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##### Example wpa_supplicant configuration file ###############################
#
# This file describes configuration file format and lists all available option.
# Please also take a look at simpler configuration examples in 'examples'
# subdirectory.
#
# Empty lines and lines starting with # are ignored
# NOTE! This file may contain password information and should probably be made
# readable only by root user on multiuser systems.
# Note: All file paths in this configuration file should use full (absolute,
# not relative to working directory) path in order to allow working directory
# to be changed. This can happen if wpa_supplicant is run in the background.
# Whether to allow wpa_supplicant to update (overwrite) configuration
#
# This option can be used to allow wpa_supplicant to overwrite configuration
# file whenever configuration is changed (e.g., new network block is added with
# wpa_cli or wpa_gui, or a password is changed). This is required for
# wpa_cli/wpa_gui to be able to store the configuration changes permanently.
# Please note that overwriting configuration file will remove the comments from
# it.
#update_config=1
# global configuration (shared by all network blocks)
#
# Parameters for the control interface. If this is specified, wpa_supplicant
# will open a control interface that is available for external programs to
# manage wpa_supplicant. The meaning of this string depends on which control
# interface mechanism is used. For all cases, the existance of this parameter
# in configuration is used to determine whether the control interface is
# enabled.
#
# For UNIX domain sockets (default on Linux and BSD): This is a directory that
# will be created for UNIX domain sockets for listening to requests from
# external programs (CLI/GUI, etc.) for status information and configuration.
# The socket file will be named based on the interface name, so multiple
# wpa_supplicant processes can be run at the same time if more than one
# interface is used.
# /var/run/wpa_supplicant is the recommended directory for sockets and by
# default, wpa_cli will use it when trying to connect with wpa_supplicant.
#
# Access control for the control interface can be configured by setting the
# directory to allow only members of a group to use sockets. This way, it is
# possible to run wpa_supplicant as root (since it needs to change network
# configuration and open raw sockets) and still allow GUI/CLI components to be
# run as non-root users. However, since the control interface can be used to
# change the network configuration, this access needs to be protected in many
# cases. By default, wpa_supplicant is configured to use gid 0 (root). If you
# want to allow non-root users to use the control interface, add a new group
# and change this value to match with that group. Add users that should have
# control interface access to this group. If this variable is commented out or
# not included in the configuration file, group will not be changed from the
# value it got by default when the directory or socket was created.
#
# When configuring both the directory and group, use following format:
# DIR=/var/run/wpa_supplicant GROUP=wheel
# DIR=/var/run/wpa_supplicant GROUP=0
# (group can be either group name or gid)
#
# For UDP connections (default on Windows): The value will be ignored. This
# variable is just used to select that the control interface is to be created.
# The value can be set to, e.g., udp (ctrl_interface=udp)
#
# For Windows Named Pipe: This value can be used to set the security descriptor
# for controlling access to the control interface. Security descriptor can be
# set using Security Descriptor String Format (see http://msdn.microsoft.com/
# library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/secauthz/security/
# security_descriptor_string_format.asp). The descriptor string needs to be
# prefixed with SDDL=. For example, ctrl_interface=SDDL=D: would set an empty
# DACL (which will reject all connections). See README-Windows.txt for more
# information about SDDL string format.
#
ctrl_interface=/var/run/wpa_supplicant
