Get the full scoop at NaturalEarthData.com
No, really! This readme is a poor substitute for the live site.
Natural Earth is a public domain map dataset available at 1:10m, 1:50m, and 1:110 million scales. Featuring tightly integrated vector (here) and raster data (over there), with Natural Earth you can make a variety of visually pleasing, well-crafted maps with cartography or GIS software.
Natural Earth solves a problem: finding suitable data for making small-scale maps. In a time when the web is awash in geospatial data, cartographers are forced to waste time sifting through confusing tangles of poorly attributed data to make clean, legible maps. Because your time is valuable, Natural Earth data comes ready-to-use.
The carefully generalized linework maintains consistent, recognizable geographic shapes at 1:10m, 1:50m, and 1:110m scales. Natural Earth was built from the ground up so you will find that all data layers align precisely with one another. For example, where rivers and country borders are one and the same, the lines are coincident.
Natural Earth, however, is more than just a collection of pretty lines. The data attributes are equally important for mapmaking. Most data contain embedded feature names, which are ranked by relative importance. Other attributes facilitate faster map production, such as width attributes assigned to river segments for creating tapers.
The 2.0 release in 2012 marked the project's shift from so-called marketing versions to semantic versioning.
Natural Earth is a big project with hundreds of files that depend on each other and the total weighs in at several gigabytes. SemVer is a simple set of rules and requirements around version numbers. For our project, the data layout is the API.
- Version format of X.Y.Z (Major.Minor.Patch).
- Backwards incompatible changes, increment the major version X.
- Backwards compatible additions/changes, increment the minor version Y
- Bug fixes not affecting the file and field names, patch version Z will be incremented.
Major version increments:
- Changing existing data file names
- Changing existing data column (field) names
FeatureClafield attribute values
- Additions, deletions to admin-0
- Introduce significant new themes
Minor version increments:
- Any shape or attribute change in admin-0
- Additions, deletions, and any shape or attribute changes in admin-1
- Additions, deletions to any theme
- Major shape or attribute changes in any theme
- Adding, changing
FeatureClafield attribute values
- Introduce minor new themes
Patch version increments:
- Minor shape or attribute changes in any theme
- Bug fixes to shape, attributes in any theme
Under this scheme, version numbers and the way they change convey meaning about the underlying code and what has been modified from one version to the next.
When we introduce a new version of Natural Earth, you can tell by the version number how much effort you will need to extend to integrate the data with your map implementation.
- Bug fixes Z: can simply use the new data files, replacing your old files.
- Minor version Y: limited integration challenges.
Major version X: significatnt integration challenges, either around changed file strucutre, field layout, field values like
FeatureClaused in symbolizing data, or significant new additions or significant changes to existing themes.
Natural Earth is maintained by Nathaneiel V. KELSO (@nvkelso) and Tom Patterson.
The project transitioned to Github in 2012. Versioned files are here to collaborate around. The frontend still lives at NaturalEarthData.com.