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;;; smex.el --- M-x interface with Ido-style fuzzy matching. -*- lexical-binding: t; -*-
;; Copyright (C) 2009-2014 Cornelius Mika and contributors
;; Author: Cornelius Mika <> and contributors
;; URL:
;; Package-Requires: ((emacs "24"))
;; Version: 3.0
;; Keywords: convenience, usability
;; This file is not part of GNU Emacs.
;;; License:
;; Licensed under the same terms as Emacs.
;;; Commentary:
;; Quick start:
;; run (smex-initialize)
;; Bind the following commands:
;; smex, smex-major-mode-commands
;; For a detailed introduction see:
;;; Code:
(require 'ido)
(defgroup smex nil
"M-x interface with Ido-style fuzzy matching and ranking heuristics."
:group 'extensions
:group 'convenience
:link '(emacs-library-link :tag "Lisp File" "smex.el"))
(defcustom smex-auto-update t
"If non-nil, `Smex' checks for new commands each time it is run.
Turn it off for minor speed improvements on older systems."
:type 'boolean
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-save-file (locate-user-emacs-file "smex-items" ".smex-items")
"File in which the smex state is saved between Emacs sessions.
Variables stored are: `smex-data', `smex-history'.
Must be set before initializing Smex."
:type 'string
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-history-length 7
"Determines on how many recently executed commands
Smex should keep a record.
Must be set before initializing Smex."
:type 'integer
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-prompt-string "M-x "
"String to display in the Smex prompt."
:type 'string
:group 'smex)
(defcustom smex-flex-matching t
"Enables Ido flex matching. On by default.
Set this to nil to disable fuzzy matching."
:type 'boolean
:group 'smex)
(defvar smex-initialized-p nil)
(defvar smex-cache)
(defvar smex-ido-cache)
(defvar smex-data)
(defvar smex-history)
(defvar smex-command-count 0)
(defvar smex-custom-action nil)
;; Check if Smex is supported
(when (equal (cons 1 1)
(subr-arity (symbol-function 'execute-extended-command))))
(error "Your Emacs has a non-elisp version of `execute-extended-command', which is incompatible with Smex"))
;; Smex Interface
(defun smex ()
(unless smex-initialized-p
(if (smex-already-running)
(and smex-auto-update
(smex-read-and-run smex-ido-cache)))
(defun smex-already-running ()
(and (boundp 'ido-choice-list)
(eql ido-choice-list smex-ido-cache)
(minibuffer-window-active-p (selected-window))))
(defun smex-update-and-rerun ()
(lambda (_) (smex-update) (smex-read-and-run smex-ido-cache ido-text))))
(defun smex-read-and-run (commands &optional initial-input)
(let* ((chosen-item-name (smex-completing-read commands initial-input))
(chosen-item (intern chosen-item-name)))
(if smex-custom-action
(let ((action smex-custom-action))
(setq smex-custom-action nil)
(funcall action chosen-item))
(with-no-warnings ; Don't warn about interactive use of `execute-extended-command'
(execute-extended-command current-prefix-arg chosen-item-name))
(smex-rank chosen-item)))))
(defun smex-major-mode-commands ()
"Like `smex', but limited to commands that are relevant to the active major mode."
(unless smex-initialized-p
(let ((commands (delete-dups (append (smex-extract-commands-from-keymap (current-local-map))
(smex-extract-commands-from-features major-mode)))))
(setq commands (smex-sort-according-to-cache commands))
(setq commands (mapcar #'symbol-name commands))
(smex-read-and-run commands)))
(defun smex-completing-read (choices initial-input)
(let ((ido-completion-map ido-completion-map)
(ido-setup-hook (cons 'smex-prepare-ido-bindings ido-setup-hook))
(ido-enable-prefix nil)
(ido-enable-flex-matching smex-flex-matching)
(ido-max-prospects 10)
(minibuffer-completion-table choices))
(ido-completing-read (smex-prompt-with-prefix-arg) choices nil nil
initial-input 'extended-command-history (car choices))))
(defun smex-prompt-with-prefix-arg ()
(if (not current-prefix-arg)
(if (eq current-prefix-arg '-)
"- "
(if (integerp current-prefix-arg)
(format "%d " current-prefix-arg)
(if (= (car current-prefix-arg) 4)
"C-u "
(format "%d " (car current-prefix-arg)))))
(defun smex-prepare-ido-bindings ()
(define-key ido-completion-map (kbd "TAB") 'minibuffer-complete)
(define-key ido-completion-map (kbd "C-h f") 'smex-describe-function)
(define-key ido-completion-map (kbd "C-h w") 'smex-where-is)
(define-key ido-completion-map (kbd "M-.") 'smex-find-function)
(define-key ido-completion-map (kbd "C-a") 'move-beginning-of-line))
;; Cache and Maintenance
(defun smex-rebuild-cache ()
(setq smex-cache nil)
;; Build up list 'new-commands' and later put it at the end of 'smex-cache'.
;; This speeds up sorting.
