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/*
* linux/mm/filemap.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1994-1999 Linus Torvalds
*/
/*
* This file handles the generic file mmap semantics used by
* most "normal" filesystems (but you don't /have/ to use this:
* the NFS filesystem used to do this differently, for example)
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/aio.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h> /* for BUG_ON(!in_atomic()) only */
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <linux/mm_inline.h> /* for page_is_file_cache() */
#include <linux/cleancache.h>
#include "internal.h"
/*
* FIXME: remove all knowledge of the buffer layer from the core VM
*/
#include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for try_to_free_buffers */
#include <asm/mman.h>
/*
* Shared mappings implemented 30.11.1994. It's not fully working yet,
* though.
*
* Shared mappings now work. 15.8.1995 Bruno.
*
* finished 'unifying' the page and buffer cache and SMP-threaded the
* page-cache, 21.05.1999, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
*
* SMP-threaded pagemap-LRU 1999, Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de>
*/
/*
* Lock ordering:
*
* ->i_mmap_mutex (truncate_pagecache)
* ->private_lock (__free_pte->__set_page_dirty_buffers)
* ->swap_lock (exclusive_swap_page, others)
* ->mapping->tree_lock
*
* ->i_mutex
* ->i_mmap_mutex (truncate->unmap_mapping_range)
*
* ->mmap_sem
* ->i_mmap_mutex
* ->page_table_lock or pte_lock (various, mainly in memory.c)
* ->mapping->tree_lock (arch-dependent flush_dcache_mmap_lock)
*
* ->mmap_sem
* ->lock_page (access_process_vm)
*
* ->i_mutex (generic_file_buffered_write)
* ->mmap_sem (fault_in_pages_readable->do_page_fault)
*
* ->i_mutex
* ->i_alloc_sem (various)
*
* inode_wb_list_lock
* sb_lock (fs/fs-writeback.c)
* ->mapping->tree_lock (__sync_single_inode)
*
* ->i_mmap_mutex
* ->anon_vma.lock (vma_adjust)
*
* ->anon_vma.lock
* ->page_table_lock or pte_lock (anon_vma_prepare and various)
*
* ->page_table_lock or pte_lock
* ->swap_lock (try_to_unmap_one)
* ->private_lock (try_to_unmap_one)
* ->tree_lock (try_to_unmap_one)
* ->zone.lru_lock (follow_page->mark_page_accessed)
* ->zone.lru_lock (check_pte_range->isolate_lru_page)
* ->private_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* ->tree_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* inode_wb_list_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* ->inode->i_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* inode_wb_list_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty)
* ->inode->i_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty)
* ->private_lock (zap_pte_range->__set_page_dirty_buffers)
*
* (code doesn't rely on that order, so you could switch it around)
* ->tasklist_lock (memory_failure, collect_procs_ao)
* ->i_mmap_mutex
*/
/*
* Delete a page from the page cache and free it. Caller has to make
* sure the page is locked and that nobody else uses it - or that usage
* is safe. The caller must hold the mapping's tree_lock.
*/
void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
/*
* if we're uptodate, flush out into the cleancache, otherwise
* invalidate any existing cleancache entries. We can't leave
* stale data around in the cleancache once our page is gone
*/
if (PageUptodate(page) && PageMappedToDisk(page))
cleancache_put_page(page);
else
cleancache_flush_page(mapping, page);
radix_tree_delete(&mapping->page_tree, page->index);
page->mapping = NULL;
mapping->nrpages--;
__dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
if (PageSwapBacked(page))
__dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM);
BUG_ON(page_mapped(page));
/*
* Some filesystems seem to re-dirty the page even after
* the VM has canceled the dirty bit (eg ext3 journaling).
*
* Fix it up by doing a final dirty accounting check after
* having removed the page entirely.
*/
if (PageDirty(page) && mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
dec_bdi_stat(mapping->backing_dev_info, BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
}
}
/**
* delete_from_page_cache - delete page from page cache
* @page: the page which the kernel is trying to remove from page cache
*
* This must be called only on pages that have been verified to be in the page
* cache and locked. It will never put the page into the free list, the caller
* has a reference on the page.
*/
void delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
void (*freepage)(struct page *);
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage;
spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
__delete_from_page_cache(page);
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
if (freepage)
freepage(page);
page_cache_release(page);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(delete_from_page_cache);
static int sleep_on_page(void *word)
{
io_schedule();
return 0;
}
static int sleep_on_page_killable(void *word)
{
sleep_on_page(word);
return fatal_signal_pending(current) ? -EINTR : 0;
}
/**
* __filemap_fdatawrite_range - start writeback on mapping dirty pages in range
* @mapping: address space structure to write
* @start: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @end: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
* @sync_mode: enable synchronous operation
*
* Start writeback against all of a mapping's dirty pages that lie
* within the byte offsets <start, end> inclusive.
*
* If sync_mode is WB_SYNC_ALL then this is a "data integrity" operation, as
* opposed to a regular memory cleansing writeback. The difference between
* these two operations is that if a dirty page/buffer is encountered, it must
* be waited upon, and not just skipped over.
*/
int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start,
loff_t end, int sync_mode)
{
int ret;
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.sync_mode = sync_mode,
.nr_to_write = LONG_MAX,
.range_start = start,
.range_end = end,
};
if (!mapping_cap_writeback_dirty(mapping))
return 0;
ret = do_writepages(mapping, &wbc);
return ret;
}
static inline int __filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *mapping,
int sync_mode)
{
return __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX, sync_mode);
}
int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *mapping)
{
return __filemap_fdatawrite(mapping, WB_SYNC_ALL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite);
int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start,
loff_t end)
{
return __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, start, end, WB_SYNC_ALL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite_range);
/**
* filemap_flush - mostly a non-blocking flush
* @mapping: target address_space
*
* This is a mostly non-blocking flush. Not suitable for data-integrity
* purposes - I/O may not be started against all dirty pages.
*/
int filemap_flush(struct address_space *mapping)
{
return __filemap_fdatawrite(mapping, WB_SYNC_NONE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_flush);
/**
* filemap_fdatawait_range - wait for writeback to complete
* @mapping: address space structure to wait for
* @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
*
* Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space
* in the given range and wait for all of them.
*/
int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte,
loff_t end_byte)
{
pgoff_t index = start_byte >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
pgoff_t end = end_byte >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
struct pagevec pvec;
int nr_pages;
int ret = 0;
if (end_byte < start_byte)
return 0;
pagevec_init(&pvec, 0);
while ((index <= end) &&
(nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_tag(&pvec, mapping, &index,
PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK,
min(end - index, (pgoff_t)PAGEVEC_SIZE-1) + 1)) != 0) {
unsigned i;
for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
/* until radix tree lookup accepts end_index */
if (page->index > end)
continue;
wait_on_page_writeback(page);
if (TestClearPageError(page))
ret = -EIO;
}
pagevec_release(&pvec);
cond_resched();
}
/* Check for outstanding write errors */
if (test_and_clear_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags))
ret = -ENOSPC;
if (test_and_clear_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags))
ret = -EIO;
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_range);
/**
* filemap_fdatawait - wait for all under-writeback pages to complete
* @mapping: address space structure to wait for
*
* Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space
* and wait for all of them.
*/
int filemap_fdatawait(struct address_space *mapping)
{
loff_t i_size = i_size_read(mapping->host);
if (i_size == 0)
return 0;
return filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, i_size - 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait);
int filemap_write_and_wait(struct address_space *mapping)
{
int err = 0;
if (mapping->nrpages) {
err = filemap_fdatawrite(mapping);
/*
* Even if the above returned error, the pages may be
* written partially (e.g. -ENOSPC), so we wait for it.
