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/*
* spi_lm70llp.c - driver for LM70EVAL-LLP board for the LM70 sensor
*
* Copyright (C) 2006 Kaiwan N Billimoria <kaiwan@designergraphix.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
*/
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/parport.h>
#include <linux/sysfs.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi_bitbang.h>
/*
* The LM70 communicates with a host processor using a 3-wire variant of
* the SPI/Microwire bus interface. This driver specifically supports an
* NS LM70 LLP Evaluation Board, interfacing to a PC using its parallel
* port to bitbang an SPI-parport bridge. Accordingly, this is an SPI
* master controller driver. The hwmon/lm70 driver is a "SPI protocol
* driver", layered on top of this one and usable without the lm70llp.
*
* Datasheet and Schematic:
* The LM70 is a temperature sensor chip from National Semiconductor; its
* datasheet is available at http://www.national.com/pf/LM/LM70.html
* The schematic for this particular board (the LM70EVAL-LLP) is
* available (on page 4) here:
* http://www.national.com/appinfo/tempsensors/files/LM70LLPEVALmanual.pdf
*
* Also see Documentation/spi/spi-lm70llp. The SPI<->parport code here is
* (heavily) based on spi-butterfly by David Brownell.
*
* The LM70 LLP connects to the PC parallel port in the following manner:
*
* Parallel LM70 LLP
* Port Direction JP2 Header
* ----------- --------- ------------
* D0 2 - -
* D1 3 --> V+ 5
* D2 4 --> V+ 5
* D3 5 --> V+ 5
* D4 6 --> V+ 5
* D5 7 --> nCS 8
* D6 8 --> SCLK 3
* D7 9 --> SI/O 5
* GND 25 - GND 7
* Select 13 <-- SI/O 1
*
* Note that parport pin 13 actually gets inverted by the transistor
* arrangement which lets either the parport or the LM70 drive the
* SI/SO signal (see the schematic for details).
*/
#define DRVNAME "spi-lm70llp"
#define lm70_INIT 0xBE
#define SIO 0x10
#define nCS 0x20
#define SCLK 0x40
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
struct spi_lm70llp {
struct spi_bitbang bitbang;
struct parport *port;
struct pardevice *pd;
struct spi_device *spidev_lm70;
struct spi_board_info info;
//struct device *dev;
};
/* REVISIT : ugly global ; provides "exclusive open" facility */
static struct spi_lm70llp *lm70llp;
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static inline struct spi_lm70llp *spidev_to_pp(struct spi_device *spi)
{
return spi->controller_data;
}
/*---------------------- LM70 LLP eval board-specific inlines follow */
/* NOTE: we don't actually need to reread the output values, since they'll
* still be what we wrote before. Plus, going through parport builds in
* a ~1ms/operation delay; these SPI transfers could easily be faster.
*/
static inline void deassertCS(struct spi_lm70llp *pp)
{
u8 data = parport_read_data(pp->port);
data &= ~0x80; /* pull D7/SI-out low while de-asserted */
parport_write_data(pp->port, data | nCS);
}
static inline void assertCS(struct spi_lm70llp *pp)
{
u8 data = parport_read_data(pp->port);
data |= 0x80; /* pull D7/SI-out high so lm70 drives SO-in */
parport_write_data(pp->port, data & ~nCS);
}
static inline void clkHigh(struct spi_lm70llp *pp)
{
u8 data = parport_read_data(pp->port);
parport_write_data(pp->port, data | SCLK);
}
static inline void clkLow(struct spi_lm70llp *pp)
{
u8 data = parport_read_data(pp->port);
parport_write_data(pp->port, data & ~SCLK);
}
/*------------------------- SPI-LM70-specific inlines ----------------------*/
static inline void spidelay(unsigned d)
{
udelay(d);
}
static inline void setsck(struct spi_device *s, int is_on)
{
struct spi_lm70llp *pp = spidev_to_pp(s);
if (is_on)
clkHigh(pp);
else
clkLow(pp);
}
static inline void setmosi(struct spi_device *s, int is_on)
{
/* FIXME update D7 ... this way we can put the chip
* into shutdown mode and read the manufacturer ID,
* but we can't put it back into operational mode.
*/
}
/*
* getmiso:
* Why do we return 0 when the SIO line is high and vice-versa?
* The fact is, the lm70 eval board from NS (which this driver drives),
* is wired in just such a way : when the lm70's SIO goes high, a transistor
* switches it to low reflecting this on the parport (pin 13), and vice-versa.
*/
static inline int getmiso(struct spi_device *s)
{
struct spi_lm70llp *pp = spidev_to_pp(s);
return ((SIO == (parport_read_status(pp->port) & SIO)) ? 0 : 1 );
}
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#include "spi_bitbang_txrx.h"
static void lm70_chipselect(struct spi_device *spi, int value)
{
struct spi_lm70llp *pp = spidev_to_pp(spi);
if (value)
assertCS(pp);
else
deassertCS(pp);
}
/*
* Our actual bitbanger routine.
