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# $Id$
# vim:et:ft=sh:sts=2:sw=2
#
# Copyright 2008 Kate Ward. All Rights Reserved.
# Released under the LGPL (GNU Lesser General Public License)
#
# shFlags -- Advanced command-line flag library for Unix shell scripts.
# http://code.google.com/p/shflags/
#
# Author: kate.ward@forestent.com (Kate Ward)
#
# This module implements something like the google-gflags library available
# from http://code.google.com/p/google-gflags/.
#
# FLAG TYPES: This is a list of the DEFINE_*'s that you can do. All flags take
# a name, default value, help-string, and optional 'short' name (one-letter
# name). Some flags have other arguments, which are described with the flag.
#
# DEFINE_string: takes any input, and intreprets it as a string.
#
# DEFINE_boolean: typically does not take any argument: say --myflag to set
# FLAGS_myflag to true, or --nomyflag to set FLAGS_myflag to false.
# Alternately, you can say
# --myflag=true or --myflag=t or --myflag=0 or
# --myflag=false or --myflag=f or --myflag=1
# Passing an option has the same affect as passing the option once.
#
# DEFINE_float: takes an input and intreprets it as a floating point number. As
# shell does not support floats per-se, the input is merely validated as
# being a valid floating point value.
#
# DEFINE_integer: takes an input and intreprets it as an integer.
#
# SPECIAL FLAGS: There are a few flags that have special meaning:
# --help (or -?) prints a list of all the flags in a human-readable fashion
# --flagfile=foo read flags from foo.
# -- as in getopt(), terminates flag-processing
#
# EXAMPLE USAGE:
#
# -- begin hello.sh --
# #! /bin/sh
# . ./shflags
# DEFINE_string name 'world' "somebody's name" n
# FLAGS "$@" || exit $?
# eval set -- "${FLAGS_ARGV}"
# echo "Hello, ${FLAGS_name}."
# -- end hello.sh --
#
# $ ./hello.sh -n Kate
# Hello, Kate.
#
# NOTE: Not all systems include a getopt version that supports long flags. On
# these systems, only short flags are recognized.
#==============================================================================
# shFlags
#
# Shared attributes:
# flags_error: last error message
# flags_return: last return value
#
# __flags_longNames: list of long names for all flags
# __flags_shortNames: list of short names for all flags
# __flags_boolNames: list of boolean flag names
#
# __flags_opts: options parsed by getopt
#
# Per-flag attributes:
# FLAGS_<flag_name>: contains value of flag named 'flag_name'
# __flags_<flag_name>_default: the default flag value
# __flags_<flag_name>_help: the flag help string
# __flags_<flag_name>_short: the flag short name
# __flags_<flag_name>_type: the flag type
#
# Notes:
# - lists of strings are space separated, and a null value is the '~' char.
# return if FLAGS already loaded
[ -n "${FLAGS_VERSION:-}" ] && return 0
FLAGS_VERSION='1.0.3pre'
FLAGS_TRUE=0
FLAGS_FALSE=1
FLAGS_ERROR=2
_flags_debug() { echo "flags:DEBUG $@" >&2; }
_flags_warn() { echo "flags:WARN $@" >&2; }
_flags_error() { echo "flags:ERROR $@" >&2; }
_flags_fatal() { echo "flags:FATAL $@" >&2; }
# specific shell checks
if [ -n "${ZSH_VERSION:-}" ]; then
setopt |grep "^shwordsplit$" >/dev/null
if [ $? -ne ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
_flags_fatal 'zsh shwordsplit option is required for proper zsh operation'
exit ${FLAGS_ERROR}
fi
if [ -z "${FLAGS_PARENT:-}" ]; then
_flags_fatal "zsh does not pass \$0 through properly. please declare' \
\"FLAGS_PARENT=\$0\" before calling shFlags"
exit ${FLAGS_ERROR}
fi
fi
#
# constants
#
# getopt version
__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_STD=0
__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_ENH=1
__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_BSD=2
getopt >/dev/null 2>&1
case $? in
0) __FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS=${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_STD} ;; # bsd getopt
2)
