npm-config(1) -- Manage the npm configuration file
npm config set <key> <value> [--global] npm config get <key> npm config delete <key> npm config list
npm gets its configuration values from 5 sources, in this priority:
The command line flags. Putting
--foo baron the command line sets the
fooconfiguration parameter to
--argument tells the cli parser to stop reading flags. A
--flagparameter that is at the end of the command will be given the value of
Any environment variables that start with
npm_config_will be interpreted as a configuration parameter. For example, putting
npm_config_foo=barin your environment will set the
fooconfiguration parameter to
bar. Any environment configurations that are not given a value will be given the value of
true. Config values are case-insensitive, so
NPM_CONFIG_FOO=barwill work the same.
- $HOME/.npmrc (or the
userconfigparam, if set above): This file is an ini-file formatted list of
key = valueparameters.
- $PREFIX/etc/npmrc (or the
globalconfigparam, if set above): This file is an ini-file formatted list of
key = valueparameters
- default configs: This is a set of configuration parameters that are internal to npm, and are defaults if nothing else is specified.
Config supports the following sub-commands:
npm config set key value
Sets the config key to the value.
npm config get key
Echo the config value to stdout. (NOTE: All the other npm logging is done to
stderr, so pipes should work properly, and you can do
npm get key 2>/dev/null
to print out JUST the config value.)
npm config list
Show all the config settings.
npm config delete key
Deletes the key from all configuration files.
npm supports a very basic argument parser. For any of the settings in npm-config(1), you can set them explicitly for a single command by doing:
npm --key val <command>
Configurations defined on the command line are not saved to the .npmrc file.
Automatically activate a package after installation, if there is not an active version already. Set to "always" to always activate when installing.
Automatically update a package's dependencies after installation, if it is the newest version installed. Set to "always" to update dependents when a new version is installed, even if it's not the newest.
The root folder where packages are installed and npm keeps its data.
The folder where executable programs are installed.
The base URL of the npm package registry.
A base-64 encoded "user:pass" pair. This is created by npm-adduser(1).
If your config file is ever corrupted, you can set this manually by doing:
If crypto.Cipher is available, and you have some private keys in
then npm will encrypt your "_auth" config before saving to the .npmrc file,
and will decrypt the "_authCrypt" config when it reads the .npmrc file.
If you ask npm to install a package and don't tell it a specific version, then it will install the specified tag.
Note: this has no effect on the npm-tag(1) command.
If proxy is available, then npm will fetch the modules from the registry via the proxy server.
proxy = http://proxy-server:8080
The default user configuration file is process.env.HOME+"/.npmrc".
Note that this must be provided either in the cli or env settings. Once the userconfig is read, it is irrelevant.
The default global configuration file is resolved based on the location of the
node executable. It is process.execPath+"/../../etc/npmrc". In the canonical
NodeJS installation with
make install, this is
/usr/local/etc/npmrc. If you
put the node binary somewhere else (for instance, if you are using nvm or
nave), then it would be resolved relative to that location.
Note that this must be provided in the cli, env, or userconfig settings. Once the globalconfig is read, this parameter is irrelevant.
If set to some truish value (for instance, by being the last cli flag or being
passed a literal
1), and the
npm config set param is being
called, then the new configuration paramater is written global config file.
Otherwise, they are saved to the user config file.