Skip to content


Switch branches/tags

Name already in use

A tag already exists with the provided branch name. Many Git commands accept both tag and branch names, so creating this branch may cause unexpected behavior. Are you sure you want to create this branch?


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time

Few-shot vid2vid

Project | YouTube | arXiv

[Note] This repo is now deprecated. Please refer to the new Imaginaire repo:

Pytorch implementation for few-shot photorealistic video-to-video translation. It can be used for generating human motions from poses, synthesizing people talking from edge maps, or turning semantic label maps into photo-realistic videos. The core of video-to-video translation is image-to-image translation. Some of our work in that space can be found in pix2pixHD and SPADE.

Few-shot Video-to-Video Synthesis
Ting-Chun Wang, Ming-Yu Liu, Andrew Tao, Guilin Liu, Jan Kautz, Bryan Catanzaro
NVIDIA Corporation
In Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS) 2019


Copyright (C) 2019 NVIDIA Corporation. All rights reserved.

This work is made available under the Nvidia Source Code License (1-Way Commercial). To view a copy of this license, visit

The code is released for academic research use only. For business inquiries, please visit our website and submit the form: NVIDIA Research Licensing

Example Results

  • Dance Videos

  • Talking Head Videos

  • Street View Videos


  • Linux or macOS
  • Python 3
  • PyTorch 1.2

Getting Started


[Note] This repo is now deprecated. Please refer to the new Imaginaire repo:

  • Install python libraries dominate and requests.
pip install dominate requests
  • If you plan to train with face datasets, please install dlib.
pip install dlib
  • If you plan to train with pose datasets, please install DensePose and/or OpenPose.
  • Clone this repo:
git clone
cd few-shot-vid2vid


  • Pose
    • We use random dancing videos found on YouTube to crease a YouTube Dancing Dataset. We then apply DensePose / OpenPose to estimate the poses for each frame. The video URLs and code to preprocess them can be found in data/preprocess. Please note that the copyright of the dataset belongs to the original owners.
  • Face
    • We use the FaceForensics dataset. We then use landmark detection to estimate the face keypoints, and interpolate them to get face edges.
  • Street
    • We use a mix of sequences from different cities, which include Cityscapes official website and other cities found on YouTube.
    • We apply a pre-trained segmentation algorithm to get the corresponding semantic maps.
  • Please add the obtained images to the datasets folder in the same way the example images are provided.


[Note] This repo is now deprecated. Please refer to the new Imaginaire repo:

  • First, compile a snapshot of FlowNet2 by running python scripts/
  • Please first download example datasets by running python scripts/
  • The following scripts are examples of using one GPU. For multi-GPU training, simply increase the batch sizes.

Training with pose datasets

  • Example DensePose and OpenPose results are included. If you plan to use your own dataset, please generate these results and put them in the same way the example dataset is provided.
  • Run the example script (bash ./scripts/pose/
    python --name pose --dataset_mode fewshot_pose --adaptive_spade --warp_ref --spade_combine --remove_face_labels --add_face_D --niter_single 100 --niter 200 --batchSize 2
  • Please refer to More Training/Test Details for more explanations about training flags.

Training with face datasets

  • Run the example script (bash ./scripts/face/
    python --name face --dataset_mode fewshot_face --adaptive_spade --warp_ref --spade_combine --batchSize 8

Training with street dataset

  • Run the example script (bash ./scripts/street/
python --name street --dataset_mode fewshot_street --adaptive_spade --loadSize 512 --fineSize 512 --batchSize 6

Training with your own dataset

  • If your input is a label map, please generate label maps which are one-channel whose pixel values correspond to the object labels (i.e. 0,1,...,N-1, where N is the number of labels). This is because we need to generate one-hot vectors from the label maps. Please use --label_nc N during both training and testing.
  • If your input is not a label map, please specify --input_nc N where N is the number of input channels (The default is 3 for RGB images).
  • The default setting for preprocessing is scale_width, which will scale the width of all training images to opt.loadSize while keeping the aspect ratio. If you want a different setting, please change it by using the --resize_or_crop option.


