Redux action creator for making async actions compatible with redux-promise-middleware
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Create Redux actions with a type and payload in a standardized way. Inspired by redux-actions but simpler and with special support for asynchronous actions (promises).

Has no dependencies and is tiny (~680 bytes gzipped). First class TypeScript support.

Works with redux-promise-middleware to handle asynchronous actions by dispatching pending, fulfilled and rejected events based on the state of the input promise.

Goals of this library:

  • Reference action creators directly - no need to maintain an action type enum/list
  • Automatically generate actions for pending, fulfilled and rejected outcomes of a promise payload
  • Have statically typed access to all action types - no need to manually add a type suffix like "_PENDING"
  • TypeScript support so asynchronous actions can't be confused for normal synchronous actions

Note: If you are using TypeScript this library requires TypeScript 3. For TypeScript 2 use version 1 of this library.


You need to install this library as well as redux-promise-middleware.

npm install redux-promise-middleware-actions redux-promise-middleware

Include redux-promise-middleware when you create your store:

import promiseMiddleware from 'redux-promise-middleware';

composeStoreWithMiddleware = applyMiddleware(


Synchronous action

Synchronous actions works exactly like redux-actions. You supply a function that returns whatever payload the action should have (if any).

import { createAction } from 'redux-promise-middleware-actions';

export const foo = createAction('FOO', (num) => num);

dispatch(foo(5)); // { type: 'FOO', payload: 5 }

When handling the action in a reducer, you simply cast the action function to a string to return the type. This ensures type safety (no spelling errors) and you can use code navigation to find all uses of an action.

const fooType = String(foo); // 'FOO'

Asynchronous action

When you create an asynchronous action you need to return a promise payload. If your action is called FOO the following events will be dispatched:

  1. FOO_PENDING is dispatched immediately
  2. FOO_FULFILLED is dispatched when the promise is resolved
    • ... or FOO_REJECTED is dispatched instead if the promise is rejected
import { createAsyncAction } from 'redux-promise-middleware-actions';

export const fetchData = createAsyncAction('FETCH_DATA', async () => {
  const res = await fetch(...);
  return res.json();

dispatch(fetchData()); // { type: 'FETCH_DATA_PENDING' }

An async action function has three properties to access the possible outcome actions: pending, fulfilled and rejected. You can dispatch them directly (in tests etc.):

dispatch(fetchData.pending());          // { type: 'FETCH_DATA_PENDING' }
dispacth(fetchData.fulfilled(payload)); // { type: 'FETCH_DATA_FULFILLED', payload: ... }
dispacth(fetchData.rejected(err));      // { type: 'FETCH_DATA_REJECTED', payload: err, error: true }

But normally you only need them when you are writing reducers:

case String(fetchData.pending):   // 'FETCH_DATA_PENDING'
case String(fetchData.fulfilled): // 'FETCH_DATA_FULFILLED'
case String(fetchData.rejected):  // 'FETCH_DATA_REJECTED'

Note that if you try and use the base function in a reducer, an error will be thrown to ensure you are not listening for an action that will never happen:

case String(fetchData): // throws an error

Async reducer

You can now handle the different events in your reducer by referencing the possible outcome states:

import { fetchData } from './actions';

export default (state, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    case String(fetchData.pending):
      return {
        pending: true,
    case String(fetchData.fulfilled):
      return {
        data: action.payload,
        error: undefined,
        pending: false,
    case String(fetchData.rejected):
      return {
        error: action.payload,
        pending: false,
      return state;

Async reducer helper

It can get tedious writing the same reducer for every single async action so we've included a simple reducer that does the same as the example above:

import { asyncReducer } from 'redux-promise-middleware-actions';
import { fetchData } from './actions';

export default asyncReducer(fetchData);

You can also combine it with an existing reducer:

import { asyncReducer } from 'redux-promise-middleware-actions';
import { fetchData } from './actions';

const fetchReducer = asyncReducer(fetchData);

export default (state, action) => {
  const newState = fetchReducer(state, action);

  switch (action.type) {
      return { ... };
      return newState;


You can add metadata to any action by supplying an additional metadata creator function. The metadata creator will receive the same arguments as the payload creator:

createAction(type, payloadCreator, metadataCreator)

export const foo = createAction(
  (num) => num,
  (num) => num + num

dispatch(foo(5)); // { type: 'FOO', meta: 10, payload: 5 }

createAsyncAction(type, payloadCreator, metadataCreator)

export const fetchData = createAsyncAction(
  (n: number) => fetch(...),
  (n: number) => ({ n })

// { type: 'FETCH_DATA_PENDING', meta: { n: 42 } }
// { type: 'FETCH_DATA_FULFILLED', meta: { n: 42 }, payload: Promise<...> }
// { type: 'FETCH_DATA_REJECTED', meta: { n: 42 }, payload: Error(...) }