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Strange deoptimzations in cycles #9729

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vsemozhetbyt opened this Issue Nov 21, 2016 · 20 comments

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vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 21, 2016

  • Version: 7.1.0
  • Platform: Windows 7 x64
  • Subsystem: v8

The first iteration in cycles runs much faster than others:

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});
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It renews in another cycle with a different ratio:

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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It becomes more strange with while cycle added in the end (this cycle removes the difference in the previous cycle, but it almost doubles its run time besides):

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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vsemozhetbyt Nov 21, 2016

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If the while cycle comes first, the difference remains in all the cycles and a run time is not doubled in any of them:

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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Member

vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 21, 2016

If the while cycle comes first, the difference remains in all the cycles and a run time is not doubled in any of them:

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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vsemozhetbyt Nov 22, 2016

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With non-empty functions that return different values, the difference remains (with less ratio, though):

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const func = () => { return Math.random(); };
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const func = () => { return Math.random(); };
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => { return Math.random(); };
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 22, 2016

With non-empty functions that return different values, the difference remains (with less ratio, though):

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const func = () => { return Math.random(); };
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const func = () => { return Math.random(); };
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => { return Math.random(); };
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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1658
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vsemozhetbyt Nov 22, 2016

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However, if the function declaration is removed from cycles, the difference disappears:

const func = () => {};

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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At the same time, the "while cycle at the last position increases own and previous run times" issue remains and gains strength:

const func = () => {};

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 22, 2016

However, if the function declaration is removed from cycles, the difference disappears:

const func = () => {};

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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455
436
455

452
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448
430

465
455
436
448

At the same time, the "while cycle at the last position increases own and previous run times" issue remains and gains strength:

const func = () => {};

[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
});

console.log('');

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

console.log('');

let k = 4;
while (k--){
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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vsemozhetbyt Nov 22, 2016

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And some more while cycle weirdness:

  1. Even empty while cycle with one iteration has the described impact:
let k = 1;
while (k--){}

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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1407
for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

let k = 1;
while (k--){}
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  1. The leading while overcomes the trailing one:
let k = 1;
while (k--){}

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

k = 1;
while (k--){}
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Member

vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 22, 2016

And some more while cycle weirdness:

  1. Even empty while cycle with one iteration has the described impact:
let k = 1;
while (k--){}

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
505
1438
1423
1407
for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

let k = 1;
while (k--){}
2333
2512
2495
2506
  1. The leading while overcomes the trailing one:
let k = 1;
while (k--){}

for (let j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  const func = () => {};
  const start = Date.now();
  for (let i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

k = 1;
while (k--){}
484
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@vsemozhetbyt vsemozhetbyt changed the title from The first iteration in cycles runs much faster than others to Strange deoptimzations in cycles Nov 22, 2016

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vsemozhetbyt Nov 22, 2016

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In the ES5 code the difference ratio is bigger:

var func, start, j, i;

for (j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  func = function () {};
  start = Date.now();
  for (i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
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894

However, the while weirdness disappears:

var func, start, j, i, k;

for (j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  func = function () {};
  start = Date.now();
  for (i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

k = 1;
while (k--){}
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Member

vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 22, 2016

In the ES5 code the difference ratio is bigger:

var func, start, j, i;

for (j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  func = function () {};
  start = Date.now();
  for (i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}
140
904
913
894

However, the while weirdness disappears:

var func, start, j, i, k;

for (j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  func = function () {};
  start = Date.now();
  for (i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) func();
  console.log(Date.now() - start);
}

k = 1;
while (k--){}
139
915
925
904
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vsemozhetbyt Nov 22, 2016

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Issue distribution:

Node.js v. v0.10.48 v0.12.17 v4.6.2 v5.12.0 v6.9.1 v8.0.0-nightly-20161121 v7.0.0-nightly-20161121 chakracore
JavaScript v. ES5 ES5 ES6 ES6 ES6 ES6 ES6
Iteration 1 1328 109 437 437 531 453 204
Iteration 2 1326 749 1295 1295 1518 1450 205
Iteration 3 639 717 1283 1310 1500 1451 200
Iteration 4 640 734 1279 1311 1482 1466 199
while weirdness + + 1406 2215 1280 1279 +
Member

vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 22, 2016

Issue distribution:

Node.js v. v0.10.48 v0.12.17 v4.6.2 v5.12.0 v6.9.1 v8.0.0-nightly-20161121 v7.0.0-nightly-20161121 chakracore
JavaScript v. ES5 ES5 ES6 ES6 ES6 ES6 ES6
Iteration 1 1328 109 437 437 531 453 204
Iteration 2 1326 749 1295 1295 1518 1450 205
Iteration 3 639 717 1283 1310 1500 1451 200
Iteration 4 640 734 1279 1311 1482 1466 199
while weirdness + + 1406 2215 1280 1279 +
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This is a pure V8 question, or possibly bug report, should be reported upstream to theml

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sam-github commented Nov 22, 2016

This is a pure V8 question, or possibly bug report, should be reported upstream to theml

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bmeurer Nov 22, 2016

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This is expected. We first need warm-up and only tier-up once we have a couple of cycles in the relevant function. Also note that there's only one deoptimization in forEach, and that doesn't really affect the outcome.

