A simple plugin that allows you to minify blocks of HTML, CSS, and JS inline in Craft CMS templates
Clone or download
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
resources/img Updated icon! Dec 12, 2017
src We now default `disableDevModeMinifying` to `true` (which is probably… Jul 21, 2018
.gitignore * Updated install instructions Feb 1, 2017
CHANGELOG.md Version 1.2.9 Jul 21, 2018
LICENSE.txt * Initial push Feb 1, 2017
README.md Update README.md Jul 21, 2018
composer.json Version 1.2.9 Jul 21, 2018

README.md

Scrutinizer Code Quality Code Coverage Build Status Code Intelligence Status

Minify plugin for Craft CMS 3.x

A simple plugin that allows you to minify blocks of HTML, CSS, and JS inline in Craft CMS templates

Screenshot

Related: Minify for Craft 2.x

Requirements

This plugin requires Craft CMS 3.0.0-RC1 or later.

Installation

  1. Install with Composer via composer require nystudio107/craft-minify from your project directory
  2. Install plugin in the Craft Control Panel under Settings > Plugins

You can also install Minify via the Plugin Store in the Craft AdminCP.

Configuring Minify

There is nothing to configure

Using the Minify plugin in your templates

Minify adds several block tags for minifying HTML, CSS, and JS inline in your templates. Minify does not minify external CSS or JS files. Use grunt or gulp task runners to set up a workflow that minimizes these as part of your build process.

You can nest any number of the various {% minify %} tags as you wish.

Why minify inline HTML/CSS/JS code?

Twig provides the {% spaceless %} tag, but it is not intended for use as a way to properly minify HTML/CSS/JS code.

You already properly gzip output via mod_deflate with Apache or by enabling compression with Nginx for optimal delivery on production. You already use a task runner like grunt or gulp or CodeKit to minimize static resources like CSS/JS files. What's the point of minifying HTML/CSS/JS inline?

Firstly, you want to keep HTML/CSS/JS comments and a nice hierarchical structure to your code, with plenty of readable whitespace for development, but want all of this stripped out of the HTML/CSS/JS that is served to your frontend.

Secondly, not all CSS/JS can or should be in static asset files. Sometimes you need inline Javascript for efficiency reasons, or if you're using JSON-LD for Google Structured Data/SEO purposes inline in your HTML files. You may also want to be able to use the Craft templating engine in your CSS/JS itself.

Finally, if you minify any code you wrap in {% cache %} tags, that means it will be stored minified in the database, reducing db size and (marginally) transactional overhead.

Minifying Everything

You can wrap any arbitrary HTML/Twig code in the following block tags to minify it:

{% minify %}
    (HTML/Twig code here)
{% endminify %}

...and the resulting HTML output will be stripped of comments, empty space, etc.

Using the {% minify %} on its own with no parameters (see below) will minify HTML, as well as any inline CSS (in <style> tag pairs) and any inline Javascript (in <script> tag pairs).

Minifying HTML

You can wrap any arbitrary HTML/Twig code in the following block tags to minify it:

{% minify html %}
    (HTML/Twig code here)
{% endminify %}

...and the resulting HTML output will be stripped of comments, empty space, etc.

It will ignore <script> and <style> tag pairs in the minification. You should specifically wrap your inline CSS/JS in {% minify css %} and {% minify js} tag blocks if you want those minimized as well; see below.

Minifying CSS

You can wrap any arbitrary <style> CSS code in the following block tags to minify it:

{% minify css %}
    <style>
        (Inline CSS styles here)
    </style>
{% endminify %}

...and the resulting CSS output will be stripped of comments, empty space, etc.

Minifying JS

You can wrap any arbitrary <script> JS code in the following block tags to minify it:

{% minify js %}
    <script>
        (Inline JS code here)
    </script>
{% endminify %}

...and the resulting JS output will be stripped of comments, empty space, etc.

Minify all the things

If you want to minify your entire HTML on the frontend, you can simply wrap your entire _layout.twig template (the one that other templates extends):

{%- minify -%}
    (Entire base HTML/Twig template here)
{%- endminify -%}

However, understand the potential performance implications. On large HTML/CSS/JS blocks minification is not cheap, and if you do it this way, every single HTTP request will spend extra cycles minimizing your entire template.

It works fine for HTML/CSS/JS templates that aren't too huge, but measure any performance impact by profiling your website before and after wrapping the entire _layout.twig template to ensure you're not introducing additional latency in the http requests.

On most sites, the overhead that spinning up PHP and Craft takes is the majority of the TTFB (Time To First Byte), and this is not adversely affected by minifying the entire HTML as described here.

The {%- -%} syntax is just Twig's whitespace control.

Cache as cache can

A great way to use the {%- minify -%} tags is to wrap them in {% cache %} tags:

{%- cache -%}
    {%- minify -%}
        (HTML/Twig code here)
    {%- endminify -%}
{%- endcache -%}

As with {% cache %} tags, you can’t use {%- minify -%} tags outside of top-level {% block %} tags within a template that extends another. Read more about cache tags

A nice side-benefit of minifying HTML inside of {% cache %} tags is that the text that is stored in the database as a cache is minified itself.

If you've already implemented a caching system to reduce server response time, adding {%- minify -%} tags to the mix is a natural.

The {%- -%} syntax is just Twig's whitespace control.

Minify craft.config settings

Minify offers a config.php to allow you to control its behavior:

disableTemplateMinifying if set to true then Minify will not minify anything

disableDevmodeMinifying if set to true then Minify will not minify anything if devMode is enabled

Don't change this file directly, instead duplicate it, rename it to minify.php and copy it into your craft/config folder.

Why does my minified HTML/CSS still have linebreaks?

Minify uses the Minify PHP library. Here's their official explanation:

Why do the CSS & HTML minifiers add so many line breaks?

TL;DR: Ignore them. They don't add to the output size and if you absolutely want all content on one line you will have to use another tool.

It's rumored that some source control tools and old browsers don't like very long lines. Compressed files with shorter lines are also easier to diff.

Since both Minify classes are regex-based, it would be very difficult/error-prone to count characters then try to re-establish context to add line breaks. Instead, both classes trade 1 space for 1 line break (\n) wherever possible, adding breaks but without adding bytes.

If you can think of another safe & efficient way to limit lines in these two tools without adding bytes, please submit a patch, but this is not something anyone should be worrying about.

Brought to you by nystudio107