* But the -EIO is special case, it may indicate the worst
* thing (e.g. bug) happened, so we avoid waiting for it.
*/
if (err != -EIO) {
int err2 = filemap_fdatawait(mapping);
if (!err)
err = err2;
}
}
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_write_and_wait);
/**
* filemap_write_and_wait_range - write out & wait on a file range
* @mapping: the address_space for the pages
* @lstart: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @lend: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
*
* Write out and wait upon file offsets lstart->lend, inclusive.
*
* Note that `lend' is inclusive (describes the last byte to be written) so
* that this function can be used to write to the very end-of-file (end = -1).
*/
int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t lstart, loff_t lend)
{
int err = 0;
if (mapping->nrpages) {
err = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, lstart, lend,
WB_SYNC_ALL);
/* See comment of filemap_write_and_wait() */
if (err != -EIO) {
int err2 = filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping,
lstart, lend);
if (!err)
err = err2;
}
}
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_write_and_wait_range);
/**
* replace_page_cache_page - replace a pagecache page with a new one
* @old: page to be replaced
* @new: page to replace with
* @gfp_mask: allocation mode
*
* This function replaces a page in the pagecache with a new one. On
* success it acquires the pagecache reference for the new page and
* drops it for the old page. Both the old and new pages must be
* locked. This function does not add the new page to the LRU, the
* caller must do that.
*
* The remove + add is atomic. The only way this function can fail is
* memory allocation failure.
*/
int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
int error;
struct mem_cgroup *memcg = NULL;
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(old));
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(new));
VM_BUG_ON(new->mapping);
/*
* This is not page migration, but prepare_migration and
* end_migration does enough work for charge replacement.
*
* In the longer term we probably want a specialized function
* for moving the charge from old to new in a more efficient
* manner.
*/
error = mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(old, new, &memcg, gfp_mask);
if (error)
return error;
error = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM);
if (!error) {
struct address_space *mapping = old->mapping;
void (*freepage)(struct page *);
pgoff_t offset = old->index;
freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage;
page_cache_get(new);
new->mapping = mapping;
new->index = offset;
spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
__delete_from_page_cache(old);
error = radix_tree_insert(&mapping->page_tree, offset, new);
BUG_ON(error);
mapping->nrpages++;
__inc_zone_page_state(new, NR_FILE_PAGES);
if (PageSwapBacked(new))
__inc_zone_page_state(new, NR_SHMEM);
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
radix_tree_preload_end();
if (freepage)
freepage(old);
page_cache_release(old);
mem_cgroup_end_migration(memcg, old, new, true);
} else {
mem_cgroup_end_migration(memcg, old, new, false);
}
return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(replace_page_cache_page);
/**
* add_to_page_cache_locked - add a locked page to the pagecache
* @page: page to add
* @mapping: the page's address_space
* @offset: page index
* @gfp_mask: page allocation mode
*
* This function is used to add a page to the pagecache. It must be locked.
* This function does not add the page to the LRU. The caller must do that.
*/
int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
int error;
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
error = mem_cgroup_cache_charge(page, current->mm,
gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK);
if (error)
goto out;
error = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM);
if (error == 0) {
page_cache_get(page);
page->mapping = mapping;
page->index = offset;
spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
error = radix_tree_insert(&mapping->page_tree, offset, page);
if (likely(!error)) {
mapping->nrpages++;
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
if (PageSwapBacked(page))
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM);
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
} else {
page->mapping = NULL;
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
}
radix_tree_preload_end();
} else
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
out:
return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(add_to_page_cache_locked);
int add_to_page_cache_lru(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
int ret;
/*
* Splice_read and readahead add shmem/tmpfs pages into the page cache
* before shmem_readpage has a chance to mark them as SwapBacked: they
* need to go on the anon lru below, and mem_cgroup_cache_charge
* (called in add_to_page_cache) needs to know where they're going too.
*/
if (mapping_cap_swap_backed(mapping))
SetPageSwapBacked(page);
ret = add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask);
if (ret == 0) {
if (page_is_file_cache(page))
lru_cache_add_file(page);
else
lru_cache_add_anon(page);
}
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_to_page_cache_lru);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp)
{
int n;
struct page *page;
if (cpuset_do_page_mem_spread()) {
get_mems_allowed();
n = cpuset_mem_spread_node();
page = alloc_pages_exact_node(n, gfp, 0);
put_mems_allowed();
return page;
}
return alloc_pages(gfp, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__page_cache_alloc);
#endif
/*
* In order to wait for pages to become available there must be
* waitqueues associated with pages. By using a hash table of
* waitqueues where the bucket discipline is to maintain all
* waiters on the same queue and wake all when any of the pages
* become available, and for the woken contexts to check to be
* sure the appropriate page became available, this saves space
* at a cost of "thundering herd" phenomena during rare hash
* collisions.
*/
static wait_queue_head_t *page_waitqueue(struct page *page)
{
const struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
return &zone->wait_table[hash_ptr(page, zone->wait_table_bits)];
}
static inline void wake_up_page(struct page *page, int bit)
{
__wake_up_bit(page_waitqueue(page), &page->flags, bit);
}
void wait_on_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr)
{
DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wait, &page->flags, bit_nr);
if (test_bit(bit_nr, &page->flags))
__wait_on_bit(page_waitqueue(page), &wait, sleep_on_page,
TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(wait_on_page_bit);
int wait_on_page_bit_killable(struct page *page, int bit_nr)
{
DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wait, &page->flags, bit_nr);
if (!test_bit(bit_nr, &page->flags))
return 0;
return __wait_on_bit(page_waitqueue(page), &wait,
sleep_on_page_killable, TASK_KILLABLE);
}
/**
* add_page_wait_queue - Add an arbitrary waiter to a page's wait queue
* @page: Page defining the wait queue of interest
* @waiter: Waiter to add to the queue
*
* Add an arbitrary @waiter to the wait queue for the nominated @page.
*/
void add_page_wait_queue(struct page *page, wait_queue_t *waiter)
{
wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page);
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
__add_wait_queue(q, waiter);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_page_wait_queue);
/**
* unlock_page - unlock a locked page
* @page: the page
*
* Unlocks the page and wakes up sleepers in ___wait_on_page_locked().
* Also wakes sleepers in wait_on_page_writeback() because the wakeup
* mechananism between PageLocked pages and PageWriteback pages is shared.
* But that's OK - sleepers in wait_on_page_writeback() just go back to sleep.
*
* The mb is necessary to enforce ordering between the clear_bit and the read
* of the waitqueue (to avoid SMP races with a parallel wait_on_page_locked()).
*/
void unlock_page(struct page *page)
{
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
clear_bit_unlock(PG_locked, &page->flags);
smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
wake_up_page(page, PG_locked);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_page);
/**
* end_page_writeback - end writeback against a page
* @page: the page
*/
void end_page_writeback(struct page *page)
{
if (TestClearPageReclaim(page))
rotate_reclaimable_page(page);
if (!test_clear_page_writeback(page))
BUG();
smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
wake_up_page(page, PG_writeback);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(end_page_writeback);
/**
* __lock_page - get a lock on the page, assuming we need to sleep to get it
* @page: the page to lock
*/
void __lock_page(struct page *page)
{
DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wait, &page->flags, PG_locked);
__wait_on_bit_lock(page_waitqueue(page), &wait, sleep_on_page,
TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__lock_page);
int __lock_page_killable(struct page *page)
{
DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wait, &page->flags, PG_locked);
return __wait_on_bit_lock(page_waitqueue(page), &wait,
sleep_on_page_killable, TASK_KILLABLE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__lock_page_killable);
int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned int flags)
{
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
/*
* CAUTION! In this case, mmap_sem is not released
* even though return 0.
