Skip to content
master
Switch branches/tags
Code

Latest commit

 

Git stats

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

RDF Serializers

Build Status

About

RDF Serializers enables serialization to RDF formats. It uses fast-jsonapi serializers, with a few modifications. The serialization itself is done by the rdf gem.

This was built at Ontola. If you want to know more about our passion for open data, send us an e-mail.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'rdf-serializers'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Getting started

First, register the formats you wish to serialize to. For example, add the following to config/initializers/rdf_serializers.rb:

require 'rdf/serializers/renderers'

RDF::Serializers::Renderers.register(:ntriples)

This automatically registers the MIME type.

In your controllers, add:

respond_to do |format|
  format.nt { render nt: model }
end

Configuration

You can configure the gem using RDF::Serializers.configure.

RDF::Serializers.configure do |config|
  config.always_include_named_graphs = false # true by default. Whether to include named graphs when the serialization format does not support quads.
  config.default_graph = RDF::URI('https://example.com/graph') # nil by default.
end

Formats

You can register multiple formats, if you add the correct gems. For example, add rdf-turtle to your gemfile and put this in the initializer:

require 'rdf/serializers/renderers'

opts = {
  prefixes: {
    ns:   'http://rdf.freebase.com/ns/',
    key:  'http://rdf.freebase.com/key/',
    owl:  'http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#',
    rdfs: 'http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#',
    rdf:  'http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#',
    xsd:  'http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#'
  }
}

RDF::Serializers::Renderers.register(%i[ntriples turtle], opts)

The RDF gem has a list of available RDF Serialization Formats, which includes:

  • NTriples
  • Turtle
  • N3
  • RDF/XML
  • JSON::LD

and more

Serializing

Add a predicate to the attributes and relations you wish to serialize.

It's recommended to reuse existing vocabularies provided by the rdf gem and the rdf-vocab gem, and add your own vocab for missing predicates. One way to be able to access the different vocabs throughout your application is by defining a module:

require 'rdf'
require "rdf/vocab"

module NS
  SCHEMA = RDF::Vocab::SCHEMA
  MY_VOCAB = RDF::Vocabulary.new('http://example.com/')
end

Now add the predicates to your serializers.

Old:

class PostSerializer
  include JSONAPI::Serializer
  attributes :title, :body
  belongs_to :author
  has_many :comments
end

New:

class PostSerializer
  include RDF::Serializers::ObjectSerializer
  attribute :title, predicate: NS::SCHEMA[:name]
  attribute :body, predicate: NS::SCHEMA[:text]
  belongs_to :author, predicate: NS::MY_VOCAB[:author]
  has_many :comments, predicate: NS::MY_VOCAB[:comments]
end

For RDF serialization, you are required to add an iri method to your model, which must return a RDF::Resource. For example:

  def iri
    RDF::URI(Rails.application.routes.url_helpers.comment_url(object))
  end

In contrast to the JSON API serializer, this rdf serializers don't automatically serialize the type and id of your model. It's recommended to add attribute :type, predicate: RDF[:type] and a method defining the type to your serializers to fix this.

Custom statements per model

You can add custom statements to the serialization of a model in the serializer, for example:

class PostSerializer
  include RDF::Serializers::ObjectSerializer
  statements :my_custom_statements
  
  def my_custom_statements
    [RDF::Statement.new(RDF::URI('https://example.com'), NS::MY_VOCAB[:fooBar], 1)]
  end
end

Meta statements

You can add additional statements to the serialization in the controller, for example:

render nt: model, meta: [RDF::Statement.new(RDF::URI('https://example.com'), NS::MY_VOCAB[:fooBar], 1)]

Contributing

The usual stuff. Open an issue to discuss a change, open pull requests directly for bugfixes and refactors.

About

Adds RDF serialization, like n-triples, json-ld or turtle, to Ruby on Rails active model serializers

Topics

Resources

License

Packages

No packages published

Languages