# TODO(kward): look into '-T' option to test the internal getopt() version
if [ "`getopt --version`" = '-- ' ]; then
__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS=${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_STD}
else
__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS=${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_ENH}
fi
;;
*)
_flags_fatal 'unable to determine getopt version'
exit ${FLAGS_ERROR}
;;
esac
# getopt optstring lengths
__FLAGS_OPTSTR_SHORT=0
__FLAGS_OPTSTR_LONG=1
__FLAGS_NULL='~'
# flag info strings
__FLAGS_INFO_DEFAULT_STR='default'
__FLAGS_INFO_HELP_STR='help'
__FLAGS_INFO_SHORT_STR='short'
__FLAGS_INFO_TYPE_STR='type'
# flag lengths
__FLAGS_LEN_SHORT=0
__FLAGS_LEN_LONG=1
# flag types
__FLAGS_TYPE_NONE=0
__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN=1
__FLAGS_TYPE_FLOAT=2
__FLAGS_TYPE_INTEGER=3
__FLAGS_TYPE_STRING=4
# set the constants readonly
__flags_constants=`set |awk -F= '/^FLAGS_/ || /^__FLAGS_/ {print $1}'`
for __flags_const in ${__flags_constants}; do
# skip certain flags
case ${__flags_const} in
FLAGS_PARENT) continue ;;
esac
# set flag readonly
if [ -z "${ZSH_VERSION:-}" ]; then
readonly ${__flags_const}
else # handle zsh
case ${ZSH_VERSION} in
[123].*) readonly ${__flags_const} ;;
*) readonly -g ${__flags_const} ;; # declare readonly constants globally
esac
fi
done
unset __flags_const __flags_constants
#
# internal variables
#
__flags_boolNames=' ' # space separated list of boolean flag names
__flags_longNames=' ' # space separated list of long flag names
__flags_shortNames=' ' # space separated list of short flag names
__flags_argc=0 # count of non-flag arguments
__flags_columns='' # screen width in columns
__flags_opts='' # temporary storage for parsed getopt flags
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# private functions
#
# Define a flag.
#
# Calling this function will define the following info variables for the
# specified flag:
# FLAGS_flagname - the name for this flag (based upon the long flag name)
# __flags_<flag_name>_default - the default value
# __flags_flagname_help - the help string
# __flags_flagname_short - the single letter alias
# __flags_flagname_type - the type of flag (one of __FLAGS_TYPE_*)
#
# Args:
# _flags__type: integer: internal type of flag (__FLAGS_TYPE_*)
# _flags__name: string: long flag name
# _flags__default: default flag value
# _flags__help: string: help string
# _flags__short: string: (optional) short flag name
# Returns:
# integer: success of operation, or error
_flags_define()
{
if [ $# -lt 4 ]; then
flags_error='DEFINE error: too few arguments'
flags_return=${FLAGS_ERROR}
_flags_error "${flags_error}"
return ${flags_return}
fi
_flags_type_=$1
_flags_name_=$2
_flags_default_=$3
_flags_help_=$4
_flags_short_=${5:-${__FLAGS_NULL}}
_flags_return_=${FLAGS_TRUE}
# TODO(kward): check for validity of the flag name (e.g. dashes)
# require short option for getopt that don't support long options
if [ ${_flags_return_} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} \
-a ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS} -ne ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_ENH} \
-a "${_flags_short_}" = "${__FLAGS_NULL}" ]
then
flags_error="short flag required for (${_flags_name_}) on this platform"
_flags_return_=${FLAGS_ERROR}
fi
# check for existing long name definition
if [ ${_flags_return_} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
if _flags_itemInList "${_flags_name_}" \
${__flags_longNames} ${__flags_boolNames}
then
flags_error="flag name ([no]${_flags_name_}) already defined"
_flags_warn "${flags_error}"
_flags_return_=${FLAGS_FALSE}
fi
fi
# check for existing short name definition
if [ ${_flags_return_} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} \
-a "${_flags_short_}" != "${__FLAGS_NULL}" ]
then
if _flags_itemInList "${_flags_short_}" ${__flags_shortNames}; then
flags_error="flag short name (${_flags_short_}) already defined"
_flags_warn "${flags_error}"
