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commit eebe3d234dfaad46b048ff1fc0e6b5dbf9945433 0 parents
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  1. +512 −0 Makefile
  2. +33 −0 nametag.c
512 Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,512 @@
+# Hey Emacs, this is a -*- makefile -*-
+#----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+# WinAVR Makefile Template written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg Wunsch, et al.
+#
+# Released to the Public Domain
+#
+# Additional material for this makefile was written by:
+# Peter Fleury
+# Tim Henigan
+# Colin O'Flynn
+# Reiner Patommel
+# Markus Pfaff
+# Sander Pool
+# Frederik Rouleau
+#
+#----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+# On command line:
+#
+# make all = Make software.
+#
+# make clean = Clean out built project files.
+#
+# make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF.
+#
+# make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF.
+#
+# make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.
+# Please customize the avrdude settings below first!
+#
+# make debug = Start either simulavr or avarice as specified for debugging,
+# with avr-gdb or avr-insight as the front end for debugging.
+#
+# make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only.
+#
+# make filename.i = Create a preprocessed source file for use in submitting
+# bug reports to the GCC project.
+#
+# To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
+#----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+
+# MCU name
+MCU = attiny13
+
+
+# Processor frequency.
+# This will define a symbol, F_CPU, in all source code files equal to the
+# processor frequency. You can then use this symbol in your source code to
+# calculate timings. Do NOT tack on a 'UL' at the end, this will be done
+# automatically to create a 32-bit value in your source code.
+F_CPU = 8000000
+
+
+# Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
+FORMAT = ihex
+
+
+# Target file name (without extension).
+TARGET = nametag
+
+
+# List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically generated.)
+SRC = $(TARGET).c
+
+
+# List Assembler source files here.
+# Make them always end in a capital .S. Files ending in a lowercase .s
+# will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
+# output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
+# Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
+# it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and gcc itself does
+# care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
+ASRC =
+
+
+# Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s].
+# 0 = turn off optimization. s = optimize for size.
+# (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.)
+OPT = s
+
+
+# Debugging format.
+# Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are dwarf-2 [default] or stabs.
+# AVR Studio 4.10 requires dwarf-2.
+# AVR [Extended] COFF format requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run.
+DEBUG = dwarf-2
+
+
+# List any extra directories to look for include files here.
+# Each directory must be seperated by a space.
+# Use forward slashes for directory separators.
+# For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes.
+EXTRAINCDIRS =
+
+
+# Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
+# c89 = "ANSI" C
+# gnu89 = c89 plus GCC extensions
+# c99 = ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
+# gnu99 = c99 plus GCC extensions
+CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99
+
+
+# Place -D or -U options here
+CDEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL
+
+
+# Place -I options here
+CINCS =
+
+
+
+#---------------- Compiler Options ----------------
+# -g*: generate debugging information
+# -O*: optimization level
+# -f...: tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
+# -Wall...: warning level
+# -Wa,...: tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
+# -adhlns...: create assembler listing
+CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
+CFLAGS += $(CDEFS) $(CINCS)
+CFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
+CFLAGS += -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums
+CFLAGS += -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes
+CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst)
+CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
+CFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)
+
+
+#---------------- Assembler Options ----------------
+# -Wa,...: tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
+# -ahlms: create listing
+# -gstabs: have the assembler create line number information; note that
+# for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames
+# and function names needs to be present in the assembler source
+# files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there]
+ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs
+
+
+#---------------- Library Options ----------------
+# Minimalistic printf version
+PRINTF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min
+
+# Floating point printf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
+PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt
+
+# If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard printf version.
+PRINTF_LIB =
+#PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_MIN)
+#PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT)
+
+
+# Minimalistic scanf version
+SCANF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_min
+
+# Floating point + %[ scanf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
+SCANF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_flt
+
+# If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard scanf version.
+SCANF_LIB =
+#SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_MIN)
+#SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_FLOAT)
+
+
+MATH_LIB = -lm
+
+
+
+#---------------- External Memory Options ----------------
+
+# 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
+# used for variables (.data/.bss) and heap (malloc()).
