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poetry2nix

poetry2nix turns Poetry projects into Nix derivations without the need to actually write Nix expressions. It does so by parsing pyproject.toml and poetry.lock and converting them to Nix derivations on the fly.

API

The poetry2nix public API consists of the following attributes:

  • mkPoetryApplication: Creates a Python application.
  • mkPoetryEnv: Creates a Python environment with an interpreter and all packages from poetry.lock.
  • mkPoetryPackages: Creates an attribute set providing access to the generated packages and other artifacts.
  • mkPoetryScriptsPackage: Creates a package containing the scripts from tool.poetry.scripts of the pyproject.toml.
  • mkPoetryEditablePackage: Creates a package containing editable sources. Changes in the specified paths will be reflected in an interactive nix-shell session without the need to restart it.
  • defaultPoetryOverrides: A set of bundled overrides fixing problems with Python packages.
  • overrides.withDefaults: A convenience function for specifying overrides on top of the defaults.
  • overrides.withoutDefaults: A convenience function for specifying overrides without defaults.
  • cleanPythonSources: A function to create a source filter for python projects.

mkPoetryApplication

Creates a Python application using the Python interpreter specified based on the designated poetry project and lock files. mkPoetryApplication takes an attribute set with the following attributes (attributes without default are mandatory):

  • projectDir: path to the root of the project.
  • src: project source (default: cleanPythonSources { src = projectDir; }).
  • pyproject: path to pyproject.toml (default: projectDir + "/pyproject.toml").
  • poetrylock: poetry.lock file path (default: projectDir + "/poetry.lock").
  • overrides: Python overrides to apply (default: [defaultPoetryOverrides]).
  • meta: application meta data (default: {}).
  • python: The Python interpreter to use (default: pkgs.python3).

Other attributes are passed through to buildPythonApplication.

Example

poetry2nix.mkPoetryApplication {
    projectDir = ./.;
}

See ./pkgs/poetry/default.nix for a working example.

Dependency environment

The resulting derivation also has the passthru attribute dependencyEnv, which is an environment with a python interpreter, all non-development dependencies and your application. This can be used if your application doesn't provide any binaries on its own and instead relies on dependencies binaries to call its modules (as is often the case with celery or gunicorn). For example, if your application defines a CLI for the module admin and a gunicorn app for the module web, a working default.nix would contain

let
    app = poetry2nix.mkPoetryApplication {
        projectDir = ./.;
    };
in app.dependencyEnv

After building this expression, your CLI and app can be called with these commands

$ result/bin/python -m admin
$ result/bin/gunicorn web:app

Note: If you need to perform overrides on the application, use app.dependencyEnv.override { app = app.override { ... }; }. See ./tests/dependency-environment/default.nix for a full example.

mkPoetryEnv

Creates an environment that provides a Python interpreter along with all dependencies declared by the designated poetry project and lock files. Also allows package sources of an application to be installed in editable mode for fast development. mkPoetryEnv takes an attribute set with the following attributes (attributes without default are mandatory):

  • projectDir: path to the root of the project.
  • pyproject: path to pyproject.toml (default: projectDir + "/pyproject.toml").
  • poetrylock: poetry.lock file path (default: projectDir + "/poetry.lock").
  • overrides: Python overrides to apply (default: [defaultPoetryOverrides]).
  • python: The Python interpreter to use (default: pkgs.python3).
  • editablePackageSources: A mapping from package name to source directory, these will be installed in editable mode (default: {}).

Example

poetry2nix.mkPoetryEnv {
    projectDir = ./.;
}

See ./tests/env/default.nix for a working example.

Example with editable packages

poetry2nix.mkPoetryEnv {
    projectDir = ./.;
    editablePackageSources = {
        my-app = ./src;
    };
}

See ./tests/editable/default.nix for a working example of an editable package.

Example shell.nix

The env attribute of the attribute set created by mkPoetryEnv contains a shell environment.

{ pkgs ? import <nixpkgs> {} }:
let
  myAppEnv = pkgs.poetry2nix.mkPoetryEnv {
    projectDir = ./.;
    editablePackageSources = {
      my-app = ./src;
    };
  };
in myAppEnv.env

Example shell.nix with external dependencies

For a shell environment including external dependencies, pass the app environment and dependency packages (for example, pkgs.hello) as build inputs to pkgs.mkShell.

{ pkgs ? import <nixpkgs> {} }:
let
  myAppEnv = pkgs.poetry2nix.mkPoetryEnv {
    projectDir = ./.;
    editablePackageSources = {
      my-app = ./src;
    };
  };
in
pkgs.mkShell {
  buildInputs = [ myAppEnv pkgs.hello ];
}

mkPoetryPackages

Creates an attribute set of the shape { python, poetryPackages, pyProject, poetryLock }. Where python is the interpreter specified, poetryPackages is a list of all generated python packages, pyProject is the parsed pyproject.toml and poetryLock is the parsed poetry.lock file. mkPoetryPackages takes an attribute set with the following attributes (attributes without default are mandatory):

  • projectDir: path to the root of the project.
  • pyproject: path to pyproject.toml (default: projectDir + "/pyproject.toml").
  • poetrylock: poetry.lock file path (default: projectDir + "/poetry.lock").
  • overrides: Python overrides to apply (default: [defaultPoetryOverrides]).
  • python: The Python interpreter to use (default: pkgs.python3).
  • editablePackageSources: A mapping from package name to source directory, these will be installed in editable mode (default: {}).

