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import collections
import contextlib
import cProfile
import inspect
import gc
import multiprocessing
import os
import random
import sys
import time
import unittest
import warnings
from io import StringIO
from unittest import result, runner, signals, suite, loader, case
from .loader import TestLoader
from numba.core import config
from multiprocessing import TimeoutError
except ImportError:
from Queue import Empty as TimeoutError
def make_tag_decorator(known_tags):
Create a decorator allowing tests to be tagged with the *known_tags*.
def tag(*tags):
Tag a test method with the given tags.
Can be used in conjunction with the --tags command-line argument
for t in tags:
if t not in known_tags:
raise ValueError("unknown tag: %r" % (t,))
def decorate(func):
if (not callable(func) or isinstance(func, type)
or not func.__name__.startswith('test_')):
raise TypeError("@tag(...) should be used on test methods")
s = func.tags
except AttributeError:
s = func.tags = set()
return func
return decorate
return tag
def cuda_sensitive_mtime(x):
Return a key for sorting tests bases on mtime and test name. For CUDA
tests, interleaving tests from different classes is dangerous as the CUDA
context might get reset unexpectedly between methods of a class, so for
CUDA tests the key prioritises the test module and class ahead of the
cls = x.__class__
key = str(os.path.getmtime(inspect.getfile(cls))) + str(x)
from numba.cuda.testing import CUDATestCase
if CUDATestCase in cls.mro():
key = "%s.%s %s" % (str(cls.__module__), str(cls.__name__), key)
return key
def parse_slice(useslice):
"""Parses the argument string "useslice" as the arguments to the `slice()`
constructor and returns a slice object that's been instantiated with those
arguments. i.e. input useslice="1,20,2" leads to output `slice(1, 20, 2)`.
l = {}
exec("sl = slice(%s)" % useslice, l)
return l['sl']
except Exception:
msg = ("Expected arguments consumable by 'slice' to follow "
"option `-j`, found '%s'" % useslice)
raise ValueError(msg)
class TestLister(object):
"""Simply list available tests rather than running them."""
def __init__(self, useslice):
self.useslice = parse_slice(useslice)
def run(self, test):
result = runner.TextTestResult(sys.stderr, descriptions=True, verbosity=1)
self._test_list = _flatten_suite(test)
masked_list = self._test_list[self.useslice]
for t in masked_list:
print('%d tests found. %s selected' % (len(self._test_list), len(masked_list)))
return result
class SerialSuite(unittest.TestSuite):
"""A simple marker to make sure tests in this suite are run serially.
Note: As the suite is going through internals of unittest,
it may get unpacked and stuffed into a plain TestSuite.
We need to set an attribute on the TestCase objects to
remember they should not be run in parallel.
def addTest(self, test):
if not isinstance(test, unittest.TestCase):
# It's a sub-suite, recurse
for t in test:
# It's a test case, mark it serial
test._numba_parallel_test_ = False
super(SerialSuite, self).addTest(test)
class BasicTestRunner(runner.TextTestRunner):
def __init__(self, useslice, **kwargs):
runner.TextTestRunner.__init__(self, **kwargs)
self.useslice = parse_slice(useslice)
def run(self, test):
run = _flatten_suite(test)[self.useslice]
wrapped = unittest.TestSuite(run)
return super(BasicTestRunner, self).run(wrapped)
# "unittest.main" is really the TestProgram class!
# (defined in a module named itself "unittest.main"...)
class NumbaTestProgram(unittest.main):
A TestProgram subclass adding the following options:
* a -R option to enable reference leak detection
* a --profile option to enable profiling of the test run
* a -m option for parallel execution
* a -l option to (only) list tests
Currently the options are only added in 3.4+.