_flags_return_=${FLAGS_FALSE}
fi
fi
# handle default value. note, on several occasions the 'if' portion of an
# if/then/else contains just a ':' which does nothing. a binary reversal via
# '!' is not done because it does not work on all shells.
if [ ${_flags_return_} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
case ${_flags_type_} in
${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN})
if _flags_validateBoolean "${_flags_default_}"; then
case ${_flags_default_} in
true|t|0) _flags_default_=${FLAGS_TRUE} ;;
false|f|1) _flags_default_=${FLAGS_FALSE} ;;
esac
else
flags_error="invalid default flag value '${_flags_default_}'"
_flags_return_=${FLAGS_ERROR}
fi
;;
${__FLAGS_TYPE_FLOAT})
if _flags_validateFloat "${_flags_default_}"; then
:
else
flags_error="invalid default flag value '${_flags_default_}'"
_flags_return_=${FLAGS_ERROR}
fi
;;
${__FLAGS_TYPE_INTEGER})
if _flags_validateInteger "${_flags_default_}"; then
:
else
flags_error="invalid default flag value '${_flags_default_}'"
_flags_return_=${FLAGS_ERROR}
fi
;;
${__FLAGS_TYPE_STRING}) ;; # everything in shell is a valid string
*)
flags_error="unrecognized flag type '${_flags_type_}'"
_flags_return_=${FLAGS_ERROR}
;;
esac
fi
if [ ${_flags_return_} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
# store flag information
eval "FLAGS_${_flags_name_}='${_flags_default_}'"
eval "__flags_${_flags_name_}_${__FLAGS_INFO_TYPE_STR}=${_flags_type_}"
eval "__flags_${_flags_name_}_${__FLAGS_INFO_DEFAULT_STR}=\
\"${_flags_default_}\""
eval "__flags_${_flags_name_}_${__FLAGS_INFO_HELP_STR}=\"${_flags_help_}\""
eval "__flags_${_flags_name_}_${__FLAGS_INFO_SHORT_STR}='${_flags_short_}'"
# append flag name(s) to list of names
__flags_longNames="${__flags_longNames}${_flags_name_} "
__flags_shortNames="${__flags_shortNames}${_flags_short_} "
[ ${_flags_type_} -eq ${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN} ] && \
__flags_boolNames="${__flags_boolNames}no${_flags_name_} "
fi
flags_return=${_flags_return_}
unset _flags_default_ _flags_help_ _flags_name_ _flags_return_ _flags_short_ \
_flags_type_
[ ${flags_return} -eq ${FLAGS_ERROR} ] && _flags_error "${flags_error}"
return ${flags_return}
}
# Return valid getopt options using currently defined list of long options.
#
# This function builds a proper getopt option string for short (and long)
# options, using the current list of long options for reference.
#
# Args:
# _flags_optStr: integer: option string type (__FLAGS_OPTSTR_*)
# Output:
# string: generated option string for getopt
# Returns:
# boolean: success of operation (always returns True)
_flags_genOptStr()
{
_flags_optStrType_=$1
_flags_opts_=''
for _flags_flag_ in ${__flags_longNames}; do
_flags_type_=`_flags_getFlagInfo ${_flags_flag_} ${__FLAGS_INFO_TYPE_STR}`
case ${_flags_optStrType_} in
${__FLAGS_OPTSTR_SHORT})
_flags_shortName_=`_flags_getFlagInfo \
${_flags_flag_} ${__FLAGS_INFO_SHORT_STR}`
if [ "${_flags_shortName_}" != "${__FLAGS_NULL}" ]; then
_flags_opts_="${_flags_opts_}${_flags_shortName_}"
# getopt needs a trailing ':' to indicate a required argument
[ ${_flags_type_} -ne ${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN} ] && \
_flags_opts_="${_flags_opts_}:"
fi
;;
${__FLAGS_OPTSTR_LONG})
_flags_opts_="${_flags_opts_:+${_flags_opts_},}${_flags_flag_}"
# getopt needs a trailing ':' to indicate a required argument
[ ${_flags_type_} -ne ${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN} ] && \
_flags_opts_="${_flags_opts_}:"
;;
esac
done
echo "${_flags_opts_}"
