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;;; smex.el --- M-x interface with Ido-style fuzzy matching.
;; Copyright (C) 2009, 2010 Cornelius Mika
;; Author: Cornelius Mika <>
;; URL:
;; Version: 1.1.2
;; Keywords: convenience, usability
;; This file is not part of GNU Emacs.
;;; License:
;; Licensed under the same terms as Emacs.
;;; Commentary:
;; Quick start:
;; run (smex-initialize)
;; Bind the following commands:
;; smex, smex-major-mode-commands
;; For a detailed introduction see:
;;; Code:
(require 'ido)
(defgroup smex nil
"M-x interface with Ido-style fuzzy matching and ranking heuristics."
:group 'extensions
:group 'convenience
:version "1.1"
:link '(emacs-library-link :tag "Lisp File" "smex.el"))
(defcustom smex-auto-update t
"If non-nil, `Smex' checks for new commands each time it is run.
Turn it off for minor speed improvements on older systems."
:type 'boolean
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-save-file "~/.smex-items"
"File in which the smex state is saved between Emacs sessions.
Variables stored are: `smex-data', `smex-history'.
Must be set before initializing Smex."
:type 'string
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-history-length 7
"Determines on how many recently executed commands
Smex should keep a record.
Must be set before initializing Smex."
:type 'integer
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-prompt-string "M-x "
"String to display in the Smex prompt."
:type 'string
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-key-advice-ignore-menu-bar nil
"If non-nil, `smex-key-advice' ignores `menu-bar' bindings"
:type 'boolean
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-flex-matching t
"Enables Ido flex matching. On by default.
Set this to nil to disable fuzzy matching."
:type 'boolean
:group 'smex)
(defvar smex-cache)
(defvar smex-ido-cache)
(defvar smex-data)
(defvar smex-history)
(defvar smex-command-count 0)
(defvar smex-custom-action nil)
;; Smex Interface
(defun smex ()
(if (smex-already-running)
(and smex-auto-update
(smex-read-and-run smex-ido-cache)))
(defsubst smex-already-running ()
(and (boundp 'ido-choice-list) (eql ido-choice-list smex-ido-cache)))
(defsubst smex-update-and-rerun ()
(lambda (ignore) (smex-update) (smex-read-and-run smex-ido-cache ido-text))))
(defun smex-read-and-run (commands &optional initial-input)
(let ((chosen-item (intern (smex-completing-read commands initial-input))))
(if smex-custom-action
(let ((action smex-custom-action))
(setq smex-custom-action nil)
(funcall action chosen-item))
(progn (setq prefix-arg current-prefix-arg)
(setq this-command chosen-item)
(command-execute chosen-item 'record))
(smex-rank chosen-item)
(smex-show-key-advice chosen-item)
;; Todo: Is there a better way to manipulate 'last-repeatable-command'
;; from the inside of an interactively called function?
(run-at-time 0.01 nil (lambda (cmd) (setq last-repeatable-command cmd))
(defun smex-major-mode-commands ()
"Like `smex', but limited to commands that are relevant to the active major mode."
(let ((commands (delete-dups (append (extract-commands-from-keymap (current-local-map))
(extract-commands-from-features major-mode)))))
(setq commands (smex-sort-according-to-cache commands))
(setq commands (mapcar #'symbol-name commands))
(smex-read-and-run commands)))
(defun smex-completing-read (choices initial-input)
(let ((ido-completion-map ido-completion-map)
(ido-setup-hook (cons 'smex-prepare-ido-bindings ido-setup-hook))
(ido-enable-prefix nil)
(ido-enable-flex-matching smex-flex-matching)
(ido-max-prospects 10))
(ido-completing-read (smex-prompt-with-prefix-arg) choices nil nil initial-input)))
(defun smex-prompt-with-prefix-arg ()
(if (not current-prefix-arg)
(if (eq current-prefix-arg '-)
"- "
(if (integerp current-prefix-arg)
(format "%d " current-prefix-arg)
(if (= (car current-prefix-arg) 4)
"C-u "
(format "%d " (car current-prefix-arg)))))
(defun smex-prepare-ido-bindings ()
(define-key ido-completion-map (kbd "C-h f") 'smex-describe-function)
(define-key ido-completion-map (kbd "M-.") 'smex-find-function)
(define-key ido-completion-map (kbd "C-a") 'move-beginning-of-line))
;; Cache and Maintenance
(defun smex-rebuild-cache ()
(setq smex-cache nil)
;; Build up list 'new-commands' and later put it at the end of 'smex-cache'.
;; This speeds up sorting.
