JavaScript
Clone or download
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
.github chore(github): Add issue template (#351) Dec 4, 2017
__mocks__/my-lint-staged-config feat: Resolve a npm package passed as --config (#464) Jun 11, 2018
screenshots docs: Add screenshot with the animated gif (#276) Sep 12, 2017
src fix: Make app package.json load error tolerant (#479) Aug 12, 2018
test feat: Resolve a npm package passed as --config (#464) Jun 11, 2018
.appveyor.yml ci: Update CI scripts to test against current Node release (#453) May 25, 2018
.babelrc feat: Chunked execution of linters on Windows only (#439) May 7, 2018
.editorconfig style: Add prettier, fix eslint configuration and prettify all files (#… Aug 25, 2017
.eslintignore chore(eslint): Update config (#287) Sep 19, 2017
.eslintrc.json chore: Disable prettier eslint plugin in .eslintrc Apr 3, 2018
.gitignore docs: Link to AgentConf talk by @okonet (#431) Apr 21, 2018
.lintstagedrc.json chore: Use npm as script runner (#456) May 21, 2018
.prettierrc.js chore: Disable prettier eslint plugin in .eslintrc Apr 3, 2018
.travis.yml ci: Update CI scripts to test against current Node release (#453) May 25, 2018
LICENSE Initial commit Jan 15, 2016
README.md docs: Readme edits for spelling and grammar (#480) Aug 9, 2018
index.js refactor: Drop support for Node.js 4 (#399) Feb 21, 2018
package.json fix: Make app package.json load error tolerant (#479) Aug 12, 2018
testSetup.js chore(eslint): Update config (#287) Sep 19, 2017
wallaby.js chore(eslint): Update config (#287) Sep 19, 2017
yarn.lock fix: Make app package.json load error tolerant (#479) Aug 12, 2018

README.md

🚫💩 lint-staged Build Status for Linux Build Status for Windows npm version Codecov

Run linters against staged git files and don't let 💩 slip into your code base!

The latest versions of lint-staged require Node.js v6 or newer. (Versions of lint-staged prior to v7 still work with Node.js v4.)

Why

Linting makes more sense when run before committing your code. By doing so you can ensure no errors go into the repository and enforce code style. But running a lint process on a whole project is slow and linting results can be irrelevant. Ultimately you only want to lint files that will be committed.

This project contains a script that will run arbitrary shell tasks with a list of staged files as an argument, filtered by a specified glob pattern.

Related blogs posts and talks

If you've written one, please submit a PR with the link to it!

Installation and setup

A fast way to perform the below is to run npx mrm lint-staged. It does most of the setup for you.

  1. npm install --save-dev lint-staged husky
  2. Install and setup your linters just like you would do normally. Add appropriate .eslintrc, .stylelintrc, etc.
  3. Update your package.json like this:
{
  "scripts": {
+   "precommit": "lint-staged"
  },
+ "lint-staged": {
+   "*.js": ["eslint --fix", "git add"]
+ }
}

Now change a few files, git add some of them to your commit and try to git commit them.

This is how it looks in action:

lint-staged with prettier example

See examples and configuration below.

I recommend using husky to manage git hooks but you can use any other tool.

NOTE:

If you're using commitizen and having following npm-script { commit: git-cz }, precommit hook will run twice before commitizen cli and after the commit. This buggy behaviour is introduced by husky.

To mitigate this rename your commit npm script to something non git hook namespace like, for example { cz: git-cz }

Changelog

releases

Command line flags

$ ./node_modules/.bin/lint-staged --help

  Usage: lint-staged [options]


  Options:

    -V, --version        output the version number
    -c, --config [path]  Configuration file path or package
    -d, --debug          Enable debug mode
    -h, --help           output usage information
  • --config [path]: This can be used to manually specify the lint-staged config file location. However, if the specified file cannot be found, it will error out instead of performing the usual search. You may pass a npm package name for configuration also.
  • --debug: Enabling the debug mode does the following:
    • lint-staged uses the debug module internally to log information about staged files, commands being executed, location of binaries, etc. Debug logs, which are automatically enabled by passing the flag, can also be enabled by setting the environment variable $DEBUG to lint-staged*.
    • Use the verbose renderer for listr.
    • Do not pass --silent to npm scripts.

Configuration

Starting with v3.1 you can now use different ways of configuring it:

  • lint-staged object in your package.json
  • .lintstagedrc file in JSON or YML format
  • lint-staged.config.js file in JS format
  • Pass a configuration file using the --config or -c flag

See cosmiconfig for more details on what formats are supported.

Lint-staged supports simple and advanced config formats.

Simple config format

Should be an object where each value is a command to run and its key is a glob pattern to use for this command. This package uses micromatch for glob patterns.

package.json example:

{
  "lint-staged": {
    "*": "your-cmd"
  }
}

.lintstagedrc example

{
  "*": "your-cmd"
}

This config will execute your-cmd with the list of currently staged files passed as arguments.