unset _flags_flag_ _flags_opts_ _flags_optStrType_ _flags_shortName_ \
_flags_type_
return ${FLAGS_TRUE}
}
# Returns flag details based on a flag name and flag info.
#
# Args:
# string: long flag name
# string: flag info (see the _flags_define function for valid info types)
# Output:
# string: value of dereferenced flag variable
# Returns:
# integer: one of FLAGS_{TRUE|FALSE|ERROR}
_flags_getFlagInfo()
{
_flags_name_=$1
_flags_info_=$2
_flags_nameVar_="__flags_${_flags_name_}_${_flags_info_}"
_flags_strToEval_="_flags_value_=\"\${${_flags_nameVar_}:-}\""
eval "${_flags_strToEval_}"
if [ -n "${_flags_value_}" ]; then
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
else
# see if the _flags_name_ variable is a string as strings can be empty...
# note: the DRY principle would say to have this function call itself for
# the next three lines, but doing so results in an infinite loop as an
# invalid _flags_name_ will also not have the associated _type variable.
# Because it doesn't (it will evaluate to an empty string) the logic will
# try to find the _type variable of the _type variable, and so on. Not so
# good ;-)
_flags_typeVar_="__flags_${_flags_name_}_${__FLAGS_INFO_TYPE_STR}"
_flags_strToEval_="_flags_type_=\"\${${_flags_typeVar_}:-}\""
eval "${_flags_strToEval_}"
if [ "${_flags_type_}" = "${__FLAGS_TYPE_STRING}" ]; then
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
else
flags_return=${FLAGS_ERROR}
flags_error="invalid flag name (${_flags_nameVar_})"
fi
fi
echo "${_flags_value_}"
unset _flags_info_ _flags_name_ _flags_strToEval_ _flags_type_ _flags_value_ \
_flags_nameVar_ _flags_typeVar_
[ ${flags_return} -eq ${FLAGS_ERROR} ] && _flags_error "${flags_error}"
return ${flags_return}
}
# check for presense of item in a list. passed a string (e.g. 'abc'), this
# function will determine if the string is present in the list of strings (e.g.
# ' foo bar abc ').
#
# Args:
# _flags__str: string: string to search for in a list of strings
# unnamed: list: list of strings
# Returns:
# boolean: true if item is in the list
_flags_itemInList()
{
_flags_str_=$1
shift
echo " ${*:-} " |grep " ${_flags_str_} " >/dev/null
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
else
flags_return=${FLAGS_FALSE}
fi
unset _flags_str_
return ${flags_return}
}
# Returns the width of the current screen.
#
# Output:
# integer: width in columns of the current screen.
_flags_columns()
{
if [ -z "${__flags_columns}" ]; then
# determine the value and store it
if eval stty size >/dev/null 2>&1; then
# stty size worked :-)
set -- `stty size`
__flags_columns=$2
elif eval tput cols >/dev/null 2>&1; then
set -- `tput cols`
__flags_columns=$1
else
__flags_columns=80 # default terminal width
fi
fi
echo ${__flags_columns}
}
# Validate a boolean.
#
# Args:
# _flags__bool: boolean: value to validate
# Returns:
# bool: true if the value is a valid boolean
_flags_validateBoolean()
{
_flags_bool_=$1
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
case "${_flags_bool_}" in
true|t|0) ;;
false|f|1) ;;
*) flags_return=${FLAGS_FALSE} ;;
esac
unset _flags_bool_
return ${flags_return}
}
# Validate a float.
#
# Args:
# _flags__float: float: value to validate
# Returns:
# bool: true if the value is a valid float
_flags_validateFloat()
{
_flags_float_=$1
if _flags_validateInteger ${_flags_float_}; then
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
else
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
case ${_flags_float_} in
-*) # negative floats
_flags_test_=`expr "${_flags_float_}" : '\(-[0-9][0-9]*\.[0-9][0-9]*\)'`
;;
*) # positive floats
_flags_test_=`expr "${_flags_float_}" : '\([0-9][0-9]*\.[0-9][0-9]*\)'`
;;