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bmeurer commented Nov 22, 2016

This is expected. We first need warm-up and only tier-up once we have a couple of cycles in the relevant function. Also note that there's only one deoptimization in forEach, and that doesn't really affect the outcome.

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bnoordhuis Nov 22, 2016

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In your first example, the console.log(Date.now() - start) triggers a deopt because apparently V8 doesn't infer the return type of Date.now() correctly ("Insufficient type feedback for LHS of binary operation.")

When you remove it, it then deopts because of the const func = () => {} statement. If you move that out of the function, it stays optimized. I don't understand why that should be the case, though.

The let in for (let i = ...) slows it down quite a bit. If you replace it with var, it's about 4x faster.

Here is a revised version that has stable performance characteristics.

let start;
function before() { start = Date.now(); }
function after() { console.log(Date.now() - start); }

const func = () => {};
[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  before();
  for (var i = 0; i < 1e8; i++) func();
  after();
});
Member

bnoordhuis commented Nov 22, 2016

In your first example, the console.log(Date.now() - start) triggers a deopt because apparently V8 doesn't infer the return type of Date.now() correctly ("Insufficient type feedback for LHS of binary operation.")

When you remove it, it then deopts because of the const func = () => {} statement. If you move that out of the function, it stays optimized. I don't understand why that should be the case, though.

The let in for (let i = ...) slows it down quite a bit. If you replace it with var, it's about 4x faster.

Here is a revised version that has stable performance characteristics.

let start;
function before() { start = Date.now(); }
function after() { console.log(Date.now() - start); }

const func = () => {};
[1, 2, 3, 4].forEach(() => {
  before();
  for (var i = 0; i < 1e8; i++) func();
  after();
});
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@bmeurer, @bnoordhuis Thank you!

However, how would you explain this remaining while weirdness:

const func = () => {};
const start = Date.now();

for (var j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  for (var i = 0; i < 1e8; i++) func();
}

console.log(Date.now() - start);
490
const func = () => {};
const start = Date.now();

for (var j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  for (var i = 0; i < 1e8; i++) func();
}

console.log(Date.now() - start);

let k = 1;
while (k--){}
5550
Member

vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 22, 2016

@bmeurer, @bnoordhuis Thank you!

However, how would you explain this remaining while weirdness:

const func = () => {};
const start = Date.now();

for (var j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  for (var i = 0; i < 1e8; i++) func();
}

console.log(Date.now() - start);
490
const func = () => {};
const start = Date.now();

for (var j = 1; j <= 4; j++) {
  for (var i = 0; i < 1e8; i++) func();
}

console.log(Date.now() - start);

let k = 1;
while (k--){}
5550
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Oops. This is not the while. It is the let or const!

const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) ;
console.log(Date.now() - start);
1251
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) ;
console.log(Date.now() - start);

var k = 1;
1252
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) ;
console.log(Date.now() - start);

const k = 1;
2974
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) ;
console.log(Date.now() - start);

let k = 1;
3002

With non-empty cycle the ratio increases from 2 to 10:

const func = () => {};
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) func ();
console.log(Date.now() - start);

var k = 1;
 1249
const func = () => {};
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) func ();
console.log(Date.now() - start);

const k = 1;
12556

Is this also intended or should I post a separate bug upstream?

Member

vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 22, 2016

Oops. This is not the while. It is the let or const!

const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) ;
console.log(Date.now() - start);
1251
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) ;
console.log(Date.now() - start);

var k = 1;
1252
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) ;
console.log(Date.now() - start);

const k = 1;
2974
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) ;
console.log(Date.now() - start);

let k = 1;
3002

With non-empty cycle the ratio increases from 2 to 10:

const func = () => {};
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) func ();
console.log(Date.now() - start);

var k = 1;
 1249
const func = () => {};
const start = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1e9; i++) func ();
console.log(Date.now() - start);

const k = 1;
12556

Is this also intended or should I post a separate bug upstream?

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vsemozhetbyt Nov 23, 2016

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Reported just in case.

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vsemozhetbyt commented Nov 23, 2016

Reported just in case.

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@bmeurer Per #9729 (comment) - in particular, moving func out of the function and Date.now()'s return type not being inferred - do you still feel that's expected behavior?