So, considering you did git add file1.ext file2.ext, lint-staged will run the following command:

your-cmd file1.ext file2.ext

Advanced config format

To extend and customise lint-staged, advanced options are available. To use these options the format should be as the following:

package.json example with ignore option:

{
  "lint-staged": {
    "linters": {
      "*.{js,scss}": [
        "some command",
        "git add"
      ]
    },
    "ignore": [
      "**/dist/*.min.js"
    ]
  },
}

Notice that the linting commands now are nested into the linters object. The following options are available for advance configuration:

Options

  • concurrenttrue — runs linters for each glob pattern simultaneously. If you don’t want this, you can set concurrent: false
  • chunkSize — Max allowed chunk size based on number of files for glob pattern. This option is only applicable on Windows based systems to avoid command length limitations. See #147
  • globOptions{ matchBase: true, dot: true }micromatch options to customize how glob patterns match files.
  • ignore - ['**/docs/**/*.js'] - array of glob patterns to entirely ignore from any task.
  • lintersObject — keys (String) are glob patterns, values (Array<String> | String) are commands to execute.
  • subTaskConcurrency1 — Controls concurrency for processing chunks generated for each linter. This option is only applicable on Windows. Execution is not concurrent by default(see #225)

Filtering files

It is possible to run linters for certain paths only by using glob patterns. micromatch is used to filter the staged files according to these patterns. File patterns should be specified relative to the package.json location (i.e. where lint-staged is installed).

NOTE: If you're using lint-staged<5 globs have to be relative to the git root.

{
  // .js files anywhere in the project
  "*.js": "eslint",
  // .js files anywhere in the project
  "**/*.js": "eslint",
  // .js file in the src directory
  "src/*.js": "eslint",
  // .js file anywhere within and below the src directory
  "src/**/*.js": "eslint",
}

When matching, lint-staged will do the following

  • Resolve the git root automatically, no configuration needed.
  • Pick the staged files which are present inside the project directory.
  • Filter them using the specified glob patterns.
  • Pass absolute paths to the linters as arguments.

NOTE: lint-staged will pass absolute paths to the linters to avoid any confusion in case they're executed in a different working directory (i.e. when your .git directory isn't the same as your package.json directory).

Also see How to use lint-staged in a multi package monorepo?

What commands are supported?

Supported are any executables installed locally or globally via npm as well as any executable from your $PATH.

Using globally installed scripts is discouraged, since lint-staged may not work for someone who doesn’t have it installed.

lint-staged is using npm-which to locate locally installed scripts. So in your .lintstagedrc you can write:

{
  "*.js": "eslint --fix"
}

Pass arguments to your commands separated by space as you would do in the shell. See examples below.

Starting from v2.0.0 sequences of commands are supported. Pass an array of commands instead of a single one and they will run sequentially. This is useful for running autoformatting tools like eslint --fix or stylefmt but can be used for any arbitrary sequences.

Reformatting the code

Tools like ESLint/TSLint or stylefmt can reformat your code according to an appropriate config by running eslint --fix/tslint --fix. After the code is reformatted, we want it to be added to the same commit. This can be done using following config:

{
  "*.js": ["eslint --fix", "git add"]
}

Starting from v3.1, lint-staged will stash you remaining changes (not added to the index) and restore them from stash afterwards. This allows you to create partial commits with hunks using git add --patch. This is still not resolved

Examples

All examples assuming you’ve already set up lint-staged and husky in the package.json.

{
  "name": "My project",
  "version": "0.1.0",
  "scripts": {
    "my-custom-script": "linter --arg1 --arg2",
    "precommit": "lint-staged"
  },
  "lint-staged": {}
}

Note we don’t pass a path as an argument for the runners. This is important since lint-staged will do this for you.

ESLint with default parameters for *.js and *.jsx running as a pre-commit hook

{
  "*.{js,jsx}": "eslint"
}

Automatically fix code style with --fix and add to commit

{
  "*.js": ["eslint --fix", "git add"]
}

This will run eslint --fix and automatically add changes to the commit. Please note, that it doesn’t work well with committing hunks (git add -p).

Reuse npm script

If you wish to reuse a npm script defined in your package.json:

{
  "*.js": ["npm run my-custom-script --", "git add"]
}

The following is equivalent:

{
  "*.js": ["linter --arg1 --arg2", "git add"]
}

Automatically fix code style with prettier for javascript + flow or typescript

{
  "*.{js,jsx}": ["prettier --parser flow --write", "git add"]
}
{
  "*.{ts,tsx}": ["prettier --parser typescript --write", "git add"]
}

Stylelint for CSS with defaults and for SCSS with SCSS syntax

{
  "*.css": "stylelint",
  "*.scss": "stylelint --syntax=scss"
}

Run PostCSS sorting, add files to commit and run Stylelint to check

{
  "*.scss": ["postcss --config path/to/your/config --replace", "stylelint", "git add"]
}

Minify the images and add files to commit

{
  "*.{png,jpeg,jpg,gif,svg}": ["imagemin-lint-staged", "git add"]
}
More about imagemin-lint-staged

imagemin-lint-staged is a CLI tool designed for lint-staged usage with sensible defaults.

See more on this blog post for benefits of this approach.

Frequently Asked Questions

Using with JetBrains IDEs (WebStorm, PyCharm, IntelliJ IDEA, RubyMine, etc.)

When using the IDE's GUI to commit changes with the precommit hook, you might see inconsistencies in the IDE and command line. This is known issue at JetBrains so if you want this fixed, please vote for it on YouTrack.

Until the issue is resolved in the IDE, you can use the following config to work around it:

{
  "scripts": {
    "precommit": "lint-staged",
    "postcommit": "git update-index --again"
  }
}

Thanks to this comment for the fix!

How to use lint-staged in a multi package monorepo?

Starting with v5.0, lint-staged automatically resolves the git root without any additional configuration. You configure lint-staged as you normally would if your project root and git root were the same directory.

If you wish to use lint-staged in a multi package monorepo, it is recommended to install husky in the root package.json. lerna can be used to execute the precommit script in all sub-packages.

Example repo: sudo-suhas/lint-staged-multi-pkg.