esac
[ "${_flags_test_}" != "${_flags_float_}" ] && flags_return=${FLAGS_FALSE}
fi
unset _flags_float_ _flags_test_
return ${flags_return}
}
# Validate an integer.
#
# Args:
# _flags__integer: interger: value to validate
# Returns:
# bool: true if the value is a valid integer
_flags_validateInteger()
{
_flags_int_=$1
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
case ${_flags_int_} in
-*) # negative ints
_flags_test_=`expr "${_flags_int_}" : '\(-[0-9][0-9]*\)'`
;;
*) # positive ints
_flags_test_=`expr "${_flags_int_}" : '\([0-9][0-9]*\)'`
;;
esac
[ "${_flags_test_}" != "${_flags_int_}" ] && flags_return=${FLAGS_FALSE}
unset _flags_int_ _flags_test_
return ${flags_return}
}
# Parse command-line options using the standard getopt.
#
# Note: the flag options are passed around in the global __flags_opts so that
# the formatting is not lost due to shell parsing and such.
#
# Args:
# @: varies: command-line options to parse
# Returns:
# integer: a FLAGS success condition
_flags_getoptStandard()
{
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
_flags_shortOpts_=`_flags_genOptStr ${__FLAGS_OPTSTR_SHORT}`
# check for spaces in passed options
for _flags_opt_ in "$@"; do
# note: the silliness with the x's is purely for ksh93 on Ubuntu 6.06
_flags_match_=`echo "x${_flags_opt_}x" |sed 's/ //g'`
if [ "${_flags_match_}" != "x${_flags_opt_}x" ]; then
flags_error='the available getopt does not support spaces in options'
flags_return=${FLAGS_ERROR}
break
fi
done
if [ ${flags_return} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
__flags_opts=`getopt ${_flags_shortOpts_} $@ 2>&1`
if [ $? -ne ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
# TODO(kward): actually output the failed value
_flags_warn 'getopt on this platform supports only short flags.'
flags_error='unable to parse provided options with getopt.'
flags_return=${FLAGS_ERROR}
fi
fi
unset _flags_match_ _flags_opt_ _flags_shortOpts_
return ${flags_return}
}
# Parse command-line options using the enhanced getopt.
#
# Note: the flag options are passed around in the global __flags_opts so that
# the formatting is not lost due to shell parsing and such.
#
# Args:
# @: varies: command-line options to parse
# Returns:
# integer: a FLAGS success condition
_flags_getoptEnhanced()
{
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
_flags_shortOpts_=`_flags_genOptStr ${__FLAGS_OPTSTR_SHORT}`
_flags_boolOpts_=`echo "${__flags_boolNames}" \
|sed 's/^ *//;s/ *$//;s/ /,/g'`
_flags_longOpts_=`_flags_genOptStr ${__FLAGS_OPTSTR_LONG}`
__flags_opts=`getopt \
-o ${_flags_shortOpts_} \
-l "${_flags_longOpts_},${_flags_boolOpts_}" \
-- "$@" 2>&1`
if [ $? -ne ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
# TODO(kward): actually output the failed value
flags_error='unable to parse provided options with getopt.'
flags_return=${FLAGS_ERROR}
fi
unset _flags_boolOpts_ _flags_longOpts_ _flags_shortOpts_
return ${flags_return}
}
# Dynamically parse a getopt result and set appropriate variables.
#
# This function does the actual conversion of getopt output and runs it through
# the standard case structure for parsing. The case structure is actually quite
# dynamic to support any number of flags.
#
# Args:
# @: varies: output from getopt parsing
# Returns:
# integer: a FLAGS success condition
_flags_parseGetopt()
{
flags_return=${FLAGS_TRUE}
if [ ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS} -ne ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_ENH} ]; then
set -- $@
else
# note the quotes around the `$@' -- they are essential!
eval set -- "$@"