# IEEE 802.1X/EAPOL version
# wpa_supplicant is implemented based on IEEE Std 802.1X-2004 which defines
# EAPOL version 2. However, there are many APs that do not handle the new
# version number correctly (they seem to drop the frames completely). In order
# to make wpa_supplicant interoperate with these APs, the version number is set
# to 1 by default. This configuration value can be used to set it to the new
# version (2).
eapol_version=1
# AP scanning/selection
# By default, wpa_supplicant requests driver to perform AP scanning and then
# uses the scan results to select a suitable AP. Another alternative is to
# allow the driver to take care of AP scanning and selection and use
# wpa_supplicant just to process EAPOL frames based on IEEE 802.11 association
# information from the driver.
# 1: wpa_supplicant initiates scanning and AP selection; if no APs matching to
# the currently enabled networks are found, a new network (IBSS or AP mode
# operation) may be initialized (if configured) (default)
# 0: driver takes care of scanning, AP selection, and IEEE 802.11 association
# parameters (e.g., WPA IE generation); this mode can also be used with
# non-WPA drivers when using IEEE 802.1X mode; do not try to associate with
# APs (i.e., external program needs to control association). This mode must
# also be used when using wired Ethernet drivers.
# 2: like 0, but associate with APs using security policy and SSID (but not
# BSSID); this can be used, e.g., with ndiswrapper and NDIS drivers to
# enable operation with hidden SSIDs and optimized roaming; in this mode,
# the network blocks in the configuration file are tried one by one until
# the driver reports successful association; each network block should have
# explicit security policy (i.e., only one option in the lists) for
# key_mgmt, pairwise, group, proto variables
# When using IBSS or AP mode, ap_scan=2 mode can force the new network to be
# created immediately regardless of scan results. ap_scan=1 mode will first try
# to scan for existing networks and only if no matches with the enabled
# networks are found, a new IBSS or AP mode network is created.
ap_scan=1
# EAP fast re-authentication
# By default, fast re-authentication is enabled for all EAP methods that
# support it. This variable can be used to disable fast re-authentication.
# Normally, there is no need to disable this.
fast_reauth=1
# OpenSSL Engine support
# These options can be used to load OpenSSL engines.
# The two engines that are supported currently are shown below:
# They are both from the opensc project (http://www.opensc.org/)
# By default no engines are loaded.
# make the opensc engine available
#opensc_engine_path=/usr/lib/opensc/engine_opensc.so
# make the pkcs11 engine available
#pkcs11_engine_path=/usr/lib/opensc/engine_pkcs11.so
# configure the path to the pkcs11 module required by the pkcs11 engine
#pkcs11_module_path=/usr/lib/pkcs11/opensc-pkcs11.so
# Dynamic EAP methods
# If EAP methods were built dynamically as shared object files, they need to be
# loaded here before being used in the network blocks. By default, EAP methods
# are included statically in the build, so these lines are not needed
#load_dynamic_eap=/usr/lib/wpa_supplicant/eap_tls.so
#load_dynamic_eap=/usr/lib/wpa_supplicant/eap_md5.so
# Driver interface parameters
# This field can be used to configure arbitrary driver interace parameters. The
# format is specific to the selected driver interface. This field is not used
# in most cases.
#driver_param="field=value"