refleak = False
profile = False
multiprocess = False
useslice = None
list = False
tags = None
exclude_tags = None
random_select = None
random_seed = 42
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
topleveldir = kwargs.pop('topleveldir', None)
kwargs['testLoader'] = TestLoader(topleveldir)
# HACK to force unittest not to change warning display options
# (so that NumbaWarnings don't appear all over the place)
self.nomultiproc = kwargs.pop('nomultiproc', False)
super(NumbaTestProgram, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def _getParentArgParser(self):
# NOTE: this hook only exists on Python 3.4+. The options won't be
# added in earlier versions (which use optparse - 3.3 - or getopt()
# - 2.x).
parser = super(NumbaTestProgram, self)._getParentArgParser()
if self.testRunner is None:
parser.add_argument('-R', '--refleak', dest='refleak',
help='Detect reference / memory leaks')
parser.add_argument('-m', '--multiprocess', dest='multiprocess',
help='Parallelize tests')
parser.add_argument('-l', '--list', dest='list',
help='List tests without running them')
parser.add_argument('--tags', dest='tags', type=str,
help='Comma-separated list of tags to select '
'a subset of the test suite')
parser.add_argument('--exclude-tags', dest='exclude_tags', type=str,
help='Comma-separated list of tags to de-select '
'a subset of the test suite')
parser.add_argument('--random', dest='random_select', type=float,
help='Random proportion of tests to select')
parser.add_argument('--profile', dest='profile',
help='Profile the test run')
parser.add_argument('-j', '--slice', dest='useslice', nargs='?',
type=str, const="None",
help='Slice the test sequence')
parser.add_argument('-g', '--gitdiff', dest='gitdiff',
help=('Run tests from changes made against '
'origin/master as identified by `git diff`'))
return parser
def _handle_tags(self, argv, tagstr):
found = None
for x in argv:
if tagstr in x:
if found is None:
found = x
raise ValueError("argument %s supplied repeatedly" % tagstr)
if found is not None:
posn = argv.index(found)
if found == tagstr: # --tagstr <arg>
tag_args = argv[posn + 1].strip()
else: # --tagstr=<arg>
if '=' in found:
tag_args = found.split('=')[1].strip()
raise AssertionError('unreachable')
except IndexError:
# at end of arg list, raise
msg = "%s requires at least one tag to be specified"
raise ValueError(msg % tagstr)
# see if next arg is "end options" or some other flag
if tag_args.startswith('-'):
raise ValueError("tag starts with '-', probably a syntax error")
# see if tag is something like "=<tagname>" which is likely a syntax
# error of form `--tags =<tagname>`, note the space prior to `=`.
if '=' in tag_args:
msg = "%s argument contains '=', probably a syntax error"
raise ValueError(msg % tagstr)
attr = tagstr[2:].replace('-', '_')
setattr(self, attr, tag_args)
def parseArgs(self, argv):
if '-l' in argv:
self.list = True
super(NumbaTestProgram, self).parseArgs(argv)
# If at this point self.test doesn't exist, it is because
# no test ID was given in argv. Use the default instead.
if not hasattr(self, 'test') or not self.test.countTestCases():
self.testNames = (self.defaultTest,)
if self.tags:
tags = [s.strip() for s in self.tags.split(',')]
self.test = _choose_tagged_tests(self.test, tags, mode='include')
if self.exclude_tags:
tags = [s.strip() for s in self.exclude_tags.split(',')]
self.test = _choose_tagged_tests(self.test, tags, mode='exclude')
if self.random_select:
self.test = _choose_random_tests(self.test, self.random_select,
if self.gitdiff:
self.test = _choose_gitdiff_tests(self.test)
if self.verbosity <= 0:
# We aren't interested in informational messages / warnings when
# running with '-q'.
self.buffer = True
def _do_discovery(self, argv, Loader=None):
# Disable unittest's implicit test discovery when parsing
# CLI arguments, as it can select other tests than Numba's
# (e.g. some test_xxx module that may happen to be directly
# reachable from sys.path)
def runTests(self):
if self.refleak:
self.testRunner = RefleakTestRunner
if not hasattr(sys, "gettotalrefcount"):
warnings.warn("detecting reference leaks requires a debug build "
"of Python, only memory leaks will be detected")
elif self.list:
self.testRunner = TestLister(self.useslice)
elif self.testRunner is None:
self.testRunner = BasicTestRunner(self.useslice,
if self.multiprocess and not self.nomultiproc:
if self.multiprocess < 1:
msg = ("Value specified for the number of processes to use in "
"running the suite must be > 0")
raise ValueError(msg)
self.testRunner = ParallelTestRunner(runner.TextTestRunner,
def run_tests_real():
super(NumbaTestProgram, self).runTests()
if self.profile:
filename = os.path.splitext(
)[0] + '.prof'
p = cProfile.Profile(timer=time.perf_counter) # 3.3+
print("Writing test profile data into %r" % (filename,))
# These are tests which are generated and injected into the test suite, what
# gets injected depends on features of the test environment, e.g. TBB presence
# it's important for doing the CI "slice tests" that these are run at the end
# See notes in `_flatten_suite` for why. Simple substring matching is used to
# determine a match.
def _flatten_suite_inner(test):
Workhorse for _flatten_suite
tests = []
if isinstance(test, (unittest.TestSuite, list, tuple)):
for x in test:
return tests
def _flatten_suite(test):
Expand nested suite into list of test cases.
tests = _flatten_suite_inner(test)
# Strip out generated tests and stick them at the end, this is to make sure
# that tests appear in a consistent order regardless of features available.
# This is so that a slice through the test suite e.g. (1::N) would likely be
# consistent up to the point of the generated tests, which rely on specific
# features.
generated = set()
for t in tests:
for g in _GENERATED:
if g in str(t):
normal = set(tests) - generated
def key(x):
return x.__module__, type(x).__name__, x._testMethodName
tests = sorted(normal, key=key)
tests.extend(sorted(list(generated), key=key))
return tests
def _choose_gitdiff_tests(tests):
from git import Repo
except ImportError:
raise ValueError("gitpython needed for git functionality")
repo = Repo('.')
path = os.path.join('numba', 'tests')
target = 'origin/master..HEAD'
gdiff_paths = repo.git.diff(target, path, name_only=True).split()
# normalise the paths as they are unix style from repo.git.diff
gdiff_paths = [os.path.normpath(x) for x in gdiff_paths]
selected = []
gdiff_paths = [os.path.join(repo.working_dir, x) for x in gdiff_paths]
for test in _flatten_suite(tests):
assert isinstance(test, unittest.TestCase)
fname = inspect.getsourcefile(test.__class__)
if fname in gdiff_paths:
print("Git diff identified %s tests" % len(selected))
return unittest.TestSuite(selected)
def _choose_tagged_tests(tests, tags, mode='include'):
Select tests that are tagged/not tagged with at least one of the given tags.
Set mode to 'include' to include the tests with tags, or 'exclude' to
exclude the tests with the tags.
selected = []
tags = set(tags)
for test in _flatten_suite(tests):
assert isinstance(test, unittest.TestCase)
func = getattr(test, test._testMethodName)
# Look up the method's underlying function (Python 2)
func = func.im_func
except AttributeError:
found_tags = getattr(func, 'tags', None)
# only include the test if the tags *are* present
if mode == 'include':
if found_tags is not None and found_tags & tags:
elif mode == 'exclude':
# only include the test if the tags *are not* present
if found_tags is None or not (found_tags & tags):
raise ValueError("Invalid 'mode' supplied: %s." % mode)
return unittest.TestSuite(selected)
def _choose_random_tests(tests, ratio, seed):
Choose a given proportion of tests at random.