fi
# provide user with number of arguments to shift by later
# NOTE: the FLAGS_ARGC variable is obsolete as of 1.0.3 because it does not
# properly give user access to non-flag arguments mixed in between flag
# arguments. Its usage was replaced by FLAGS_ARGV, and it is being kept only
# for backwards compatibility reasons.
FLAGS_ARGC=`expr $# - 1 - ${__flags_argc}`
# handle options. note options with values must do an additional shift
while true; do
_flags_opt_=$1
_flags_arg_=${2:-}
_flags_type_=${__FLAGS_TYPE_NONE}
# determine long flag name
case "${_flags_opt_}" in
--) shift; break ;; # discontinue option parsing
--*) # long option
_flags_opt_=`expr "${_flags_opt_}" : '--\(.*\)'`
_flags_len_=${__FLAGS_LEN_LONG}
if _flags_itemInList "${_flags_opt_}" ${__flags_longNames}; then
_flags_name_=${_flags_opt_}
else
# check for negated long boolean version
if _flags_itemInList "${_flags_opt_}" ${__flags_boolNames}; then
_flags_name_=`expr "${_flags_opt_}" : 'no\(.*\)'`
_flags_type_=${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN}
_flags_arg_=${__FLAGS_NULL}
fi
fi
;;
-*) # short option
_flags_opt_=`expr "${_flags_opt_}" : '-\(.*\)'`
_flags_len_=${__FLAGS_LEN_SHORT}
if _flags_itemInList "${_flags_opt_}" ${__flags_shortNames}; then
# yes. match short name to long name. note purposeful off-by-one
# (too high) with awk calculations.
_flags_pos_=`echo "${__flags_shortNames}" \
|awk 'BEGIN{RS=" ";rn=0}$0==e{rn=NR}END{print rn}' \
e=${_flags_opt_}`
_flags_name_=`echo "${__flags_longNames}" \
|awk 'BEGIN{RS=" "}rn==NR{print $0}' rn="${_flags_pos_}"`
fi
;;
esac
# die if the flag was unrecognized
if [ -z "${_flags_name_}" ]; then
flags_error="unrecognized option (${_flags_opt_})"
flags_return=${FLAGS_ERROR}
break
fi
# set new flag value
[ ${_flags_type_} -eq ${__FLAGS_TYPE_NONE} ] && \
_flags_type_=`_flags_getFlagInfo \
"${_flags_name_}" ${__FLAGS_INFO_TYPE_STR}`
case ${_flags_type_} in
${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN})
if [ ${_flags_len_} -eq ${__FLAGS_LEN_LONG} ]; then
if [ "${_flags_arg_}" != "${__FLAGS_NULL}" ]; then
eval "FLAGS_${_flags_name_}=${FLAGS_TRUE}"
else
eval "FLAGS_${_flags_name_}=${FLAGS_FALSE}"
fi
else
_flags_strToEval_="_flags_val_=\
\${__flags_${_flags_name_}_${__FLAGS_INFO_DEFAULT_STR}}"
eval "${_flags_strToEval_}"
if [ ${_flags_val_} -eq ${FLAGS_FALSE} ]; then
eval "FLAGS_${_flags_name_}=${FLAGS_TRUE}"
else
eval "FLAGS_${_flags_name_}=${FLAGS_FALSE}"
fi
fi
;;
${__FLAGS_TYPE_FLOAT})
if _flags_validateFloat "${_flags_arg_}"; then
eval "FLAGS_${_flags_name_}='${_flags_arg_}'"
else
flags_error="invalid float value (${_flags_arg_})"
flags_return=${FLAGS_ERROR}
break
fi
;;
${__FLAGS_TYPE_INTEGER})
if _flags_validateInteger "${_flags_arg_}"; then
eval "FLAGS_${_flags_name_}='${_flags_arg_}'"
else
flags_error="invalid integer value (${_flags_arg_})"
flags_return=${FLAGS_ERROR}
break
fi
;;
${__FLAGS_TYPE_STRING})
eval "FLAGS_${_flags_name_}='${_flags_arg_}'"
;;
esac
# handle special case help flag
if [ "${_flags_name_}" = 'help' ]; then
if [ ${FLAGS_help} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
flags_help
flags_error='help requested'
flags_return=${FLAGS_FALSE}
break
fi
fi
# shift the option and non-boolean arguements out.
shift
[ ${_flags_type_} != ${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN} ] && shift
done
# give user back non-flag arguments
FLAGS_ARGV=''
while [ $# -gt 0 ]; do
FLAGS_ARGV="${FLAGS_ARGV:+${FLAGS_ARGV} }'$1'"