# Country code
# The ISO/IEC alpha2 country code for the country in which this device is
# currently operating.
#country=US
# Maximum lifetime for PMKSA in seconds; default 43200
#dot11RSNAConfigPMKLifetime=43200
# Threshold for reauthentication (percentage of PMK lifetime); default 70
#dot11RSNAConfigPMKReauthThreshold=70
# Timeout for security association negotiation in seconds; default 60
#dot11RSNAConfigSATimeout=60
# Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) parameters
# Universally Unique IDentifier (UUID; see RFC 4122) of the device
# If not configured, UUID will be generated based on the local MAC address.
#uuid=12345678-9abc-def0-1234-56789abcdef0
# Device Name
# User-friendly description of device; up to 32 octets encoded in UTF-8
#device_name=Wireless Client
# Manufacturer
# The manufacturer of the device (up to 64 ASCII characters)
#manufacturer=Company
# Model Name
# Model of the device (up to 32 ASCII characters)
#model_name=cmodel
# Model Number
# Additional device description (up to 32 ASCII characters)
#model_number=123
# Serial Number
# Serial number of the device (up to 32 characters)
#serial_number=12345
# Primary Device Type
# Used format: <categ>-<OUI>-<subcateg>
# categ = Category as an integer value
# OUI = OUI and type octet as a 4-octet hex-encoded value; 0050F204 for
# default WPS OUI
# subcateg = OUI-specific Sub Category as an integer value
# Examples:
# 1-0050F204-1 (Computer / PC)
# 1-0050F204-2 (Computer / Server)
# 5-0050F204-1 (Storage / NAS)
# 6-0050F204-1 (Network Infrastructure / AP)
#device_type=1-0050F204-1
# OS Version
# 4-octet operating system version number (hex string)
#os_version=01020300
# Config Methods
# List of the supported configuration methods
# Available methods: usba ethernet label display ext_nfc_token int_nfc_token
# nfc_interface push_button keypad
#config_methods=label display push_button keypad
# Credential processing
# 0 = process received credentials internally (default)
# 1 = do not process received credentials; just pass them over ctrl_iface to
# external program(s)
# 2 = process received credentials internally and pass them over ctrl_iface
# to external program(s)
#wps_cred_processing=0
# Maximum number of BSS entries to keep in memory
# Default: 200
# This can be used to limit memory use on the BSS entries (cached scan
# results). A larger value may be needed in environments that have huge number
# of APs when using ap_scan=1 mode.
#bss_max_count=200
# filter_ssids - SSID-based scan result filtering
# 0 = do not filter scan results (default)
# 1 = only include configured SSIDs in scan results/BSS table
#filter_ssids=0
# network block
#
# Each network (usually AP's sharing the same SSID) is configured as a separate
# block in this configuration file. The network blocks are in preference order
# (the first match is used).
#
# network block fields:
#
# disabled:
# 0 = this network can be used (default)
# 1 = this network block is disabled (can be enabled through ctrl_iface,
# e.g., with wpa_cli or wpa_gui)
#
# id_str: Network identifier string for external scripts. This value is passed
# to external action script through wpa_cli as WPA_ID_STR environment
# variable to make it easier to do network specific configuration.
#
# ssid: SSID (mandatory); either as an ASCII string with double quotation or
# as hex string; network name
#
# scan_ssid:
# 0 = do not scan this SSID with specific Probe Request frames (default)
# 1 = scan with SSID-specific Probe Request frames (this can be used to
# find APs that do not accept broadcast SSID or use multiple SSIDs;
# this will add latency to scanning, so enable this only when needed)
#
# bssid: BSSID (optional); if set, this network block is used only when
# associating with the AP using the configured BSSID
#
# priority: priority group (integer)
# By default, all networks will get same priority group (0). If some of the
# networks are more desirable, this field can be used to change the order in
# which wpa_supplicant goes through the networks when selecting a BSS. The
# priority groups will be iterated in decreasing priority (i.e., the larger the
# priority value, the sooner the network is matched against the scan results).
# Within each priority group, networks will be selected based on security
# policy, signal strength, etc.
# Please note that AP scanning with scan_ssid=1 and ap_scan=2 mode are not
# using this priority to select the order for scanning. Instead, they try the
# networks in the order that used in the configuration file.
