Access Control Lists
Access control lists
OpenCATS contains feature that allows to define which access level has role (user) for an object.
User is created with for example access level
ACCESS_LEVEL_READ. Without definition of access level map, user has access only to objects (functionalities) where is required access level ACCESS_LEVEL_READ; when higher access level is required (for example ACCESS_LEVEL_EDIT), user is not allowed to access such object / functionality.
Without definition of
ACCESS_LEVEL_MAP, it works as before, that is based on access level defined for user.
When configuration userCategory -> securedObject -> accessLevel is defined, then accessLevel is calculated based on category (role) that user has assigned.
If we need user to have
ACCESS_LEVEL_EDIT for example for candidates, without ACL, we have to define
ACCESS_LEVEL_EDIT for user. Unfortunately, user has then also edit access to job orders for example.
To restrict access level edit only for candidates, we need to define ACL map and then keep user in
Access level map is configured in
const ACCESS_LEVEL_MAP in form:
<role> -> <secured object> -> <access level>
example of such map:
const ACCESS_LEVEL_MAP = array( ... 'recruiter' => array( 'calendar' => ACCESS_LEVEL_EDIT, 'candidates'=> ACCESS_LEVEL_EDIT, 'candidates.add'=> ACCESS_LEVEL_DISABLED ), ... );
this map allows user in 'recruiter' role to manage calendar functionalities with minimum level
ACCESS_LEVEL_EDIT; allows to manage candidates functionalities with minimum level
ACCESS_LEVEL_EDIT but has disabled functionality for adding candidates (
Another example is for role candidate, that has access only to joborders. User can have access level
ACCESS_LEVEL_READ and we can restrict defining following map:
const ACCESS_LEVEL_MAP = array( ... 'candidate' => array( ACL::SECOBJ_ROOT => ACCESS_LEVEL_DISABLED, 'joborders' => ACCESS_LEVEL_READ, ), ... );
ACL::SECOBJ_ROOT means that user with such role has
ACCESS_LEVEL_DISABLED to all objects / functionalities; then user has
ACCESS_LEVEL_READ to 'joborders' and also it's sub-objects ('joborders.*')
Configuration is defined in config.php (for version 0.9.4). For later releases it is proposed to be moved to extra ACL.php file, so for forward compatibility, it is advised to add
include_once("./configACL.php"); into config.php file instead of direct definition in that file.
Role is defined in (existing) userCategory field, that was used for 'careerportal' functionality for similar purpose to role. So if user shall use access level of role, user shall have assigned proper category. When more categories are assigned to user, only first one is checked.
changed implementation of Session::getAccessLevel Open question: shall we treat default access level for user to be maximum access level? checks of access level in modules moved to handle request some public modules functions made private (not used out of class) menu (tabs/subtabs) access level checks also for secured object name (documented in function). What is not finished / needs further development
access level check not added into all places (only where it was used) secured object names corrections, simplification reading permissions / access levels (ACL) from a configuration file tabs/subtabs to be displayed based on permissions also for read only access automatic tests for different configuration of permissions