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                         HOW TO PORT SACLIB

1. Introduction

This file briefly describes the things to do when porting SACLIB to a UN*X
system on which the shell 'csh' is installed.
	Actually, it should not be too much work to port SACLIB to any system
with a C compiler and the standard C libraries. The problem here is, that the
shell scripts will not work without 'csh', which is not available on most
non-UN*X systems.

2. Preliminaries

In general, the material in the "generic" directory should not need too many
modifications to run on any given UN*X machine. It might also be helpful to
check some of the other system dependent directories for differences to the
generic version.
	In the following sections we assume that you copied the contents of
the "generic" directory to a new system dependent directory called "foo" and
we describe which modifications might be necessary to these generic files.

2. Source files

Check whether the timing function called in "foo/src/CLOCK.c" is available
on your system and suitable for your purposes.
	The generic version uses the standard function "time()", which returns
the system time in seconds. As "CLOCK()" is defined to return the time in
milliseconds, you should try to find a timing function with a higher

Check whether the hack used in "foo/src/GC.c" works for your machine's
processor and compiler. "GC()" must guarantee that the values of all
registered variables are pushed onto the stack before "GCSI()" is called.
	The generic version defines 16 registered dummy variables and
initializes them by calling a dummy function, thus (hopefully) forcing the
compiler to push all registers onto the stack.

Check whether your compiler uses "varargs" or "stdarg" for handling functions
with a variable number of arguments. If it uses "varargs", then rename
"foo/src/FAIL_varargs.c" to "foo/src/FAIL.c", so that it will replace the
default version of "FAIL.c", which uses "stdarg".

Try to write assembly code versions of "DPR.c" and "DQR.c". Replacing these
low-level functions by assembly code versions should result in a speedup of at
least 3 for most SACLIB arithmetic functions.

Check the definitions in "foo/include/sacsys.h":
- "Word" should be typedef'd to the signed C type representing the wordsize
  of your machine's processor. In general, this will be "int".
- "BETA" must be a power of 2 such that 2^6 <= BETA and 3*BETA fits into a
  Word. In general, BETA will be equal to 2^(bitsize of a Word - 3).
- "BETA1" must be defined to be equal to BETA-1.
- "NU_" must be defined to be 2 times the number of list cells in the SACLIB
  heap. Note that each list cell uses 2 Words, so the memory used for the heap
  array is 4*NU_*sizeof(Word).
- See Section B.2 of the "SACLIB User's Guide" for a description of the
  remaining constants. In general, the generic values should be suitable for
  any machine.

3. Shell scripts

Note that all the shell scripts in "generic" are written for "csh". If you do
not have this shell installed on your machine, more extensive modifications
than the ones listed below may be necessary.

Adjust the environment variable "CC" in "foo/bin/mklib". It must be set to the
name of the command starting the C compiler. In general, this will be set to

Check whether your systems's "ar" command accepts the parameter "s". If it
does not, comment out the line containing "ar ts" in the file "foo/bin/mkmake"
and uncomment the corresponding line containing "ranlib". If your system does
not have "ranlib", either, then try to find some other way of building the
library with correct symbol tables.

Adjust the environment variable "system" in "foo/install". It must be set to
the name of the new system dependent directory. In the example described here,
this would be "foo". 

4. Installing

Follow the instructions in "foo/README", keeping in mind that they were
written under the assumption that a correctly ported version of SACLIB should
be installed.
	If the instructions given are not valid for your port, please correct

5. In case of success (or of total failure)

If you have successfully ported SACLIB we would appreciate it if you could
inform us by sending e-mail to

		saclib@risc.uni-linz.ac.at (Internet)

or ordinary mail to

		SACLIB Maintenance

		Research Institute for Symbolic Computation
		Johannes Kepler University
		A-4040 Linz, Austria

so that we can include your port in the SACLIB distribution. 

On the other hand, if you ran into troubles porting SACLIB and still want to
have it on your system, tell us of your problem and we will see what we can do
about it. (Satisfaction not guaranteed!)