#
# mode: IEEE 802.11 operation mode
# 0 = infrastructure (Managed) mode, i.e., associate with an AP (default)
# 1 = IBSS (ad-hoc, peer-to-peer)
# 2 = AP (access point)
# Note: IBSS can only be used with key_mgmt NONE (plaintext and static WEP)
# and key_mgmt=WPA-NONE (fixed group key TKIP/CCMP). WPA-None requires
# following network block options:
# proto=WPA, key_mgmt=WPA-NONE, pairwise=NONE, group=TKIP (or CCMP, but not
# both), and psk must also be set.
#
# frequency: Channel frequency in megahertz (MHz) for IBSS, e.g.,
# 2412 = IEEE 802.11b/g channel 1. This value is used to configure the initial
# channel for IBSS (adhoc) networks. It is ignored in the infrastructure mode.
# In addition, this value is only used by the station that creates the IBSS. If
# an IBSS network with the configured SSID is already present, the frequency of
# the network will be used instead of this configured value.
#
# scan_freq: List of frequencies to scan
# Space-separated list of frequencies in MHz to scan when searching for this
# BSS. If the subset of channels used by the network is known, this option can
# be used to optimize scanning to not occur on channels that the network does
# not use. Example: scan_freq=2412 2437 2462
#
# freq_list: Array of allowed frequencies
# Space-separated list of frequencies in MHz to allow for selecting the BSS. If
# set, scan results that do not match any of the specified frequencies are not
# considered when selecting a BSS.
#
# proto: list of accepted protocols
# WPA = WPA/IEEE 802.11i/D3.0
# RSN = WPA2/IEEE 802.11i (also WPA2 can be used as an alias for RSN)
# If not set, this defaults to: WPA RSN
#
# key_mgmt: list of accepted authenticated key management protocols
# WPA-PSK = WPA pre-shared key (this requires 'psk' field)
# WPA-EAP = WPA using EAP authentication
# IEEE8021X = IEEE 802.1X using EAP authentication and (optionally) dynamically
# generated WEP keys
# NONE = WPA is not used; plaintext or static WEP could be used
# WPA-PSK-SHA256 = Like WPA-PSK but using stronger SHA256-based algorithms
# WPA-EAP-SHA256 = Like WPA-EAP but using stronger SHA256-based algorithms
# If not set, this defaults to: WPA-PSK WPA-EAP
#
# auth_alg: list of allowed IEEE 802.11 authentication algorithms
# OPEN = Open System authentication (required for WPA/WPA2)
# SHARED = Shared Key authentication (requires static WEP keys)
# LEAP = LEAP/Network EAP (only used with LEAP)
# If not set, automatic selection is used (Open System with LEAP enabled if
# LEAP is allowed as one of the EAP methods).
#
# pairwise: list of accepted pairwise (unicast) ciphers for WPA
# CCMP = AES in Counter mode with CBC-MAC [RFC 3610, IEEE 802.11i/D7.0]
# TKIP = Temporal Key Integrity Protocol [IEEE 802.11i/D7.0]
# NONE = Use only Group Keys (deprecated, should not be included if APs support
# pairwise keys)
# If not set, this defaults to: CCMP TKIP
#
# group: list of accepted group (broadcast/multicast) ciphers for WPA
# CCMP = AES in Counter mode with CBC-MAC [RFC 3610, IEEE 802.11i/D7.0]
# TKIP = Temporal Key Integrity Protocol [IEEE 802.11i/D7.0]
# WEP104 = WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) with 104-bit key
# WEP40 = WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) with 40-bit key [IEEE 802.11]
# If not set, this defaults to: CCMP TKIP WEP104 WEP40
#
# psk: WPA preshared key; 256-bit pre-shared key
# The key used in WPA-PSK mode can be entered either as 64 hex-digits, i.e.,
# 32 bytes or as an ASCII passphrase (in which case, the real PSK will be
# generated using the passphrase and SSID). ASCII passphrase must be between
# 8 and 63 characters (inclusive).
# This field is not needed, if WPA-EAP is used.
# Note: Separate tool, wpa_passphrase, can be used to generate 256-bit keys
# from ASCII passphrase. This process uses lot of CPU and wpa_supplicant
# startup and reconfiguration time can be optimized by generating the PSK only
# only when the passphrase or SSID has actually changed.
#
# eapol_flags: IEEE 802.1X/EAPOL options (bit field)
# Dynamic WEP key required for non-WPA mode
# bit0 (1): require dynamically generated unicast WEP key
# bit1 (2): require dynamically generated broadcast WEP key
# (3 = require both keys; default)
# Note: When using wired authentication, eapol_flags must be set to 0 for the
# authentication to be completed successfully.
#
# mixed_cell: This option can be used to configure whether so called mixed
# cells, i.e., networks that use both plaintext and encryption in the same
# SSID, are allowed when selecting a BSS form scan results.
# 0 = disabled (default)
# 1 = enabled
#
# proactive_key_caching:
# Enable/disable opportunistic PMKSA caching for WPA2.
# 0 = disabled (default)
# 1 = enabled
#
# wep_key0..3: Static WEP key (ASCII in double quotation, e.g. "abcde" or
# hex without quotation, e.g., 0102030405)
# wep_tx_keyidx: Default WEP key index (TX) (0..3)
#
# peerkey: Whether PeerKey negotiation for direct links (IEEE 802.11e DLS) is
# allowed. This is only used with RSN/WPA2.
# 0 = disabled (default)
# 1 = enabled
#peerkey=1
