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;; Access to and use of these products is governed by the GNU General
;; Public License <>. By using
;; these products, you agree to be bound by the terms of the GPL.
;; Content in documentation may be taken from Wikipedia used and subject to
;; GNU Free Documentation License
;; Authors: Adam Pease (apease [at] articulatesoftware [dot] com)
;; We ask that people using or referencing this work cite our primary paper
;; and book:
;; Niles, I., and Pease, A. 2001. Towards a Standard Upper Ontology.
;; In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Formal
;; Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS-2001), Chris Welty and Barry
;; Smith, eds, Ogunquit, Maine, October 17-19, 2001. See also
;; Pease, A., (2011). Ontology: A Practical Guide. Articulate Software Press,
;; Angwin, CA. ISBN 978-1-889455-10-5.
;; This ontology used the BFO Emotion Ontology as a starting point.
;; The comments below are credits for this source material.
;; The original ontology is under Creative Commons license
;; The Emotion Ontology is an ontology for affective phenomena such
;; as emotions and moods. It is being developed collaboratively
;; between the Swiss Centre of Affective Sciences and the University
;; at Buffalo. It builds on the Ontology of Mental Functioning (MFO)
;; and the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO). The latest version of the
;; ontology can always be found at
;; versionInfo "beta 2013-03-25"
;; dc-contributor "Barry Smith"
;; dc-contributor "Janna Hastings"
;; dc-contributor "Kevin Mulligan"
;; Sources for terms and synonyms / translations :
;; GRID project vocabulary resources (Cristina Soriano)
;; Sources for definitions: OCEAS => Oxford Companion to Emotion and the
;; Affective Sciences, ed. David Sander and Klaus Scherer, Oxford University Press, 2009.
;; MFOEM was been translated into SUO-KIF and lightly aligned with SUMO beginning on 4/7/2013
;; substantial expansion and reworking 6/2/2013
;; -------------- Basic concepts --------------
(subclass AppraisalProcess IntentionalPsychologicalProcess)
(documentation AppraisalProcess EnglishLanguage "An appraisal process is
a mental process that gives rise to an appraisal of one's own current
emotional state. It is the conscious
realization that one has unconsciously arrived at a particular mood.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalProcess "appraisal process")
(relatedInternalConcept Appraisal AppraisalProcess)
(instance ?X AppraisalProcess)
(agent ?X ?A))
(exists (?APP)
(instance ?APP Appraisal)
(knows ?A
(attribute ?A ?APP)))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling "subjective
emotional feeling")
(documentation SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling EnglishLanguage "Excluded the
following subjective feelings which appear on the GRID questionnaire
since they seem debatable to what extent they are really *feelings* and
to what extent they are actually *evaluations* or other things: -- felt
submissive/dominant -- felt powerless/powerful")
(subclass SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling EmotionalState)
(documentation SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling EnglishLanguage "The
subjective emotional feeling is an affective representation, that is, a
representation that the organism has about its own affect.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Appraisal "appraisal")
(subclass Appraisal StateOfMind)
(documentation Appraisal EnglishLanguage "An appraisal is a cognitive
representation which represents an evaluation of the relevance of some
triggering object or event to the organism.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EmotionalSpeakingBehavior "emotional
speaking behavior")
(subclass EmotionalSpeakingBehavior Speaking)
(subclass EmotionalSpeakingBehavior EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EmotionalVoiceUtterances "emotional voice
(documentation EmotionalVoiceUtterances EnglishLanguage "The vocal
utterances associated with the characteristic sound of an emotion.
Obviously, any particular emotional instance may be associated with a
great variety of different types of voice utterances or no voice
utterances at all. However, &quot;canonical&quot; or characteristic
voice utterances can be associated with core emotions.")
(subclass EmotionalVoiceUtterances EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(instance ?EVU EmotionalVoiceUtterances)
(exists (?E)
(instance ?E EmotionalState)
(attribute ?A ?E)))
(agent ?EVU ?A)))
(documentation EmotionalBehavioralProcess EnglishLanguage "An emotional
behavioral process is the behavior of the organism in response to the
appraisal, which includes the characteristic facial expressions for
particular emotion types.")
(documentation EmotionalBehavioralProcess EnglishLanguage "This branch
is still very much under construction and will be worked on in
collaboration with the Behavior Ontology (George Gkoutos).")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EmotionalBehavioralProcess "emotional
behavioral process")
(subclass EmotionalBehavioralProcess PsychologicalProcess)
(instance ?EBP EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(agent ?EBP ?A))
(exists (?APP)
(instance ?APP AppraisalProcess)
(agent ?APP ?A)
(causes ?APP ?EBP))))
(instance ?EBP EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(agent ?EBP ?A))
(exists (?APP)
(instance ?FE FacialExpression)
(agent ?FE ?A)
(causes ?EBP ?FE))))
(instance emotionTendency BinaryRelation)
(domain emotionTendency 1 Agent)
(domain emotionTendency 2 EmotionalState)
(documentation emotionTendency EnglishLanguage "A tendency of an &%Agent
to exhibit a particular emotion. Someone with such a tendency is more likely to
exhibit an emotion, a priori, than someone without such tendency.")
(emotionTendency ?A ?ES)
(attribute ?A ?ES))
(attribute ?A ?ES)))))
(instance actionTendency BinaryRelation)
(domain actionTendency 1 EmotionalState)
(domainSubclass actionTendency 2 EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(documentation actionTendency EnglishLanguage "A tendency of an emotion
to cause a particular type of action.")
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A ?ES))
(actionTendency ?ES ?P))
(exists (?PI)
(instance ?P ?PI)
(during ?PI ?T)
(experiencer ?PI ?A)))
(actionTendency Surprise SurprisedFacialExpression)
(actionTendency Grief Weeping)
(actionTendency Happiness Laughing)
(actionTendency Happiness Smiling)
(actionTendency Unhappiness Frowning)
(actionTendency Surprise JawDropping)
(actionTendency Surprise OpeningEyesWidely)
(actionTendency Surprise RaisingEyebrows)
(actionTendency Disgust DisgustedFacialExpression)
(actionTendency Fear FearfulFacialExpression)
(actionTendency Happiness HappyFacialExpression)
(actionTendency Sadness SadFacialExpression)
(actionTendency Anger AngryFacialExpression)
(instance utterance TernaryRelation)
(documentation utterance EnglishLanguage "A prototypical linguistic
statement incorporating the concept in a phrase or sentence.")
(domain utterance 1 HumanLanguage)
(domain utterance 2 Entity)
(domain utterance 3 SymbolicString)
(instance pastTense TernaryRelation)
(documentation pastTense EnglishLanguage "The past tense form of a
concept when stated in the given language.")
(domain pastTense 1 HumanLanguage)
(domain pastTense 2 Entity)
(domain pastTense 3 SymbolicString)
;; -------------- Appraisal --------------
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfGoalImportance "appraisal of goal
(documentation AppraisalOfGoalImportance EnglishLanguage "Like
pleasantness, the GRID questionnaire distinguishes between evaluations
of goal importance/relevance for SELF and for an OTHER.")
(subclass AppraisalOfGoalImportance Appraisal)
(documentation AppraisalOfGoalImportance EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation of whether an event or object is important
to the person&apos;s goals or needs.")
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfGoalImportance
EvaluationAsImportantToGoals EvaluationAsNotImportantToGoals)
(instance EvaluationAsImportantToGoals AppraisalOfGoalImportance)
(utterance EnglishLanguage EvaluationAsImportantToGoals "this is
important for my goals")
(documentation EvaluationAsImportantToGoals EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents an evaluation that the event or object is
important to the person&apos;s goals or needs.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EvaluationAsImportantToGoals "evaluation as
important to goals")
(documentation EvaluationAsNotImportantToGoals EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents an evaluation that the event or object is not
important to the person&apos;s goals or needs.")
