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#!/usr/bin/env python
try:
from setuptools import setup
except ImportError:
from distutils.core import setup
setup(
name="django-json-rpc",
version="0.6.2",
description="A simple JSON-RPC implementation for Django",
long_description="""
Features:
* Simple, pythonic API
* Support for Django authentication
* Supports JSON-RPC 1.0, 1.1, 1.2 and 2.0 Spec
* Proxy to test your JSON Service
* Run-time type checking
* Graphical JSON-RPC browser and web console
* Provides system.describe
**The basic API**
::
## myproj/myapp/views.py
from jsonrpc import jsonrpc_method
@jsonrpc_method('myapp.sayHello')
def whats_the_time(request, name='Lester'):
return "Hello %s" % name
@jsonrpc_method('myapp.gimmeThat', authenticated=True)
def something_special(request, secret_data):
return {'sauce': ['authenticated', 'sauce']}
## myproj/urls.py
from django.conf.urls.defaults import *
from jsonrpc import jsonrpc_site
import myproj.myapp.views # you must import the views that need connected
urlpatterns = patterns('',
url(r'^json/browse/', 'jsonrpc.views.browse', name="jsonrpc_browser"), # for the graphical browser/web console only, omissible
url(r'^json/', jsonrpc_site.dispatch, name="jsonrpc_mountpoint"),
(r'^json/(?P<method>[a-zA-Z0-9.]+)$', jsonrpc_site.dispatch) # for HTTP GET only, also omissible
)
**To test your service**
You can test your service using the provided graphical browser and console,
available at http://YOUR_URL/json/browse/ (if using the url patterns from above)
or with the included ServiceProxy::
>>> from jsonrpc.proxy import ServiceProxy
>>> s = ServiceProxy('http://localhost:8080/json/')
>>> s.myapp.sayHello('Sam')
{u'error': None, u'id': u'jsonrpc', u'result': u'Hello Sam'}
>>> s.myapp.gimmeThat('username', 'password', 'test data')
{u'error': None, u'id': u'jsonrpc', u'result': {u'sauce': [u'authenticated', u'sauce']}}
Method Browser:
.. image:: http://samuraiblog.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/jsonrpcbrowserscreen.png
We add the `jsonrpc_version` variable to the request object. It be either
'1.0', '1.1' or '2.0'. Arg.
Guide
=====
Adding JSON-RPC to your application
-----------------------------------
**1. Install django-json-rpc**
::
git clone git://github.com/samuraisam/django-json-rpc.git
cd django-json-rpc
python setup.py install
# Add 'jsonrpc' to your INSTALLED_APPS in your settings.py file
**2. Write JSON-RPC methods**
::
from jsonrpc import jsonrpc_method
@jsonrpc_method('app.register')
def register_user(request, username, password):
u = User.objects.create_user(username, 'internal@app.net', password)
u.save()
return u.__dict__
@jsonrpc_method('app.change_password', authenticated=True)
def change_password(request, new_password):
request.user.set_password(new_password)
request.user.save()
return u.__dict__
**3. Add the JSON-RPC mountpoint and import your views**
::
from jsonrpc import jsonrpc_site
import app.views
urlpatterns = patterns('',
url(r'^json/$', jsonrpc_site.dispatch, name='jsonrpc_mountpoint'),
# ... among your other URLs
)
The jsonrpc_method decorator
----------------------------
Wraps a function turns it into a json-rpc method. Adds several attributes to
the function speific to the JSON-RPC machinery and adds it to the default
jsonrpc_site if one isn't provided. You must import the module containing these
functions in your urls.py.
``jsonrpc.jsonrpc_method(name, authenticated=False, safe=False, validate=False)``
Arguments::
name
The name of your method. IE: `namespace.methodName` The method name
can include type information, like `ns.method(String, Array) -> Nil`.
authenticated=False
Adds `username` and `password` arguments to the beginning of your
method if the user hasn't already been authenticated. These will
be used to authenticate the user against `django.contrib.authenticate`
If you use HTTP auth or other authentication middleware, `username`
and `password` will not be added, and this method will only check
against `request.user.is_authenticated`.
You may pass a callablle to replace `django.contrib.auth.authenticate`
as the authentication method. It must return either a User or `None`
and take the keyword arguments `username` and `password`.
safe=False
Designates whether or not your method may be accessed by HTTP GET.