*/
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)
return 0;
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE)
wait_on_page_locked_killable(page);
else
wait_on_page_locked(page);
return 0;
} else {
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) {
int ret;
ret = __lock_page_killable(page);
if (ret) {
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
return 0;
}
} else
__lock_page(page);
return 1;
}
}
/**
* find_get_page - find and get a page reference
* @mapping: the address_space to search
* @offset: the page index
*
* Is there a pagecache struct page at the given (mapping, offset) tuple?
* If yes, increment its refcount and return it; if no, return NULL.
*/
struct page *find_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset)
{
void **pagep;
struct page *page;
rcu_read_lock();
repeat:
page = NULL;
pagep = radix_tree_lookup_slot(&mapping->page_tree, offset);
if (pagep) {
page = radix_tree_deref_slot(pagep);
if (unlikely(!page))
goto out;
if (radix_tree_deref_retry(page))
goto repeat;
if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page))
goto repeat;
/*
* Has the page moved?
* This is part of the lockless pagecache protocol. See
* include/linux/pagemap.h for details.
*/
if (unlikely(page != *pagep)) {
page_cache_release(page);
goto repeat;
}
}
out:
rcu_read_unlock();
return page;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_page);
/**
* find_lock_page - locate, pin and lock a pagecache page
* @mapping: the address_space to search
* @offset: the page index
*
* Locates the desired pagecache page, locks it, increments its reference
* count and returns its address.
*
* Returns zero if the page was not present. find_lock_page() may sleep.
*/
struct page *find_lock_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset)
{
struct page *page;
repeat:
page = find_get_page(mapping, offset);
if (page) {
lock_page(page);
/* Has the page been truncated? */
if (unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) {
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
goto repeat;
}
VM_BUG_ON(page->index != offset);
}
return page;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_lock_page);
/**
* find_or_create_page - locate or add a pagecache page
* @mapping: the page's address_space
* @index: the page's index into the mapping
* @gfp_mask: page allocation mode
*
* Locates a page in the pagecache. If the page is not present, a new page
* is allocated using @gfp_mask and is added to the pagecache and to the VM's
* LRU list. The returned page is locked and has its reference count
* incremented.
*
* find_or_create_page() may sleep, even if @gfp_flags specifies an atomic
* allocation!
*
* find_or_create_page() returns the desired page's address, or zero on
* memory exhaustion.
*/
struct page *find_or_create_page(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct page *page;
int err;
repeat:
page = find_lock_page(mapping, index);
if (!page) {
page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp_mask);
if (!page)
return NULL;
/*
* We want a regular kernel memory (not highmem or DMA etc)
* allocation for the radix tree nodes, but we need to honour
* the context-specific requirements the caller has asked for.
* GFP_RECLAIM_MASK collects those requirements.
*/
err = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index,
(gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK));
if (unlikely(err)) {
page_cache_release(page);
page = NULL;
if (err == -EEXIST)
goto repeat;
}
}
return page;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_or_create_page);
/**
* find_get_pages - gang pagecache lookup
* @mapping: The address_space to search
* @start: The starting page index
* @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages
* @pages: Where the resulting pages are placed
*
* find_get_pages() will search for and return a group of up to
* @nr_pages pages in the mapping. The pages are placed at @pages.
* find_get_pages() takes a reference against the returned pages.
*
* The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous pages with ascending
* indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to not-present pages.
*
* find_get_pages() returns the number of pages which were found.
*/
unsigned find_get_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start,
unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages)
{
unsigned int i;
unsigned int ret;
unsigned int nr_found;
rcu_read_lock();
restart:
nr_found = radix_tree_gang_lookup_slot(&mapping->page_tree,
(void ***)pages, start, nr_pages);
ret = 0;
for (i = 0; i < nr_found; i++) {
struct page *page;
repeat:
page = radix_tree_deref_slot((void **)pages[i]);
if (unlikely(!page))
continue;
/*
* This can only trigger when the entry at index 0 moves out
* of or back to the root: none yet gotten, safe to restart.
*/
if (radix_tree_deref_retry(page)) {
WARN_ON(start | i);
goto restart;
}
if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page))
goto repeat;
/* Has the page moved? */
if (unlikely(page != *((void **)pages[i]))) {
page_cache_release(page);
goto repeat;
}
pages[ret] = page;
ret++;
}
/*
* If all entries were removed before we could secure them,
* try again, because callers stop trying once 0 is returned.
*/
if (unlikely(!ret && nr_found))
goto restart;
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
/**
* find_get_pages_contig - gang contiguous pagecache lookup
* @mapping: The address_space to search
* @index: The starting page index
* @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages
* @pages: Where the resulting pages are placed
*
* find_get_pages_contig() works exactly like find_get_pages(), except
* that the returned number of pages are guaranteed to be contiguous.
*
* find_get_pages_contig() returns the number of pages which were found.
*/
unsigned find_get_pages_contig(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index,
unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages)
{
unsigned int i;
unsigned int ret;
unsigned int nr_found;
rcu_read_lock();
restart:
nr_found = radix_tree_gang_lookup_slot(&mapping->page_tree,
(void ***)pages, index, nr_pages);
ret = 0;
for (i = 0; i < nr_found; i++) {
struct page *page;
repeat:
page = radix_tree_deref_slot((void **)pages[i]);
if (unlikely(!page))
continue;
/*
* This can only trigger when the entry at index 0 moves out
* of or back to the root: none yet gotten, safe to restart.
*/
if (radix_tree_deref_retry(page))
goto restart;
if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page))
goto repeat;
/* Has the page moved? */
if (unlikely(page != *((void **)pages[i]))) {
page_cache_release(page);
goto repeat;
}
/*
* must check mapping and index after taking the ref.
* otherwise we can get both false positives and false
* negatives, which is just confusing to the caller.
*/
if (page->mapping == NULL || page->index != index) {
page_cache_release(page);
break;
}
pages[ret] = page;
ret++;
index++;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_pages_contig);
/**
* find_get_pages_tag - find and return pages that match @tag
* @mapping: the address_space to search
* @index: the starting page index
* @tag: the tag index
* @nr_pages: the maximum number of pages
* @pages: where the resulting pages are placed
*
* Like find_get_pages, except we only return pages which are tagged with
* @tag. We update @index to index the next page for the traversal.
*/
unsigned find_get_pages_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index,
int tag, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages)
{
unsigned int i;
unsigned int ret;
unsigned int nr_found;
rcu_read_lock();
restart:
nr_found = radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot(&mapping->page_tree,
(void ***)pages, *index, nr_pages, tag);
ret = 0;
for (i = 0; i < nr_found; i++) {
struct page *page;
repeat:
page = radix_tree_deref_slot((void **)pages[i]);
if (unlikely(!page))
continue;
/*
* This can only trigger when the entry at index 0 moves out
* of or back to the root: none yet gotten, safe to restart.
*/
if (radix_tree_deref_retry(page))
goto restart;
if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page))
goto repeat;
/* Has the page moved? */
if (unlikely(page != *((void **)pages[i]))) {
page_cache_release(page);
goto repeat;
}
pages[ret] = page;
ret++;
}
/*
* If all entries were removed before we could secure them,
* try again, because callers stop trying once 0 is returned.
*/
if (unlikely(!ret && nr_found))
goto restart;
rcu_read_unlock();
if (ret)
*index = pages[ret - 1]->index + 1;
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_pages_tag);
/**
* grab_cache_page_nowait - returns locked page at given index in given cache
* @mapping: target address_space
* @index: the page index
*
* Same as grab_cache_page(), but do not wait if the page is unavailable.