shift
done
unset _flags_arg_ _flags_len_ _flags_name_ _flags_opt_ _flags_pos_ \
_flags_strToEval_ _flags_type_ _flags_val_
return ${flags_return}
}
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# public functions
#
# A basic boolean flag. Boolean flags do not take any arguments, and their
# value is either 1 (false) or 0 (true). For long flags, the false value is
# specified on the command line by prepending the word 'no'. With short flags,
# the presense of the flag toggles the current value between true and false.
# Specifying a short boolean flag twice on the command results in returning the
# value back to the default value.
#
# A default value is required for boolean flags.
#
# For example, lets say a Boolean flag was created whose long name was 'update'
# and whose short name was 'x', and the default value was 'false'. This flag
# could be explicitly set to 'true' with '--update' or by '-x', and it could be
# explicitly set to 'false' with '--noupdate'.
DEFINE_boolean() { _flags_define ${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN} "$@"; }
# Other basic flags.
DEFINE_float() { _flags_define ${__FLAGS_TYPE_FLOAT} "$@"; }
DEFINE_integer() { _flags_define ${__FLAGS_TYPE_INTEGER} "$@"; }
DEFINE_string() { _flags_define ${__FLAGS_TYPE_STRING} "$@"; }
# Parse the flags.
#
# Args:
# unnamed: list: command-line flags to parse
# Returns:
# integer: success of operation, or error
FLAGS()
{
# define a standard 'help' flag if one isn't already defined
[ -z "${__flags_help_type:-}" ] && \
DEFINE_boolean 'help' false 'show this help' 'h'
# record original number of args for use elsewhere
__flags_argc=$#
# parse options
if [ ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS} -ne ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_ENH} ]; then
_flags_getoptStandard "$@"
else
_flags_getoptEnhanced "$@"
fi
flags_return=$?
if [ ${flags_return} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
_flags_parseGetopt "${__flags_opts}"
flags_return=$?
fi
[ ${flags_return} -eq ${FLAGS_ERROR} ] && _flags_fatal "${flags_error}"
return ${flags_return}
}
# This is a helper function for determining the `getopt` version for platforms
# where the detection isn't working. It simply outputs debug information that
# can be included in a bug report.
#
# Args:
# none
# Output:
# debug info that can be included in a bug report
# Returns:
# nothing
flags_getoptInfo()
{
# platform info
_flags_debug "uname -a: `uname -a`"
_flags_debug "PATH: ${PATH}"
# shell info
if [ -n "${BASH_VERSION:-}" ]; then
_flags_debug 'shell: bash'
_flags_debug "BASH_VERSION: ${BASH_VERSION}"
elif [ -n "${ZSH_VERSION:-}" ]; then
_flags_debug 'shell: zsh'
_flags_debug "ZSH_VERSION: ${ZSH_VERSION}"
fi
# getopt info
getopt >/dev/null
_flags_getoptReturn=$?
_flags_debug "getopt return: ${_flags_getoptReturn}"
_flags_debug "getopt --version: `getopt --version 2>&1`"
unset _flags_getoptReturn
}
# Returns whether the detected getopt version is the enhanced version.
#
# Args:
# none
# Output:
# none
# Returns:
# bool: true if getopt is the enhanced version
flags_getoptIsEnh()
{
test ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS} -eq ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_ENH}
}
# Returns whether the detected getopt version is the standard version.
#
# Args:
# none
# Returns:
# bool: true if getopt is the standard version
flags_getoptIsStd()
{
test ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS} -eq ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_STD}