(let (new-commands)
(mapatoms (lambda (symbol)
(when (commandp symbol)
(let ((known-command (assq symbol smex-data)))
(if known-command
(setq smex-cache (cons known-command smex-cache))
(setq new-commands (cons (list symbol) new-commands)))))))
(if (eq (length smex-cache) 0)
(setq smex-cache new-commands)
(setcdr (last smex-cache) new-commands)))
(setq smex-cache (sort smex-cache 'smex-sorting-rules))
(setq smex-ido-cache (smex-convert-for-ido smex-cache)))
(defun smex-convert-for-ido (command-items)
(mapcar (lambda (command-item) (symbol-name (car command-item))) command-items))
(defun smex-restore-history ()
"Rearranges `smex-cache' according to `smex-history'"
(if (> (length smex-history) smex-history-length)
(setcdr (nthcdr (- smex-history-length 1) smex-history) nil))
(mapc (lambda (command)
(unless (eq command (caar smex-cache))
(let ((command-cell-position (smex-detect-position smex-cache (lambda (cell)
(eq command (caar cell))))))
(if command-cell-position
(let ((command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell command-cell-position smex-cache)))
(setcdr command-cell smex-cache)
(setq smex-cache command-cell))))))
(reverse smex-history)))
(defun smex-sort-according-to-cache (list)
"Sorts a list of commands by their order in `smex-cache'"
(let (sorted)
(dolist (command-item smex-cache)
(let ((command (car command-item)))
(when (memq command list)
(setq sorted (cons command sorted))
(setq list (delq command list)))))
(nreverse (append list sorted))))
(defun smex-update ()
(defun smex-detect-new-commands ()
(let ((i 0))
(mapatoms (lambda (symbol) (if (commandp symbol) (setq i (1+ i)))))
(unless (= i smex-command-count)
(setq smex-command-count i))))
(defun smex-auto-update (&optional idle-time)
"Update Smex when Emacs has been idle for IDLE-TIME."
(unless idle-time (setq idle-time 60))
(run-with-idle-timer idle-time t
'(lambda () (if (smex-detect-new-commands) (smex-update)))))
(defun smex-detect-legacy-save-file ()
"The default value of `smex-save-file' was changed in between releases.
This function provides temporary means to aid the transition."
(unless (file-readable-p smex-save-file)
(let ((legacy-save-file "~/"))
(when (file-readable-p legacy-save-file)
(message (format "%s not found. Falling back to %s"
smex-save-file legacy-save-file))
(setq smex-save-file legacy-save-file)))))
(defun smex-initialize ()
(unless ido-mode (smex-initialize-ido))
(let ((save-file (expand-file-name smex-save-file)))
(if (file-readable-p save-file)
(insert-file-contents save-file)
(setq smex-history (read (current-buffer))
smex-data (read (current-buffer))))
(setq smex-history nil smex-data nil))
(add-hook 'kill-emacs-hook 'smex-save-to-file)))
(defun smex-initialize-ido ()
"Sets up a minimal Ido environment for `ido-completing-read'."
(add-hook 'minibuffer-setup-hook 'ido-minibuffer-setup))
(defun smex-save-history ()
"Updates `smex-history'"
(setq smex-history nil)
(let ((cell smex-cache))
(dotimes (i smex-history-length)
(setq smex-history (cons (caar cell) smex-history))
(setq cell (cdr cell))))
(setq smex-history (nreverse smex-history)))
(defun smex-save-to-file ()
(with-temp-file (expand-file-name smex-save-file)
(ido-pp 'smex-history)
(ido-pp 'smex-data)))
;; Ranking
(defun smex-sorting-rules (command-item other-command-item)
"Returns true if COMMAND-ITEM should sort before OTHER-COMMAND-ITEM."
(let* ((count (or (cdr command-item ) 0))
(other-count (or (cdr other-command-item) 0))
(name (car command-item))
(other-name (car other-command-item))
(length (length (symbol-name name)))
(other-length (length (symbol-name other-name))))
(or (> count other-count) ; 1. Frequency of use
(and (= count other-count)
(or (< length other-length) ; 2. Command length
(and (= length other-length)
(string< name other-name))))))) ; 3. Alphabetical order
(defun smex-rank (command)
(let ((command-item (or (assq command smex-cache)
;; Update caches and try again if not found.
(progn (smex-update)
(assq command smex-cache)))))
(when command-item
(smex-update-counter command-item)
;; Don't touch the cache order if the chosen command
;; has just been execucted previously.
(unless (eq command-item (car smex-cache))
(let (command-cell
(pos (smex-detect-position smex-cache (lambda (cell)
(eq command-item (car cell))))))
;; Remove the just executed command.
(setq command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell pos smex-cache))
;; And put it on top of the cache.
(setcdr command-cell smex-cache)
(setq smex-cache command-cell)
;; Repeat the same for the ido cache. Should this be DRYed?
(setq command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell pos smex-ido-cache))
(setcdr command-cell smex-ido-cache)
(setq smex-ido-cache command-cell)
;; Now put the last history item back to its normal place.
(smex-sort-item-at smex-history-length))))))
(defun smex-update-counter (command-item)
(let ((count (cdr command-item)))
(setcdr command-item
(if count
(1+ count)
;; Else: Command has just been executed for the first time.
;; Add it to `smex-data'.
(if smex-data
(setcdr (last smex-data) (list command-item))
(setq smex-data (list command-item)))
(defun smex-sort-item-at (n)
"Sorts item at position N in `smex-cache'."