(instance EvaluationAsNotImportantToGoals AppraisalOfGoalImportance)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EvaluationAsNotImportantToGoals "evaluation
as not important to goals")
(utterance EnglishLanguage EvaluationAsNotImportantToGoals "this is not
important for my goals")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfPredictability "appraisal of
(documentation AppraisalOfPredictability EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation of how predictable an event was.")
(subclass AppraisalOfPredictability Appraisal)
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfPredictability AppraisalAsPredictable
(documentation AppraisalAsPredictable EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an event was easy to predict.")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsPredictable "this is predictable")
(instance AppraisalAsPredictable AppraisalOfPredictability)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsPredictable "appraisal as
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotPredictable "this is not
(documentation AppraisalAsNotPredictable EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation that an event was not easy to predict.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotPredictable "appraisal as not
(instance AppraisalAsNotPredictable AppraisalOfPredictability)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfLoss "I have irrevocably lost
something important")
(documentation AppraisalOfLoss EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents a belief that something or someone that is important to the
person has been lost to the person.")
(documentation AppraisalOfLoss EnglishLanguage "This appraisal category
stands alone: appraisal of loss is not a continuum like the others
(pleasant---unpleasant; expected---unexpected). Rather it is quite
discrete, loss or no loss, and is better defined by WHAT has been lost,
or at least, in which relation the thing that has been lost stands to
the person experiencing the emotion. Loss of a loved person, loss of the
expectation of achieving a hoped for life goal, and loss of a limb are
all kinds of loss. While it is tempting not to categorise this as an
appraisal at all, it should be noted that the loss does not actually
have to occur -- it only has to be believed, judged, or (in other words)
appraised to have occurred -- for the emotion to take place.")
(subclass AppraisalOfLoss Appraisal)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfLoss "appraisal of loss")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfAvoidabilityOfConsequences
"appraisal of avoidability of consequences")
(subclass AppraisalOfAvoidabilityOfConsequences Appraisal)
(documentation AppraisalOfAvoidabilityOfConsequences EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal which represents a judgement about how avoidable the expected
consequences of an event will be.")
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfAvoidabilityOfConsequences
AppraisalAsAvoidableConsequences AppraisalAsUnavoidableConsequences)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsAvoidableConsequences "there are
consequences but they are avoidable")
(instance AppraisalAsAvoidableConsequences
(documentation AppraisalAsAvoidableConsequences EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents a judgement that the expected consequences of
an event are in principle avoidable or modfiable.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsAvoidableConsequences "appraisal
as avoidable consequences")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUnavoidableConsequences
"appraisal as unavoidable consequences")
(instance AppraisalAsUnavoidableConsequences
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUnavoidableConsequences "there are
consequences and they are unavoidable")
(documentation AppraisalAsUnavoidableConsequences EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents a judgement that the expected consequences of
an event will be difficult to avoid or modify.")
(documentation AppraisalOfFamiliarity EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation of how familiar an object or event is.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfFamiliarity "appraisal of
(subclass AppraisalOfFamiliarity Appraisal)
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfFamiliarity AppraisalAsFamiliar
(documentation AppraisalAsFamiliar EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an object or event is familiar.")
(instance AppraisalAsFamiliar AppraisalOfFamiliarity)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsFamiliar "this is familiar")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsFamiliar "appraisal as familiar")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotFamiliar "appraisal as not
(documentation AppraisalAsNotFamiliar EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an object or event is not familiar.")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotFamiliar "this is not familiar")
(instance AppraisalAsNotFamiliar AppraisalOfFamiliarity)
(documentation AppraisalOfJusticeOfTreatment EnglishLanguage "Appraisal
which represents an evaluation of whether the person was treated justly
or unjustly by another person.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfJusticeOfTreatment "appraisal of
justice of treatment")
(subclass AppraisalOfJusticeOfTreatment Appraisal)
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfJusticeOfTreatment
AppraisalAsUnjustTreatment AppraisalAsJustTreatment)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUnjustTreatment "appraisal as
unjust treatment")
(instance AppraisalAsUnjustTreatment AppraisalOfJusticeOfTreatment)
(documentation AppraisalAsUnjustTreatment EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation that the person was treated unjustly by
another person. (Injustice.)")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUnjustTreatment "I am being
treated unjustly")
(attribute ?A AppraisalAsUnjustTreatment)
(exists (?P ?A2)
(instance ?P Process)
(refers ?AJT ?P)
(agent ?P ?A2)
(equal ?A ?A2))
(patient ?P ?A)
(wants ?A ?P)))))
(subAttribute AppraisalAsJustTreatment AppraisalOfJusticeOfTreatment)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsJustTreatment "I am being treated
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsJustTreatment "appraisal as just
(documentation AppraisalAsJustTreatment EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
which represents an evaluation that the person was treated justly by
another person.")
(instance ?AJT AppraisalAsJustTreatment)
(agent ?AJT ?A))
(exists (?P ?A2)
(instance ?P Process)
(refers ?AJT ?P)
(agent ?P ?A2)
(equal ?A ?A2))
(patient ?P ?A)
(wants ?A ?P))))
(subAttribute AppraisalOfDesirabilityOfConsequences Appraisal)
(documentation AppraisalOfDesirabilityOfConsequences EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents an evaluation of the desirability of the
expected consequences of an event.")
(documentation AppraisalOfDesirabilityOfConsequences EnglishLanguage
"Distinguished in GRID questionnaire between FOR SELF and FOR OTHER.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfDesirabilityOfConsequences
"appraisal of desirability of consequences")
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfDesirabilityOfConsequences
AppraisalAsDesirableConsequences AppraisalAsUndesirableConsequences)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsDesirableConsequences "appraisal
as desirable consequences")
(documentation AppraisalAsDesirableConsequences EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents an evaluation that the expected consequences
of an event are desirable.")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsDesirableConsequences "this has
desirable consequences")
(instance AppraisalAsDesirableConsequences
(documentation AppraisalAsUndesirableConsequences EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents an evaluation that the expected consequences
of an event are undesirable.")
(relatedInternalConcept EmotionalState AppraisalAsUndesirableConsequences)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUndesirableConsequences
"appraisal as undesirable consequences")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUndesirableConsequences "this has
undesirable consequences")
(instance AppraisalAsUndesirableConsequences
(documentation AppraisalOfUrgency EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation of the urgency of responding to an event.")
(subclass AppraisalOfUrgency Appraisal)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfUrgency "appraisal of urgency of
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfUrgency AppraisalAsNotUrgentResponse
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotUrgentResponse "a response is
needed but not urgently")
(documentation AppraisalAsNotUrgentResponse EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents an evaluation that an event does not require
an urgent response.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotUrgentResponse "appraisal as
not urgent response")
(instance AppraisalAsNotUrgentResponse AppraisalOfUrgency)
(subAttribute AppraisalAsUrgentResponse AppraisalOfUrgency)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUrgentResponse "a response is
needed urgently")
(documentation AppraisalAsUrgentResponse EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation that an event requires an urgent
(immediate) response.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUrgentResponse "appraisal as
urgent response")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfCongruenceWithIdeals "appraisal
of congruence with ideals")
(documentation AppraisalOfCongruenceWithIdeals EnglishLanguage "Can also
be defined FOR SELF and FOR OTHER, where a special case of OTHER is
&apos;society&apos; (=> a judgement that an event violated laws or
socially accepted norms) May want to distinguish violation of
&apos;standards&apos; from that of &apos;ideals&apos;, &apos;norms&apos;
and &apos;laws&apos;. At the moment they are all lumped together.")
(documentation AppraisalOfCongruenceWithIdeals EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal which represents a judgement about whether an event is
consistent with the person&apos;s standards or ideals.")