By default this is turned off.
validate=False
Validates the arguments passed to your method based on type
information provided in the signature. Supply type information by
including types in your method declaration. Like so:
@jsonrpc_method('myapp.specialSauce(Array, String)', validate=True)
def special_sauce(self, ingredients, instructions):
return SpecialSauce(ingredients, instructions)
Calls to `myapp.specialSauce` will now check each arguments type
before calling `special_sauce`, throwing an `InvalidParamsError`
when it encounters a discrepancy. This can significantly reduce the
amount of code required to write JSON-RPC services.
site=default_site
Defines which site the jsonrpc method will be added to. Can be any
object that provides a `register(name, func)` method.
Using type checking on methods (Python 2.6 or greater)
------------------------------------------------------
When writing web services you often end up manually checking the
types of parameters passed. django-json-rpc provides a way to eliminate
much of that code by specifying the types in your method signature. As
specified in the JSON-RPC spec the available types are ``Object Array Number
Boolean String Nil`` and ``Any`` meaning any type::
@jsonrpc_method('app.addStrings(arg1=String, arg2=String) -> String', validate=True)
def add_strings(request, arg1, arg2):
return arg1 + arg2
However contrived this example, a lot of extra information about our
function is available. The ``system.describe`` method will automatically
be able to provide more information about the parameters and return type.
Provide ``validate=True`` to the ``jsonrpc_method`` decorator and you can be
guaranteed to receive two string objects when ``add_strings`` is called.
**Note:** Return type information is used only for reference, return value
types are not checked.
Types can be specified a number of ways, the following are all equivalent::
# using JSON types:
@jsonrpc_method('app.findSelection(query=Object, limit=Number)')
# using Python types:
@jsonrpc_method('app.findSelection(query=dict, limit=int)')
# with mixed keyword parameters
@jsonrpc_method('app.findSelection(dict, limit=int)')
# with no keyword parameters
@jsonrpc_method('app.findSelection(dict, int)')
# with a return value
@jsonrpc_method('app.findSelection(dict, int) -> list')
Using the browser
-----------------
To access the browser simply add another entry to your ``urls.py`` file, before
the json dispatch one. Make sure to include the name attribute of each url::
urlpatterns = patterns('',
...
url(r'^json/browse/$', 'jsonrpc.views.browse', name='jsonrpc_browser')
url(r'^json/', jsonrpc_site.dispatch, name="jsonrpc_mountpoint"),
...
)
Enabling HTTP-GET
-----------------
JSON-RPC 1.1 includes support for methods which are accessible by HTTP GET
which it calls idempotent. Add the following to your ``urls.py`` file to set
up the GET URL::
urlpatterns += patterns('',
(r'^json/(?P<method>[a-zA-Z0-9.-_]+)$', jsonrpc_site.dispatch),
)
Each method that you want to be accessible by HTTP GET must also be marked safe
in the method decorator::
@jsonrpc_method('app.trimTails(String)', safe=True)
def trim_tails(request, arg1):
return arg1[:5]
You can then call the method by loading ``/jsonrpc/app.trimTails?arg1=omgnowai``
Using authentication on methods
-------------------------------
There is no specific support for authentication in the JSON-RPC spec beyond
whatever authentication the transport offers. To restrict access to methods
to registered users provide ``authenticated=True`` to the method decorator. Doing
so will add two arguments to the beginning of your method signature, ``username``
and ``password`` (and always in that order). By default, the credentials are
authenticated against the builtin ``User`` database but any method can be used::
@jsonrpc_method('app.thupertheecrit', authenticated=True)
def thupertheecrit(request, value):
p = request.user.get_profile()
p.theecrit = value
p.save()
return p.__dict__
Using your own authentication method::
def mah_authenticate(username, password):
return CustomUserClass.authenticate(username, password)
@jsonrpc_method('app.thupertheecrit', authenticated=mah_authenticate)
def thupertheecrit(request, value):
request.user.theecrit = value
request.user.save()
return request.user.__dict__
In case authentication is handled before your method is called, like in some
middleware, providing ``authenticated=True`` to the method decorator will only
check that ``request.user`` is authenticated and won't add any parameters to
the beginning of your method.
""",
author="Samuel Sutch",
author_email="samuraiblog@gmail.com",
license="MIT",
url="http://github.com/samuraisam/django-json-rpc/tree/master",
download_url="http://github.com/samuraisam/django-json-rpc/tree/master",
classifiers = [
'Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable',
'Environment :: Web Environment',
'Intended Audience :: Developers',
'License :: OSI Approved :: MIT License',
'Operating System :: OS Independent',
'Programming Language :: Python',
'Topic :: Software Development :: Libraries :: Python Modules'],
packages=['jsonrpc'],
zip_safe = False, # we include templates and tests
install_requires=['Django>=1.0'],
package_data={'jsonrpc': ['templates/*']})