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SQL query string builder for Javascript

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README.md

squel - SQL query string builder for Javascript

A simple, well tested SQL query string builder for Javascript.

Features

  • Works in node.js and in the browser.
  • Supports the construction of all standard SQL queries: SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT and DELETE.
  • Uses method chaining for ease of use.
  • Well tested (over 300 vows).
  • Small: ~3 KB when minified and gzipped.

Installation

node.js

Install using npm:

$ npm install squel

Browser

Add the following inside your HTML:

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://github.com/hiddentao/squel/raw/master/squel.min.js"></script>

Examples

Before running the examples ensure you have squel installed and enabled at the top of your script:

var squel = require("squel");

SELECT

// SELECT * FROM table
squel.select()
    .from("table")
    .toString()

// SELECT t1.id, t1.name as "My name", t1.started as "Date" FROM table `t1` ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 20
squel.select()
    .from("table", "t1")
    .field("t1.id")
    .field("t1.name", "My name")
    .field("t1.started", "Date")
    .order("id")
    .limit(20)
    .toString()

// SELECT t1.id, t2.name FROM table `t1` LEFT JOIN table2 `t2` ON (t1.id = t2.id) WHERE (t2.name <> 'Mark') AND (t2.name <> 'John') GROUP BY t1.id
squel.select()
    .from("table", "t1")
    .field("t1.id")
    .field("t2.name")
    .left_join("table2", "t2", "t1.id = t2.id")
    .group("t1.id")
    .where("t2.name <> 'Mark'")
    .where("t2.name <> 'John'")
    .toString()

UPDATE

// UPDATE test SET f1 = 1
squel.update()
    .table("test")
    .set("f1", 1)
    .toString()

// UPDATE test, test2, test3 AS `a` SET test.id = 1, test2.val = 1.2, a.name = "Ram", a.email = NULL
squel.update()
    .table("test")
    .set("test.id", 1)
    .table("test2")
    .set("test2.val", 1.2)
    .table("test3","a")
    .set("a.name", "Ram")
    .set("a.email", null)
    .toString()

INSERT

// INSERT INTO test (f1) VALUES (1)
squel.insert()
    .into("test")
    .set("f1", 1)
    .toString()

// INSERT INTO test (f1, f2, f3, f4, f5) VALUES (1, 1.2, TRUE, "blah", NULL)
squel.insert()
    .into("test")
    .set("f1", 1)
    .set("f2", 1.2)
    .set("f3", true)
    .set("f4", "blah")
    .set("f5", null)
    .toString()

DELETE

// DELETE FROM test
squel.delete()
    .from("test")
    .toString()

// DELETE FROM table1 WHERE (table1.id = 2) ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 2
squel.delete()
    .from("table1")
    .where("table1.id = 2")
    .order("id", false)
    .limit(2)

Expression builder

There is also an expression builder which allows you to build complex expressions for WHERE and ON clauses:

// test = 3 OR test = 4
squel.expr()
    .or("test = 3")
    .or("test = 4")
    .toString()

// test = 3 AND (inner = 1 OR inner = 2) OR (inner = 3 AND inner = 4 OR (inner = 5))
squel.expr()
    .and("test = 3")
    .and_begin()
        .or("inner = 1")
        .or("inner = 2")
    .end()
    .or_begin()
        .and("inner = 3")
        .and("inner = 4")
        .or_begin()
            .and("inner = 5")
        .end()
    .end()
    .toString()

// SELECT * FROM test INNER JOIN test2 ON (test.id = test2.id) WHERE (test = 3 OR test = 4)
squel.select()
    .join( "test2", null, squel.expr().and("test.id = test2.id") )
    .where( squel.expr().or("test = 3").or("test = 4") )

Documentation

Full API documentation is available at http://squeljs.org/.

Annotated source code can be found in the docs/ folder. This is built using docco. To build it yourself you will first need to have the latest dev version of pygment installed in your local Python environment. Then do the following inside the project folder:

$ npm install
$ node_modules/.bin/cake docs

Testing

Tests are written as vows and can be found in the test/ folder. To run them do the following:

$ npm install
$ node_modules/.bin/cake tests

Build status on travis-ci: Build Status

Contributing

If you wish to submit a pull request please update and/or create new tests for any changes you make and ensure all the tests pass.


Homepage: http://squeljs.org Source: https://github.com/hiddentao/squel

Copyright (c) 2012 Ramesh Nair

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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