(subclass AppraisalOfCongruenceWithIdeals Appraisal)
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfCongruenceWithIdeals
AppraisalAsCongruentWithIdeals AppraisalAsNotCongruentWithIdeals)
(instance AppraisalAsCongruentWithIdeals AppraisalOfCongruenceWithIdeals)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCongruentWithIdeals "this is in
line with my ideals")
(documentation AppraisalAsCongruentWithIdeals EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal which represents a judgement that an event is consistent with
the person&apos;s standards or ideals.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCongruentWithIdeals "appraisal as
congruent with ideals")
(instance AppraisalAsNotCongruentWithIdeals AppraisalOfCongruenceWithIdeals)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotCongruentWithIdeals "appraisal
as not congruent with ideals")
(documentation AppraisalAsNotCongruentWithIdeals EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents a judgement that an event is inconsistent with
a person&apos;s standards or ideals.")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotCongruentWithIdeals "this is
against my ideals")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfPleasantness "appraisal of
(documentation AppraisalOfPleasantness EnglishLanguage "GRID
questionnaire distinguishes between appraisal of pleasantness FOR SELF
and appraisal of pleasantness FOR SOME OTHER. So far we have defined
appraisal as evaluation of relevance FOR SELF, thus, we only include one
appraisal of pleasantness (for the time being), although we may expand
this later -- although I suspect that all or most of the appraisal types
would have to be so qualified.")
(documentation AppraisalOfPleasantness EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation of the pleasantness of an object or event.")
(subclass AppraisalOfPleasantness Appraisal)
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfPleasantness AppraisalAsPleasant
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsPleasant "appraisal as pleasant")
(documentation AppraisalAsPleasant EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an object or event is pleasant.")
(instance AppraisalAsPleasant AppraisalOfPleasantness)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsPleasant "this is pleasant")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUnpleasant "this is unpleasant")
(documentation AppraisalAsUnpleasant EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an object or event is unpleasant.")
(instance AppraisalAsUnpleasant AppraisalOfPleasantness)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUnpleasant "appraisal as unpleasant")
(documentation AppraisalAsBeingDisliked EnglishLanguage "Appraisal that
one is being disliked")
(instance AppraisalAsBeingDisliked Appraisal)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsBeingDisliked "appraisal as being
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsBeingLiked "appraisal as being
(documentation AppraisalAsBeingLiked EnglishLanguage "appraisal that one
is being liked")
(instance AppraisalAsBeingLiked Appraisal)
(contraryAttribute AppraisalAsBeingDisliked AppraisalAsBeingLiked)
(subclass AppraisalOfExpectedness Appraisal)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfExpectedness "appraisal of
(documentation AppraisalOfExpectedness EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation of whether an event was expected to occur.")
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfExpectedness AppraisalAsExpected
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsExpected "appraisal as expected")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsExpected "this is expected")
(documentation AppraisalAsExpected EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an event was expected.")
(subclass AppraisalAsExpected AppraisalOfExpectedness)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotExpected "appraisal as not
(documentation AppraisalAsNotExpected EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an event was not expected.")
(instance AppraisalAsNotExpected AppraisalOfExpectedness)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotExpected "this is not expected")
(subclass AppraisalOfDangerousness Appraisal)
(documentation AppraisalOfDangerousness EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
which represents an evaluation of the dangerousness of an object or
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfDangerousness "appraisal of
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfDangerousness AppraisalAsNotDangerous
(documentation AppraisalAsNotDangerous EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation that an object or situation is not
dangerous to the person.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotDangerous "appraisal as not
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotDangerous "this is not dangerous")
(instance AppraisalAsNotDangerous AppraisalOfDangerousness)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsDangerous "appraisal as dangerous")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsDangerous "this is dangerous")
(documentation AppraisalAsDangerous EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an object or situation is dangerous to the
(instance AppraisalAsDangerous AppraisalOfDangerousness)
(documentation AppraisalOfSuddenness EnglishLanguage "An appraisal which
represents an evaluation of how suddenly an event occurred.")
(subclass AppraisalOfSuddenness Appraisal)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfSuddenness "appraisal of suddenness")
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfSuddenness AppraisalAsSudden
(documentation AppraisalAsSudden EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an event occurred suddenly.")
(instance AppraisalAsSudden AppraisalOfSuddenness)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsSudden "this is sudden")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsSudden "appraisal as sudden")
(documentation AppraisalAsNotSudden EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an event did not occur suddenly.")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotSudden "this is not sudden")
(instance AppraisalAsNotSudden AppraisalOfSuddenness)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotSudden "appraisal as not sudden")
(subclass AppraisalOfCausalAgency Appraisal)
(documentation AppraisalOfCausalAgency EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation of who or what caused an event.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfCausalAgency "appraisal of causal
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfCausalAgency
AppraisalAsCausedSupernaturally AppraisalAsCausedBySelf
AppraisalAsCausedByChance AppraisalAsCausedByAnother)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCausedByAnother "this is being
caused by someone else")
(instance AppraisalAsCausedByAnother AppraisalOfCausalAgency)
(documentation AppraisalAsCausedByAnother EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation that an event was caused by another person.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCausedByAnother "appraisal as
caused by an other")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCausedSupernaturally "this is
being caused supernaturally")
(documentation AppraisalAsCausedSupernaturally EnglishLanguage "An
appraisal that represents an evaluation that an event was caused by a
supernatural agent (God, the ancestors, ghosts...).")
(instance AppraisalAsCausedSupernaturally AppraisalOfCausalAgency)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCausedSupernaturally "appraisal
as caused supernaturally")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCausedBySelf "this is being caused
by me")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCausedBySelf "appraisal as caused
by self")
(documentation AppraisalAsCausedBySelf EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation that an event was caused by the self.")
(instance AppraisalAsCausedBySelf AppraisalOfCausalAgency)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCausedByChance "this is being
caused by chance")
(documentation AppraisalAsCausedByChance EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation that an event was caused by chance.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsCausedByChance "appraisal as
caused by chance")
(instance AppraisalAsCausedByChance AppraisalOfCausalAgency)
(documentation AppraisalOfSocialAttention EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
which represents a judgement about the direction and nature of the
social attention surrounding an event.")
(subclass AppraisalOfSocialAttention Appraisal)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfSocialAttention "appraisal of
social attention")
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfSocialAttention
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsBeingAtTheCentreOfAttention
"appraisal as being at the centre of attention")
(instance AppraisalAsBeingAtTheCentreOfAttention AppraisalOfSocialAttention)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsBeingAtTheCentreOfAttention "I am
at the centre of attention")
(documentation AppraisalAsBeingAtTheCentreOfAttention EnglishLanguage
"An appraisal which represents a judgement that the person is at the
centre of the surrounding social attention. (That is, that all other
nearby persons are paying attention to him/her.)")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotBeingAtTheCentreOfAttention "I
am not at the centre of attention")
(documentation AppraisalAsNotBeingAtTheCentreOfAttention EnglishLanguage
"An appraisal that represents a judgement that a person is not at the
centre of the surrounding social attention.")
(instance AppraisalAsNotBeingAtTheCentreOfAttention
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsNotBeingAtTheCentreOfAttention
"appraisal as not being at the centre of attention")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalOfCausalIntent "appraisal of causal
(documentation AppraisalOfCausalIntent EnglishLanguage "An appraisal
that represents an evaluation of the causal intent of the person who (is
evaluated to have) caused an event.")
(subclass AppraisalOfCausalIntent Appraisal)
(exhaustiveAttribute AppraisalOfCausalIntent AppraisalAsUnintended
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUnintended "this is not being
deliberately caused")
(instance AppraisalAsUnintended AppraisalOfCausalIntent)
(documentation AppraisalAsUnintended EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an event was caused unintentionally.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsUnintended "appraisal as unintended")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsDeliberate "appraisal as deliberate")
(utterance EnglishLanguage AppraisalAsDeliberate "this is being
deliberately caused")
(documentation AppraisalAsDeliberate EnglishLanguage "An appraisal that
represents an evaluation that an event was deliberately (intentionally)
(instance AppraisalAsDeliberate AppraisalOfCausalIntent)
;; -------------- Emotional States --------------
(documentation Panic EnglishLanguage "A severe episode of fear with
strong associated discomfort and thoughts of impending harm.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Panic "panic")
(subAttribute Panic Fear)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Panic "panicked")
(subAttribute Annoyance Anger)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Annoyance "annoyed")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Annoyance "annoyance")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Jealousy "eifersucht")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Jealousy "jealousy")
(documentation Jealousy EnglishLanguage "A negative emotion aroused when
a person feels threatened by a rival in his or her relationship with
another individual, in particular an intimate partner. Involves feelings
of threat, fear, suspicion, distrust, anxiety, anger, betrayal, and
rejection. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Jealousy "jalousie")
(instance Jealousy EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Jealousy "jealous")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Jealousy "celos")
(pastTense EnglishLanguage Interest "interested")
(documentation Interest EnglishLanguage "Interest is a positive emotion
which motivates learning, exploration and curiosity. Feelings of
interest are associated with the novelty and complexity of stimuli.
[Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Interest "interés")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Interest "intérêt")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Interest "interesse")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Interest "interest")
(instance Interest EmotionalState)
(instance Contempt EmotionalState)
(documentation Contempt EnglishLanguage "A negative emotion generally
elicited by the negative evaluation of others and their actions. Usually
elicited by violations of community codes. Closely related to anger and
disgust. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Contempt "mépris")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Contempt "desprecio")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Contempt "contempt")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Contempt "verachtung")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Contempt "contemptuous")
(relatedInternalConcept Anger Contempt)
(relatedInternalConcept Disgust Contempt)
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Love "amor")
(documentation Love EnglishLanguage "A strong emotion associated with
feelings of desire, warmth and intimacy for another person. [Source:
(termFormat GermanLanguage Love "liebe")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Love "love")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Love "loving")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Love "amour")
(instance Love EmotionalState)
(termFormat GermanLanguage Joy "freude")
(subAttribute Joy Happiness)
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Joy "gozo")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Joy "joy")
(documentation Joy EnglishLanguage "A pleasant, positive emotion which
arises in safe and familiar circumstances, when people have made
progress towards important personal goals, especially when the progress
is better than expected. [Source: OCEAS]")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Joy "joyful")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Joy "joie")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Schadenfreude "schadenfreude")
(documentation Schadenfreude EnglishLanguage "A complex emotion that
consists of the experience of pleasure as caused by the misfortune of
(contraryAttribute Pleasure Pain)
(subAttribute Schadenfreude Pleasure)
(attribute ?A Schadenfreude)
(exists (?A2 ?P)
(causesProposition ?P
(attribute ?A Schadenfreude))
(equal ?A ?A2))
(desires ?A2 ?P)))))
(instance Pleasure EmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Pleasure "pleasure")
(documentation Pleasure EnglishLanguage "A positively experienced
emotion which is sought out (approached) and is associated with
happiness, enjoyment, and satisfaction. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Pleasure "vergnügen")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Pleasure "plaisir")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Pleasure "placer")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Pleasure "pleased")
(attribute ?A Pleasure)
(exists (?P)
(causesProposition ?P
(attribute ?A Schadenfreude))
(desires ?A ?P))))
(utterance EnglishLanguage SensoryPleasure "sensory pleasure")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SensoryPleasure "sensory pleasure")
(documentation SensoryPleasure EnglishLanguage "Pleasure in smell,
touch, sight, sound and taste. [Source: OCEAS]")
(subAttribute SensoryPleasure Pleasure)
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A SensoryPleasure))
(exists (?P)
(instance ?P Perception)
(during ?T (WhenFn ?P))
(experiencer ?P ?A)
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A SensoryPleasure))))))
(subAttribute MasteryPleasure Pleasure)
(documentation MasteryPleasure EnglishLanguage "Pleasure derived from
mastery, including the experience of flow. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage MasteryPleasure "mastery pleasure")
(utterance EnglishLanguage MasteryPleasure "a feeling of mastery")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Happiness "bonheur")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Happiness "happiness")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Happiness "happy")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Happiness "glück")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Happiness "felicidad")
(instance Happiness EmotionalState)
(documentation Happiness EnglishLanguage "A positive emotion which is
experienced in reaction to a positive experience or event. [Source: OCEAS]")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Shame "ashamed")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Shame "vengüenza")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Shame "shame")
(instance Shame EmotionalState)
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Shame "honte")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Shame "scham")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Disgust "disgusted")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Disgust "dégoût")
(instance Disgust EmotionalState)
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Disgust "asco")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Disgust "disgust")
(documentation Disgust EnglishLanguage "A negative emotion which guards
the body against dangerous foods and microbial infections. The basic
physiological disgust has also culturally evolved to incorporate moral
disgust which protects the self from nonphysical threats such as moral
violations. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Disgust "ekel")
(subAttribute CoreDisgust Disgust)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage CoreDisgust "core disgust")
(documentation CoreDisgust EnglishLanguage "Disgust elicited by
&quot;contaminated&quot; food substances: rotten food, culturally
variable &quot;bad&quot; food, certain animals associated with rotten
food (maggots, rats), and every body product except tears. [Source: OCEAS]")
(documentation InterpersonalDisgust EnglishLanguage "Disgust elicited by
contact with others, especially contact with strangers or other
individuals or groups we are averse to. [Source: OCEAS]")
(subAttribute InterpersonalDisgust Disgust)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage InterpersonalDisgust "interpersonal disgust")
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A InterpersonalDisgust))
(exists (?P ?H)
(instance ?P Perception)
(patient ?P ?H)
(instance ?H Human)
(during (WhenFn ?P) ?T))))
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A InterpersonalDisgust))
(exists (?P ?H)
(instance ?P Perception)
(patient ?P ?H)
(experiencer ?P ?A)
(instance ?H Human)
(during (WhenFn ?P) ?T)))
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A InterpersonalDisgust))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AnimalNatureDisgust "animal-nature disgust")
(subAttribute AnimalNatureDisgust Disgust)
(documentation AnimalNatureDisgust EnglishLanguage "Disgust elicited by
poor hygeine, inappropriate sex, gore or violations of bodily
boundaries, and death or the odor of decay. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage MoralDisgust "moral disgust")
(documentation MoralDisgust EnglishLanguage "Disgust elicited by some
kinds of especially egregious moral violations. [Source: OCEAS]")
(subAttribute MoralDisgust Disgust)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Contentment "contented")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Contentment "satisfacción")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Contentment "zufriedenheit")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Contentment "contentement")
(subAttribute Contentment Happiness)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Contentment "contentment")
(documentation Contentment EnglishLanguage "A pleasant emotion, which
can be defined as a milder form of joy. Associated with physical
inactivity (&apos;do nothing&apos; action tendencies). [Source: OCEAS]")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Rage "enraged")
(subAttribute Rage Anger)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Rage "rage")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Surprise "sorpresa")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Surprise "surprise")
(documentation Surprise EnglishLanguage "Surprise is a neutral emotion
caused by encountering unexpected events of all kinds. May be
experienced as negative if the surprising event is evaluated as
negative, or positive if the surprising event is evaluated as positive.
[Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Surprise "Überraschung")
(instance Surprise EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Surprise "surprised")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Expectant "anticipative")
(instance Expectant EmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Expectant "expectant")
(instance Concern EmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Concern "concern")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Concern "concerned")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Irritation "irritation")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Irritation "irritated")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Irritation "irritation")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Irritation "irritación")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Irritation "Ärger")
(instance Irritation EmotionalState)
(documentation Irritation EnglishLanguage "An unpleasant emotion closely
related to anger but lower in intensity and without the moral dimension
of blame and seriousness that is implicated in anger. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Despair "verzweiflung")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Despair "desesperación")
(documentation Despair EnglishLanguage "A negative, high intensity
emotion characterised by loss of hope and loss of interest. Associated
with action tendencies of harm to self or others. [Source: OCEAS]")
(instance Despair EmotionalState)
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Despair "désespoir")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Despair "despairing")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Despair "despair")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Disappointment "disappointment")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Disappointment "disappointed")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Disappointment "Déception")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Disappointment "desilusión")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Disappointment "enttäuschung")
(instance Disappointment EmotionalState)
(documentation Disappointment EnglishLanguage "Disappointment is a
negative emotion which is triggered by the disconfirmation of the
prospect of a desirable event. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Pride "pride")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Pride "fierté")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Pride "stolz")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Pride "orgullo")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Pride "proud")
(instance Pride EmotionalState)
(documentation Pride EnglishLanguage "A positive emotion associated with
the appraisal of one&apos;s positive social worth, a signal that one is
likely to be socially accepted. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Anger "ira")
(documentation Anger EnglishLanguage "Anger is a negative emotion,
characterised by feelings of unpleasantness and high arousal, in the
form of antagonistic feelings and action tendencies. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Anger "wut")
(instance Anger EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Anger "angry")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Anger "anger")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Anger "colère")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Elation "elation")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Elation "elated")
(subAttribute Elation Happiness)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Embarrassment "embarrassment")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Embarrassment "embarrassed")
(instance Embarrassment EmotionalState)
(subAttribute PassionateLove Love)
(utterance EnglishLanguage PassionateLove "passionately loving")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage PassionateLove "passionate love")
(documentation PassionateLove EnglishLanguage "A powerful longing for
union with the beloved, characterised by a confusion of feelings --
elation and pain, tenderness and sexuality, altruism and jealousy.")
(instance Grief EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Grief "grieving")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Grief "grief")
(documentation Grief EnglishLanguage "Grief is an intense negative
emotion following a bereavement, i.e. the loss of a significant person
through that person&apos;s death. [Source: OCEAS]")
(instance InspirationEmotion EmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage InspirationEmotion "inspiration (emotion)")
(utterance EnglishLanguage InspirationEmotion "inspired")
(instance Worry EmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Worry "worry")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Worry "worried")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Compassion "compassion")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Compassion "compasión")
(documentation Compassion EnglishLanguage "An emotion evoked for a
person who is in distress. The conditions for compassion involve
perceiving the other as in need, and valuing the other&apos;s welfare.
Associated with altruistic motivation. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Compassion "mitgefühl")
(instance Compassion EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Compassion "compassionate")
(documentation Fear EnglishLanguage "An activated, aversive emotion that
motivates attempts to cope with events that provide threats to the
survival or well-being of organisms. Characterised by feelings of threat
and impending doom, and by an urge to get out of the situation. [Source:
(instance Fear EmotionalState)
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Fear "miedo")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Fear "peur")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Fear "fear")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Fear "afraid")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Fear "angst")
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Fear))
(believes ?A
(exists (?P)
(wants ?A ?P))
(before ?T
(WhenFn ?P))))
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Hate "haine")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Hate "hass")
(instance Hate EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Hate "hateful")
(documentation Hate EnglishLanguage "A strong, negatively valenced
emotion directed against a whole person for who or what they are. Often
directed at whole groups based on religion, ethnicity, or race. [Source:
(documentation Hate EnglishLanguage "The linguistic use of the verb
&apos;hate&apos; in English is ambiguous between registering any kind of
aversion (e.g. in the sentence &apos;I hate spinach&apos;), and the much
stronger meaning which is associated with descriptions of the emotion
hatred. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Hate "hate")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Hate "odio")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Fury "fury")
(subAttribute Fury Anger)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Fury "furious")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Curiosity "curious")
(instance Curiosity EmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Curiosity "curiosity")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Curiosity "intrigued")
(subAttribute SocialPleasure Pleasure)
(utterance EnglishLanguage SocialPleasure "social pleasure")
(documentation SocialPleasure EnglishLanguage "Pleasure derived from
social contact. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SocialPleasure "social pleasure")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Guilt "guilt")
(documentation Guilt EnglishLanguage "A self-conscious emotion that
occurs when a person brings about a negative outcome by acts of
commission or omission. Associated wtih violations of internal or
external moral standards. Closely related to embarrassment and shame.
[Source: OCEAS]")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Guilt "guilty")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Guilt "culpabilité")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Guilt "culpa")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Guilt "schuld")
(instance Guilt EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage CompanionateLove "compassionately loving")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage CompanionateLove "companionate love")
(documentation CompanionateLove EnglishLanguage "Less intense,
longer-lasting love which is characterised by affection, commitment,
intimacy and a concern for the welfare of the loved one. [Source: OCEAS]")
(subAttribute CompanionateLove Love)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Confusion "confusion")
(instance Confusion EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Confusion "confused")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Serenity "serenity")
(subAttribute Serenity Happiness)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Serenity "serene")
(subAttribute SexualPleasure Pleasure)
(utterance EnglishLanguage SexualPleasure "sexual pleasure")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SexualPleasure "sexual pleasure")
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A SexualPleasure))
(exists (?M)
(instance ?M Mating)
(during ?T (WhenFn ?M))
(agent ?M ?A)
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A SexualPleasure))))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Sadness "sadness")
(termFormat GermanLanguage Sadness "trauer")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Sadness "tristeza")
(instance Sadness EmotionalState)
(documentation Sadness EnglishLanguage "A negative emotion felt when an
event is appraised as unpleasant, obstructive to one&apos;s goals and
concerns, and one feels unable to cope with it or modify it. [Source:
(utterance EnglishLanguage Sadness "sad")
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Sadness "tristesse")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Euphoria "euphoric")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Euphoria "euphoria")
(subAttribute Euphoria Happiness)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Terror "terrified")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Terror "terror")
(subAttribute Terror Fear)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Boredom "bored")
(instance Boredom EmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Boredom "boredom")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AestheticPleasure "aesthetic pleasure")
(subAttribute AestheticPleasure Pleasure)
(utterance EnglishLanguage AestheticPleasure "aesthetic pleasure")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Amusement "amused")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Amusement "amusement")
(subAttribute Amusement Happiness)
(termFormat FrenchLanguage Anxiety "anxiété")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage Anxiety "ansiedad")
(utterance EnglishLanguage Anxiety "anxious")
(documentation Anxiety EnglishLanguage "A negative, aversive emotion
provoked by the prospect of future threat. Distinguished from fear since
it is triggered by a distal threat whereas fear is triggered by an
immediate threat. Often gradual and long-lasting, whereas fear usually
has sudden onset and offset. [Source: OCEAS]")
(instance Anxiety EmotionalState)
(termFormat GermanLanguage Anxiety "besorgnis")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Anxiety "anxiety")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EmotionalStress "stress")
(instance EmotionalStress EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage EmotionalStress "stressed")
(termFormat SpanishLanguage EmotionalStress "estrés")
(documentation EmotionalStress EnglishLanguage "A negative emotion in
response to a stressful elicitor. May be acute or chronic. Associated
with health implications, such as impaired resistance to infectious
diseases. [Source: OCEAS]")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EmotionalStress "stress (emotion)")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Hope "hope")
(instance Hope EmotionalState)
(utterance EnglishLanguage Hope "hopeful")
;; -------------- Facial Expressions --------------
(termFormat EnglishLanguage PressingLipsTogether "pressing lips together")
(subclass PressingLipsTogether FacialExpression)
(documentation PressingLipsTogether EnglishLanguage "A facial expression
behavior in which the lips are tightly pressed together.")
(instance ?PLT PressingLipsTogether)
(agent ?PLT ?A))
(exists (?L ?BM)
(instance ?L Lip)
(part ?L ?A)
(instance ?BM BodyMotion)
(patient ?BM ?L)
(agent ?BM ?A))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage ClosingEyes "closing eyes")
(subclass ClosingEyes FacialExpression)
(documentation ClosingEyes EnglishLanguage "A facial expression behavior
in which the eyes are closed.")
(subclass HappyFacialExpression EmotionalFacialExpression)
(relatedInternalConcept HappyFacialExpression Happiness)
(documentation HappyFacialExpression EnglishLanguage "The canonical
facial expression associated with the experience of happiness.")