#
# wpa_ptk_rekey: Maximum lifetime for PTK in seconds. This can be used to
# enforce rekeying of PTK to mitigate some attacks against TKIP deficiencies.
#
# Following fields are only used with internal EAP implementation.
# eap: space-separated list of accepted EAP methods
# MD5 = EAP-MD5 (unsecure and does not generate keying material ->
# cannot be used with WPA; to be used as a Phase 2 method
# with EAP-PEAP or EAP-TTLS)
# MSCHAPV2 = EAP-MSCHAPv2 (cannot be used separately with WPA; to be used
# as a Phase 2 method with EAP-PEAP or EAP-TTLS)
# OTP = EAP-OTP (cannot be used separately with WPA; to be used
# as a Phase 2 method with EAP-PEAP or EAP-TTLS)
# GTC = EAP-GTC (cannot be used separately with WPA; to be used
# as a Phase 2 method with EAP-PEAP or EAP-TTLS)
# TLS = EAP-TLS (client and server certificate)
# PEAP = EAP-PEAP (with tunnelled EAP authentication)
# TTLS = EAP-TTLS (with tunnelled EAP or PAP/CHAP/MSCHAP/MSCHAPV2
# authentication)
# If not set, all compiled in methods are allowed.
#
# identity: Identity string for EAP
# This field is also used to configure user NAI for
# EAP-PSK/PAX/SAKE/GPSK.
# anonymous_identity: Anonymous identity string for EAP (to be used as the
# unencrypted identity with EAP types that support different tunnelled
# identity, e.g., EAP-TTLS)
# password: Password string for EAP. This field can include either the
# plaintext password (using ASCII or hex string) or a NtPasswordHash
# (16-byte MD4 hash of password) in hash:<32 hex digits> format.
# NtPasswordHash can only be used when the password is for MSCHAPv2 or
# MSCHAP (EAP-MSCHAPv2, EAP-TTLS/MSCHAPv2, EAP-TTLS/MSCHAP, LEAP).
# EAP-PSK (128-bit PSK), EAP-PAX (128-bit PSK), and EAP-SAKE (256-bit
# PSK) is also configured using this field. For EAP-GPSK, this is a
# variable length PSK.
# ca_cert: File path to CA certificate file (PEM/DER). This file can have one
# or more trusted CA certificates. If ca_cert and ca_path are not
# included, server certificate will not be verified. This is insecure and
# a trusted CA certificate should always be configured when using
# EAP-TLS/TTLS/PEAP. Full path should be used since working directory may
# change when wpa_supplicant is run in the background.
#
# Alternatively, this can be used to only perform matching of the server
# certificate (SHA-256 hash of the DER encoded X.509 certificate). In
# this case, the possible CA certificates in the server certificate chain
# are ignored and only the server certificate is verified. This is
# configured with the following format:
# hash:://server/sha256/cert_hash_in_hex
# For example: "hash://server/sha256/
# 5a1bc1296205e6fdbe3979728efe3920798885c1c4590b5f90f43222d239ca6a"
#
# On Windows, trusted CA certificates can be loaded from the system
# certificate store by setting this to cert_store://<name>, e.g.,
# ca_cert="cert_store://CA" or ca_cert="cert_store://ROOT".
# Note that when running wpa_supplicant as an application, the user
# certificate store (My user account) is used, whereas computer store
# (Computer account) is used when running wpasvc as a service.
# ca_path: Directory path for CA certificate files (PEM). This path may
# contain multiple CA certificates in OpenSSL format. Common use for this
# is to point to system trusted CA list which is often installed into
# directory like /etc/ssl/certs. If configured, these certificates are
# added to the list of trusted CAs. ca_cert may also be included in that
# case, but it is not required.
# client_cert: File path to client certificate file (PEM/DER)
# Full path should be used since working directory may change when
# wpa_supplicant is run in the background.
# Alternatively, a named configuration blob can be used by setting this
# to blob://<blob name>.
# private_key: File path to client private key file (PEM/DER/PFX)
# When PKCS#12/PFX file (.p12/.pfx) is used, client_cert should be
# commented out. Both the private key and certificate will be read from
# the PKCS#12 file in this case. Full path should be used since working
# directory may change when wpa_supplicant is run in the background.
