 = NbConns + 1,
{NbConns2, [{Pool, NbConns2}|lists:keydelete(Pool, 1, Pools)]}
end,
ets:insert(ConnsTable, {ConnPid, {MonitorRef, Pool}}),
{NbConnsRet, Pools2}.
%% @private
-spec move_pid(pid(), atom(), pools(), ets:tid()) -> pools().
move_pid(ConnPid, DestPool, Pools, ConnsTable) ->
{MonitorRef, SrcPool} = ets:lookup_element(ConnsTable, ConnPid, 2),
ets:insert(ConnsTable, {ConnPid, {MonitorRef, DestPool}}),
{SrcPool, SrcNbConns} = lists:keyfind(SrcPool, 1, Pools),
DestNbConns = case lists:keyfind(DestPool, 1, Pools) of
false -> 1;
{DestPool, NbConns} -> NbConns + 1
end,
Pools2 = lists:keydelete(SrcPool, 1, lists:keydelete(DestPool, 1, Pools)),
[{SrcPool, SrcNbConns - 1}, {DestPool, DestNbConns}|Pools2].
%% @private
-spec remove_pid(pid(), pools(), ets:tid(), queue()) -> {pools(), queue()}.
remove_pid(Pid, Pools, ConnsTable, Queue) ->
{MonitorRef, Pool} = ets:lookup_element(ConnsTable, Pid, 2),
erlang:demonitor(MonitorRef, [flush]),
{Pool, NbConns} = lists:keyfind(Pool, 1, Pools),
Pools2 = [{Pool, NbConns - 1}|lists:keydelete(Pool, 1, Pools)],
ets:delete(ConnsTable, Pid),
case queue:out(Queue) of
{{value, Client}, Queue2} ->
gen_server:reply(Client, ok),
{Pools2, Queue2};
_ ->
{Pools2, Queue}
end.
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