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File        :
Maintainer  : Felix C. Stegerman <>
Date        : 2014-07-01

Copyright   : Copyright (C) 2013  Felix C. Stegerman
Version     : 0.4.4

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  • options to not use gpg for databases ?!
  • sign/hash?
  • relative path/hash links?


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srvbak - server backup (cron job)

srvbak.bash backs up configuration files, data, sensitive data, and databases (currently postgresql and mongodb). It keeps the specified number of older backups, removing obsolete ones. Services can be stopped and restarted, if needed.

See *.sample for (annotated) configuration examples.

If you want to know how files are organized, see tree.sample.

To use baktogit [2] to back up configuration files, set it up (with a repository not in srvbak's directory), then configure srvbak to use it.

To use gpg for secure backups, you will need (to create) a gpg key; see GPG.

There is an optional cron job that runs srvbak daily, sending a report per email using mailer [3].

To securely and automatically copy the backups (w/ rsync and ssh) to e.g. a NAS, you can use cpbak [4].

It should also be possible to create a custom backup script using the srvbaklib.bash library.

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Security Warning

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You should be careful with files like /etc/shadow that must remain secret. srvbak does its best to keep everything secure, by setting a umask of 0077 and encrypting everything but non-sensitive data. When using baktogit, you should read its Security Warning.

Files you may want to exclude from backups, or at least be very careful with (e.g. by using encryption) are: /etc/shadow*, /etc/ssh/ssh_host_*_key and any other private keys and configuration files with passwords.

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srvbak.bash steps

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  1. commands to run before (e.g. stop services)
  2. baktogit + tar + gpg
  3. non-sensitive data w/ rsync (incrementally, using cp -l)
  4. sensitive data w/ tar + gpg
  5. postgresql w/ pgdump + gpg
  6. mongodb w/ mongodump + tar + gpg
  7. dpkg selections
  8. fix permissions (chown/chgrp/chmod)
  9. commands to run after

You can also specify commands to run after, even on failure; e.g. to (re)start services; they are run if all goes well, or an error occurs after the actual backup (i.e. step 1) has begun.

Each step is optional.

A lock file (ln -s $$ $base_dir/.var/lock) is used to prevent concurrent backups; you can create+rm this lock file yourself when e.g. copying backups elsewhere.

A status file ($base_dir/.var/status) is used to log the status of the current/last run. It is not written until just before the actual backup begins -- after the configuration file has been processed, the lock file is created, and the previous status is checked. For more information on the (contents of the) status file, see srvbakrc.sample.

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Install and Configure

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$ mkdir -p /opt/src
$ git clone /opt/src/srvbak
$ cp -i /opt/src/srvbak/srvbakrc{.sample,}
$ vim /opt/src/srvbak/srvbakrc

The srvbakrc.sample annotated configuration file example should be mostly self-explanatory.

If you set DRYRUN=yes in srvbakrc or ENV, srvbak will perform a trial run with no changes made; this will allow you to see what actions would be performed.

When using baktogit, you'll need to --exclude=.git any .git/ directories.

Arguments to data_dir and sensitive_data_dir will be passed on to rsync and tar, respectively; as long as you only use --exclude, and --exclude-from (or know what you are doing), all should be well. The tar command is run with the --anchored flag; you may want to consult the tar documentaion for information about this flag as well as the use of wildcards and slashes.

If you use cpbak, follow its instructions (which includes creating a srvbak user), and then use chgrp_to=srvbak in srvbakrc to allow the srvbak user read access to the backup.

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With no arguments, looks for /etc/srvbakrc or /opt/src/srvbak/srvbakrc.

$ /opt/src/srvbak/srvbak.bash /path/to/srvbakrc

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If you want reports per email, install mailer [3].

Either using cron.daily

$ cp -i /opt/src/srvbak/srvbak.cron.sample /etc/cron.daily/srvbak
$ vim /etc/cron.daily/srvbak
$ chmod +x /etc/cron.daily/srvbak

or with e.g. cron.2am

$ mkdir -p /etc/cron.2am
$ cp -i /opt/src/srvbak/crontab.2am.sample /etc/cron.d/2am


$ cp -i /opt/src/srvbak/srvbak.cron.sample /etc/cron.2am/srvbak
$ vim /etc/cron.2am/srvbak
$ chmod +x /etc/cron.2am/srvbak

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If you (use the cron job to) write to e.g. /var/log/srvbak.log, you may want to use logrotate.

$ cp -i /opt/src/srvbak/srvbak.logrotate.sample \

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$ gpg --gen-key           # create a gpg key pair on your computer
                          # the key id is something like 1AA35570
$ gpg -o --export -a 1AA35570    # export public key

root@server$ gpg --import <      # import
root@server$ gpg --list-keys          # should contain 1AA35570
root@server$ gpg --edit-key 1AA35570  # trust ultimately
gpg> trust
Your decision? 5
gpg> quit

root@server$ vim /path/to/srvbakrc    # gpg_key=1AA35570

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GPLv2 [1].

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[1] GNU General Public License, version 2 ---

[2] baktogit ---

[3] mailer ---

[4] cpbak ---

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srvbak - server backup (cron job)






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