* This is intended for speculative data generators, where the data can
* be regenerated if the page couldn't be grabbed. This routine should
* be safe to call while holding the lock for another page.
*
* Clear __GFP_FS when allocating the page to avoid recursion into the fs
* and deadlock against the caller's locked page.
*/
struct page *
grab_cache_page_nowait(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index)
{
struct page *page = find_get_page(mapping, index);
if (page) {
if (trylock_page(page))
return page;
page_cache_release(page);
return NULL;
}
page = __page_cache_alloc(mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & ~__GFP_FS);
if (page && add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index, GFP_NOFS)) {
page_cache_release(page);
page = NULL;
}
return page;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(grab_cache_page_nowait);
/*
* CD/DVDs are error prone. When a medium error occurs, the driver may fail
* a _large_ part of the i/o request. Imagine the worst scenario:
*
* ---R__________________________________________B__________
* ^ reading here ^ bad block(assume 4k)
*
* read(R) => miss => readahead(R...B) => media error => frustrating retries
* => failing the whole request => read(R) => read(R+1) =>
* readahead(R+1...B+1) => bang => read(R+2) => read(R+3) =>
* readahead(R+3...B+2) => bang => read(R+3) => read(R+4) =>
* readahead(R+4...B+3) => bang => read(R+4) => read(R+5) => ......
*
* It is going insane. Fix it by quickly scaling down the readahead size.
*/
static void shrink_readahead_size_eio(struct file *filp,
struct file_ra_state *ra)
{
ra->ra_pages /= 4;
}
/**
* do_generic_file_read - generic file read routine
* @filp: the file to read
* @ppos: current file position
* @desc: read_descriptor
* @actor: read method
*
* This is a generic file read routine, and uses the
* mapping->a_ops->readpage() function for the actual low-level stuff.
*
* This is really ugly. But the goto's actually try to clarify some
* of the logic when it comes to error handling etc.
*/
static void do_generic_file_read(struct file *filp, loff_t *ppos,
read_descriptor_t *desc, read_actor_t actor)
{
struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
struct file_ra_state *ra = &filp->f_ra;
pgoff_t index;
pgoff_t last_index;
pgoff_t prev_index;
unsigned long offset; /* offset into pagecache page */
unsigned int prev_offset;
int error;
index = *ppos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
prev_index = ra->prev_pos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
prev_offset = ra->prev_pos & (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE-1);
last_index = (*ppos + desc->count + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE-1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
offset = *ppos & ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK;
for (;;) {
struct page *page;
pgoff_t end_index;
loff_t isize;
unsigned long nr, ret;
cond_resched();
find_page:
page = find_get_page(mapping, index);
if (!page) {
page_cache_sync_readahead(mapping,
ra, filp,
index, last_index - index);
page = find_get_page(mapping, index);
if (unlikely(page == NULL))
goto no_cached_page;
}
if (PageReadahead(page)) {
page_cache_async_readahead(mapping,
ra, filp, page,
index, last_index - index);
}
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
if (inode->i_blkbits == PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT ||
!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate)
goto page_not_up_to_date;
if (!trylock_page(page))
goto page_not_up_to_date;
/* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */
if (!page->mapping)
goto page_not_up_to_date_locked;
if (!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate(page,
desc, offset))
goto page_not_up_to_date_locked;
unlock_page(page);
}
page_ok:
/*
* i_size must be checked after we know the page is Uptodate.
*
* Checking i_size after the check allows us to calculate
* the correct value for "nr", which means the zero-filled
* part of the page is not copied back to userspace (unless
* another truncate extends the file - this is desired though).
*/
isize = i_size_read(inode);
end_index = (isize - 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
if (unlikely(!isize || index > end_index)) {
page_cache_release(page);
goto out;
}
/* nr is the maximum number of bytes to copy from this page */
nr = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
if (index == end_index) {
nr = ((isize - 1) & ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK) + 1;
if (nr <= offset) {
page_cache_release(page);
goto out;
}
}
nr = nr - offset;
/* If users can be writing to this page using arbitrary
* virtual addresses, take care about potential aliasing
* before reading the page on the kernel side.
*/
if (mapping_writably_mapped(mapping))
flush_dcache_page(page);
/*
* When a sequential read accesses a page several times,
* only mark it as accessed the first time.
*/
if (prev_index != index || offset != prev_offset)
mark_page_accessed(page);
prev_index = index;
/*
* Ok, we have the page, and it's up-to-date, so
* now we can copy it to user space...
*
* The actor routine returns how many bytes were actually used..
* NOTE! This may not be the same as how much of a user buffer
* we filled up (we may be padding etc), so we can only update
* "pos" here (the actor routine has to update the user buffer
* pointers and the remaining count).
*/
ret = actor(desc, page, offset, nr);
offset += ret;
index += offset >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
offset &= ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK;
prev_offset = offset;
page_cache_release(page);
if (ret == nr && desc->count)
continue;
goto out;
page_not_up_to_date:
/* Get exclusive access to the page ... */
error = lock_page_killable(page);
if (unlikely(error))
goto readpage_error;
page_not_up_to_date_locked:
/* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */
if (!page->mapping) {
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
continue;
}
/* Did somebody else fill it already? */
if (PageUptodate(page)) {
unlock_page(page);
goto page_ok;
}
readpage:
/*
* A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary
* failures, eg. multipath errors.
* PG_error will be set again if readpage fails.
*/
ClearPageError(page);
/* Start the actual read. The read will unlock the page. */
error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(filp, page);
if (unlikely(error)) {
if (error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE) {
page_cache_release(page);
goto find_page;
}
goto readpage_error;
}
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
error = lock_page_killable(page);
if (unlikely(error))
goto readpage_error;
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
if (page->mapping == NULL) {
/*
* invalidate_mapping_pages got it
*/
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
goto find_page;
}
unlock_page(page);
shrink_readahead_size_eio(filp, ra);
error = -EIO;
goto readpage_error;
}
unlock_page(page);
}
goto page_ok;
readpage_error:
/* UHHUH! A synchronous read error occurred. Report it */
desc->error = error;
page_cache_release(page);
goto out;
no_cached_page:
/*
* Ok, it wasn't cached, so we need to create a new
* page..
*/
page = page_cache_alloc_cold(mapping);
if (!page) {
desc->error = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
error = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping,
index, GFP_KERNEL);
if (error) {
page_cache_release(page);
if (error == -EEXIST)
goto find_page;
desc->error = error;
goto out;
}
goto readpage;
}
out:
ra->prev_pos = prev_index;
ra->prev_pos <<= PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
ra->prev_pos |= prev_offset;
*ppos = ((loff_t)index << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT) + offset;
file_accessed(filp);
}
int file_read_actor(read_descriptor_t *desc, struct page *page,
unsigned long offset, unsigned long size)
{
char *kaddr;
unsigned long left, count = desc->count;
if (size > count)
size = count;
/*
* Faults on the destination of a read are common, so do it before
* taking the kmap.
*/
if (!fault_in_pages_writeable(desc->arg.buf, size)) {
kaddr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
left = __copy_to_user_inatomic(desc->arg.buf,
kaddr + offset, size);
kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
if (left == 0)
goto success;
}
/* Do it the slow way */
kaddr = kmap(page);
left = __copy_to_user(desc->arg.buf, kaddr + offset, size);
kunmap(page);
if (left) {
size -= left;
desc->error = -EFAULT;
}
success:
desc->count = count - size;
desc->written += size;
desc->arg.buf += size;
return size;
}
/*
* Performs necessary checks before doing a write
* @iov: io vector request
* @nr_segs: number of segments in the iovec
* @count: number of bytes to write
* @access_flags: type of access: %VERIFY_READ or %VERIFY_WRITE
*
* Adjust number of segments and amount of bytes to write (nr_segs should be
* properly initialized first). Returns appropriate error code that caller
* should return or zero in case that write should be allowed.