# Windows certificate store can be used by leaving client_cert out and
# configuring private_key in one of the following formats:
# cert://substring_to_match
# hash://certificate_thumbprint_in_hex
# for example: private_key="hash://63093aa9c47f56ae88334c7b65a4"
# Note that when running wpa_supplicant as an application, the user
# certificate store (My user account) is used, whereas computer store
# (Computer account) is used when running wpasvc as a service.
# Alternatively, a named configuration blob can be used by setting this
# to blob://<blob name>.
# private_key_passwd: Password for private key file (if left out, this will be
# asked through control interface)
# dh_file: File path to DH/DSA parameters file (in PEM format)
# This is an optional configuration file for setting parameters for an
# ephemeral DH key exchange. In most cases, the default RSA
# authentication does not use this configuration. However, it is possible
# setup RSA to use ephemeral DH key exchange. In addition, ciphers with
# DSA keys always use ephemeral DH keys. This can be used to achieve
# forward secrecy. If the file is in DSA parameters format, it will be
# automatically converted into DH params.
# subject_match: Substring to be matched against the subject of the
# authentication server certificate. If this string is set, the server
# sertificate is only accepted if it contains this string in the subject.
# The subject string is in following format:
# /C=US/ST=CA/L=San Francisco/CN=Test AS/emailAddress=as@example.com
# altsubject_match: Semicolon separated string of entries to be matched against
# the alternative subject name of the authentication server certificate.
# If this string is set, the server sertificate is only accepted if it
# contains one of the entries in an alternative subject name extension.
# altSubjectName string is in following format: TYPE:VALUE
# Example: EMAIL:server@example.com
# Example: DNS:server.example.com;DNS:server2.example.com
# Following types are supported: EMAIL, DNS, URI
# phase1: Phase1 (outer authentication, i.e., TLS tunnel) parameters
# (string with field-value pairs, e.g., "peapver=0" or
# "peapver=1 peaplabel=1")
# 'peapver' can be used to force which PEAP version (0 or 1) is used.
# 'peaplabel=1' can be used to force new label, "client PEAP encryption",
# to be used during key derivation when PEAPv1 or newer. Most existing
# PEAPv1 implementation seem to be using the old label, "client EAP
# encryption", and wpa_supplicant is now using that as the default value.
# Some servers, e.g., Radiator, may require peaplabel=1 configuration to
# interoperate with PEAPv1; see eap_testing.txt for more details.
# 'peap_outer_success=0' can be used to terminate PEAP authentication on
# tunneled EAP-Success. This is required with some RADIUS servers that
# implement draft-josefsson-pppext-eap-tls-eap-05.txt (e.g.,
# Lucent NavisRadius v4.4.0 with PEAP in "IETF Draft 5" mode)
# include_tls_length=1 can be used to force wpa_supplicant to include
# TLS Message Length field in all TLS messages even if they are not
# fragmented.
# sim_min_num_chal=3 can be used to configure EAP-SIM to require three
# challenges (by default, it accepts 2 or 3)
# result_ind=1 can be used to enable EAP-SIM and EAP-AKA to use
# protected result indication.
# 'crypto_binding' option can be used to control PEAPv0 cryptobinding
# behavior:
# * 0 = do not use cryptobinding (default)
# * 1 = use cryptobinding if server supports it
# * 2 = require cryptobinding
# EAP-WSC (WPS) uses following options: pin=<Device Password> or
# pbc=1.
# phase2: Phase2 (inner authentication with TLS tunnel) parameters
# (string with field-value pairs, e.g., "auth=MSCHAPV2" for EAP-PEAP or
# "autheap=MSCHAPV2 autheap=MD5" for EAP-TTLS)
# Following certificate/private key fields are used in inner Phase2
# authentication when using EAP-TTLS or EAP-PEAP.
# ca_cert2: File path to CA certificate file. This file can have one or more
# trusted CA certificates. If ca_cert2 and ca_path2 are not included,
# server certificate will not be verified. This is insecure and a trusted
# CA certificate should always be configured.
# ca_path2: Directory path for CA certificate files (PEM)
# client_cert2: File path to client certificate file
# private_key2: File path to client private key file
# private_key2_passwd: Password for private key file
# dh_file2: File path to DH/DSA parameters file (in PEM format)
# subject_match2: Substring to be matched against the subject of the
# authentication server certificate.
# altsubject_match2: Substring to be matched against the alternative subject
# name of the authentication server certificate.
#
# fragment_size: Maximum EAP fragment size in bytes (default 1398).
