MobileNet models perform image classification - they take images as input and classify the major object in the image into a set of pre-defined classes. They are trained on ImageNet dataset which contains images from 1000 classes. MobileNet models are also very efficient in terms of speed and size and hence are ideal for embedded and mobile applications.
MobileNet improves the state-of-the-art performance of mobile models on multiple tasks and benchmarks as well as across a spectrum of different model sizes. MobileNet is based on an inverted residual structure where the shortcut connections are between the thin bottleneck layers. The intermediate expansion layer uses lightweight depthwise convolutions to filter features as a source of non-linearity. Additionally, it removes non-linearities in the narrow layers in order to maintain representational power.
MobileNet reduces the dimensionality of a layer thus reducing the dimensionality of the operating space. The trade off between computation and accuracy is exploited in Mobilenet via a width multiplier parameter approach which allows one to reduce the dimensionality of the activation space until the manifold of interest spans this entire space. The below model is using multiplier value as 1.0.
- Version 2:
|Model||Download||Checksum||Download (with sample test data)||ONNX version||Opset version||Top-1 accuracy (%)||Top-5 accuracy (%)|
|MobileNet v2-1.0||13.6 MB||MD5||14.1 MB||1.2.1||7||70.94||89.99|
We used MXNet as framework with gluon APIs to perform inference. View the notebook imagenet_inference to understand how to use above models for doing inference. Make sure to specify the appropriate model name in the notebook.
All pre-trained models expect input images normalized in the same way, i.e. mini-batches of 3-channel RGB images of shape (N x 3 x H x W), where N is the batch size, and H and W are expected to be at least 224. The inference was done using jpeg image.
The images have to be loaded in to a range of [0, 1] and then normalized using mean = [0.485, 0.456, 0.406] and std = [0.229, 0.224, 0.225]. The transformation should preferrably happen at preprocessing. Check imagenet_preprocess.py for code.
The model outputs image scores for each of the 1000 classes of ImageNet.
The post-processing involves calculating the softmax probablility scores for each class and sorting them to report the most probable classes. Check imagenet_postprocess.py for code.
To do quick inference with the model, check out Model Server.
The accuracies obtained by the model on the validation set are mentioned above. The accuracies have been calculated on center cropped images with a maximum deviation of 1% (top-1 accuracy) from the paper.
We used MXNet as framework with gluon APIs to perform training. View the training notebook to understand details for parameters and network for each of the above variants of MobileNet.
We used MXNet as framework with gluon APIs to perform validation. Use the notebook imagenet_validation to verify the accuracy of the model on the validation set. Make sure to specify the appropriate model name in the notebook.
MobileNet-v2 Model from the paper MobileNetV2: Inverted Residuals and Linear Bottlenecks