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LICENSE Create LICENSE Nov 10, 2017
README.md
evaluator.go fix lint problem and enrich doc Nov 8, 2017
evaluator_test.go
s-expression.go add doc Nov 10, 2017
s-expression_test.go fix lint and vet problem Nov 10, 2017

README.md

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It's very common to evaluate an expression dynamicly, so that's why we are here.

S-expression

We use s-epxression syntax to parse and evaluate.

In computing, s-expressions, sexprs or sexps (for "symbolic expression") are a notation for nested list (tree-structured) data, invented for and popularized by the programming language Lisp, which uses them for source code as well as data.

For example, for expression in common way: ​ ( (gender = "female") and
((age % 2) != 0) ) it's coresponding format in s-expression is: ​ (and (= gender "female") (!= (% age 2) 0 ) )

Element types within expression

  • number
    For convenience, we treat float64, int64 and so on as type of number. For example, float 100.0 is equal to int 100, but not euqal to string "100"

  • string
    character string quoted with `, ', or " are treated as type of string. You can convert type string to any other defined type you like by type convert functions which are mentioned later

  • function or variable
    character string without quotes are regarded as type of function or variable which depends on whether this function exists. For example in expression (age birthdate), both age and birthdate is unquoted. age is type of function because we have registered a function named age, while birthdate is type of variable for not found. The program will come to errors if there is neither parameter nor function named birthdate when evaluating

How to

You can evaluate directly:

params := evaluator.MapParams{
    "gender": "female",
}
res, err := evaluator.EvalBool(`(in gender ("female" "male"))`, params)
if err != nil {
    log.Fatal(err)
}
fmt.Println(res)
# true	

or you can reuse the Expression to evaluate multiple times:

params := evaluator.MapParams{
    "gender": "female",
}
exp, err := evaluator.New(`(in gender ("female" "male"))`)
if err != nil {
    log.Fatal(err)
}
res, err := exp.EvalBool(params)
if err != nil {
    log.Fatal(err)
}
fmt.Println(res)
# true
And you can write expressions like this
  • (in gender ("male", "female"))

  • (between now (td_time "2017-01-02 12:00:00") (td_time "2017-12-02 12:00:00"))

  • (ne (mod (age birthdate) 7) 5)

  • or multiple-line for clarity

    (and
    	(ne os "ios")
    	(eq gender "male")
    	(beteen version (t_version "2.7.1") (t_version "2.9.1"))
    )
    

Functions

Implemented functions
operand function example description
- in (in 1 (1 2)) also suport array like (in (1) ((1)))
- between (between age 18 20)
- overlap (overlap region (3142 1860))
& and (and (eq gender "femal") (between age 18 20))
` ` or
! not
= eq equal
!= ne not equal
> gt greater than
< lt less than
>= ge greater than or equal to
<= le less than or equal to
% mod
+ - plus
- - minus
* - multiply
/ - divide
- t_version convert type to version
- t_time (t_time "2006-01-02 15:04" "2017-09-09 12:00") convert type to time, first param must be the layout for the time
- td_time (td_time "2017:09:09 12:00:00) convert type to time of default layout format 2006-01-02 15:04:05
_ td_date (in (td_date now) (td_date ("2017-01-02" "2017-02-01")) ) convert type to time of default layout format 2006-01-02

p.s. either operand or function can be used in expression

How to use self-defined functions

Yes, you can write your own function by following thses steps:

  1. implement your function
  2. regist to functions
  3. enjoy it

here is an example:

package main


import (
	"errors"
	"log"
	"time"

	"github.com/nullne/evaluator"
	"github.com/nullne/evaluator/function"
)

// define your own function and don't forget to register
func age(params ...interface{}) (interface{}, error) {
	if len(params) != 1 {
		return nil, errors.New("only one params accepted")
	}
	birth, ok := params[0].(string)
	if !ok {
		return nil, errors.New("birth format need to be string")
	}
	r, err := time.Parse("2006-01-02", birth)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	now := time.Now()
	a := r.Year() - now.Year()
	if r.Month() < now.Month() {
		a--
	} else if r.Month() == now.Month() {
		if r.Day() < now.Day() {
			a--
		}
	}
	return a, nil
}

func main() {
	if err := function.Regist("age", age); err != nil {
		log.Print(err)
	}

	exp := `(not (between (age birthdate) 18 20))`
	vvf := evaluator.MapParams{
		"birthdate": "1980-02-01",
	}
	e, err := evaluator.New(exp)
	if err != nil {
		log.Print(err)
	}
	r, err := e.Eval(vvf)
	if err != nil {
		log.Print(err)
	}
	log.Printf("expression: `%s`, wanna: %+v, got: %+v\r", exp, true, r)
}

Params

  • Params interface, which has a method named Get to get all params needed
  • MapParams a simple implemented Params in map

Bench

BenchmarkEqualString-8   	 3000000	       473 ns/op
BenchmarkInString-8      	 2000000	       916 ns/op
BenchmarkBetweenInt-8    	 3000000	       467 ns/op
BenchmarkBetweenTime-8   	 1000000	      2089 ns/op
BenchmarkOverlapInt-8    	  500000	      2966 ns/op
BenchmarkTypeTime-8      	 2000000	       638 ns/op
BenchmarkTypeVersion-8   	 3000000	       539 ns/op

p.s. on MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Mid 2015), Memory: 16 GB 1600 MHz DDR3, Processor: 2.2 GHz Intel Core i7

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