# This value limits the fragment size for EAP methods that support
# fragmentation (e.g., EAP-TLS and EAP-PEAP). This value should be set
# small enough to make the EAP messages fit in MTU of the network
# interface used for EAPOL. The default value is suitable for most
# cases.
#
# EAP-FAST variables:
# pac_file: File path for the PAC entries. wpa_supplicant will need to be able
# to create this file and write updates to it when PAC is being
# provisioned or refreshed. Full path to the file should be used since
# working directory may change when wpa_supplicant is run in the
# background. Alternatively, a named configuration blob can be used by
# setting this to blob://<blob name>
# phase1: fast_provisioning option can be used to enable in-line provisioning
# of EAP-FAST credentials (PAC):
# 0 = disabled,
# 1 = allow unauthenticated provisioning,
# 2 = allow authenticated provisioning,
# 3 = allow both unauthenticated and authenticated provisioning
# fast_max_pac_list_len=<num> option can be used to set the maximum
# number of PAC entries to store in a PAC list (default: 10)
# fast_pac_format=binary option can be used to select binary format for
# storing PAC entries in order to save some space (the default
# text format uses about 2.5 times the size of minimal binary
# format)
#
# wpa_supplicant supports number of "EAP workarounds" to work around
# interoperability issues with incorrectly behaving authentication servers.
# These are enabled by default because some of the issues are present in large
# number of authentication servers. Strict EAP conformance mode can be
# configured by disabling workarounds with eap_workaround=0.
# Example blocks:
# Simple case: WPA-PSK, PSK as an ASCII passphrase, allow all valid ciphers
network={
ssid="simple"
psk="very secret passphrase"
priority=5
}
# Same as previous, but request SSID-specific scanning (for APs that reject
# broadcast SSID)
network={
ssid="second ssid"
scan_ssid=1
psk="very secret passphrase"
priority=2
}
# Only WPA-PSK is used. Any valid cipher combination is accepted.
network={
ssid="example"
proto=WPA
key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
pairwise=CCMP TKIP
group=CCMP TKIP WEP104 WEP40
psk=06b4be19da289f475aa46a33cb793029d4ab3db7a23ee92382eb0106c72ac7bb
priority=2
}
# WPA-Personal(PSK) with TKIP and enforcement for frequent PTK rekeying
network={
ssid="example"
proto=WPA
key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
pairwise=TKIP
group=TKIP
psk="not so secure passphrase"
wpa_ptk_rekey=600
}
# Only WPA-EAP is used. Both CCMP and TKIP is accepted. An AP that used WEP104
# or WEP40 as the group cipher will not be accepted.
network={
ssid="example"
proto=RSN
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
pairwise=CCMP TKIP
group=CCMP TKIP
eap=TLS
identity="user@example.com"
ca_cert="/etc/cert/ca.pem"
client_cert="/etc/cert/user.pem"
private_key="/etc/cert/user.prv"
private_key_passwd="password"
priority=1
}
# EAP-PEAP/MSCHAPv2 configuration for RADIUS servers that use the new peaplabel
# (e.g., Radiator)
network={
ssid="example"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=PEAP
identity="user@example.com"
password="foobar"
ca_cert="/etc/cert/ca.pem"
phase1="peaplabel=1"
phase2="auth=MSCHAPV2"
priority=10
}
# EAP-TTLS/EAP-MD5-Challenge configuration with anonymous identity for the
# unencrypted use. Real identity is sent only within an encrypted TLS tunnel.
network={
ssid="example"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=TTLS
identity="user@example.com"
anonymous_identity="anonymous@example.com"
password="foobar"
ca_cert="/etc/cert/ca.pem"
priority=2
}
# EAP-TTLS/MSCHAPv2 configuration with anonymous identity for the unencrypted
# use. Real identity is sent only within an encrypted TLS tunnel.
network={
ssid="example"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=TTLS
identity="user@example.com"
anonymous_identity="anonymous@example.com"
password="foobar"
ca_cert="/etc/cert/ca.pem"
phase2="auth=MSCHAPV2"
}
# WPA-EAP, EAP-TTLS with different CA certificate used for outer and inner
# authentication.
network={
ssid="example"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=TTLS
# Phase1 / outer authentication
anonymous_identity="anonymous@example.com"
ca_cert="/etc/cert/ca.pem"
# Phase 2 / inner authentication
phase2="autheap=TLS"
ca_cert2="/etc/cert/ca2.pem"
client_cert2="/etc/cer/user.pem"
private_key2="/etc/cer/user.prv"
private_key2_passwd="password"
priority=2
}
# Both WPA-PSK and WPA-EAP is accepted. Only CCMP is accepted as pairwise and
# group cipher.
network={
ssid="example"