rnd = random.Random()
if isinstance(tests, unittest.TestSuite):
tests = _flatten_suite(tests)
tests = rnd.sample(tests, int(len(tests) * ratio))
tests = sorted(tests, key=lambda case:
return unittest.TestSuite(tests)
# The reference leak detection code is liberally taken and adapted from
# Python's own Lib/test/
def _refleak_cleanup():
# Collect cyclic trash and read memory statistics immediately after.
func1 = sys.getallocatedblocks
func2 = sys.gettotalrefcount
except AttributeError:
func2 = lambda: 42
# Flush standard output, so that buffered data is sent to the OS and
# associated Python objects are reclaimed.
for stream in (sys.stdout, sys.stderr, sys.__stdout__, sys.__stderr__):
if stream is not None:
# This also clears the various internal CPython freelists.
return func1(), func2()
class ReferenceLeakError(RuntimeError):
class IntPool(collections.defaultdict):
def __missing__(self, key):
return key
class RefleakTestResult(runner.TextTestResult):
warmup = 3
repetitions = 6
def _huntLeaks(self, test):
repcount = self.repetitions
nwarmup = self.warmup
rc_deltas = [0] * (repcount - nwarmup)
alloc_deltas = [0] * (repcount - nwarmup)
# Preallocate ints likely to be stored in rc_deltas and alloc_deltas,
# to make sys.getallocatedblocks() less flaky.
_int_pool = IntPool()
for i in range(-200, 200):
for i in range(repcount):
# Use a pristine, silent result object to avoid recursion
res = result.TestResult()
# Poorly-written tests may fail when run several times.
# In this case, abort the refleak run and report the failure.
if not res.wasSuccessful():
raise AssertionError
del res
alloc_after, rc_after = _refleak_cleanup()
if i >= nwarmup:
rc_deltas[i - nwarmup] = _int_pool[rc_after - rc_before]
alloc_deltas[i - nwarmup] = _int_pool[alloc_after - alloc_before]
alloc_before, rc_before = alloc_after, rc_after
return rc_deltas, alloc_deltas
def addSuccess(self, test):
rc_deltas, alloc_deltas = self._huntLeaks(test)
except AssertionError:
# Test failed when repeated
assert not self.wasSuccessful()
# These checkers return False on success, True on failure
def check_rc_deltas(deltas):
return any(deltas)
def check_alloc_deltas(deltas):
# At least 1/3rd of 0s
if 3 * deltas.count(0) < len(deltas):
return True
# Nothing else than 1s, 0s and -1s
if not set(deltas) <= set((1, 0, -1)):
return True
return False
failed = False
for deltas, item_name, checker in [
(rc_deltas, 'references', check_rc_deltas),
(alloc_deltas, 'memory blocks', check_alloc_deltas)]:
if checker(deltas):
msg = '%s leaked %s %s, sum=%s' % (
test, deltas, item_name, sum(deltas))
failed = True
raise ReferenceLeakError(msg)
except Exception:
exc_info = sys.exc_info()
if self.showAll:"%s = %r " % (item_name, deltas))
self.addFailure(test, exc_info)
if not failed:
super(RefleakTestResult, self).addSuccess(test)
class RefleakTestRunner(runner.TextTestRunner):
resultclass = RefleakTestResult
class ParallelTestResult(runner.TextTestResult):
A TestResult able to inject results from other results.
def add_results(self, result):
Add the results from the other *result* to this result.
self.testsRun += result.testsRun
class _MinimalResult(object):
A minimal, picklable TestResult-alike object.
__slots__ = (
'failures', 'errors', 'skipped', 'expectedFailures',
'unexpectedSuccesses', 'stream', 'shouldStop', 'testsRun',
def fixup_case(self, case):
Remove any unpicklable attributes from TestCase instance *case*.
