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Oink

Description

Rails plugin and log parser to help narrow down the source(s) of increased memory usage in rails applications.

Synopsis

Oink adds memory and active record instantiation information to rails log during runtime and provides an executable to help digest the enhanced logs.

Given a minimum threshold and a metric (memory or active record instantiation), the oink executable reports:

  1. The top ten single requests which exceeded the threshold for the metric, ordered by the request which exceeded the threshold the most

  2. The number of times each action exceeded the threshold for the metric, ordered by the action which exceeded the threshold the most

  3. (in verbose mode) The log lines produced by requests which exceeded the threshold

Many thanks to Ben Johnson for Memory Usage Logger (github.com/binarylogic/memory_usage_logger/tree/master) which is the basis of this plugin.

Dependencies

Currently oink can only parse logs in the Hodel3000Logger format

When used as a gem, this is automatically brought in as a dependency.

Installation and configuration

To begin, you'll want to install it:

gem install oink

Next, you'll need to update your config/environment.rb to include oink as a dependency, and to configure Rails to use the hodel_3000_compliant_logger:

Rails::Initializer.run do |config|
  # your other config here
  config.gem 'oink'
  begin
    require 'hodel_3000_compliant_logger'
    config.logger = Hodel3000CompliantLogger.new(config.log_path)
  rescue LoadError => e
    $stderr.puts "Hodel3000CompliantLogger unavailable, oink will be disabled"
  end
end

Oink allows you to add two type of statistics to your log output: memory usage and number of ActiveRecord objects instantiated. Here's an example for the output you can get:

Feb 08 11:39:54 ey33-s00302 rails[9076]: Memory usage: 316516 | PID: 9076
Feb 27 13:21:04 ey04-s00295 rails[11862]: Instantiation Breakdown: Total: 73 | User: 34 | Group: 20 | Medium: 20 | Sport: 10 | Post: 4 | Discussion: 2

For memory usage, add this to app/controllers/application_controller.rb:

class ApplicationController
  include Oink::MemoryUsageLogger
end

For ActiveRecord objects instantiated, add this to your app/controllers/application_controller.rb:

class ApplicationController
  include Oink::InstanceTypeCounter
end

Analyizing logs

After installing the plugin and aggregating some enhanced logs, run the 'oink' executable against your server logs.

Usage: oink [options] files
    -t, --threshold [INTEGER]        Memory threshold in MB
    -f, --file filepath              Output to file
        --format FORMAT              Select format
                                       (ss,v,s,verbose,short-summary,summary)
    -m, --memory                     Check for Memory Threshold (default)
    -r, --active-record              Check for Active Record Threshold

Oink hunts for requests which exceed a given threshold. In “memory” mode (the default), the threshold represents a megabyte memory increase from the previous request. In “active record” mode (turned on by passing the –active-record switch), the threshold represents the number of active record objects instantiated during a request.

e.g. To find all actions which increase the heap size more than 75 MB, where log files are location in /tmp/logs/

$ oink --threshold=75 /tmp/logs/*
---- MEMORY THRESHOLD ----
THRESHOLD: 75 MB

-- SUMMARY --
Worst Requests:
1. Feb 02 16:26:06, 157524 KB, SportsController#show
2. Feb 02 20:11:54, 134972 KB, DashboardsController#show
3. Feb 02 19:06:13, 131912 KB, DashboardsController#show
4. Feb 02 08:07:46, 115448 KB, GroupsController#show
5. Feb 02 12:19:53, 112924 KB, GroupsController#show
6. Feb 02 13:03:00, 112064 KB, ColorSchemesController#show
7. Feb 02 13:01:59, 109148 KB, SessionsController#create
8. Feb 02 06:11:17, 108456 KB, PublicPagesController#join
9. Feb 02 08:43:06, 94468 KB, CommentsController#create
10. Feb 02 20:49:44, 82340 KB, DashboardsController#show

Worst Actions:
10, DashboardsController#show
9, GroupsController#show
5, PublicPagesController#show
5, UsersController#show
3, MediaController#show
2, SportsController#show
1, SessionsController#create
1, GroupInvitesController#by_email
1, MediaController#index
1, PostsController#show
1, PhotoVotesController#create
1, AlbumsController#index
1, SignupsController#new
1, ColorSchemesController#show
1, PublicPagesController#join
1, CommentsController#create

e.g. In verbose mode, oink will print out all the log information from your logs about the actions which exceeded the threshold specified

$ oink --format verbose --threshold=75 /tmp/logs/*

---------------------------------------------------------------------
Feb 08 11:39:52 ey33-s00302 rails[9076]: Processing UsersController#show (for 11.187.34.45 at 2009-02-08 11:39:52) [GET]
Feb 08 11:39:52 ey33-s00302 rails[9076]: Parameters: {"action"=>"show", "id"=>"45", "controller"=>"users"}
Feb 08 11:39:52 ey33-s00302 rails[9076]: Rendering template within layouts/application
Feb 08 11:39:52 ey33-s00302 rails[9076]: Rendering users/show
Feb 08 11:39:54 ey33-s00302 rails[9076]: Memory usage: 316516 | PID: 9076
Feb 08 11:39:54 ey33-s00302 rails[9076]: Completed in 2008ms (View: 1136, DB: 264) | 200 OK [http://www.example.com/users/45]
---------------------------------------------------------------------

Verbose format prints the summary as well as each action which exceeded the threshold.

Authors

  • Maintained by Noah Davis

  • Thanks to Weplay (weplay.com) for sponsoring development and supporting open sourcing it from the start

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