}
# This is effectively a 'usage()' function. It prints usage information and
# exits the program with ${FLAGS_FALSE} if it is ever found in the command line
# arguments. Note this function can be overridden so other apps can define
# their own --help flag, replacing this one, if they want.
#
# Args:
# none
# Returns:
# integer: success of operation (always returns true)
flags_help()
{
if [ -n "${FLAGS_HELP:-}" ]; then
echo "${FLAGS_HELP}" >&2
else
echo "USAGE: ${FLAGS_PARENT:-$0} [flags] args" >&2
fi
if [ -n "${__flags_longNames}" ]; then
echo 'flags:' >&2
for flags_name_ in ${__flags_longNames}; do
flags_flagStr_=''
flags_default_=`_flags_getFlagInfo \
"${flags_name_}" ${__FLAGS_INFO_DEFAULT_STR}`
flags_help_=`_flags_getFlagInfo \
"${flags_name_}" ${__FLAGS_INFO_HELP_STR}`
flags_short_=`_flags_getFlagInfo \
"${flags_name_}" ${__FLAGS_INFO_SHORT_STR}`
flags_type_=`_flags_getFlagInfo \
"${flags_name_}" ${__FLAGS_INFO_TYPE_STR}`
[ "${flags_short_}" != "${__FLAGS_NULL}" ] && \
flags_flagStr_="${flags_flagStr_}-${flags_short_}"
if [ ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS} -eq ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_ENH} ]; then
[ "${flags_short_}" != "${__FLAGS_NULL}" ] && \
flags_flagStr_="${flags_flagStr_},"
if [ ${flags_type_} -eq ${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN} ]; then
flags_boolStr_='[no]'
else
flags_boolStr_=''
fi
flags_flagStr_="${flags_flagStr_}--${flags_boolStr_}${flags_name_}:"
fi
case ${flags_type_} in
${__FLAGS_TYPE_BOOLEAN})
if [ ${flags_default_} -eq ${FLAGS_TRUE} ]; then
flags_defaultStr_='true'
else
flags_defaultStr_='false'
fi
;;
${__FLAGS_TYPE_FLOAT}|${__FLAGS_TYPE_INTEGER})
flags_defaultStr_=${flags_default_} ;;
${__FLAGS_TYPE_STRING}) flags_defaultStr_="'${flags_default_}'" ;;
esac
flags_defaultStr_="(default: ${flags_defaultStr_})"
flags_helpStr_=" ${flags_flagStr_} ${flags_help_} ${flags_defaultStr_}"
flags_helpStrLen_=`expr "${flags_helpStr_}" : '.*'`
flags_columns_=`_flags_columns`
if [ ${flags_helpStrLen_} -lt ${flags_columns_} ]; then
echo "${flags_helpStr_}" >&2
else
echo " ${flags_flagStr_} ${flags_help_}" >&2
# note: the silliness with the x's is purely for ksh93 on Ubuntu 6.06.
# the sed strips the x's back out, plus the zero byte at the end of the
# string passed by echo (C strings are zero byte terminated).
flags_emptyStr_="`echo \"x${flags_flagStr_}x\" |tr -c '' ' ' \
|sed 's/...$//'`"
flags_helpStr_=" ${flags_emptyStr_} ${flags_defaultStr_}"
flags_helpStrLen_=`expr "${flags_helpStr_}" : '.*'`
if [ ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS} -eq ${__FLAGS_GETOPT_VERS_STD} \
-o ${flags_helpStrLen_} -lt ${flags_columns_} ]; then
# indented to match help string
echo "${flags_helpStr_}" >&2
else
# indented four from left to allow for longer defaults as long flag
# names might be used too, making things too long
echo " ${flags_defaultStr_}" >&2
fi
fi
done
fi
unset flags_boolStr_ flags_default_ flags_defaultStr_ flags_emptyStr_ \
flags_flagStr_ flags_help_ flags_helpStr flags_helpStrLen flags_name_ \
flags_columns_ flags_short_ flags_type_
return ${FLAGS_TRUE}
}
# Reset all flags back to their default values.
#
# Args:
# none
# Returns:
# nothing
flags_reset()
{
for flags_name_ in ${__flags_longNames}; do
flags_strToEval_="unset FLAGS_${flags_name_}"
for flags_type_ in \
${__FLAGS_INFO_HELP_STR} \
${__FLAGS_INFO_SHORT_STR} \
${__FLAGS_INFO_TYPE_STR}
do
flags_strToEval_=\
"${flags_strToEval_} __flags_${flags_name_}_${flags_type_}"
done
eval ${flags_strToEval_}
done
# reset internal variables
__flags_boolNames=' '
__flags_longNames=' '
__flags_shortNames=' '
unset flags_name_ flags_type_ flags_strToEval_
}
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