(let* ((command-cell (nthcdr n smex-cache))
(command-item (car command-cell))
(command-count (cdr command-item)))
(let ((insert-at (smex-detect-position command-cell (lambda (cell)
(smex-sorting-rules command-item (car cell))))))
;; TODO: Should we handle the case of 'insert-at' being nil?
;; This will never happen in practice.
(when (> insert-at 1)
(setq command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell n smex-cache))
;; smex-cache just got shorter by one element, so subtract '1' from insert-at.
(setq insert-at (+ n (- insert-at 1)))
(smex-insert-cell command-cell insert-at smex-cache)
;; Repeat the same for the ido cache. DRY?
(setq command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell n smex-ido-cache))
(smex-insert-cell command-cell insert-at smex-ido-cache)))))
(defun smex-detect-position (cell function)
"Detects, relatively to CELL, the position of the cell
on which FUNCTION returns true.
Only checks cells after CELL, starting with the cell right after CELL.
Returns nil when reaching the end of the list."
(let ((pos 1))
(catch 'break
(while t
(setq cell (cdr cell))
(if (not cell)
(throw 'break nil)
(if (funcall function cell) (throw 'break pos))
(setq pos (1+ pos)))))))
(defun smex-remove-nth-cell (n list)
"Removes and returns the Nth cell in LIST."
(let* ((previous-cell (nthcdr (- n 1) list))
(result (cdr previous-cell)))
(setcdr previous-cell (cdr result))
(defun smex-insert-cell (new-cell n list)
"Inserts cell at position N in LIST."
(let* ((cell (nthcdr (- n 1) list))
(next-cell (cdr cell)))
(setcdr (setcdr cell new-cell) next-cell)))
;; Help and Reference
(defun smex-do-with-selected-item (fn)
(setq smex-custom-action fn)
(defun smex-describe-function ()
(smex-do-with-selected-item (lambda (chosen)
(describe-function chosen)
(pop-to-buffer "*Help*"))))
(defun smex-find-function ()
(smex-do-with-selected-item 'find-function))
(defvar smex-old-message nil
"A temporary storage used by `smex-show-key-advice'")
(defun smex-show-key-advice (command)
"Shows the keybinding for command, if available. Like `execute-extended-command'."
(let ((advice (smex-key-advice command)))
(when advice
(if (current-message)
(run-at-time 2 nil (lambda (advice)
(setq smex-old-message (current-message))
(smex-unlogged-message advice)) advice)
(run-at-time 4.5 nil (lambda (advice)
(if (equal (current-message) advice)
(smex-unlogged-message smex-old-message))) advice))
(smex-unlogged-message advice)))))
(defun smex-key-advice (command)
(let ((keys (where-is-internal command)))
(if smex-key-advice-ignore-menu-bar
(setq keys (smex-filter-out-menu-bar-bindings keys)))
(if keys
(format "You can run the command `%s' with %s"
(mapconcat 'key-description keys ", ")))))
(defsubst smex-filter-out-menu-bar-bindings (keys)
(delq nil (mapcar (lambda (key-vec)
(unless (equal (aref key-vec 0) 'menu-bar)
(defun smex-unlogged-message (string)
"Bypasses logging in *Messages*"
(let (message-log-max)
(message "%s" string)))
(defun extract-commands-from-keymap (map)
(let (commands)
(parse-keymap map)
(defun parse-keymap (map)
(map-keymap (lambda (binding element)
(if (and (listp element) (eq 'keymap (car element)))
(parse-keymap element)
; Strings are commands, too. Reject them.
(if (and (symbolp element) (commandp element))
(setq commands (cons element commands)))))
(defun extract-commands-from-features (mode)
(let ((library-path (symbol-file mode))
(mode-name (symbol-name mode))
(string-match "\\(.+?\\)\\(-mode\\)?$" mode-name)
;; 'lisp-mode' -> 'lisp'
(setq mode-name (match-string 1 mode-name))
(if (string= mode-name "c") (setq mode-name "cc"))
(setq mode-name (regexp-quote mode-name))
(dolist (feature load-history)
(let ((feature-path (car feature)))
(when (and feature-path (or (equal feature-path library-path)
(string-match mode-name (file-name-nondirectory
(dolist (item (cdr feature))
(if (and (listp item) (eq 'defun (car item)))
(let ((function (cdr item)))
(when (commandp function)
(setq commands (append commands (list function))))))))))
(defun smex-show-unbound-commands ()
"Shows unbound commands in a new buffer,
sorted by frequency of use."
(setq smex-data (sort smex-data 'smex-sorting-rules))
(let ((unbound-commands (delq nil
(mapcar (lambda (command-item)
(unless (where-is-internal (car command-item))
(view-buffer-other-window "*Smex: Unbound Commands*")
(setq buffer-read-only t)
(let ((inhibit-read-only t))
(ido-pp 'unbound-commands))
(set-buffer-modified-p nil)
(goto-char (point-min))))
(provide 'smex)
;;; smex.el ends here
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