# Python 3.3 doesn't reset this one.
case._outcomeForDoCleanups = None
def __init__(self, original_result, test_id=None):
for attr in self.__slots__:
setattr(self, attr, getattr(original_result, attr, None))
for case, _ in self.expectedFailures:
for case, _ in self.errors:
for case, _ in self.failures:
self.test_id = test_id
class _FakeStringIO(object):
A trivial picklable StringIO-alike for Python 2.
def __init__(self, value):
self._value = value
def getvalue(self):
return self._value
class _MinimalRunner(object):
A minimal picklable object able to instantiate a runner in a
child process and run a test case with it.
def __init__(self, runner_cls, runner_args):
self.runner_cls = runner_cls
self.runner_args = runner_args
# Python 2 doesn't know how to pickle instance methods, so we use __call__
# instead.
def __call__(self, test):
# Executed in child process
kwargs = self.runner_args
# Force recording of output in a buffer (it will be printed out
# by the parent).
kwargs['stream'] = StringIO()
runner = self.runner_cls(**kwargs)
result = runner._makeResult()
# Avoid child tracebacks when Ctrl-C is pressed.
result.failfast = runner.failfast
result.buffer = runner.buffer
with self.cleanup_object(test):
# HACK as cStringIO.StringIO isn't picklable in 2.x = _FakeStringIO(
return _MinimalResult(result,
def cleanup_object(self, test):
A context manager which cleans up unwanted attributes on a test case
(or any other object).
vanilla_attrs = set(test.__dict__)
yield test
spurious_attrs = set(test.__dict__) - vanilla_attrs
for name in spurious_attrs:
del test.__dict__[name]
def _split_nonparallel_tests(test, sliced=slice(None)):
Split test suite into parallel and serial tests.
ptests = []
stests = []
flat = _flatten_suite(test)[sliced]
def is_parallelizable_test_case(test):
# Guard for the fake test case created by unittest when test
# discovery fails, as it isn't picklable (e.g. "LoadTestsFailure")
method_name = test._testMethodName
method = getattr(test, method_name)
if method.__name__ != method_name and method.__name__ == "testFailure":
return False
# Was parallel execution explicitly disabled?
return getattr(test, "_numba_parallel_test_", True)
for t in flat:
if is_parallelizable_test_case(t):
return ptests, stests
# A test can't run longer than 10 minutes
_TIMEOUT = 600
class ParallelTestRunner(runner.TextTestRunner):
A test runner which delegates the actual running to a pool of child
resultclass = ParallelTestResult
timeout = _TIMEOUT
def __init__(self, runner_cls, nprocs, useslice, **kwargs):
runner.TextTestRunner.__init__(self, **kwargs)
self.runner_cls = runner_cls
self.nprocs = nprocs
self.useslice = parse_slice(useslice)
self.runner_args = kwargs
def _run_inner(self, result):
# We hijack's inner logic by passing this
# method as if it were a test case.
child_runner = _MinimalRunner(self.runner_cls, self.runner_args)
# Split the tests and recycle the worker process to tame memory usage.
chunk_size = 100
splitted_tests = [self._ptests[i:i + chunk_size]
for i in range(0, len(self._ptests), chunk_size)]
for tests in splitted_tests:
pool = multiprocessing.Pool(self.nprocs)
self._run_parallel_tests(result, pool, child_runner, tests)
# On exception, kill still active workers immediately
# Make sure exception is reported and not ignored
# Close the pool cleanly unless asked to early out
if result.shouldStop:
# Always join the pool (this is necessary for
if not result.shouldStop:
stests = SerialSuite(self._stests)
return result
def _run_parallel_tests(self, result, pool, child_runner, tests):
remaining_ids = set( for t in tests)
it = pool.imap_unordered(child_runner, tests)
while True:
child_result = it.__next__(self.timeout)
except StopIteration:
except TimeoutError as e:
# Diagnose the names of unfinished tests
msg = ("Tests didn't finish before timeout (or crashed):\n%s"
% "".join("- %r\n" % tid for tid in sorted(remaining_ids))
e.args = (msg,) + e.args[1:]
raise e
if child_result.shouldStop:
result.shouldStop = True
def run(self, test):
self._ptests, self._stests = _split_nonparallel_tests(test,
print("Parallel: %s. Serial: %s" % (len(self._ptests),
# This will call self._run_inner() on the created result object,
# and print out the detailed test results at the end.
return super(ParallelTestRunner, self).run(self._run_inner)
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