(relatedInternalConcept HappyFacialExpression Smiling)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage HappyFacialExpression "happy facial expression")
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Happiness))
(exists (?HF)
(instance ?HF HappyFacialExpression)
(experiencer ?HF ?A)
(during (WhenFn ?HF) ?T)))
(relatedInternalConcept AngryFacialExpression Anger)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AngryFacialExpression "angry facial expression")
(subclass AngryFacialExpression EmotionalFacialExpression)
(documentation AngryFacialExpression EnglishLanguage "The facial
expression associated with the experience of anger.")
(relatedInternalConcept AngryFacialExpression Frowning)
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Anger))
(exists (?HF)
(instance ?HF AngryFacialExpression)
(experiencer ?HF ?A)
(during (WhenFn ?HF) ?T)))
(relatedInternalConcept DisgustedFacialExpression Disgust)
(documentation DisgustedFacialExpression EnglishLanguage "The facial
expression associated with the experience of disgust.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage DisgustedFacialExpression "disgusted facial
(subclass DisgustedFacialExpression EmotionalFacialExpression)
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Disgust))
(exists (?FE)
(instance ?FE DisgustedFacialExpression)
(experiencer ?FE ?A)
(during (WhenFn ?FE) ?T)))
(relatedInternalConcept SurprisedFacialExpression OpeningEyesWidely)
(relatedInternalConcept SurprisedFacialExpression Surprise)
(relatedInternalConcept SurprisedFacialExpression JawDropping)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SurprisedFacialExpression "surprised facial
(subclass SurprisedFacialExpression FacialExpression)
(subclass SurprisedFacialExpression EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Surprise))
(exists (?FE)
(instance ?FE SurprisedFacialExpression)
(experiencer ?FE ?A)
(during (WhenFn ?FE) ?T)))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage JawDropping "jaw dropping")
(documentation JawDropping EnglishLanguage "A facial expression behavior
in which the jaw drops.")
(subclass JawDropping FacialExpression)
(subclass FacialExpression EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(documentation NeutralExpression EnglishLanguage "A facial expression
behavior which appears very neutral (showing no expression).")
(subclass NeutralExpression FacialExpression)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage NeutralExpression "neutral expression")
(relatedInternalConcept EmotionalFacialExpression EmotionalState)
(documentation EmotionalFacialExpression EnglishLanguage "Characteristic
facial expression made when a person is undergoing an experience of
(subclass EmotionalFacialExpression FacialExpression)
(documentation EmotionalFacialExpression EnglishLanguage "Characteristic
facial expressions that are made when a person is undergoing a so-called
&quot;basic&quot; emotions. These are canonical, that is, individual
facial expressions when undergoing emotions can vary or not change at
all. However, research indicates evidence for the existence of
characteristic canonical facial expressions that are displayed when
experiencing certain emotions even across cultures.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EmotionalFacialExpression "emotional facial
(subclass SadFacialExpression EmotionalFacialExpression)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SadFacialExpression "sad facial expression")
(relatedInternalConcept SadFacialExpression Sadness)
(documentation SadFacialExpression EnglishLanguage "The canonical facial
expression associated with the experience of sadness.")
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Sadness))
(exists (?FE)
(instance ?FE SadFacialExpression)
(experiencer ?FE ?A)
(during (WhenFn ?FE) ?T)))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FearfulFacialExpression "fearful facial
(relatedInternalConcept FearfulFacialExpression OpeningEyesWidely)
(relatedInternalConcept FearfulFacialExpression Fear)
(documentation FearfulFacialExpression EnglishLanguage "The canonical
facial expression associated with the experience of fear.")
(subclass FearfulFacialExpression EmotionalFacialExpression)
(holdsDuring ?T
(attribute ?A Fear))
(exists (?FE)
(instance ?FE FearfulFacialExpression)
(experiencer ?FE ?A)
(during (WhenFn ?FE) ?T)))
;; -------------- Body Responses --------------
(subclass EmotionalBodilyMovementBehavior EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(subclass EmotionalBodilyMovementBehavior BodyMotion)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage EmotionalBodilyMovementBehavior "emotional
bodily movement behavior")
(documentation PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState EnglishLanguage "A
physiological response to emotion process is a bodily process which
encompasses all the neurophysiological changes caused by the appraisal,
which take place in the central nervous system (CNS), neuro-endocrine
system (NES) and autonomous nervous system (ANS).")
(subclass PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState PhysiologicProcess)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState
"physiological response to emotion process")
(instance ?PR PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(exists (?EP ?A)
(instance ?EP EmotionalState)
(experiencer ?EP ?A)
(experiencer ?PR ?A)
(causes ?EP ?PR))))
(subclass MovingAwayFromPeople EmotionalBodilyMovementBehavior)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage MovingAwayFromPeople "moving away from people")
(documentation MovingAwayFromPeople EnglishLanguage "A bodily movement
behavior which involves moving, or leaning, away from people (avoidance).")
(instance ?MTP MovingAwayFromPeople)
(origin ?MTP ?O)
(destination ?MTP ?D))
(equal ?O ?D)))
(instance ?MTP MovingAwayFromPeople)
(agent ?MTP ?A))
(exists (?P)
(instance ?P Human)
(WhenFn ?MTP))
(distance ?MTP ?A ?D1))
(WhenFn ?MTP))
(distance ?MTP ?A ?D2))
(greaterThan ?D2 ?D1))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage MovingTowardsPeople "moving towards people")
(documentation MovingTowardsPeople EnglishLanguage "A bodily movement
behavior which involves moving, or leaning, towards people (approach).")
(subclass MovingTowardsPeople EmotionalBodilyMovementBehavior)
(subclass MovingTowardsPeople Translocation)
(instance ?MTP MovingTowardsPeople)
(origin ?MTP ?O)
(destination ?MTP ?D))
(equal ?O ?D)))
(instance ?MTP MovingTowardsPeople)
(agent ?MTP ?A))
(exists (?P)
(instance ?P Human)
(WhenFn ?MTP))
(distance ?MTP ?A ?D1))
(WhenFn ?MTP))
(distance ?MTP ?A ?D2))
(greaterThan ?D1 ?D2))))
(subclass MusclesBecomingTense PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage MusclesBecomingTense "muscles becoming tense")
(instance ?MT MusclesBecomingTense)
(experiencer ?MT ?A))
(exists (?MR)
(overlapsTemporally ?MR ?MT)
(instance ?MR MusclesRelaxing)
(experiencer ?MR ?A)))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage MusclesRelaxing "muscles relaxing")
(subclass MusclesRelaxing PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(instance ?MR MusclesRelaxing)
(experiencer ?MR ?A))
(exists (?MT)
(overlapsTemporally ?MT ?MR)
(instance ?MT MusclesBecomingTense)
(experiencer ?MT ?A)))))
;; changed from (subclass Perspiring PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
;; not all perspiring is emotional
(subclass Perspiring PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Perspiring "perspiring")
(subclass Perspiring LiquidMotion)
(instance ?P Perspiring)
(exists (?S)
(instance ?S Sweat)
(result ?P ?S))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage PerspiringHands "perspiring (hands)")
(subclass PerspiringHands Perspiring)
(instance ?P Perspiring)
(experiencer ?P ?A))
(exists (?H)
(instance ?H Hand)
(part ?H ?A)
(destination ?P ?H))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage PerspiringWholeBody "perspiring (whole body)")
(subclass PerspiringWholeBody Perspiring)
(instance ?P PerspiringWholeBody)
(experiencer ?P ?A))
(exists (?B)
(instance ?B BodyPart)
(part ?B ?A)
(destination ?P ?B))))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage StayingStill "staying still")
(documentation StayingStill EnglishLanguage "A bodily movement behavior
which involves remaining still. Note that a passenger on a train could
be &%StayingStill and yet still experiencing a change in location.")