*/
int generic_segment_checks(const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long *nr_segs, size_t *count, int access_flags)
{
unsigned long seg;
size_t cnt = 0;
for (seg = 0; seg < *nr_segs; seg++) {
const struct iovec *iv = &iov[seg];
/*
* If any segment has a negative length, or the cumulative
* length ever wraps negative then return -EINVAL.
*/
cnt += iv->iov_len;
if (unlikely((ssize_t)(cnt|iv->iov_len) < 0))
return -EINVAL;
if (access_ok(access_flags, iv->iov_base, iv->iov_len))
continue;
if (seg == 0)
return -EFAULT;
*nr_segs = seg;
cnt -= iv->iov_len; /* This segment is no good */
break;
}
*count = cnt;
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_segment_checks);
/**
* generic_file_aio_read - generic filesystem read routine
* @iocb: kernel I/O control block
* @iov: io vector request
* @nr_segs: number of segments in the iovec
* @pos: current file position
*
* This is the "read()" routine for all filesystems
* that can use the page cache directly.
*/
ssize_t
generic_file_aio_read(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
{
struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp;
ssize_t retval;
unsigned long seg = 0;
size_t count;
loff_t *ppos = &iocb->ki_pos;
struct blk_plug plug;
count = 0;
retval = generic_segment_checks(iov, &nr_segs, &count, VERIFY_WRITE);
if (retval)
return retval;
blk_start_plug(&plug);
/* coalesce the iovecs and go direct-to-BIO for O_DIRECT */
if (filp->f_flags & O_DIRECT) {
loff_t size;
struct address_space *mapping;
struct inode *inode;
mapping = filp->f_mapping;
inode = mapping->host;
if (!count)
goto out; /* skip atime */
size = i_size_read(inode);
if (pos < size) {
retval = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, pos,
pos + iov_length(iov, nr_segs) - 1);
if (!retval) {
retval = mapping->a_ops->direct_IO(READ, iocb,
iov, pos, nr_segs);
}
if (retval > 0) {
*ppos = pos + retval;
count -= retval;
}
/*
* Btrfs can have a short DIO read if we encounter
* compressed extents, so if there was an error, or if
* we've already read everything we wanted to, or if
* there was a short read because we hit EOF, go ahead
* and return. Otherwise fallthrough to buffered io for
* the rest of the read.
*/
if (retval < 0 || !count || *ppos >= size) {
file_accessed(filp);
goto out;
}
}
}
count = retval;
for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) {
read_descriptor_t desc;
loff_t offset = 0;
/*
* If we did a short DIO read we need to skip the section of the
* iov that we've already read data into.
*/
if (count) {
if (count > iov[seg].iov_len) {
count -= iov[seg].iov_len;
continue;
}
offset = count;
count = 0;
}
desc.written = 0;
desc.arg.buf = iov[seg].iov_base + offset;
desc.count = iov[seg].iov_len - offset;
if (desc.count == 0)
continue;
desc.error = 0;
do_generic_file_read(filp, ppos, &desc, file_read_actor);
retval += desc.written;
if (desc.error) {
retval = retval ?: desc.error;
break;
}
if (desc.count > 0)
break;
}
out:
blk_finish_plug(&plug);
return retval;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_aio_read);
static ssize_t
do_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *filp,
pgoff_t index, unsigned long nr)
{
if (!mapping || !mapping->a_ops || !mapping->a_ops->readpage)
return -EINVAL;
force_page_cache_readahead(mapping, filp, index, nr);
return 0;
}
SYSCALL_DEFINE(readahead)(int fd, loff_t offset, size_t count)
{
ssize_t ret;
struct file *file;
ret = -EBADF;
file = fget(fd);
if (file) {
if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
pgoff_t start = offset >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
pgoff_t end = (offset + count - 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
unsigned long len = end - start + 1;
ret = do_readahead(mapping, file, start, len);
}
fput(file);
}
return ret;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SYSCALL_WRAPPERS
asmlinkage long SyS_readahead(long fd, loff_t offset, long count)
{
return SYSC_readahead((int) fd, offset, (size_t) count);
}
SYSCALL_ALIAS(sys_readahead, SyS_readahead);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
/**
* page_cache_read - adds requested page to the page cache if not already there
* @file: file to read
* @offset: page index
*
* This adds the requested page to the page cache if it isn't already there,
* and schedules an I/O to read in its contents from disk.
*/
static int page_cache_read(struct file *file, pgoff_t offset)
{
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
struct page *page;
int ret;
do {
page = page_cache_alloc_cold(mapping);
if (!page)
return -ENOMEM;
ret = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, offset, GFP_KERNEL);
if (ret == 0)
ret = mapping->a_ops->readpage(file, page);
else if (ret == -EEXIST)
ret = 0; /* losing race to add is OK */
page_cache_release(page);
} while (ret == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE);
return ret;
}
#define MMAP_LOTSAMISS (100)
/*
* Synchronous readahead happens when we don't even find
* a page in the page cache at all.
*/
static void do_sync_mmap_readahead(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct file_ra_state *ra,
struct file *file,
pgoff_t offset)
{
unsigned long ra_pages;
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
/* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */
if (VM_RandomReadHint(vma))
return;
if (!ra->ra_pages)
return;
if (VM_SequentialReadHint(vma)) {
page_cache_sync_readahead(mapping, ra, file, offset,
ra->ra_pages);
return;
}
/* Avoid banging the cache line if not needed */
if (ra->mmap_miss < MMAP_LOTSAMISS * 10)
ra->mmap_miss++;
/*
* Do we miss much more than hit in this file? If so,
* stop bothering with read-ahead. It will only hurt.
*/
if (ra->mmap_miss > MMAP_LOTSAMISS)
return;
/*
* mmap read-around
*/
ra_pages = max_sane_readahead(ra->ra_pages);
ra->start = max_t(long, 0, offset - ra_pages / 2);
ra->size = ra_pages;
ra->async_size = ra_pages / 4;
ra_submit(ra, mapping, file);
}
/*
* Asynchronous readahead happens when we find the page and PG_readahead,
* so we want to possibly extend the readahead further..
*/
static void do_async_mmap_readahead(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct file_ra_state *ra,
struct file *file,
struct page *page,
pgoff_t offset)
{
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
/* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */
if (VM_RandomReadHint(vma))
return;
if (ra->mmap_miss > 0)
ra->mmap_miss--;
if (PageReadahead(page))
page_cache_async_readahead(mapping, ra, file,
page, offset, ra->ra_pages);
}
/**
* filemap_fault - read in file data for page fault handling
* @vma: vma in which the fault was taken
* @vmf: struct vm_fault containing details of the fault
*
* filemap_fault() is invoked via the vma operations vector for a
* mapped memory region to read in file data during a page fault.
*
* The goto's are kind of ugly, but this streamlines the normal case of having
* it in the page cache, and handles the special cases reasonably without
* having a lot of duplicated code.
*/
int filemap_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
int error;
struct file *file = vma->vm_file;
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff;
struct page *page;
pgoff_t size;
int ret = 0;
size = (i_size_read(inode) + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
if (offset >= size)
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
/*
* Do we have something in the page cache already?
*/
page = find_get_page(mapping, offset);
if (likely(page)) {
/*
* We found the page, so try async readahead before
* waiting for the lock.
