pyUmbral is a python implementation of David Nuñez's threshold proxy re-encryption scheme: Umbral. Implemented with OpenSSL and Cryptography.io, pyUmbral is a referential and open-source cryptography library extending the traditional cryptological narrative of "Alice and Bob" by introducing a new actor, Ursula, who has the ability to take secrets encrypted for Alice and re-encrypt them for Bob.
from umbral import pre, keys, signing # Generate Umbral keys for Alice. alices_private_key = keys.UmbralPrivateKey.gen_key() alices_public_key = alices_private_key.get_pubkey() alices_signing_key = keys.UmbralPrivateKey.gen_key() alices_verifying_key = alices_signing_key.get_pubkey() alices_signer = signing.Signer(private_key=alices_signing_key) # Generate Umbral keys for Bob. bobs_private_key = keys.UmbralPrivateKey.gen_key() bobs_public_key = bobs_private_key.get_pubkey()
# Encrypt data with Alice's public key. plaintext = b'Proxy Re-encryption is cool!' ciphertext, capsule = pre.encrypt(alices_public_key, plaintext) # Decrypt data with Alice's private key. cleartext = pre.decrypt(ciphertext=ciphertext, capsule=capsule, decrypting_key=alices_private_key)
Re-Encryption Key Fragments
# Alice generates "M of N" re-encryption key fragments (or "KFrags") for Bob. # In this example, 10 out of 20. kfrags = pre.generate_kfrags(delegating_privkey=alices_private_key, signer=alices_signer, receiving_pubkey=bobs_public_key, threshold=10, N=20)
# Several Ursulas perform re-encryption, and Bob collects the resulting `cfrags`. # He must gather at least `threshold` `cfrags` in order to activate the capsule. capsule.set_correctness_keys(delegating=alices_public_key, receiving=bobs_public_key, verifying=alices_verifying_key) cfrags = list() # Bob's cfrag collection for kfrag in kfrags[:10]: cfrag = pre.reencrypt(kfrag=kfrag, capsule=capsule) cfrags.append(cfrag) # Bob collects a cfrag
Decryption by Bob
# Bob activates and opens the capsule for cfrag in cfrags: capsule.attach_cfrag(cfrag) bob_cleartext = pre.decrypt(ciphertext=ciphertext, capsule=capsule, decrypting_key=bobs_private_key) assert bob_cleartext == plaintext
See more detailed usage examples in the docs directory.
To install pyUmbral, simply use pip:
$ pip3 install umbral
Alternatively, you can checkout the repo and install it from there. The NuCypher team uses pipenv for managing pyUmbral's dependencies. The recommended installation procedure is as follows:
$ sudo pip3 install pipenv $ pipenv install
Post-installation, you can activate the project virtual environment
in your current terminal session by running
For more information on pipenv, find the official documentation here: https://docs.pipenv.org/.
The Umbral scheme academic whitepaper and cryptographic specifications are available on GitHub.
"Umbral: A Threshold Proxy Re-Encryption Scheme" by David Nuñez https://github.com/nucypher/umbral-doc/blob/master/umbral-doc.pdf
Support & Contribute
- Issue Tracker: https://github.com/nucypher/pyUmbral/issues
- Source Code: https://github.com/nucypher/pyUmbral
OFAC Sanctions Disclaimer
By using this software, you hereby affirm you are not an individual or entity subject to economic sanctions administered by the U.S. Government or any other applicable authority, including but not limited to, sanctioned party lists administered by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), the U.S. State Department, and the U.S. Commerce Department. You further affirm you are not located in, or ordinarily resident in, any country, territory or region subject to comprehensive economic sanctions administered by OFAC, which are subject to change but currently include Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria and the Crimea region.