(subclass StayingStill EmotionalBodilyMovementBehavior)
(instance ?SS StayingStill)
(experiencer ?SS ?A))
(exists (?B ?T)
(instance ?B BodyMotion)
(instance ?T Translocation)
(causes ?B ?T)
(agent ?B ?A)))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage BreathingAtASlowerRate "breathing at a
slower rate")
(subclass BreathingAtASlowerRate PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(subclass HeartBeatingAtSlowerRate PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage HeartBeatingAtSlowerRate "heart beating at
slower rate")
(subclass TemperatureFallingExperiencedAsFeelingCold
(termFormat EnglishLanguage TemperatureFallingExperiencedAsFeelingCold
"temperature falling (experienced as feeling cold)")
(instance ?T TemperatureFallingExperiencedAsFeelingCold)
(located ?T ?L)
(experiencer ?T ?A))
(holdsDuring (WhenFn ?T)
(believes ?A
(attribute ?L ColdTemperature))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage TemperatureRisingExperiencedAsFeelingWarm
"temperature rising (experienced as feeling warm)")
(subclass TemperatureRisingExperiencedAsFeelingWarm
(instance ?T TemperatureRisingExperiencedAsFeelingWarm)
(located ?T ?L)
(experiencer ?T ?A))
(holdsDuring (WhenFn ?T)
(believes ?A
(attribute ?L WarmTemperature))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage ExperiencingDiscomfortInTheStomach
"experiencing discomfort in the stomach")
(subclass ExperiencingDiscomfortInTheStomach
(instance ?ELT ExperiencingDiscomfortInTheStomach)
(experiencer ?ELT ?A))
(exists (?P)
(instance ?P Perception)
(WhenFn ?P)
(attribute ?A Pain))
(subProcess ?P ?ELT)
(agent ?P ?A)
(patient ?P ?T)
(instance ?T Stomach)
(part ?T ?A))))
(subclass Weeping EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(subclass Weeping LiquidMotion)
(instance ?W Weeping)
(experiencer ?W ?A))
(WhenFn ?W)
(attribute ?A Sadness))
(subclass Smiling FacialExpressionBehavior)
(instance ?S Smiling)
(experiencer ?S ?A))
(WhenFn ?S)
(attribute ?A Happiness))
(subclass Laughing EmotionalBehavioralProcess)
(instance ?S Laughing)
(experiencer ?S ?A))
(WhenFn ?S)
(attribute ?A Happiness))
(subclass RaisingEyebrows FacialExpression)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage RaisingEyebrows "raising eyebrows")
(documentation RaisingEyebrows EnglishLanguage "A facial expression
behavior in which the eyebrows are raised.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage PhysicalViolence "violence")
(documentation PhysicalViolence EnglishLanguage "Violence is aggression
that has extreme physical harm as its goal. [Source: OCEAS]")
(subclass PhysicalViolence ViolentContest)
(instance ?PV PhysicalViolence)
(agent ?PV ?A))
(WhenFn ?PV)
(attribute ?A Anger))
(subclass Shivering PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(subclass Shivering Trembling)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Shivering "shivering")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage LimbWeakening "limb weakening")
(subclass LimbWeakening PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(documentation OpeningEyesWidely EnglishLanguage "A facial expression
behavior in which the eyes are opened widely.")
(subclass OpeningEyesWidely FacialExpression)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage OpeningEyesWidely "opening eyes widely")
(instance ?OEW OpeningEyesWidely)
(agent ?OEW ?A))
(exists (?EL)
(instance ?EL Eyelid)
(part ?EL ?A)
(patient ?OEW ?EL))))
(subclass HeartBeatingAtFasterRate PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage HeartBeatingAtFasterRate "heart beating at
faster rate")
(instance ?HB HeartBeatingAtFasterRate)
(exists (?H)
(instance ?H Heart)
(patient ?HB ?H))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage MovingAbruptly "moving abruptly")
(subclass MovingAbruptly EmotionalBodilyMovementBehavior)
(documentation MovingAbruptly EnglishLanguage "A bodily movement
behavior which involves abrupt movements.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage Blushing "blushing")
(subclass Blushing PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage BreathingAtAMoreRapidRate "breathing at a
more rapid rate")
(subclass BreathingAtAMoreRapidRate PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(subclass BreathingAtAMoreRapidRate Breathing)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage BecomingPale "becoming pale")
(subclass BecomingPale PhysiologicalResponseToEmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage ExperiencingALumpInTheThroat "experiencing a
lump in the throat")
(subclass ExperiencingALumpInTheThroat
(instance ?ELT ExperiencingALumpInTheThroat)
(experiencer ?ELT ?A))
(exists (?P)
(instance ?P Perception)
(subProcess ?P ?ELT)
(agent ?P ?A)
(patient ?P ?T)
(instance ?T Throat)
(part ?T ?A))))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage ExperiencingWarmSensationInWholeBody
"experiencing warm sensation in whole body")
(subAttribute ExperiencingWarmSensationInWholeBody
(subAttribute ExperiencingHeatInCheeksOrChest
(termFormat EnglishLanguage ExperiencingHeatInCheeksOrChest
"experiencing heat in cheeks or chest")
(instance ?ELT ExperiencingHeatInCheeksOrChest)
(experiencer ?ELT ?A))
(exists (?P)
(instance ?P Perception)
(subProcess ?P ?ELT)
(agent ?P ?A)
(patient ?P ?T)
(instance ?T Torso)
(instance ?T Face))
(part ?T ?A))))
;; -------------- Feelings --------------
(documentation FeelingCalm EnglishLanguage "The subjective feeling of
being calm, being relaxed, being at peace.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingCalm "feeling calm")
(instance FeelingCalm SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingCalm "calm")
(contraryAttribute FeelingCalm FeelingNervous)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingNervous "feeling nervous")
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingNervous "nervous")
(instance FeelingNervous SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(documentation FeelingNervous EnglishLanguage "The subjective feeling of
being not at ease, of being anxious or nervous or agitated.")
(contraryAttribute FeelingNervous FeelingAtEase)
(documentation FeelingRestless EnglishLanguage "The subjective emotional
feeling of restlessness, a state of not being calm, of an agitation to
do something.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingRestless "feeling restless")
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingRestless "restless")
(instance FeelingRestless SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(contraryAttribute FeelingRestless FeelingCalm)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingAtEase "feeling at ease")
(documentation FeelingAtEase EnglishLanguage "The subjective emotional
feeling of being at ease, comfortable, relaxed.")
(instance FeelingAtEase SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingAtEase "at ease")
(contraryAttribute FeelingAtEase FeelingRestless)
(instance FeelingInControl SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(documentation FeelingInControl EnglishLanguage "The subjective
emotional feeling that one is in control of oneself, that one is fully
the agent of one&apos;s behavior.")
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingInControl "in control")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingInControl "feeling in control")
(contraryAttribute FeelingInControl FeelingOutOfControl)
(documentation FeelingOutOfControl EnglishLanguage "May have an
evaluative component as well as a feeling component. Needs discussing.")
(instance FeelingOutOfControl SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingOutOfControl "out of control")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingOutOfControl "feeling out of control")
(documentation FeelingOutOfControl EnglishLanguage "The subjective
feeling of not being in control, not being able to gain agency of
one&apos;s own behavior.")
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingStrong "strong")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingStrong "feeling strong")
(documentation FeelingStrong EnglishLanguage "The subjective feeling of
strength, capability, energy and capacity to do things.")
(instance FeelingStrong SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(contraryAttribute FeelingStrong FeelingWeak)
(documentation FeelingWeak EnglishLanguage "The subjective feeling of
weakness, lack of energy and/or capability, faintness, absence of
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingWeak "feeling weak")
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingWeak "weak")
(instance FeelingWeak SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(documentation FeelingExhausted EnglishLanguage "The subjective
emotional feeling of exhaustion, an extremely strong form of feeling
(subAttribute FeelingExhausted FeelingTired)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingExhausted "feeling exhausted")
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingExhausted "exhausted")
(contraryAttribute FeelingExhausted FeelingEnergetic)
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingEnergetic "energetic")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingEnergetic "feeling energetic")
(instance FeelingEnergetic SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(documentation FeelingEnergetic EnglishLanguage "The subjective
emotional feeling of having lots of energy, being energetic.")
