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Morph-Skyline is an RDB2RDF engine for skyline queries developed by the Ontology Engineering Group, that follows the R2RML specification (

Skyline queries are preference-based queries, which were proposed by Börzsönyi et al. [1] extending SQL by means of a SKYLINE OF clause as follows: SKYLINE OF d1 [MIN | MAX],..., dn [MIN | MAX] where where di denote the dimensions of the Skyline, and MIN and MAX specify whether the value in that dimension should be minimised or maximised.

Morph-Skyline extends Morph-RDB and it supports two operational modes: data upgrade (generating RDF instances from data in a relational database) and skyline query translation (SPARQL to SQL). Morph-Skyline has been tested on synthetic datasets using the data generator provided by Börzsönyi et al.[1]. At the moment, Morph-Skyline works with EXASol.

This repository contains code of the engine and a set of general experiments to test perfomance, scalability and completeness of our approach. Additionally, for the ISWC'20 demo-paper "Morph-Skyline: Skyline Queries for Virtual Knowledge Graph Access", the resources and results can be found in the demo-paper folder

User guides: As Morph-Skyline extends Morph-RDB, for those who want to use this project on an user level, you can find a little guide for Morph-RDB to on the main branch wiki :

If, on the other hand, you want to edit the project or at least work from an IDE such as Eclipse, we suggest you to follow this steps:

  • Download the source code.
  • Once unziped, you may notice that the imports doesn´t match the actual directories. In order to avoid changing all the imports or all the directories, import this way: Import -> Maven -> Existing Maven Project, and select as root the folder where you unziped the project (it may take a few minutes).
  • Now that it´s finally imported, you can run the file (in other to pass the arguments in Eclipse, right click, Run As -> Run Configuration -> Arguments, and remember to imput both the path to the .properties file and it´s full name).
  • In case the program doesn´t find the file, move it from "morph-examples" to "morph-r2rml-rdb", thought this file isn´t essential.

References: [1] Borzsonyi, Stephan; Kossmann, Donald; Stocker, Konrad (2001). "The Skyline Operator". Proceedings 17th International Conference on Data Engineering: 421–430. doi:10.1109/ICDE.2001.914855.