*/
do_async_mmap_readahead(vma, ra, file, page, offset);
} else {
/* No page in the page cache at all */
do_sync_mmap_readahead(vma, ra, file, offset);
count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT);
mem_cgroup_count_vm_event(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT);
ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR;
retry_find:
page = find_get_page(mapping, offset);
if (!page)
goto no_cached_page;
}
if (!lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags)) {
page_cache_release(page);
return ret | VM_FAULT_RETRY;
}
/* Did it get truncated? */
if (unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) {
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
goto retry_find;
}
VM_BUG_ON(page->index != offset);
/*
* We have a locked page in the page cache, now we need to check
* that it's up-to-date. If not, it is going to be due to an error.
*/
if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page)))
goto page_not_uptodate;
/*
* Found the page and have a reference on it.
* We must recheck i_size under page lock.
*/
size = (i_size_read(inode) + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
if (unlikely(offset >= size)) {
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
}
vmf->page = page;
return ret | VM_FAULT_LOCKED;
no_cached_page:
/*
* We're only likely to ever get here if MADV_RANDOM is in
* effect.
*/
error = page_cache_read(file, offset);
/*
* The page we want has now been added to the page cache.
* In the unlikely event that someone removed it in the
* meantime, we'll just come back here and read it again.
*/
if (error >= 0)
goto retry_find;
/*
* An error return from page_cache_read can result if the
* system is low on memory, or a problem occurs while trying
* to schedule I/O.
*/
if (error == -ENOMEM)
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
page_not_uptodate:
/*
* Umm, take care of errors if the page isn't up-to-date.
* Try to re-read it _once_. We do this synchronously,
* because there really aren't any performance issues here
* and we need to check for errors.
*/
ClearPageError(page);
error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(file, page);
if (!error) {
wait_on_page_locked(page);
if (!PageUptodate(page))
error = -EIO;
}
page_cache_release(page);
if (!error || error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE)
goto retry_find;
/* Things didn't work out. Return zero to tell the mm layer so. */
shrink_readahead_size_eio(file, ra);
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fault);
const struct vm_operations_struct generic_file_vm_ops = {
.fault = filemap_fault,
};
/* This is used for a general mmap of a disk file */
int generic_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma)
{
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage)
return -ENOEXEC;
file_accessed(file);
vma->vm_ops = &generic_file_vm_ops;
vma->vm_flags |= VM_CAN_NONLINEAR;
return 0;
}
/*
* This is for filesystems which do not implement ->writepage.
*/
int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYWRITE))
return -EINVAL;
return generic_file_mmap(file, vma);
}
#else
int generic_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma)
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma)
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_mmap);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_readonly_mmap);
static struct page *__read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index,
int (*filler)(void *,struct page*),
void *data,
gfp_t gfp)
{
struct page *page;
int err;
repeat:
page = find_get_page(mapping, index);
if (!page) {
page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp | __GFP_COLD);
if (!page)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
err = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index, GFP_KERNEL);
if (unlikely(err)) {
page_cache_release(page);
if (err == -EEXIST)
goto repeat;
/* Presumably ENOMEM for radix tree node */
return ERR_PTR(err);
}
err = filler(data, page);
if (err < 0) {
page_cache_release(page);
page = ERR_PTR(err);
}
}
return page;
}
static struct page *do_read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index,
int (*filler)(void *,struct page*),
void *data,
gfp_t gfp)
{
struct page *page;
int err;
retry:
page = __read_cache_page(mapping, index, filler, data, gfp);
if (IS_ERR(page))
return page;
if (PageUptodate(page))
goto out;
lock_page(page);
if (!page->mapping) {
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
goto retry;
}
if (PageUptodate(page)) {
unlock_page(page);
goto out;
}
err = filler(data, page);
if (err < 0) {
page_cache_release(page);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}
out:
mark_page_accessed(page);
return page;
}
/**
* read_cache_page_async - read into page cache, fill it if needed
* @mapping: the page's address_space
* @index: the page index
* @filler: function to perform the read
* @data: destination for read data
*
* Same as read_cache_page, but don't wait for page to become unlocked
* after submitting it to the filler.
*
* Read into the page cache. If a page already exists, and PageUptodate() is
* not set, try to fill the page but don't wait for it to become unlocked.
*
* If the page does not get brought uptodate, return -EIO.
*/
struct page *read_cache_page_async(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index,
int (*filler)(void *,struct page*),
void *data)
{
return do_read_cache_page(mapping, index, filler, data, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_cache_page_async);
static struct page *wait_on_page_read(struct page *page)
{
if (!IS_ERR(page)) {
wait_on_page_locked(page);
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
page_cache_release(page);
page = ERR_PTR(-EIO);
}
}
return page;
}
/**
* read_cache_page_gfp - read into page cache, using specified page allocation flags.
* @mapping: the page's address_space
* @index: the page index
* @gfp: the page allocator flags to use if allocating
*
* This is the same as "read_mapping_page(mapping, index, NULL)", but with
* any new page allocations done using the specified allocation flags. Note
* that the Radix tree operations will still use GFP_KERNEL, so you can't
* expect to do this atomically or anything like that - but you can pass in
* other page requirements.
*
* If the page does not get brought uptodate, return -EIO.
*/
struct page *read_cache_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index,
gfp_t gfp)
{
filler_t *filler = (filler_t *)mapping->a_ops->readpage;
return wait_on_page_read(do_read_cache_page(mapping, index, filler, NULL, gfp));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_cache_page_gfp);
/**
* read_cache_page - read into page cache, fill it if needed
* @mapping: the page's address_space
* @index: the page index
* @filler: function to perform the read
* @data: destination for read data
*
* Read into the page cache. If a page already exists, and PageUptodate() is
* not set, try to fill the page then wait for it to become unlocked.
*
* If the page does not get brought uptodate, return -EIO.
*/
struct page *read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index,
int (*filler)(void *,struct page*),
void *data)
{
return wait_on_page_read(read_cache_page_async(mapping, index, filler, data));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_cache_page);
/*
* The logic we want is
*
* if suid or (sgid and xgrp)
* remove privs
*/
int should_remove_suid(struct dentry *dentry)
{
mode_t mode = dentry->d_inode->i_mode;
int kill = 0;
/* suid always must be killed */
if (unlikely(mode & S_ISUID))
kill = ATTR_KILL_SUID;
/*
* sgid without any exec bits is just a mandatory locking mark; leave
* it alone. If some exec bits are set, it's a real sgid; kill it.
*/
if (unlikely((mode & S_ISGID) && (mode & S_IXGRP)))
kill |= ATTR_KILL_SGID;
if (unlikely(kill && !capable(CAP_FSETID) && S_ISREG(mode)))
return kill;
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(should_remove_suid);
static int __remove_suid(struct dentry *dentry, int kill)
{
struct iattr newattrs;
newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_FORCE | kill;
return notify_change(dentry, &newattrs);
}
int file_remove_suid(struct file *file)
{
struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry;
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
int killsuid;
int killpriv;
int error = 0;
/* Fast path for nothing security related */
if (IS_NOSEC(inode))
return 0;
killsuid = should_remove_suid(dentry);
killpriv = security_inode_need_killpriv(dentry);
if (killpriv < 0)
return killpriv;
if (killpriv)
error = security_inode_killpriv(dentry);
if (!error && killsuid)
error = __remove_suid(dentry, killsuid);
if (!error && (inode->i_sb->s_flags & MS_NOSEC))
inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC;
return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_remove_suid);
static size_t __iovec_copy_from_user_inatomic(char *vaddr,
const struct iovec *iov, size_t base, size_t bytes)
{
size_t copied = 0, left = 0;
while (bytes) {
char __user *buf = iov->iov_base + base;
int copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - base);
base = 0;
left = __copy_from_user_inatomic(vaddr, buf, copy);
copied += copy;
bytes -= copy;
vaddr += copy;
iov++;
if (unlikely(left))
break;
}
return copied - left;
}
/*
* Copy as much as we can into the page and return the number of bytes which
* were successfully copied. If a fault is encountered then return the number of
* bytes which were copied.