Date.now() seems like a missed optimization opportunity. The func thing I can't explain and I couldn't piece it together from reading V8's source code. I would appreciate it if you can provide insight.

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bnoordhuis commented Nov 23, 2016

@bmeurer Per #9729 (comment) - in particular, moving func out of the function and Date.now()'s return type not being inferred - do you still feel that's expected behavior?

Date.now() seems like a missed optimization opportunity. The func thing I can't explain and I couldn't piece it together from reading V8's source code. I would appreciate it if you can provide insight.

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@bnoordhuis The Date.now() deopt seems a bit stupid, indeed. Fixed that for TurboFan in crrev.com/2528853003.

I'll have a look at the func thing.

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bmeurer commented Nov 24, 2016

@bnoordhuis The Date.now() deopt seems a bit stupid, indeed. Fixed that for TurboFan in crrev.com/2528853003.

I'll have a look at the func thing.

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Ah, the func is easy to explain: Currently we can only inline at a call site when there was exactly one closure, which is why the first iteration is super fast, but as soon as we see more than one closure we have to emit a call. I'm working on that, see crbug.com/v8/2206.

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bmeurer commented Nov 24, 2016

Ah, the func is easy to explain: Currently we can only inline at a call site when there was exactly one closure, which is why the first iteration is super fast, but as soon as we see more than one closure we have to emit a call. I'm working on that, see crbug.com/v8/2206.

kisg pushed a commit to paul99/v8mips that referenced this issue Nov 24, 2016

[turbofan] Infer proper type for calls to Date.now.
Recognize Date.now() calls in the Typer and assign the proper integer
type to them.

See Node issue nodejs/node#9729 for more
information.

R=yangguo@chromium.org
BUG=v8:5267

Review-Url: https://codereview.chromium.org/2528853003
Cr-Commit-Position: refs/heads/master@{#41242}
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And finally, the let/const vs var issue: It's because Crankshaft permanently disables optimizations for the function when it sees a hole (for let/const TDZ), which is exactly what happens when you wrap the code above in a closure (as explained by @ofrobots on the relevant V8 bug report). One way to fix this would be consistently use only Ignition+TurboFan for let/const.

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bmeurer commented Nov 24, 2016

And finally, the let/const vs var issue: It's because Crankshaft permanently disables optimizations for the function when it sees a hole (for let/const TDZ), which is exactly what happens when you wrap the code above in a closure (as explained by @ofrobots on the relevant V8 bug report). One way to fix this would be consistently use only Ignition+TurboFan for let/const.

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bnoordhuis Nov 24, 2016

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Interesting, thanks. I had a more-or-less accurate mental image of the let-vs-var issue but I was looking in completely the wrong place for the func deopt.

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bnoordhuis commented Nov 24, 2016

Interesting, thanks. I had a more-or-less accurate mental image of the let-vs-var issue but I was looking in completely the wrong place for the func deopt.

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bmeurer Nov 24, 2016

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You're welcome. I'll see if I can push a bit harder for the inlining fixes.

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bmeurer commented Nov 24, 2016

You're welcome. I'll see if I can push a bit harder for the inlining fixes.

@gibfahn gibfahn added the performance label Nov 24, 2016

kisg pushed a commit to paul99/v8mips that referenced this issue Dec 2, 2016

[compiler] Consistently use Ignition+TurboFan for lexical variables.
Crankshaft has this highly unpredictable performance cliff around the
"Unsupported phi use of const or let variable", which is due to the
fact that Crankshaft refuses to do hole checks (for a couple of
reasons). So ideally we should not even try to send any lexically bound
variables to fullcodegen+Crankshaft, but instead give them to Ignition
and TurboFan.

This CL only adds the appropriate check to the AstNumbering, but doesn't
remove the functionality from fullcodegen/Crankshaft yet. This would be
step two in case this CL sticks. If you see any major performance
regressions with this CL in the range, just revert it and ping me.

See Node.js issue nodejs/node#9729 for
additional information.

BUG=v8:5666
R=hablich@chromium.org, mstarzinger@chromium.org, rmcilroy@chromium.org

Review-Url: https://codereview.chromium.org/2525243002
Cr-Commit-Position: refs/heads/master@{#41445}
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bmeurer Dec 2, 2016

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And finally with crrev.com/2525243002 let and const now go to TurboFan+Ignition only, so the performance cliff is gone, and let/const are safe to use for you (with next LTS; this is not really back-mergable unfortunately).

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bmeurer commented Dec 2, 2016

And finally with crrev.com/2525243002 let and const now go to TurboFan+Ignition only, so the performance cliff is gone, and let/const are safe to use for you (with next LTS; this is not really back-mergable unfortunately).

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