bssid=00:11:22:33:44:55
proto=WPA RSN
key_mgmt=WPA-PSK WPA-EAP
pairwise=CCMP
group=CCMP
psk=06b4be19da289f475aa46a33cb793029d4ab3db7a23ee92382eb0106c72ac7bb
}
# Special characters in SSID, so use hex string. Default to WPA-PSK, WPA-EAP
# and all valid ciphers.
network={
ssid=00010203
psk=000102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f101112131415161718191a1b1c1d1e1f
}
# EAP-SIM with a GSM SIM or USIM
network={
ssid="eap-sim-test"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=SIM
pin="1234"
pcsc=""
}
# EAP-PSK
network={
ssid="eap-psk-test"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=PSK
anonymous_identity="eap_psk_user"
password=06b4be19da289f475aa46a33cb793029
identity="eap_psk_user@example.com"
}
# IEEE 802.1X/EAPOL with dynamically generated WEP keys (i.e., no WPA) using
# EAP-TLS for authentication and key generation; require both unicast and
# broadcast WEP keys.
network={
ssid="1x-test"
key_mgmt=IEEE8021X
eap=TLS
identity="user@example.com"
ca_cert="/etc/cert/ca.pem"
client_cert="/etc/cert/user.pem"
private_key="/etc/cert/user.prv"
private_key_passwd="password"
eapol_flags=3
}
# LEAP with dynamic WEP keys
network={
ssid="leap-example"
key_mgmt=IEEE8021X
eap=LEAP
identity="user"
password="foobar"
}
# EAP-IKEv2 using shared secrets for both server and peer authentication
network={
ssid="ikev2-example"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=IKEV2
identity="user"
password="foobar"
}
# EAP-FAST with WPA (WPA or WPA2)
network={
ssid="eap-fast-test"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=FAST
anonymous_identity="FAST-000102030405"
identity="username"
password="password"
phase1="fast_provisioning=1"
pac_file="/etc/wpa_supplicant.eap-fast-pac"
}
network={
ssid="eap-fast-test"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=FAST
anonymous_identity="FAST-000102030405"
identity="username"
password="password"
phase1="fast_provisioning=1"
pac_file="blob://eap-fast-pac"
}
# Plaintext connection (no WPA, no IEEE 802.1X)
network={
ssid="plaintext-test"
key_mgmt=NONE
}
# Shared WEP key connection (no WPA, no IEEE 802.1X)
network={
ssid="static-wep-test"
key_mgmt=NONE
wep_key0="abcde"
wep_key1=0102030405
wep_key2="1234567890123"
wep_tx_keyidx=0
priority=5
}
# Shared WEP key connection (no WPA, no IEEE 802.1X) using Shared Key
# IEEE 802.11 authentication
network={
ssid="static-wep-test2"
key_mgmt=NONE
wep_key0="abcde"
wep_key1=0102030405
wep_key2="1234567890123"
wep_tx_keyidx=0
priority=5
auth_alg=SHARED
}
# IBSS/ad-hoc network with WPA-None/TKIP.
network={
ssid="test adhoc"
mode=1
frequency=2412
proto=WPA
key_mgmt=WPA-NONE
pairwise=NONE
group=TKIP
psk="secret passphrase"
}
# Catch all example that allows more or less all configuration modes
network={
ssid="example"
scan_ssid=1
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP WPA-PSK IEEE8021X NONE
pairwise=CCMP TKIP
group=CCMP TKIP WEP104 WEP40
psk="very secret passphrase"
eap=TTLS PEAP TLS
identity="user@example.com"
password="foobar"
ca_cert="/etc/cert/ca.pem"
client_cert="/etc/cert/user.pem"
private_key="/etc/cert/user.prv"
private_key_passwd="password"
phase1="peaplabel=0"
}
# Example of EAP-TLS with smartcard (openssl engine)
network={
ssid="example"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=TLS
proto=RSN
pairwise=CCMP TKIP
group=CCMP TKIP
identity="user@example.com"
ca_cert="/etc/cert/ca.pem"
client_cert="/etc/cert/user.pem"
engine=1
# The engine configured here must be available. Look at
# OpenSSL engine support in the global section.
# The key available through the engine must be the private key
# matching the client certificate configured above.
# use the opensc engine
#engine_id="opensc"
#key_id="45"
# use the pkcs11 engine
engine_id="pkcs11"
key_id="id_45"
# Optional PIN configuration; this can be left out and PIN will be
# asked through the control interface
pin="1234"
}
# Example configuration showing how to use an inlined blob as a CA certificate
# data instead of using external file
network={
ssid="example"
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=TTLS
identity="user@example.com"
anonymous_identity="anonymous@example.com"
password="foobar"
ca_cert="blob://exampleblob"
priority=20
}
blob-base64-exampleblob={
SGVsbG8gV29ybGQhCg==
}
# Wildcard match for SSID (plaintext APs only). This example select any
# open AP regardless of its SSID.
network={
key_mgmt=NONE
}
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