(documentation FeelingBad EnglishLanguage "The subjective emotional
feeling of feeling bad, negative.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingBad "feeling bad")
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingBad "bad")
(instance FeelingBad SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingBad "feeling negative")
(contraryAttribute FeelingGood FeelingBad)
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingGood "good")
(instance FeelingGood SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingGood "feeling positive")
(documentation FeelingGood EnglishLanguage "The subjective emotional
feeling of feeling good, positive.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingGood "feeling good")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingAlert "feeling alert")
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingAlert "alert")
(instance FeelingAlert SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(documentation FeelingAlert EnglishLanguage "The subjective feeling of
being wide awake, alert, having active attention and perception.")
(contraryAttribute FeelingAlert FeelingTired)
(instance FeelingTired SubjectiveEmotionalFeeling)
(utterance EnglishLanguage FeelingTired "tired")
(documentation FeelingTired EnglishLanguage "The subjective emotional
feeling of tiredness, needing sleep.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingTired "feeling tired")
(instance FeelingDubious EmotionalState)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FeelingDubious "dubious")
;; -------------- Speech --------------
(documentation SurprisedVoiceUtterance EnglishLanguage "Voice utterance
canonically associated with the experience of surprise")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SurprisedVoiceUtterance "surprised voice
(relatedInternalConcept SurprisedVoiceUtterance Surprise)
(subclass SurprisedVoiceUtterance EmotionalVoiceUtterances)
(instance ?SVU SurprisedVoiceUtterance)
(agent ?SVU ?A))
(exists (?S)
(instance ?S Surprise)
(experiencer ?S ?A)
(causes ?S ?SVU))))
(relatedInternalConcept AngryVoiceUtterance SpeakingLoudly)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage AngryVoiceUtterance "angry voice utterance")
(documentation AngryVoiceUtterance EnglishLanguage "Vocal utterances
canonically associated with the experience of anger")
(relatedInternalConcept AngryVoiceUtterance Anger)
(subclass AngryVoiceUtterance EmotionalVoiceUtterances)
(instance ?AVU AngryVoiceUtterance)
(agent ?AVU ?A))
(exists (?ANG)
(instance ?ANG Anger)
(experiencer ?ANG ?A)))
(instance ?AVU AngryVoiceUtterance)
(agent ?AVU ?A)))
(relatedInternalConcept SadVoiceUtterance Weeping)
(documentation SadVoiceUtterance EnglishLanguage "Voice utterance
characteristically associated with the experience of sadness.")
(relatedInternalConcept SadVoiceUtterance Sadness)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SadVoiceUtterance "sad voice utterance")
(subclass SadVoiceUtterance EmotionalVoiceUtterances)
(instance ?SVU SadVoiceUtterance)
(agent ?SVU ?A))
(exists (?S)
(instance ?S Sadness)
(experiencer ?S ?A)
(causes ?S ?SVU))))
(subclass HappyVoiceUtterance EmotionalVoiceUtterances)
(documentation HappyVoiceUtterance EnglishLanguage "Voice utterance
characteristically associated with the experience of happiness.")
(relatedInternalConcept HappyVoiceUtterance Happiness)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage HappyVoiceUtterance "happy voice utterance")
(instance ?HVU HappyVoiceUtterance)
(agent ?HVU ?A))
(exists (?H)
(instance ?H Happiness)
(experiencer ?H ?A)
(causes ?H ?HVU))))
(subclass DisgustedVoiceUtterance EmotionalVoiceUtterances)
(documentation DisgustedVoiceUtterance EnglishLanguage "Voice utterances
characteristically associated with the experience of disgust.")
(relatedInternalConcept DisgustedVoiceUtterance Disgust)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage DisgustedVoiceUtterance "disgusted voice
(instance ?DVU DisgustedVoiceUtterance)
(agent ?DVU ?A))
(exists (?D)
(instance ?D Disgust)
(experiencer ?D ?A)
(causes ?D ?DVU))))
(documentation SpeakingAtAFasterRate EnglishLanguage "Speaking in a
manner that is faster than the norm for that person.")
(subclass SpeakingAtAFasterRate EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingAtAFasterRate "speaking at a faster
(instance ?SF SpeakingAtAFasterRate)
(instance ?SS SpeakingAtASlowerRate)
(agent ?SF ?A)
(agent ?SS ?A)
(containsInformation ?SF ?I)
(containsInformation ?SS ?I)
(duration (WhenFn ?SF) ?FAST)
(duration (WhenFn ?SS) ?SLOW))
(greaterThan ?FAST ?SLOW))
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingAssertively "speaking assertively")
(subclass SpeakingAssertively EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(documentation SpeakingAssertively EnglishLanguage "Speaking with a
voice that is confident and assertive.")
(documentation SpeakingWithAlteredSpeechMelody EnglishLanguage "Speaking
with an altered rhythm or melody of speech relative to the norm for that
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingWithAlteredSpeechMelody "speaking
with altered speech melody")
(subclass SpeakingWithAlteredSpeechMelody EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingInADisturbedFashion "speaking in a
disturbed fashion")
(subclass SpeakingInADisturbedFashion EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(documentation SpeakingInADisturbedFashion EnglishLanguage "Speaking in
a manner which is disturbed relative to what is the norm for that person.")
(subclass SpeakingLoudly EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(documentation SpeakingLoudly EnglishLanguage "Speaking with a voice
louder than usual.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingLoudly "speaking loudly")
(subclass SpeakingSoftly EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingSoftly "speaking softly")
(documentation SpeakingSoftly EnglishLanguage "Speaking with a voice
softer than usual.")
(subclass FearfulVoiceUtterance EmotionalVoiceUtterances)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage FearfulVoiceUtterance "fearful voice utterance")
(relatedInternalConcept FearfulVoiceUtterance Fear)
(documentation FearfulVoiceUtterance EnglishLanguage "Vocal utterances
associated with the experience of fear")
(instance ?FVU FearfulVoiceUtterance)
(agent ?FVU ?A))
(exists (?F)
(instance ?F Fear)
(experiencer ?F ?A)
(causes ?F ?FVU))))
(subclass SpeakingAtASlowerRate EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingAtASlowerRate "speaking at a slower
(documentation SpeakingAtASlowerRate EnglishLanguage "Speaking in a
manner that is slower than the norm for that person.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage NotSpeaking "not speaking")
(subclass NotSpeaking EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(documentation NotSpeaking EnglishLanguage "Remaining silent, not
producing spoken utterances.")
(subclass SpeakingWithTremblingVoice EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingWithTremblingVoice "speaking with
trembling voice")
(documentation SpeakingWithTremblingVoice EnglishLanguage "Speaking with
a voice that is hesitant or trembling.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingALongUtterance "speaking a long
(subclass SpeakingALongUtterance EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(documentation SpeakingALongUtterance EnglishLanguage "Speaking behavior
in which a long utterance is produced.")
(subclass SpeakingAShortUtterance EmotionalSpeakingBehavior)
(documentation SpeakingAShortUtterance EnglishLanguage "Speaking
behavior in which a short utterance is produced.")
(termFormat EnglishLanguage SpeakingAShortUtterance "speaking a short
(instance ?SS SpeakingAShortUtterance)
(instance ?SL SpeakingALongUtterance)
(duration (WhenFn ?SS) ?D1)
(duration (WhenFn ?SL) ?D2))
(greaterThan ?D2 ?D1))
(instance attitudeForObject TernaryRelation)
(documentation attitudeForObject EnglishLanguage "Relates an &%EmotionalState
of an &%Agent to an &%Object.")
(domain attitudeForObject 1 EmotionalState)
(domain attitudeForObject 2 Agent)
(domain attitudeForObject 3 Physical)
(instance attitudeForFormula TernaryRelation)
(documentation attitudeForObject EnglishLanguage "Relates an &%EmotionalState
of an &%Agent a &%Formula.")
(domain attitudeForFormula 1 EmotionalState)
(domain attitudeForFormula 2 Agent)
(domain attitudeForFormula 3 Formula)