  • After training, you can run inference by using the following scripts. The test results will be saved in: ./results/. Due to privacy concerns, the pretrained models are not released.

  • Poses

    • To test the trained model (bash ./scripts/pose/
      python --name pose --dataset_mode fewshot_pose --adaptive_spade --warp_ref --spade_combine --remove_face_labels --finetune --seq_path [PATH_TO_SEQ] --ref_img_path [PATH_TO_REF_IMG]
  • Faces

    • To test the model (bash ./scripts/face/
      python --name face --dataset_mode fewshot_face --adaptive_spade --warp_ref --spade_combine --seq_path [PATH_TO_SEQ] --ref_img_path [PATH_TO_REF_IMG]
  • Street

    • To test the model (bash ./scripts/street/
      python --name street --dataset_mode fewshot_street --adaptive_spade --loadSize 512 --fineSize 512 --seq_path [PATH_TO_SEQ]--ref_img_path [PATH_TO_REF_IMG]

More Training/Test Details

  • Difference of training methodology vs. vid2vid: instead of copying frames from one GPU to another, each GPU now handles separate batches. To fit into memory, the network only generates one frame at a time (n_frames_per_gpu = 1), and keep this frame fixed when generating the next frame in the sequence. We found this is usually sufficient to modify the current frame only, and is more efficient and easier to maintain.

  • Training schedule: after switching to using SPADE, the network now consists of two sub-networks: one for single image generation (the SPADE generator) and the flow estimation network. By default, the training will start with training the single frame generator only (i.e. n_frames_total = 1) for niter_single epochs. After that, the network will start to train the flow network to generate videos, and temporal losses are introduced. Similar to vid2vid, we double the training sequence length for every niter_step epochs after starting training videos.

  • Important flags regarding network arch:

    • adaptive_spade: adaptively generate network weights for SPADE modules.
    • no_adaptive_embed: do not dynamically generate weights for the label embedding network.
    • n_adaptive_layers: number of adaptive layers in the generator.
    • warp_ref: add an additional flow network to warp the reference image to the current frame and combine with it.
    • spade_combine: instead of linearly blending hallucinated and warped frames to generate the final frame, use warped frame as a guidance image in an additional SPADE module during the synthesis process.
  • Important flags regarding training:

    • n_frames_G: the number of input frames to feed into the generator network; i.e., n_frames_G - 1 is the number of frames we look into the past.
    • n_frames_total: the total number of frames in a sequence we want to train with. We gradually increase this number during training.
    • niter_single: the number of epochs we train the single frame generator before starting training videos.
    • niter_step: for how many epochs do we double n_frames_total. The default is 10.
    • batchSize: the number of training batches. If it is not divisible by number of GPUs, the first GPU (which is usually more memory heavy) will do fewer batches.
  • For other flags, please see options/ and options/ for all the training flags; see options/ and options/ for all the test flags.

  • Additional flags for pose examples:

    • remove_face_labels: remove densepose results for face, so the network can get more robust during inference on different subjects.
    • basic_point_only: if specified, only use basic joint keypoints for OpenPose output, without using any hand or face keypoints.
    • add_face_D: add an additional discriminator that only works on the face region.
    • refine_face: add an additional network to refine the face region.
  • Additional flags for face examples:

    • no_upper_face: by default, we add artificial edges for the upper part of face by symmetry. This flag disables it.


If you find this useful for your research, please cite the following paper.

   author    = {Ting-Chun Wang and Ming-Yu Liu and Andrew Tao 
                and Guilin Liu and Jan Kautz and Bryan Catanzaro},
   title     = {Few-shot Video-to-Video Synthesis},
   booktitle = {Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS)},   
   year      = {2019},


We thank Karan Sapra for generating the segmentation maps for us.
This code borrows heavily from pix2pixHD and vid2vid.