Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
branch: master
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

207 lines (152 sloc) 6.638 kb
NAME
HTTP::CookieMonster - Easy read/write access to your jar of
HTTP::Cookies
VERSION
version 0.09
SYNOPSIS
# Use the functional interface for quick read-only access
use HTTP::CookieMonster qw( cookies );
use WWW::Mechanize;
my $mech = WWW::Mechanize->new;
my $url = 'http://www.nytimes.com';
$mech->get( $url );
my @cookies = cookies( $mech->cookie_jar );
my $cookie = cookies( $mech->cookie_jar, 'RMID' );
print $cookie->val;
# Use the OO interface for read/write access
use HTTP::CookieMonster;
my $monster = HTTP::CookieMonster->new( $mech->cookie_jar );
my $cookie = $monster->get_cookie('RMID');
print $cookie->val;
$cookie->val('random stuff');
$monster->set_cookie( $cookie );
# now fetch page using mangled cookie
$mech->get( $url );
DESCRIPTION
This module was created because messing around with HTTP::Cookies is
non-trivial. HTTP::Cookies a very useful module, but using it is not
always as easy and clean as it could be. For instance, if you want to
find a particular cookie, you can't just ask for it by name. Instead,
you have to use a callback:
$cookie_jar->scan( \&callback )
The callback will be invoked with 11 positional parameters:
0 version
1 key
2 val
3 path
4 domain
5 port
6 path_spec
7 secure
8 expires
9 discard
10 hash
That's a lot to remember and it doesn't make for very readable code.
Now, let's say you want to save or update a cookie. Now you're back to
the many positional params yet again:
$cookie_jar->set_cookie( $version, $key, $val, $path, $domain, $port, $path_spec, $secure, $maxage, $discard, \%rest )
Also not readable. Unless you have an amazing memory, you may find
yourself checking the docs regularly to see if you did, in fact, get all
those params in the correct order etc.
HTTP::CookieMonster gives you a simple interface for getting and setting
cookies. You can fetch an ARRAY of all your cookies:
my @all_cookies = $monster->all_cookies;
foreach my $cookie ( @all_cookies ) {
print $cookie->key;
print $cookie->val;
print $cookie->secure;
print $cookie->domain;
# etc
}
Or, if you know for a fact exactly what will be in your cookie jar, you
can fetch a cookie by name.
my $cookie = $monster->get_cookie( 'plack_session' );
This gives you fast access to a cookie without a callback, iterating
over a list etc. It's good for quick hacks and you can dump the cookie
quite easily to inspect its contents in a highly readable way:
use Data::Printer;
p $cookie;
If you want to mangle the cookie before the next request, that's easy
too.
$cookie->val('woohoo');
$monster->set_cookie( $cookie );
$mech->get( $url );
Or, add an entirely new cookie to the jar:
use HTTP::CookieMonster::Cookie;
my $cookie = HTTP::CookieMonster::Cookie->new(
key => 'cookie-name',
val => 'cookie-val',
path => '/',
domain => '.somedomain.org',
path_spec => 1,
secure => 0,
expires => 1376081877
);
$monster->set_cookie( $cookie );
$mech->get( $url );
new
new() takes just one required parameter, which is cookie_jar, a valid
HTTP::Cookies object.
my $monster = HTTP::CookieMonster->new( $mech->cookie_jar );
cookie_jar
A reader which returns an HTTP::Cookies object.
all_cookies
Returns an ARRAY of all cookies in the cookie jar, represented as
HTTP::CookieMonster::Cookie objects.
my @cookies = $monster->all_cookies;
foreach my $cookie ( @cookies ) {
print $cookie->key;
}
set_cookie( $cookie )
Sets a cookie and updates the cookie jar. Requires a
HTTP::CookieMonster::Cookie object.
my $monster = HTTP::CookieMonster->new( $mech->cookie_jar );
my $s = $monster->get_cookie('session');
$s->val('random_string');
$monster->set_cookie( $s );
# You can also add an entirely new cookie to the jar via this method
use HTTP::CookieMonster::Cookie;
my $cookie = HTTP::CookieMonster::Cookie->new(
key => 'cookie-name',
val => 'cookie-val',
path => '/',
domain => '.somedomain.org',
path_spec => 1,
secure => 0,
expires => 1376081877
);
$monster->set_cookie( $cookie );
delete_cookie( $cookie )
Deletes a cookie and updates the cookie jar. Requires a
HTTP::CookieMonster::Cookie object.
get_cookie( $name )
Be aware that this method may surprise you by what it returns. When
called in scalar context, get_cookie() returns the first cookie which
exactly matches the name supplied. In many cases this will be exactly
what you want, but that won't always be the case.
If you are spidering multiple web sites with the same UserAgent object,
be aware that you'll likely have cookies from multiple sites in your
cookie jar. In this case asking for get_cookie('session') in scalar
context may not return the cookie which you were expecting. You will be
safer calling get_cookie() in list context:
$monster = HTTP::CookieMonster->new( $mech->cookie_jar );
# first cookie with this name
my $first_session = $monster->get_cookie('session');
# all cookies with this name
my @all_sessions = $monster->get_cookie('session');
FUNCTIONAL/PROCEDURAL INTERFACE
cookies
This function will DWIM. Here are some examples:
use HTTP::CookieMonster qw( cookies );
# get all cookies in your jar
my @cookies = cookies( $mech->cookie_jar );
# get all cookies of a certain name/key
my @session_cookies = cookies( $mech->cookie_jar, 'session_cookie_name' );
# get the first cookie of a certain name/key
my $first_session_cookie = cookies( $mech->cookie_jar, 'session_cookie_name' );
AUTHOR
Olaf Alders <olaf@wundercounter.com>
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
This software is copyright (c) 2012 by Olaf Alders.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.