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Multi-Way Neural Machine Translation

This repo implements multi-way Neural Machine Translation described in the paper "Multi-way Multilingual Neural Machine Translation with a Shared Attention Mechanism". In NAACL,2016.

With this repo, you can build a multi-encoder, multi-decoder or a multi-way NMT model. When you reduce the number of encoders and decoders to one respectively, you basically retain a single-pair NMT model with attention mechanism.


The code consists of three major components for dependencies:

  1. Core computational graphs (Theano)
  2. Data streams (Fuel)
  3. Training loop and extensions (Blocks)

Please use for setting up your development environment.


The core computational graphs are written using pure Theano, and based on the implementations in dl4mt-tutorial.

We refer each source-target pair a computational graph, since we build an actual separate computational graph for each of them, where some of the parameters in these computational graphs are shared with other computational graphs.

In order to train multiple computational graphs, we need multiple data-streams, and a scheduler over them. This part is handled by Fuel and custom streams, along with development and test decoding streams.

Given the computational graphs and their corresponding data streams, training the parameters in the computational graphs is carried out by adapted training loop from Blocks.

Finally, this codebase is a refined combination of multiple codebases. The layer structure and handling of parameters are somehow similar to dl4mt-tutorial. The class hierarchy and experiment configuration resembles a pruned version of GroundHog and main-loop and extensions are quite similar to blocks-examples.

During the development of this codebase, we tried to be pragmatic and inherit the lessons learned from other NMT implementations, hope we picked the best parts not the worst 😌

Preparing Text Corpora:

The original text corpora could be downloaded from here.

In this repo, we do not handle downloading the data and tokenizing it. Please follow the steps described in dl4mt-tutorial for downloading and tokenization of the data. Once you've downloaded and tokenized the data, you can use scripts/ and scripts/ to use sub-word units as input and output tokens (check scripts for details).