(let (new-commands)
(mapatoms (lambda (symbol)
(when (commandp symbol)
(let ((known-command (assq symbol smex-data)))
(if known-command
(setq smex-cache (cons known-command smex-cache))
(setq new-commands (cons (list symbol) new-commands)))))))
(if (eq (length smex-cache) 0)
(setq smex-cache new-commands)
(setcdr (last smex-cache) new-commands)))
(setq smex-cache (sort smex-cache 'smex-sorting-rules))
(setq smex-ido-cache (smex-convert-for-ido smex-cache)))
(defun smex-convert-for-ido (command-items)
(mapcar (lambda (command-item) (symbol-name (car command-item))) command-items))
(defun smex-restore-history ()
"Rearranges `smex-cache' according to `smex-history'"
(if (> (length smex-history) smex-history-length)
(setcdr (nthcdr (- smex-history-length 1) smex-history) nil))
(mapc (lambda (command)
(unless (eq command (caar smex-cache))
(let ((command-cell-position (smex-detect-position
(lambda (cell)
(eq command (caar cell))))))
(when command-cell-position
(let ((command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell
command-cell-position smex-cache)))
(setcdr command-cell smex-cache)
(setq smex-cache command-cell))))))
(reverse smex-history)))
(defun smex-sort-according-to-cache (list)
"Sorts a list of commands by their order in `smex-cache'"
(let (sorted)
(dolist (command-item smex-cache)
(let ((command (car command-item)))
(when (memq command list)
(setq sorted (cons command sorted))
(setq list (delq command list)))))
(nreverse (append list sorted))))
(defun smex-update ()
(defun smex-detect-new-commands ()
(let ((i 0))
(mapatoms (lambda (symbol) (if (commandp symbol) (setq i (1+ i)))))
(unless (= i smex-command-count)
(setq smex-command-count i))))
(defun smex-auto-update (&optional idle-time)
"Update Smex when Emacs has been idle for IDLE-TIME."
(unless idle-time (setq idle-time 60))
(run-with-idle-timer idle-time t
'(lambda () (if (smex-detect-new-commands) (smex-update)))))
(defun smex-initialize ()
(unless ido-mode (smex-initialize-ido))
(add-hook 'kill-emacs-hook 'smex-save-to-file)
(setq smex-initialized-p t))
(defun smex-initialize-ido ()
"Sets up a minimal Ido environment for `ido-completing-read'."
(with-no-warnings ; `ido-init-completion-maps' is deprecated in Emacs 25
(add-hook 'minibuffer-setup-hook 'ido-minibuffer-setup))
(defsubst smex-save-file-not-empty-p ()
(string-match-p "\[^[:space:]\]" (buffer-string)))
(defun smex-load-save-file ()
"Loads `smex-history' and `smex-data' from `smex-save-file'"
(let ((save-file (expand-file-name smex-save-file)))
(if (file-readable-p save-file)
(insert-file-contents save-file)
(condition-case nil
(setq smex-history (read (current-buffer))
smex-data (read (current-buffer)))
(error (if (smex-save-file-not-empty-p)
(error "Invalid data in smex-save-file (%s). Can't restore history."
(unless (boundp 'smex-history) (setq smex-history nil))
(unless (boundp 'smex-data) (setq smex-data nil))))))
(setq smex-history nil smex-data nil))))
(defun smex-save-history ()
"Updates `smex-history'"
(setq smex-history nil)
(let ((cell smex-cache))
(dotimes (_ smex-history-length)
(setq smex-history (cons (caar cell) smex-history))
(setq cell (cdr cell))))
(setq smex-history (nreverse smex-history)))
(defmacro smex-pp (list-var)
`(smex-pp* ,list-var ,(symbol-name list-var)))
(defun smex-save-to-file ()
(with-temp-file (expand-file-name smex-save-file)
(smex-pp smex-history)
(smex-pp smex-data)))
;; Ranking
(defun smex-sorting-rules (command-item other-command-item)
"Returns true if COMMAND-ITEM should sort before OTHER-COMMAND-ITEM."
(let* ((count (or (cdr command-item ) 0))
(other-count (or (cdr other-command-item) 0))
(name (car command-item))
(other-name (car other-command-item))
(length (length (symbol-name name)))
(other-length (length (symbol-name other-name))))
(or (> count other-count) ; 1. Frequency of use
(and (= count other-count)
(or (< length other-length) ; 2. Command length
(and (= length other-length)
(string< name other-name))))))) ; 3. Alphabetical order
(defun smex-rank (command)
(let ((command-item (or (assq command smex-cache)
;; Update caches and try again if not found.
(progn (smex-update)
(assq command smex-cache)))))
(when command-item
(smex-update-counter command-item)
;; Don't touch the cache order if the chosen command
;; has just been execucted previously.
(unless (eq command-item (car smex-cache))
(let (command-cell
(pos (smex-detect-position smex-cache (lambda (cell)
(eq command-item (car cell))))))
;; Remove the just executed command.
(setq command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell pos smex-cache))
;; And put it on top of the cache.
(setcdr command-cell smex-cache)
(setq smex-cache command-cell)
;; Repeat the same for the ido cache. Should this be DRYed?
