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Cluster Gateway

Overall

"Cluster Gateway" is a gateway apiserver for routing kubernetes api traffic to multiple kubernetes clusters. Additionally, the gateway is completely pluggable for a running kubernetes cluster natively because it is developed based on the native api extensibility named apiserver-aggregation. A new extended resource "cluster.core.oam.dev/ClusterGateway" will be registered into the hosting cluster after properly applying corresponding APIService objects, and a new subresource named "proxy" will be available for every existing "Cluster Gateway" resource which is inspired by the original kubernetes "service/proxy", "pod/proxy" subresource.

Overall our "Cluster Gateway" also has the following merits as a multi-cluster api-gateway solution:

  • Etcd Free: Normally an aggregated apiserver must be deployed along with a dedicated etcd cluster which is bringing extra costs for the admins. While our "Cluster Gateway" can be running completely without etcd instances, because the extended "ClusterGateway" resource are virtual read-only kubernetes resource which is converted from secret resources from a namespace in the hosting cluster.

  • Scalability: Our "Cluster Gateway" can scale out to arbitrary instances to deal with the increasing loads

Arch

Image

$ docker pull oamdev/cluster-gateway:v1.1.8 # Or other newer tags

Documentation

Performance

Compile the e2e benchmark suite by:

$ make e2e-benchmark-binary

The benchmark suite will be creating-updating-deleting configmaps in a flow repeatly for 100 times. Here's a comparison of the performance we observed in a local experiment:

Bandwidth Direct ClusterGateway ClusterGateway(over Konnectivity)
Fastest 0.083s 0.560s 0.556s
Slowest 1.078s 1.887s 2.579s
Average 0.580s ± 0.175s 0.849s ± 0.361s 1.408s ± 0.542s

Open-Cluster-Management Integration

Cluster-gateway has native integration with Open-Cluster-Management(OCM) to provide the KubeVela admin a more coherent user experience in distributing applications across multiple clusters:

Enabling OCM seamlessly in your KubeVela environment

The official vela addon named ocm-cluster-manager will help you easily bootstrap the OCM control plane (in the hosting cluster where your KubeVela control plane lives). Note that the OCM environment installed from the addon above will not take any effect until we opt-in to enable the functional integration between KubeVela and OCM as is elaborated below. It's just a minimal trial setup to try out OCM instantly, while in order to enable the further integration with OCM, we will need to adjust the configuration of cluster-gateway to make it detect and aware of the local OCM environment.

Aligning ClusterGateway to OCM's cluster registry

By opt-in to the flag --ocm-integration=true, the cluster-gateway will be detecting and loading the OCM environment in the hosting cluster and connecting each ClusterGateway custom resource from cluster-gateway to OCM's original cluster model in OCM named ManagedCluster. The ClusterGateway is a gateway "ingress" abstraction for the Kubernetes clusters managed by KubeVela, so after integrating with OCM it's intuitive to regard the gateway resource as a "satellite" child resource around ManagedCluster. Setting the flag will make the cluster-gateway filter out those dangling ClusterGateway that doesn't have a valid ManagedCluster bound with. In addition to that, we won't need to explicitly set the master URL in the cluster secret because the cluster-gateway will be merging the URL list from the corresponding ManagedCluster.

Furthermore, by enabling the integration, we will also reflect/aggregate the healthiness of the corresponding clusters by partially merging the original healthiness status from OCM's ManagedCluster. So we can save the troubles before attempting to talk to an unavailable cluster.

Delegating the upgrading/rotation of cluster-gateway to OCM

Installing the cluster-gateway via the standalone chart or KubeVela's chart provides us a one-time light-weighting setup of cluster-gateway, but sadly there are still some missing puzzles we should notice before we bring the cluster-gateway into sustainable production environment:

  • The rotation of cluster-gateway's server TLS certificate.
  • Automatic addition/removal of the ClusterGateway resource upon cluster discovery.

In order to fill the blanks in cluster-gateway above, optionally we can delegate the management of cluster-gateway to OCM by introducing a new component named cluster-gateway-addon-manager to the hosting cluster which is basically responsible for:

  1. Sustainable installation as a typical "operator" dedicated for cluster-gateway.
  2. Modelling cluster-gateway as an OCM addon.

The addon-manager can be installed via simple helm commands, please refer to the installation guide here.

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Multi-cluster api gateway based on apiserver-aggregation.

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