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PyPi version Build Status codecov licence PyPI - Downloads Gitter Chinese

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(  ____ \__   __|__   __(  ___  )
| (    \/  ) (     ) (  | (   ) |
| |        | |     | |  | (___) |
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| (___) |__) (___  | |  | )   ( |
(_______)_______/  )_(  |/     \|   v0.13

Gita: a command-line tool to manage multiple git repos

This tool does two things

  • display the status of multiple git repos such as branch, modification, commit message side by side
  • (batch) delegate git commands/aliases from any working directory

If several repos are related, it helps to see their status together. I also hate to change directories to execute git commands.

gita screenshot

In this screenshot, the gita ll command displays the status of all repos. The gita remote dotfiles command translates to git remote -v for the dotfiles repo, even though we are not in the repo. The gita fetch command fetches from all repos and two of them have updates. To see the pre-defined commands, run gita -h or take a look at cmds.yml. To add your own commands, see the customization section. To run arbitrary git command, see the superman mode section. To run arbitrary shell command, see the shell mode section.

The branch color distinguishes 5 situations between local and remote branches:

  • white: local has no remote
  • green: local is the same as remote
  • red: local has diverged from remote
  • purple: local is ahead of remote (good for push)
  • yellow: local is behind remote (good for merge)

The choice of purple for ahead and yellow for behind is motivated by blueshift and redshift, using green as baseline. You can change the color scheme using the gita color command. See the customization section.

The additional status symbols denote

  • +: staged changes
  • *: unstaged changes
  • _: untracked files/folders

The bookkeeping sub-commands are

  • gita add <repo-path(s)>: add repo(s) to gita
  • gita add -r <repo-parent-path(s)>: add repo(s) in <repo-parent-path(s)>
  • gita clone <config-file>: clone repos in config-file (generated by gita freeze) to current directory.
  • gita context: context sub-command
    • gita context: show current context
    • gita context none: remove context
    • gita context <group-name>: set context to group-name, all operations then only apply to repos in this group
  • gita color: color sub-command
    • gita color [ll]: Show available colors and the current coloring scheme
    • gita color set <situation> <color>: Use the specified color for the local-remote situation
  • gita freeze: print information of all repos such as URL, name, and path.
  • gita group: group sub-command
    • gita group add <repo-name(s)> -n <group-name>: add repo(s) to a new or existing group
    • gita group [ll]: display existing groups with repos
    • gita group ls: display existing group names
    • gita group rename <group-name> <new-name>: change group name
    • gita group rm <group-name(s)>: delete group(s)
    • gita group rmrepo <repo-name(s)> -n <group-name>: remove repo(s) from existing group
  • gita info: info sub-command
    • gita info [ll]: display the used and unused information items
    • gita info add <info-item>: enable information item
    • gita info rm <info-item>: disable information item
  • gita ll: display the status of all repos
  • gita ll <group-name>: display the status of repos in a group
  • gita ls: display the names of all repos
  • gita ls <repo-name>: display the absolute path of one repo
  • gita rename <repo-name> <new-name>: rename a repo
  • gita rm <repo-name(s)>: remove repo(s) from gita (won't remove files on disk)
  • gita -v: display gita version

The git delegating sub-commands are of two formats

  • gita <sub-command> [repo-name(s) or group-name(s)]: optional repo or group input, and no input means all repos.
  • gita <sub-command> <repo-name(s) or groups-name(s)>: required repo name(s) or group name(s) input

They translate to git <sub-command> for the corresponding repos. By default, only fetch and pull take optional input. In other words, gita fetch and gita pull apply to all repos. To see the pre-defined sub-commands, run gita -h or take a look at cmds.yml. To add your own sub-commands or override the default behaviors, see the customization section. To run arbitrary git command, see the superman mode section.

If more than one repos are specified, the git command runs asynchronously, with the exception of log, difftool and mergetool, which require non-trivial user input.

Repo paths are saved in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/gita/repo_path (most likely ~/.config/gita/repo_path).

Installation

To install the latest version, run

pip3 install -U gita

If you prefer development mode, download the source code and run

pip3 install -e <gita-source-folder>

In either case, calling gita in terminal may not work, then you can put the following line in the .bashrc file.

alias gita="python3 -m gita"

Windows users may need to enable the ANSI escape sequence in terminal for the branch color to work. See this stackoverflow post for details.

Auto-completion

Download .gita-completion.bash or .gita-completion.zsh and source it in the corresponding rc file.

Superman mode

The superman mode delegates any git command or alias. Usage:

gita super [repo-name(s) or group-name(s)] <any-git-command-with-or-without-options>

Here repo-name(s) or group-name(s) are optional, and their absence means all repos. For example,

  • gita super checkout master puts all repos on the master branch
  • gita super frontend-repo backend-repo commit -am 'implement a new feature' executes git commit -am 'implement a new feature' for frontend-repo and backend-repo

Shell mode

The shell mode delegates any shell command. Usage:

gita shell [repo-name(s) or group-name(s)] <any-shell-command>

Here repo-name(s) or group-name(s) are optional, and their absence means all repos. For example,

  • gita shell ll lists contents for all repos
  • gita shell repo1 repo2 mkdir docs create a new directory docs in repo1 and repo2
  • gita shell "git describe --abbrev=0 --tags | xargs git checkout": check out the latest tag for all repos

Customization

add user-defined sub-command using yaml file

Custom delegating sub-commands can be defined in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/gita/cmds.yml (most likely ~/.config/gita/cmds.yml). And they shadow the default ones if name collisions exist.

Default delegating sub-commands are defined in cmds.yml. For example, gita stat <repo-name(s)> is registered as

stat:
  cmd: diff --stat
  help: show edit statistics

which executes git diff --stat for the specified repo(s).

If the delegated git command is a single word, the cmd tag can be omitted. See push for an example. To disable asynchronous execution, set disable_async to be true. See difftool for an example.

If you want a custom command to behave like gita fetch, i.e., to apply to all repos when no repo is specified, set allow_all to be true. For example, the following snippet creates a new command gita comaster [repo-name(s)] with optional repo name input.

comaster:
  cmd: checkout master
  allow_all: true
  help: checkout the master branch

customize the local/remote relationship coloring displayed by the gita ll command

You can see the default color scheme and the available colors via gita color. To change the color coding, use gita color set <situation> <color>. The configuration is saved in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/gita/color.yml.

customize information displayed by the gita ll command

You can customize the information displayed by gita ll. The used and unused information items are shown with gita info, and the configuration is saved in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/gita/info.yml.

For example, the default setting corresponds to

- branch
- commit_msg
- commit_time

Requirements

Gita requires Python 3.6 or higher, due to the use of f-string and asyncio module.

Under the hood, gita uses subprocess to run git commands/aliases. Thus the installed git version may matter. I have git 1.8.3.1, 2.17.2, and 2.20.1 on my machines, and their results agree.

Contributing

To contribute, you can

  • report/fix bugs
  • request/implement features
  • star/recommend this project

Chat room is available on Join the chat at https://gitter.im/nosarthur/gita

To run tests locally, simply pytest. More implementation details are in design.md. A step-by-step guide to reproduce this project is here.

You can also sponsor me on GitHub. Any amount is appreciated!

Other multi-repo tools

I haven't tried them but I heard good things about them.