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SHA-1, SHA-256 and SHA-512 compression functions using Intel, ARMv8 and Power8 SHA intrinsics
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README.md

Build Status

SHA-Intrinsics

This GitHub repository contains source code for SHA-1, SHA-224, SHA-256 and SHA-512 compress function using Intel SHA and ARMv8 SHA intrinsics, and Power8 built-ins. The source files should be portable across toolchains which support the Intel and ARMv8 SHA extensions.

Only the SHA-1, SHA-224, SHA-256 and SHA-512 compression functions are provided. The functions operate on full blocks. Users must set initial state, and users must pad the last block. The small sample program included with each source file does both on an empty message.

Intel SHA

To compile the x86 sources on an Intel machine, be sure your CFLAGS include -msse4 -msha.

The x86 source files are based on code from Intel, and code by Sean Gulley for the miTLS project. You can find the miTLS GitHub at http://github.com/mitls.

If you want to test the programs but don't have a capable machine on hand, then you can use the Intel Software Development Emulator. You can find it at http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/intel-software-development-emulator.

ARM SHA

To compile the ARM sources on an ARMv8 machine, be sure your CFLAGS include -march=armv8-a+crc+crypto. Apple iOS CFLAGS should include -arch arm64 and a system root like -isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/Developer/SDKs/iPhoneOS8.2.sdk.

The ARM source files are based on code from ARM, and code by Johannes Schneiders, Skip Hovsmith and Barry O'Rourke for the mbedTLS project. You can find the mbedTLS GitHub at http://github.com/ARMmbed/mbedtls. Prior to ARM's implementation, Critical Blue provided the source code and pull request at http://github.com/CriticalBlue/mbedtls.

If you want to test the programs but don't have a capable machine on hand, then you can use the ARM Fixed Virtual Platforms. You can find it at https://developer.arm.com/products/system-design/fixed-virtual-platforms.

Power8 SHA

The Power8 source files are just about complete but performance appears to be flat. To compile the sources on an POWER8 machine, be sure your CXXFLAGS include -mcpu=power8 with GCC and -qarch=pwr8 -qaltivec with IBM XL C/C++.

Performance increases significantly using built-ins, but it seems like there is still room for improvement. Below are the numbers we are observing for SHA-256 and SHA-512, but they are not that impressive. Even OpenSSL's numbers seems relatively dull.

According to IBM's Performance Optimization and Tuning Techniques for IBM Power Systems Processors Including IBM POWER8, p. 182: "[POWER8] in-core SHA instructions can increase speed, as compared with equivalent JIT-generated code." If the performance goals are only to outperform JIT, then we might be at the limits (assuming JIT'ed code is slower than native code).

Benchmarks

The speedups can be tricky to measure, but concrete numbers are available from Jack Lloyd's Botan. The relative speedups using a three second benchmark under the command ./botan speed --msec=3000 SHA-1 SHA-224 SHA-256 are as follows. The measurements were taken from a Intel Celeron J3455, and an ARMv8 LeMaker HiKey.

Intel SHA

The following tests were run on a machine with a Celeron J3455 at 1.5 GHz (burst at 2.2 GHz). The machine has an ASUS J3455M-E motherboard, which was one of the first Goldmont's available.

GCC 7.3.1

$ ./botan speed --msec=3000 SHA-1 SHA-224 SHA-256 SHA-384 SHA-512
SHA-160 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 889.903 MiB/sec 1.82 cycles/byte (2669.71 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-224 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 445.990 MiB/sec 3.64 cycles/byte (1337.97 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-256 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 445.747 MiB/sec 3.64 cycles/byte (1337.24 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-384 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 122.836 MiB/sec 13.20 cycles/byte (368.51 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-512 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 121.721 MiB/sec 13.32 cycles/byte (365.16 MiB in 3000.01 ms)

Clang 5.0.1

$ ./botan speed --msec=3000 SHA-1 SHA-224 SHA-256 SHA-384 SHA-512
SHA-160 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 913.413 MiB/sec 1.77 cycles/byte (2740.24 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-224 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 447.696 MiB/sec 3.62 cycles/byte (1343.09 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-256 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 447.657 MiB/sec 3.62 cycles/byte (1342.97 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-384 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 124.234 MiB/sec 13.05 cycles/byte (372.70 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-512 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 124.187 MiB/sec 13.05 cycles/byte (372.56 MiB in 3000.00 ms)

ARM SHA

The following tests were run on a machine with a Kirin 620 SoC and octa-core ARM Cortex-A53 at 1.2 GHz. The machine was one of the first Aarch64's with crypto extensions available.

GCC 4.9.2

$ ./botan speed --msec=3000 SHA-1 SHA-224 SHA-256 SHA-384 SHA-512
SHA-160 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 664.520 MiB/sec (1993.561 MiB in 3000.001 ms)
SHA-224 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 599.788 MiB/sec (1799.363 MiB in 3000.000 ms)
SHA-256 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 599.463 MiB/sec (1798.391 MiB in 3000.001 ms)
SHA-384 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 188.142 MiB/sec (564.426 MiB in 3000.001 ms)
SHA-512 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 188.017 MiB/sec (564.051 MiB in 3000.001 ms)

Clang 3.7

To be determined.

Power8 SHA

The following tests were run on GCC112 from the compile farm, which is ppc64-le at 3.4 GHz.

GCC 7.2.0

$ ./botan speed --msec=3000 --cpu-clock-speed=3400 SHA-1 SHA-224 SHA-256 SHA-384 SHA-512

MD5 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 236.689 MiB/sec 13.70 cycles/byte (710.07 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-160 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 355.444 MiB/sec 9.12 cycles/byte (1066.33 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-224 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 250.667 MiB/sec 12.94 cycles/byte (752.00 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-256 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 250.424 MiB/sec 12.95 cycles/byte (751.27 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-384 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 327.598 MiB/sec 9.90 cycles/byte (982.79 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
SHA-512 hash buffer size 1024 bytes: 327.507 MiB/sec 9.90 cycles/byte (982.52 MiB in 3000.00 ms)
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