Example

poetry2nix.mkPoetryPackages {
    projectDir = ./.;
    python = python35;
}

mkPoetryScriptsPackage

Creates a package containing the scripts from tool.poetry.scripts of the pyproject.toml:

  • projectDir: path to the root of the project.
  • pyproject: path to pyproject.toml (default: projectDir + "/pyproject.toml").
  • python: The Python interpreter to use (default: pkgs.python3).

Example

poetry2nix.mkPoetryScriptsPackage {
    projectDir = ./.;
    python = python35;
}

mkPoetryEditablePackage

Creates a package containing editable sources. Changes in the specified paths will be reflected in an interactive nix-shell session without the need to restart it:

  • projectDir: path to the root of the project.
  • pyproject: path to pyproject.toml (default: projectDir + "/pyproject.toml").
  • python: The Python interpreter to use (default: pkgs.python3).
  • editablePackageSources: A mapping from package name to source directory, these will be installed in editable mode (default: {}).

Example

poetry2nix.mkPoetryEditablePackage {
    projectDir = ./.;
    python = python35;
    editablePackageSources = {
        my-app = ./src;
    };
}

mkPoetryPackages

Creates an attribute set of the shape { python, poetryPackages, pyProject, poetryLock }. Where python is the interpreter specified, poetryPackages is a list of all generated python packages, pyProject is the parsed pyproject.toml and poetryLock is the parsed poetry.lock file. mkPoetryPackages takes an attribute set with the following attributes (attributes without default are mandatory):

  • projectDir: path to the root of the project.
  • pyproject: path to pyproject.toml (default: projectDir + "/pyproject.toml").
  • poetrylock: poetry.lock file path (default: projectDir + "/poetry.lock").
  • overrides: Python overrides to apply (default: [defaultPoetryOverrides]).
  • python: The Python interpreter to use (default: pkgs.python3).
  • editablePackageSources: A mapping from package name to source directory, these will be installed in editable mode (default: {}).

Example

poetry2nix.mkPoetryPackages {
    projectDir = ./.;
    python = python35;
}

defaultPoetryOverrides

poetry2nix bundles a set of default overrides that fix problems with various Python packages. These overrides are implemented in overrides.nix.

overrides.withDefaults

Returns a list containing the specified overlay and defaultPoetryOverrides.

Takes an attribute set with the following attributes (attributes without default are mandatory):

  • src: project source directory

Example

poetry2nix.mkPoetryEnv {
    projectDir = ./.;
    overrides = poetry2nix.overrides.withDefaults (self: super: { foo = null; });
}

See ./tests/override-support/default.nix for a working example.

overrides.withoutDefaults

Returns a list containing just the specified overlay, ignoring defaultPoetryOverrides.

Example

poetry2nix.mkPoetryEnv {
    projectDir = ./.;
    overrides = poetry2nix.overrides.withoutDefaults (self: super: { foo = null; });
}

cleanPythonSources

Provides a source filtering mechanism that:

  • Filters gitignore's
  • Filters pycache/pyc files
  • Uses cleanSourceFilter to filter out .git/.hg, .o/.so, editor backup files & nix result symlinks

Example

poetry2nix.cleanPythonSources {
    src = ./.;
}

Creating a custom Poetry2nix instance

Sometimes when it can be convenient to create a custom instance of poetry2nix with a different set of default overrides.

Example

let
  # self & super refers to poetry2nix
  p2nix = poetry2nix.overrideScope' (self: super: {

    # pyself & pysuper refers to python packages
    defaultPoetryOverrides = super.defaultPoetryOverrides.extend (pyself: pysuper: {

      my-custom-pkg = super.my-custom-pkg.overridePythonAttrs (oldAttrs: { });

    });

  });

in
p2nix.mkPoetryApplication {
  projectDir = ./.;
}

or as a nixpkgs overlay:

let
  pkgs = import <nixpkgs> {
    overlays = [
      # self & super refers to nixpkgs
      (self: super: {

        # p2self & p2super refers to poetry2nix
        poetry2nix = super.poetry2nix.overrideScope' (p2nixself: p2nixsuper: {

          # pyself & pysuper refers to python packages
          defaultPoetryOverrides = p2nixsuper.defaultPoetryOverrides.extend (pyself: pysuper: {

            my-custom-pkg = super.my-custom-pkg.overridePythonAttrs (oldAttrs: { });

          });

        });
      })

    ];
  };

in pkgs.poetry2nix.mkPoetryApplication {
  projectDir = ./.;
}

Using the flake

For the experimental flakes functionality we provide poetry2nix as a flake providing an overlay to use with nixpkgs.

Example

{
    description = "Your flake using poetry2nix";

    inputs.nixpkgs.url = "github:NixOS/nixpkgs";
    inputs.utils.url = "github:numtide/flake-utils";
    inputs.poetry2nix-src.url = "github:nix-community/poetry2nix";

    outputs = {nixpkgs, utils, poetry2nix-src, self}: utils.lib.eachDefaultSystem (system: let

      pkgs = import nixpkgs { inherit system; overlays = [ poetry2nix-src.overlay ]; };

    in
      {
         # use pkgs.poetry2nix here.
      });
  }

Contributing

Contributions to this project are welcome in the form of GitHub PRs. Please consider the following before creating PRs:

  • This project uses nixpkgs-fmt for formatting the Nix code. You can use nix-shell --run "nixpkgs-fmt . to format everything.
  • If you are planning to make any considerable changes, you should first present your plans in a GitHub issue so it can be discussed.
  • If you add new features please consider adding tests. You can run them locally as follows:
nix-build --keep-going --show-trace tests/default.nix

License

poetry2nix is released under the terms of the MIT license.