(setq command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell pos smex-ido-cache))
(setcdr command-cell smex-ido-cache)
(setq smex-ido-cache command-cell)
;; Now put the last history item back to its normal place.
(smex-sort-item-at smex-history-length))))))
(defun smex-update-counter (command-item)
(let ((count (cdr command-item)))
(setcdr command-item
(if count
(1+ count)
;; Else: Command has just been executed for the first time.
;; Add it to `smex-data'.
(if smex-data
(setcdr (last smex-data) (list command-item))
(setq smex-data (list command-item)))
(defun smex-sort-item-at (n)
"Sorts item at position N in `smex-cache'."
(let* ((command-cell (nthcdr n smex-cache))
(command-item (car command-cell)))
(let ((insert-at (smex-detect-position
(lambda (cell)
(smex-sorting-rules command-item (car cell))))))
;; TODO: Should we handle the case of 'insert-at' being nil?
;; This will never happen in practice.
(when (> insert-at 1)
(setq command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell n smex-cache))
;; smex-cache just got shorter by one element, so subtract '1' from insert-at.
(setq insert-at (+ n (- insert-at 1)))
(smex-insert-cell command-cell insert-at smex-cache)
;; Repeat the same for the ido cache. DRY?
(setq command-cell (smex-remove-nth-cell n smex-ido-cache))
(smex-insert-cell command-cell insert-at smex-ido-cache)))))
(defun smex-detect-position (cell function)
"Detects, relatively to CELL, the position of the cell
on which FUNCTION returns true.
Only checks cells after CELL, starting with the cell right after CELL.
Returns nil when reaching the end of the list."
(let ((pos 1))
(catch 'break
(while t
(setq cell (cdr cell))
(if (not cell)
(throw 'break nil)
(if (funcall function cell) (throw 'break pos))
(setq pos (1+ pos)))))))
(defun smex-remove-nth-cell (n list)
"Removes and returns the Nth cell in LIST."
(let* ((previous-cell (nthcdr (- n 1) list))
(result (cdr previous-cell)))
(setcdr previous-cell (cdr result))
(defun smex-insert-cell (new-cell n list)
"Inserts cell at position N in LIST."
(let* ((cell (nthcdr (- n 1) list))
(next-cell (cdr cell)))
(setcdr (setcdr cell new-cell) next-cell)))
;; Help and Reference
(defun smex-do-with-selected-item (fn)
(setq smex-custom-action fn)
(defun smex-describe-function ()
(smex-do-with-selected-item (lambda (chosen)
(describe-function chosen)
(pop-to-buffer "*Help*"))))
(defun smex-where-is ()
(smex-do-with-selected-item 'where-is))
(defun smex-find-function ()
(smex-do-with-selected-item 'find-function))
(defun smex-extract-commands-from-keymap (map)
(let (commands)
(smex-parse-keymap map commands)
(defun smex-parse-keymap (map commands)
(map-keymap (lambda (_binding element)
(if (and (listp element) (eq 'keymap (car element)))
(smex-parse-keymap element commands)
;; Strings are commands, too. Reject them.
(if (and (symbolp element) (commandp element))
(push element commands))))
(defun smex-extract-commands-from-features (mode)
(let ((library-path (symbol-file mode))
(mode-name (symbol-name mode))
(string-match "\\(.+?\\)\\(-mode\\)?$" mode-name)
;; 'lisp-mode' -> 'lisp'
(setq mode-name (match-string 1 mode-name))
(if (string= mode-name "c") (setq mode-name "cc"))
(setq mode-name (regexp-quote mode-name))
(dolist (feature load-history)
(let ((feature-path (car feature)))
(when (and feature-path (or (equal feature-path library-path)
(string-match mode-name (file-name-nondirectory
(dolist (item (cdr feature))
(if (and (listp item) (eq 'defun (car item)))
(let ((function (cdr item)))
(when (commandp function)
(setq commands (append commands (list function))))))))))
(defun smex-show-unbound-commands ()
"Shows unbound commands in a new buffer,
sorted by frequency of use."
(setq smex-data (sort smex-data 'smex-sorting-rules))
(let ((unbound-commands (delq nil
(mapcar (lambda (command-item)
(unless (where-is-internal (car command-item))
(view-buffer-other-window "*Smex: Unbound Commands*")
(setq buffer-read-only t)
(let ((inhibit-read-only t))
(smex-pp unbound-commands))
(set-buffer-modified-p nil)
(goto-char (point-min))))
;; A copy of `ido-pp' that's compatible with lexical bindings
(defun smex-pp* (list list-name)
(let ((print-level nil) (eval-expression-print-level nil)
(print-length nil) (eval-expression-print-length nil))
(insert "\n;; ----- " list-name " -----\n(\n ")
(while list
(let* ((elt (car list))
(s (if (consp elt) (car elt) elt)))
(if (and (stringp s) (= (length s) 0))
(setq s nil))
(if s
(prin1 elt (current-buffer)))
(if (and (setq list (cdr list)) s)
(insert "\n "))))
(insert "\n)\n")))
(provide 'smex)
;;; smex.el ends here