+#EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,-Tdata=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff
+
+# 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
+# only used for heap (malloc()).
+#EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--defsym=__heap_start=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff
+
+EXTMEMOPTS =
+
+
+
+#---------------- Linker Options ----------------
+# -Wl,...: tell GCC to pass this to linker.
+# -Map: create map file
+# --cref: add cross reference to map file
+LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
+LDFLAGS += $(EXTMEMOPTS)
+LDFLAGS += $(PRINTF_LIB) $(SCANF_LIB) $(MATH_LIB)
+
+
+
+#---------------- Programming Options (avrdude) ----------------
+
+# Programming hardware: alf avr910 avrisp bascom bsd
+# dt006 pavr picoweb pony-stk200 sp12 stk200 stk500
+#
+# Type: avrdude -c ?
+# to get a full listing.
+AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = usbtiny
+
+# com1 = serial port. Use lpt1 to connect to parallel port.
+AVRDUDE_PORT = lpt1
+#AVRDUDE_PORT = COM1
+
+AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex
+#AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep
+#AVRDUDE_FUSE = -U lfuse:w:0xe2:m -U hfuse:w:0xdf:m
+#AVRDUDE_FUSE = -U lfuse:w:0x62:m -U hfuse:w:0xdf:m
+AVRDUDE_FUSE = -U lfuse:w:0x7a:m -U hfuse:w:0xff:m
+# Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
+# Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
+# see avrdude manual.
+#AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER = -y
+
+# Uncomment the following if you do /not/ wish a verification to be
+# performed after programming the device.
+#AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY = -V
+
+# Increase verbosity level. Please use this when submitting bug
+# reports about avrdude. See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude>
+# to submit bug reports.
+#AVRDUDE_VERBOSE = -v -v
+
+AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER)
+AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_FUSE)
+AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY)
+AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_VERBOSE)
+AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER)
+AVRDUDE_FLAGS += -F
+#AVRDUDE_FLAGS += -B 4
+
+
+
+#---------------- Debugging Options ----------------
+
+# For simulavr only - target MCU frequency.
+DEBUG_MFREQ = $(F_CPU)
+
+# Set the DEBUG_UI to either gdb or insight.
+# DEBUG_UI = gdb
+DEBUG_UI = insight
+
+# Set the debugging back-end to either avarice, simulavr.
+DEBUG_BACKEND = avarice
+#DEBUG_BACKEND = simulavr
+
+# GDB Init Filename.
+GDBINIT_FILE = __avr_gdbinit
+
+# When using avarice settings for the JTAG
+JTAG_DEV = /dev/com1
+
+# Debugging port used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr.
+DEBUG_PORT = 4242
+
+# Debugging host used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr, normally
+# just set to localhost unless doing some sort of crazy debugging when
+# avarice is running on a different computer.
+DEBUG_HOST = localhost
+
+
+
+#============================================================================
+
+
+# Define programs and commands.
+SHELL = sh
+CC = avr-gcc
+OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
+OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
+SIZE = avr-size
+NM = avr-nm
+AVRDUDE = avrdude
+REMOVE = rm -f
+COPY = cp
+WINSHELL = cmd
+
+
+# Define Messages
+# English
+MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
+MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
+MSG_END = -------- end --------
+MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before:
+MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
+MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
+MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
+MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
+MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
+MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
+MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
+MSG_LINKING = Linking:
+MSG_COMPILING = Compiling:
+MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
+MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:
+
+
+
+
+# Define all object files.
+OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o)
+
+# Define all listing files.
+LST = $(SRC:.c=.lst) $(ASRC:.S=.lst)
+
+
+# Compiler flags to generate dependency files.
+GENDEPFLAGS = -MD -MP -MF .dep/$(@F).d
+
+
+# Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
+# Add target processor to flags.
+ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
+ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)
+
+
+
+
+
+# Default target.
+all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter end
+
+build: elf hex eep lss sym
+
+elf: $(TARGET).elf
+hex: $(TARGET).hex
+eep: $(TARGET).eep
+lss: $(TARGET).lss
+sym: $(TARGET).sym
+
+
+
+# Eye candy.
+# AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
+# the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
+begin:
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)
+
+end:
+ @echo $(MSG_END)
+ @echo
+
+
+# Display size of file.
+HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
+ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) -A $(TARGET).elf
+AVRMEM = avr-mem.sh $(TARGET).elf $(MCU)
+
+sizebefore:
+ @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(ELFSIZE); \
+ $(AVRMEM) 2>/dev/null; echo; fi
+
+sizeafter:
+ @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(ELFSIZE); \
+ $(AVRMEM) 2>/dev/null; echo; fi
+
+
+
+# Display compiler version information.
+gccversion :
+ @$(CC) --version
+
+
+
+# Program the device.
+program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
+ $(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) \
+ $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM)
+
+
+# Generate avr-gdb config/init file which does the following:
+# define the reset signal, load the target file, connect to target, and set
+# a breakpoint at main().
+gdb-config:
+ @$(REMOVE) $(GDBINIT_FILE)
+ @echo define reset >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
+ @echo SIGNAL SIGHUP >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
+ @echo end >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
+ @echo file $(TARGET).elf >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
+ @echo target remote $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT) >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
+ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND),simulavr)
+ @echo load >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
+endif
+ @echo break main >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
+
+debug: gdb-config $(TARGET).elf
+ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND), avarice)
+ @echo Starting AVaRICE - Press enter when "waiting to connect" message displays.
+ @$(WINSHELL) /c start avarice --jtag $(JTAG_DEV) --erase --program --file \
+ $(TARGET).elf $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)
+ @$(WINSHELL) /c pause
+else
+ @$(WINSHELL) /c start simulavr --gdbserver --device $(MCU) --clock-freq \
+ $(DEBUG_MFREQ) --port $(DEBUG_PORT)
+endif
+ @$(WINSHELL) /c start avr-$(DEBUG_UI) --command=$(GDBINIT_FILE)
+
+
+# Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or VMLAB.
+COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
+--change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
+--change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
+--change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
+--change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000
+
+
+coff: $(TARGET).elf
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
+ $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof
+
+
+extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
+ $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof
+
+
+
+# Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
+%.hex: %.elf
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
+ $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@
+
+%.eep: %.elf
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
+ -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
+ --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@
+
+# Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
+%.lss: %.elf
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
+ $(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@
+
+# Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
+%.sym: %.elf
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
+ $(NM) -n $< > $@
+
+
+
+# Link: create ELF output file from object files.
+.SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
+.PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
+%.elf: $(OBJ)
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
+ $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $^ --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)
+
+
+# Compile: create object files from C source files.
+%.o : %.c
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
+ $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@
+
+
+# Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
+%.s : %.c
+ $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@
+
+
+# Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
+%.o : %.S
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
+ $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@
+
+# Create preprocessed source for use in sending a bug report.
+%.i : %.c
+ $(CC) -E -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $< -o $@
+
+
+# Target: clean project.
+clean: begin clean_list end
+
+clean_list :
+ @echo
+ @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
+ $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
+ $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
+ $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
+ $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
+ $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
+ $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
+ $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
+ $(REMOVE) $(OBJ)
+ $(REMOVE) $(LST)
+ $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
+ $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
+ $(REMOVE) .dep/*
+ $(REMOVE) *~
+
+
+
+# Include the dependency files.
+-include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*)
+
+
+# Listing of phony targets.
+.PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \
+build elf hex eep lss sym coff extcoff \
+clean clean_list program debug gdb-config
+
+
+
33 nametag.c
@@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
+#include <avr/io.h>
+
+void setup(void);
+void loop(void);
+
+int main(void) {
+ setup();
+ while (1) {
+ loop();
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void setup() {
+ PORTB = 0; // all off
+ DDRB = 255; // all output
+}
+
+const uint8_t states[] = {
+ 0b00000001,
+ 0b00000010,
+ 0b00000100,
+ 0b00001000,
+ 0b00010000
+};
+
+void loop() {
+ int i;
+ for (i=0; i< 5; i++) {
+ PORTB = states[i];
+ }
+}
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