*/
static u32 lm70_txrx(struct spi_device *spi, unsigned nsecs, u32 word, u8 bits)
{
return bitbang_txrx_be_cpha0(spi, nsecs, 0, 0, word, bits);
}
static void spi_lm70llp_attach(struct parport *p)
{
struct pardevice *pd;
struct spi_lm70llp *pp;
struct spi_master *master;
int status;
if (lm70llp) {
printk(KERN_WARNING
"%s: spi_lm70llp instance already loaded. Aborting.\n",
DRVNAME);
return;
}
/* TODO: this just _assumes_ a lm70 is there ... no probe;
* the lm70 driver could verify it, reading the manf ID.
*/
master = spi_alloc_master(p->physport->dev, sizeof *pp);
if (!master) {
status = -ENOMEM;
goto out_fail;
}
pp = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
master->bus_num = -1; /* dynamic alloc of a bus number */
master->num_chipselect = 1;
/*
* SPI and bitbang hookup.
*/
pp->bitbang.master = spi_master_get(master);
pp->bitbang.chipselect = lm70_chipselect;
pp->bitbang.txrx_word[SPI_MODE_0] = lm70_txrx;
pp->bitbang.flags = SPI_3WIRE;
/*
* Parport hookup
*/
pp->port = p;
pd = parport_register_device(p, DRVNAME,
NULL, NULL, NULL,
PARPORT_FLAG_EXCL, pp);
if (!pd) {
status = -ENOMEM;
goto out_free_master;
}
pp->pd = pd;
status = parport_claim(pd);
if (status < 0)
goto out_parport_unreg;
/*
* Start SPI ...
*/
status = spi_bitbang_start(&pp->bitbang);
if (status < 0) {
printk(KERN_WARNING
"%s: spi_bitbang_start failed with status %d\n",
DRVNAME, status);
goto out_off_and_release;
}
/*
* The modalias name MUST match the device_driver name
* for the bus glue code to match and subsequently bind them.
* We are binding to the generic drivers/hwmon/lm70.c device
* driver.
*/
strcpy(pp->info.modalias, "lm70");
pp->info.max_speed_hz = 6 * 1000 * 1000;
pp->info.chip_select = 0;
pp->info.mode = SPI_3WIRE | SPI_MODE_0;
/* power up the chip, and let the LM70 control SI/SO */
parport_write_data(pp->port, lm70_INIT);
/* Enable access to our primary data structure via
* the board info's (void *)controller_data.
*/
pp->info.controller_data = pp;
pp->spidev_lm70 = spi_new_device(pp->bitbang.master, &pp->info);
if (pp->spidev_lm70)
dev_dbg(&pp->spidev_lm70->dev, "spidev_lm70 at %s\n",
dev_name(&pp->spidev_lm70->dev));
else {
printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: spi_new_device failed\n", DRVNAME);
status = -ENODEV;
goto out_bitbang_stop;
}
pp->spidev_lm70->bits_per_word = 8;
lm70llp = pp;
return;
out_bitbang_stop:
spi_bitbang_stop(&pp->bitbang);
out_off_and_release:
/* power down */
parport_write_data(pp->port, 0);
mdelay(10);
parport_release(pp->pd);
out_parport_unreg:
parport_unregister_device(pd);
out_free_master:
(void) spi_master_put(master);
out_fail:
pr_info("%s: spi_lm70llp probe fail, status %d\n", DRVNAME, status);
}
static void spi_lm70llp_detach(struct parport *p)
{
struct spi_lm70llp *pp;
if (!lm70llp || lm70llp->port != p)
return;
pp = lm70llp;
spi_bitbang_stop(&pp->bitbang);
/* power down */
parport_write_data(pp->port, 0);
parport_release(pp->pd);
parport_unregister_device(pp->pd);
(void) spi_master_put(pp->bitbang.master);
lm70llp = NULL;
}
static struct parport_driver spi_lm70llp_drv = {
.name = DRVNAME,
.attach = spi_lm70llp_attach,
.detach = spi_lm70llp_detach,
};
static int __init init_spi_lm70llp(void)
{
return parport_register_driver(&spi_lm70llp_drv);
}
module_init(init_spi_lm70llp);
static void __exit cleanup_spi_lm70llp(void)
{
parport_unregister_driver(&spi_lm70llp_drv);
}
module_exit(cleanup_spi_lm70llp);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Kaiwan N Billimoria <kaiwan@designergraphix.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION(
"Parport adapter for the National Semiconductor LM70 LLP eval board");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");