IDA Pro Full Instruction Reference Plugin - It's like auto-comments but useful.
I'm generally pretty good at figuring out what various Intel instructions do. But, once in a while I need to either know some precise detail (i.e. exact side effects of SUB) or come across a rare instruction. Then I break my train of thought and have to dig out the reference manual. Which got me thinking: Why can't IDA just give me the full documentation?
Enter IdaRef: The plugin will monitor the location for your cursor (ScreenEA) and display the full documentation of the instruction. At the moment it only supports x86-64, ARM and MIPS 32bit, however adding support for other architectures is relatively easy.
Simply checkout or download the repository and install it to your IDA plugins directory:
idaref.py -> <ida_path>/plugins/idaref.py arm.sql -> <ida_path>/plugins/archs/arm.sql x86-64.sql -> <ida_path>/plugins/archs/x86-64.sql mips32.sql -> <ida_path>/plugins/archs/mips32.sql xtensa.sql -> <ida_path>/plugins/archs/xtensa.sql
You can also use the installer.sh file but you'll need to open it and edit the IDA path if you're not using Mac OS and IDA 6.8.
Once loaded, the plugin can be turned ON by going to Edit/Start IdaRef menu option. To control the output right-click on the tab window to get a menu:
- Update View - Load documentation for currectly selected instruction.
- Lookup Instruction - Manual load documentation, you'll be prompted for the instruction.
- Toggle Auto-refresh - Turn on/off auto loading of documentation and rely on the first two options.
Upon loading the script will look for SQlite databases in the same directory as the itself. The naming convention for the database files is [arch name].sql. The [arch name] will be presented to the user as choice.
The database has a table called 'instructions' and two columns called 'mnem' and 'description'. The instructions are looked up case insensitive (upper case) by the mnem value. The text from description is displayed verbatim in the view.
To add support for more architectures simply create a new database with those columns and place it in the the script directory.
import sqlite3 as sq con = sq.connect("asm.sqlite") con.text_factory = str cur = con.cursor() cur.execute("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS instructions (platform TEXT, mnem TEXT, description TEXT)") con.commit()
When working with x86, I noticed that many instructions point to the same documentation. So, the plugin supports single level referencing. Just place '-R:[new instruction]' into description to redirect the loading. 'new instruction' is the target. So, when loading the script will detect the link and load the new target automatically.
cur.execute("INSERT INTO instructions VALUES (?, ?, ?)", ("x86", inst, "-R:%s" % first_inst))
Skeletons in the closet
The documentation database was created using a rather hackish screen scraping technique by the x86doc project which I forked. So, there are probably some strange characters or tags in the text. At least, it is a mechanical process so I expect that the information is correct relative to the original Intel PDF.
If you're a hopper user, there is a port called hopperref: https://github.com/zbuc/hopperref
If you're an x64dbg user, IdaRef is integrated with the
mnemonichelp xxx command or through the context menu. Fork: https://github.com/x64dbg/idaref