*/
size_t iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(struct page *page,
struct iov_iter *i, unsigned long offset, size_t bytes)
{
char *kaddr;
size_t copied;
BUG_ON(!in_atomic());
kaddr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
if (likely(i->nr_segs == 1)) {
int left;
char __user *buf = i->iov->iov_base + i->iov_offset;
left = __copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr + offset, buf, bytes);
copied = bytes - left;
} else {
copied = __iovec_copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr + offset,
i->iov, i->iov_offset, bytes);
}
kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
return copied;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic);
/*
* This has the same sideeffects and return value as
* iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic().
* The difference is that it attempts to resolve faults.
* Page must not be locked.
*/
size_t iov_iter_copy_from_user(struct page *page,
struct iov_iter *i, unsigned long offset, size_t bytes)
{
char *kaddr;
size_t copied;
kaddr = kmap(page);
if (likely(i->nr_segs == 1)) {
int left;
char __user *buf = i->iov->iov_base + i->iov_offset;
left = __copy_from_user(kaddr + offset, buf, bytes);
copied = bytes - left;
} else {
copied = __iovec_copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr + offset,
i->iov, i->iov_offset, bytes);
}
kunmap(page);
return copied;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_copy_from_user);
void iov_iter_advance(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes)
{
BUG_ON(i->count < bytes);
if (likely(i->nr_segs == 1)) {
i->iov_offset += bytes;
i->count -= bytes;
} else {
const struct iovec *iov = i->iov;
size_t base = i->iov_offset;
/*
* The !iov->iov_len check ensures we skip over unlikely
* zero-length segments (without overruning the iovec).
*/
while (bytes || unlikely(i->count && !iov->iov_len)) {
int copy;
copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - base);
BUG_ON(!i->count || i->count < copy);
i->count -= copy;
bytes -= copy;
base += copy;
if (iov->iov_len == base) {
iov++;
base = 0;
}
}
i->iov = iov;
i->iov_offset = base;
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_advance);
/*
* Fault in the first iovec of the given iov_iter, to a maximum length
* of bytes. Returns 0 on success, or non-zero if the memory could not be
* accessed (ie. because it is an invalid address).
*
* writev-intensive code may want this to prefault several iovecs -- that
* would be possible (callers must not rely on the fact that _only_ the
* first iovec will be faulted with the current implementation).
*/
int iov_iter_fault_in_readable(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes)
{
char __user *buf = i->iov->iov_base + i->iov_offset;
bytes = min(bytes, i->iov->iov_len - i->iov_offset);
return fault_in_pages_readable(buf, bytes);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_fault_in_readable);
/*
* Return the count of just the current iov_iter segment.
*/
size_t iov_iter_single_seg_count(struct iov_iter *i)
{
const struct iovec *iov = i->iov;
if (i->nr_segs == 1)
return i->count;
else
return min(i->count, iov->iov_len - i->iov_offset);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_single_seg_count);
/*
* Performs necessary checks before doing a write
*
* Can adjust writing position or amount of bytes to write.
* Returns appropriate error code that caller should return or
* zero in case that write should be allowed.
*/
inline int generic_write_checks(struct file *file, loff_t *pos, size_t *count, int isblk)
{
struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
unsigned long limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_FSIZE);
if (unlikely(*pos < 0))
return -EINVAL;
if (!isblk) {
/* FIXME: this is for backwards compatibility with 2.4 */
if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND)
*pos = i_size_read(inode);
if (limit != RLIM_INFINITY) {
if (*pos >= limit) {
send_sig(SIGXFSZ, current, 0);
return -EFBIG;
}
if (*count > limit - (typeof(limit))*pos) {
*count = limit - (typeof(limit))*pos;
}
}
}
/*
* LFS rule
*/
if (unlikely(*pos + *count > MAX_NON_LFS &&
!(file->f_flags & O_LARGEFILE))) {
if (*pos >= MAX_NON_LFS) {
return -EFBIG;
}
if (*count > MAX_NON_LFS - (unsigned long)*pos) {
*count = MAX_NON_LFS - (unsigned long)*pos;
}
}
/*
* Are we about to exceed the fs block limit ?
*
* If we have written data it becomes a short write. If we have
* exceeded without writing data we send a signal and return EFBIG.
* Linus frestrict idea will clean these up nicely..
*/
if (likely(!isblk)) {
if (unlikely(*pos >= inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes)) {
if (*count || *pos > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes) {
return -EFBIG;
}
/* zero-length writes at ->s_maxbytes are OK */
}
if (unlikely(*pos + *count > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes))
*count = inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes - *pos;
} else {
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
loff_t isize;
if (bdev_read_only(I_BDEV(inode)))
return -EPERM;
isize = i_size_read(inode);
if (*pos >= isize) {
if (*count || *pos > isize)
return -ENOSPC;
}
if (*pos + *count > isize)
*count = isize - *pos;
#else
return -EPERM;
#endif
}
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_write_checks);
int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags,
struct page **pagep, void **fsdata)
{
const struct address_space_operations *aops = mapping->a_ops;
return aops->write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags,
pagep, fsdata);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_write_begin);
int pagecache_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
struct page *page, void *fsdata)
{
const struct address_space_operations *aops = mapping->a_ops;
mark_page_accessed(page);
return aops->write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_write_end);
ssize_t
generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long *nr_segs, loff_t pos, loff_t *ppos,
size_t count, size_t ocount)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
ssize_t written;
size_t write_len;
pgoff_t end;
if (count != ocount)
*nr_segs = iov_shorten((struct iovec *)iov, *nr_segs, count);
write_len = iov_length(iov, *nr_segs);
end = (pos + write_len - 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
written = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, pos, pos + write_len - 1);
if (written)
goto out;
/*
* After a write we want buffered reads to be sure to go to disk to get
* the new data. We invalidate clean cached page from the region we're
* about to write. We do this *before* the write so that we can return
* without clobbering -EIOCBQUEUED from ->direct_IO().
*/
if (mapping->nrpages) {
written = invalidate_inode_pages2_range(mapping,
pos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT, end);
/*
* If a page can not be invalidated, return 0 to fall back
* to buffered write.
*/
if (written) {
if (written == -EBUSY)
return 0;
goto out;
}
}
written = mapping->a_ops->direct_IO(WRITE, iocb, iov, pos, *nr_segs);
/*
* Finally, try again to invalidate clean pages which might have been
* cached by non-direct readahead, or faulted in by get_user_pages()
* if the source of the write was an mmap'ed region of the file
* we're writing. Either one is a pretty crazy thing to do,
* so we don't support it 100%. If this invalidation
* fails, tough, the write still worked...
*/
if (mapping->nrpages) {
invalidate_inode_pages2_range(mapping,
pos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT, end);
}
if (written > 0) {
pos += written;
if (pos > i_size_read(inode) && !S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
i_size_write(inode, pos);
mark_inode_dirty(inode);
}
*ppos = pos;
}
out:
return written;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_direct_write);
/*
* Find or create a page at the given pagecache position. Return the locked
* page. This function is specifically for buffered writes.
