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/* uio_pci_generic - generic UIO driver for PCI 2.3 devices
*
* Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc.
* Author: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2.
*
* Since the driver does not declare any device ids, you must allocate
* id and bind the device to the driver yourself. For example:
*
* # echo "8086 10f5" > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/uio_pci_generic/new_id
* # echo -n 0000:00:19.0 > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/e1000e/unbind
* # echo -n 0000:00:19.0 > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/uio_pci_generic/bind
* # ls -l /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:19.0/driver
* .../0000:00:19.0/driver -> ../../../bus/pci/drivers/uio_pci_generic
*
* Driver won't bind to devices which do not support the Interrupt Disable Bit
* in the command register. All devices compliant to PCI 2.3 (circa 2002) and
* all compliant PCI Express devices should support this bit.
*/
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/uio_driver.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#define DRIVER_VERSION "0.01.0"
#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>"
#define DRIVER_DESC "Generic UIO driver for PCI 2.3 devices"
struct uio_pci_generic_dev {
struct uio_info info;
struct pci_dev *pdev;
spinlock_t lock; /* guards command register accesses */
};
static inline struct uio_pci_generic_dev *
to_uio_pci_generic_dev(struct uio_info *info)
{
return container_of(info, struct uio_pci_generic_dev, info);
}
/* Interrupt handler. Read/modify/write the command register to disable
* the interrupt. */
static irqreturn_t irqhandler(int irq, struct uio_info *info)
{
struct uio_pci_generic_dev *gdev = to_uio_pci_generic_dev(info);
struct pci_dev *pdev = gdev->pdev;
irqreturn_t ret = IRQ_NONE;
u32 cmd_status_dword;
u16 origcmd, newcmd, status;
/* We do a single dword read to retrieve both command and status.
* Document assumptions that make this possible. */
BUILD_BUG_ON(PCI_COMMAND % 4);
BUILD_BUG_ON(PCI_COMMAND + 2 != PCI_STATUS);
spin_lock_irq(&gdev->lock);
pci_block_user_cfg_access(pdev);
/* Read both command and status registers in a single 32-bit operation.
* Note: we could cache the value for command and move the status read
* out of the lock if there was a way to get notified of user changes
* to command register through sysfs. Should be good for shared irqs. */
pci_read_config_dword(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, &cmd_status_dword);
origcmd = cmd_status_dword;
status = cmd_status_dword >> 16;
/* Check interrupt status register to see whether our device
* triggered the interrupt. */
if (!(status & PCI_STATUS_INTERRUPT))
goto done;
/* We triggered the interrupt, disable it. */
newcmd = origcmd | PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE;
if (newcmd != origcmd)
pci_write_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, newcmd);
/* UIO core will signal the user process. */
ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
done:
pci_unblock_user_cfg_access(pdev);
spin_unlock_irq(&gdev->lock);
return ret;
}
/* Verify that the device supports Interrupt Disable bit in command register,
* per PCI 2.3, by flipping this bit and reading it back: this bit was readonly
* in PCI 2.2. */
static int __devinit verify_pci_2_3(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
u16 orig, new;
int err = 0;
pci_block_user_cfg_access(pdev);
pci_read_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, &orig);
pci_write_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND,
orig ^ PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE);
pci_read_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, &new);
/* There's no way to protect against
* hardware bugs or detect them reliably, but as long as we know
* what the value should be, let's go ahead and check it. */
if ((new ^ orig) & ~PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE) {
err = -EBUSY;
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Command changed from 0x%x to 0x%x: "
"driver or HW bug?\n", orig, new);
goto err;
}
if (!((new ^ orig) & PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE)) {
dev_warn(&pdev->dev, "Device does not support "
"disabling interrupts: unable to bind.\n");
err = -ENODEV;
goto err;
}
/* Now restore the original value. */
pci_write_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, orig);
err:
pci_unblock_user_cfg_access(pdev);
return err;
}
static int __devinit probe(struct pci_dev *pdev,
const struct pci_device_id *id)
{
struct uio_pci_generic_dev *gdev;
int err;
err = pci_enable_device(pdev);
if (err) {
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "%s: pci_enable_device failed: %d\n",
__func__, err);
return err;
}
if (!pdev->irq) {
dev_warn(&pdev->dev, "No IRQ assigned to device: "
"no support for interrupts?\n");
pci_disable_device(pdev);
return -ENODEV;
}
err = verify_pci_2_3(pdev);
if (err)
goto err_verify;
gdev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct uio_pci_generic_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!gdev) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto err_alloc;
}
gdev->info.name = "uio_pci_generic";
gdev->info.version = DRIVER_VERSION;
gdev->info.irq = pdev->irq;
gdev->info.irq_flags = IRQF_SHARED;
gdev->info.handler = irqhandler;
gdev->pdev = pdev;
spin_lock_init(&gdev->lock);
if (uio_register_device(&pdev->dev, &gdev->info))
goto err_register;
pci_set_drvdata(pdev, gdev);
return 0;
err_register:
kfree(gdev);
err_alloc:
err_verify:
pci_disable_device(pdev);
return err;
}
static void remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
struct uio_pci_generic_dev *gdev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
uio_unregister_device(&gdev->info);
pci_disable_device(pdev);
kfree(gdev);
}
static struct pci_driver driver = {
.name = "uio_pci_generic",
.id_table = NULL, /* only dynamic id's */
.probe = probe,
.remove = remove,
};
static int __init init(void)
{
pr_info(DRIVER_DESC " version: " DRIVER_VERSION "\n");
return pci_register_driver(&driver);
}
static void __exit cleanup(void)
{
pci_unregister_driver(&driver);
}
module_init(init);
module_exit(cleanup);
MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);