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= Tips for using \Unicorn with Sandbox installation tools
Since unicorn includes executables and is usually used to start a Ruby
process, there are certain caveats to using it with tools that sandbox
RubyGems installations such as
{Bundler}[] or
== General deployment
If you're sandboxing your unicorn installation and using Capistrano (or
similar), it's required that you sandbox your RubyGems in a per-application
shared directory that can be used between different revisions.
unicorn will stash its original command-line at startup for the USR2
upgrades, and cleaning up old revisions will cause revision-specific
installations of unicorn to go missing and upgrades to fail. If you
find yourself in this situation and can't afford downtime, you can
override the existing unicorn executable path in the config file like
Unicorn::HttpServer::START_CTX[0] = "/some/path/to/bin/unicorn"
Then use HUP to reload, and then continue with the USR2+QUIT upgrade
Environment variable pollution when exec-ing a new process (with USR2)
is the primary issue with sandboxing tools such as Bundler and Isolate.
== Bundler
=== Running
If you're bundling unicorn, use "bundle exec unicorn" (or "bundle exec
unicorn_rails") to start unicorn with the correct environment variables
Otherwise (if you choose to not sandbox your unicorn installation), we
expect the tips for Isolate (below) apply, too.
=== RUBYOPT pollution from SIGUSR2 upgrades
This is no longer be an issue as of bundler 0.9.17
=== BUNDLE_GEMFILE for Capistrano users
You may need to set or reset the BUNDLE_GEMFILE environment variable in
the before_exec hook:
before_exec do |server|
ENV["BUNDLE_GEMFILE"] = "/path/to/app/current/Gemfile"
=== Other ENV pollution issues
If you're using an older Bundler version (0.9.x), you may need to set or
reset GEM_HOME, GEM_PATH and PATH environment variables in the
before_exec hook as illustrated by
== Isolate
=== Running
Installing "unicorn" as a system-wide Rubygem and using the
isolate gem may cause issues if you're using any of the bundled
application-level libraries in unicorn/app/* (for compatibility
with CGI-based applications, Rails <= 2.2.2, or ExecCgi).
For now workarounds include doing one of the following:
1. Isolating unicorn, setting GEM_HOME to your Isolate path,
and running the isolated version of unicorn. You *must* set
GEM_HOME before running your isolated unicorn install in this way.
2. Installing the same version of unicorn as a system-wide Rubygem
*and* isolating unicorn as well.
3. Explicitly setting RUBYLIB or $LOAD_PATH to include any gem path
where the unicorn gem is installed
(e.g. /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/unicorn-VERSION/lib)
=== RUBYOPT pollution from SIGUSR2 upgrades
If you are using Isolate, using Isolate 2.x is strongly recommended as
environment modifications are idempotent.
If you are stuck with 1.x versions of Isolate, it is recommended that
you disable it with the <tt>before_exec</tt> hook prevent the PATH and
RUBYOPT environment variable modifications from propagating between
upgrades in your Unicorn config file:
before_exec do |server|