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Norikra::Listener Mocks

This repository is a example of Norikra Listener plugin.

Norikra Listener plugin gem can contain some listener plugins. Listener implementations can be written in Ruby(JRuby).

Steps to write/release your Listener plugin

  1. Install JRuby and Bundler
rbenv install jruby-1.7.18
rbenv shell jruby-1.7.18
rbenv rehash
gem install bundler
rbenv rehash
  1. Generate repository
bundle gem norikra-listener-yours
cd norikra-listener-users
rbenv local jruby-1.7.18
  1. Edit gemspec
    • Add spec.platform = "java"
    • Add norikra to spec.add_runtime_dependency
    • Add bundler, rake and rspec to spec.add_runtime_dependency
    • Edit other fields
  2. Write Listeners
    • see Writing Listeners and tests
  3. Run rspecs
bundle exec rspec
  1. Run norikra-server with your Listener, and test it
bundle exec norikra start --more-verbose
  1. Commit && Plugin release to
 # git add && git commit ...
bundle exec rake release

Writing Listeners and tests

Example codes are for norikra-listener-my_listener. my_listener is an example name, and should be replaced with your own listener name.

At first, add lib/norikra-listener-my_listener.rb for loading plugins, which just require norikra/listener/my_listener.

# lib/norikra-listener-my_listener.rb
require "norikra/listener/my_listener"

Listener class implementations should be in lib/norikra/listener/my_listener.rb.

require "norikra/listener"

module Norikra
  module Listener
    class MyListener < Norikra::Listener::Base
      def self.label
        "MY_NAME" # label must matches pattern /^[_A-Z]+$/

      def initialize(argument, query_name, query_group)
        super # 3 arguemnts are set to @argument, @query_name and @query_group
        ### TODO: and your own initialization

      def start
        ### TODO: your own startup process if needed

      def shutdown
        ### TODO: your own shutdown process if needed

      ### TODO: your own implementation for sync/async listener

This listener is applied for query group name MY_NAME(...). Argument string in the parenthesis will be set in @argument.

Sync or Async

There are 2 types of Norikra listeners, named as Sync listenrs and Async listenrs. Methods implemented decides types of listeners.

  • Sync listener
    • method to be implemented: #process_sync(new_events, old_events)
    • #process_sync called every time when Norikra query produce output records
  • Async listener
    • method to be implemented: #process_async(events)
    • #process_async called once per 0.1 seconds, with output records of that interval

Async listener works very well for many use cases, and are easy to write.

Sync listener is good for these cases:

  • You want to deliver events as early as possible
  • What you want to do needs previous events (old_events)

.label method

.label method is needed for both of Sync/Async listeners. Norikra engine determines which listener is used for queries by this method and query group name. Built-in memory pool is used if no listener plugins match or no query group specified.

.label MUST return a string, matches to /^[_A-Z]+$/.

Sync Listener

For sync listener plugins, add #process_sync instance method with 2 arguments.

  def process_sync(news, olds)
    news.each do |event|
      # query_group: MY_NAME(DESTINATION)
      send_to_anywhere_specified_by_argument(@argument, query_name: @query_name, event: event)

Query output events for latest view are in news as Array of Hash objects, and events of previous view are in olds.

Norikra engine calls #process_sync per every query output timing. #process_sync should return as soon as possible. Use async listener for output methods with large latency.

Async Listener

Async listener is to send events over large delay, or as batch writing. Add #process_async with 1 argument.

  def process_async(events)
    events.each do |event|
      # query_group: MY_NAME(DESTINATION)
      send_to_anywhere_specified_by_argument(@argument, query_name: @query_name, event: event)

events is an Array of Hash events, which contain all output events between async calls of #process_async. This method is called per 0.1 seconds in default (plugin can overwrite this interval by setting @async_interval in #initialize).

  def initialize(argument, query_name, query_group)
    @async_interval = 1 # 1 #process_async call per 1 second

Listeners with engine/output pool

Norikra engine assigns its engine itself and output memory pool in @engine and @output_pool of listener plugins if #engine= or/and #output_pool= methods are defined.

require "norikra/listener"

module Norikra
  module Listener
    class MyListener < Norikra::Listener::Base
      def self.label

      attr_writer :engine # this defines #engine=
      attr_writer :output_pool # this defines #output_pool=

      def process_sync(news, olds)
        # use @engine and/or @output_pool here!

WARNING: Using engine/output_pool can break Norikra itself very easily!

  • engine
    • instance of Norikra::Engine, to re-send query output events into specified target
    • @engine.send(TARGET_NAME, events)
    • use engine to make plugins like LOOPBACK() with some data transformations
  • output_pool
    • instance of Norikra::OutputPool, to store events in memory store to be fetched by HTTP API (or CLI)
    • @output_pool.push(@query_name, modified_query_group, events)
    • use output_pool to make plugins just as same with default output of queries, with some data transformations
    • modified_query_group may be @query_group, or modified query group value, or just @argument

Writing tests

There're no special topic to write tests. Write simple tests with rspec3.

require 'norikra/listener/my_listener'

describe Norikra::Listener::MyListener do
  it 'works well' # TODO: write!

Norikra has some classes to stub engine and output_pool.

require 'norikra/listener_spec_helper'
include Norikra::ListenerSpecHelper

dummy_engine =
dummy_pool =

listener_instance ='argument', 'query_name', 'MY_LISTENER(argument)')
listener_instance.engine = dummy_engine
listener_instance.output_pool = dummy_pool

# re-send events to engine in listener

expect( eql([events_tobe_sent])

# store events into output pools in listener

expect(dummy_pool.pool['query_group']['query_name']).to eql([events_tobe_stored])


  • Listener plugin in Java


  • Copyright (c) 2015- TAGOMORI Satoshi (tagomoris)
  • License
    • GPL v2