*/
struct page *grab_cache_page_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, unsigned flags)
{
int status;
struct page *page;
gfp_t gfp_notmask = 0;
if (flags & AOP_FLAG_NOFS)
gfp_notmask = __GFP_FS;
repeat:
page = find_lock_page(mapping, index);
if (page)
goto found;
page = __page_cache_alloc(mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & ~gfp_notmask);
if (!page)
return NULL;
status = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index,
GFP_KERNEL & ~gfp_notmask);
if (unlikely(status)) {
page_cache_release(page);
if (status == -EEXIST)
goto repeat;
return NULL;
}
found:
wait_on_page_writeback(page);
return page;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(grab_cache_page_write_begin);
static ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *file,
struct iov_iter *i, loff_t pos)
{
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
const struct address_space_operations *a_ops = mapping->a_ops;
long status = 0;
ssize_t written = 0;
unsigned int flags = 0;
/*
* Copies from kernel address space cannot fail (NFSD is a big user).
*/
if (segment_eq(get_fs(), KERNEL_DS))
flags |= AOP_FLAG_UNINTERRUPTIBLE;
do {
struct page *page;
unsigned long offset; /* Offset into pagecache page */
unsigned long bytes; /* Bytes to write to page */
size_t copied; /* Bytes copied from user */
void *fsdata;
offset = (pos & (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1));
bytes = min_t(unsigned long, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - offset,
iov_iter_count(i));
again:
/*
* Bring in the user page that we will copy from _first_.
* Otherwise there's a nasty deadlock on copying from the
* same page as we're writing to, without it being marked
* up-to-date.
*
* Not only is this an optimisation, but it is also required
* to check that the address is actually valid, when atomic
* usercopies are used, below.
*/
if (unlikely(iov_iter_fault_in_readable(i, bytes))) {
status = -EFAULT;
break;
}
status = a_ops->write_begin(file, mapping, pos, bytes, flags,
&page, &fsdata);
if (unlikely(status))
break;
if (mapping_writably_mapped(mapping))
flush_dcache_page(page);
pagefault_disable();
copied = iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(page, i, offset, bytes);
pagefault_enable();
flush_dcache_page(page);
mark_page_accessed(page);
status = a_ops->write_end(file, mapping, pos, bytes, copied,
page, fsdata);
if (unlikely(status < 0))
break;
copied = status;
cond_resched();
iov_iter_advance(i, copied);
if (unlikely(copied == 0)) {
/*
* If we were unable to copy any data at all, we must
* fall back to a single segment length write.
*
* If we didn't fallback here, we could livelock
* because not all segments in the iov can be copied at
* once without a pagefault.
*/
bytes = min_t(unsigned long, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - offset,
iov_iter_single_seg_count(i));
goto again;
}
pos += copied;
written += copied;
balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping);
} while (iov_iter_count(i));
return written ? written : status;
}
ssize_t
generic_file_buffered_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos, loff_t *ppos,
size_t count, ssize_t written)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
ssize_t status;
struct iov_iter i;
iov_iter_init(&i, iov, nr_segs, count, written);
status = generic_perform_write(file, &i, pos);
if (likely(status >= 0)) {
written += status;
*ppos = pos + status;
}
return written ? written : status;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_buffered_write);
/**
* __generic_file_aio_write - write data to a file
* @iocb: IO state structure (file, offset, etc.)
* @iov: vector with data to write
* @nr_segs: number of segments in the vector
* @ppos: position where to write
*
* This function does all the work needed for actually writing data to a
* file. It does all basic checks, removes SUID from the file, updates
* modification times and calls proper subroutines depending on whether we
* do direct IO or a standard buffered write.
*
* It expects i_mutex to be grabbed unless we work on a block device or similar
* object which does not need locking at all.
*
* This function does *not* take care of syncing data in case of O_SYNC write.
* A caller has to handle it. This is mainly due to the fact that we want to
* avoid syncing under i_mutex.
*/
ssize_t __generic_file_aio_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct address_space * mapping = file->f_mapping;
size_t ocount; /* original count */
size_t count; /* after file limit checks */
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
loff_t pos;
ssize_t written;
ssize_t err;
ocount = 0;
err = generic_segment_checks(iov, &nr_segs, &ocount, VERIFY_READ);
if (err)
return err;
count = ocount;
pos = *ppos;
vfs_check_frozen(inode->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE);
/* We can write back this queue in page reclaim */
current->backing_dev_info = mapping->backing_dev_info;
written = 0;
err = generic_write_checks(file, &pos, &count, S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode));
if (err)
goto out;
if (count == 0)
goto out;
err = file_remove_suid(file);
if (err)
goto out;
file_update_time(file);
/* coalesce the iovecs and go direct-to-BIO for O_DIRECT */
if (unlikely(file->f_flags & O_DIRECT)) {
loff_t endbyte;
ssize_t written_buffered;
written = generic_file_direct_write(iocb, iov, &nr_segs, pos,
ppos, count, ocount);
if (written < 0 || written == count)
goto out;
/*
* direct-io write to a hole: fall through to buffered I/O
* for completing the rest of the request.
*/
pos += written;
count -= written;
written_buffered = generic_file_buffered_write(iocb, iov,
nr_segs, pos, ppos, count,
written);
/*
* If generic_file_buffered_write() retuned a synchronous error
* then we want to return the number of bytes which were
* direct-written, or the error code if that was zero. Note
* that this differs from normal direct-io semantics, which
* will return -EFOO even if some bytes were written.
*/
if (written_buffered < 0) {
err = written_buffered;
goto out;
}
/*
* We need to ensure that the page cache pages are written to
* disk and invalidated to preserve the expected O_DIRECT
* semantics.
*/
endbyte = pos + written_buffered - written - 1;
err = filemap_write_and_wait_range(file->f_mapping, pos, endbyte);
if (err == 0) {
written = written_buffered;
invalidate_mapping_pages(mapping,
pos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT,
endbyte >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT);
} else {
/*
* We don't know how much we wrote, so just return
* the number of bytes which were direct-written
*/
}
} else {
written = generic_file_buffered_write(iocb, iov, nr_segs,
pos, ppos, count, written);
}
out:
current->backing_dev_info = NULL;
return written ? written : err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__generic_file_aio_write);
/**
* generic_file_aio_write - write data to a file
* @iocb: IO state structure
* @iov: vector with data to write
* @nr_segs: number of segments in the vector
* @pos: position in file where to write
*
* This is a wrapper around __generic_file_aio_write() to be used by most
* filesystems. It takes care of syncing the file in case of O_SYNC file
* and acquires i_mutex as needed.
*/
ssize_t generic_file_aio_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
struct blk_plug plug;
ssize_t ret;
BUG_ON(iocb->ki_pos != pos);
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
blk_start_plug(&plug);
ret = __generic_file_aio_write(iocb, iov, nr_segs, &iocb->ki_pos);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
if (ret > 0 || ret == -EIOCBQUEUED) {
ssize_t err;
err = generic_write_sync(file, pos, ret);
if (err < 0 && ret > 0)
ret = err;
}
blk_finish_plug(&plug);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_aio_write);
/**
* try_to_release_page() - release old fs-specific metadata on a page
*
* @page: the page which the kernel is trying to free
* @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags (and I/O mode)
*
* The address_space is to try to release any data against the page
* (presumably at page->private). If the release was successful, return `1'.
* Otherwise return zero.
*
* This may also be called if PG_fscache is set on a page, indicating that the
* page is known to the local caching routines.
*
* The @gfp_mask argument specifies whether I/O may be performed to release
* this page (__GFP_IO), and whether the call may block (__GFP_WAIT & __GFP_FS).
*
*/
int try_to_release_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct address_space * const mapping = page->mapping;
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
if (PageWriteback(page))
return 0;
if (mapping && mapping->a_ops->releasepage)
return mapping->a_ops->releasepage(page, gfp_mask);
return try_to_free_buffers(page);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_release_page);
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