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JDBC Persistence

Helmut Lehmeyer edited this page Nov 17, 2016 · 49 revisions

Available as of openHAB 1.8

Table of Contents

Introduction

This service allows you to persist state updates using one of several different underlying database services. The JDBC Persistence Service is designed for a maximum of scalability. It is designed to store very large amounts of data, and still over the years not lose its speed. The generic design makes it relatively easy for developers to integrate other databases that have JDBC drivers. It can act as a replacement for the MySQL-Persistence bundle (with additional configuration in openhab.cfg).

Currently the following databases are supported and tested:

Features

NOTE Sept. 2016:

General:

  • Writing/reading information to relational database systems.
  • Database Table Name Schema can be reconfigured after creation.
  • JDBC drivers are not contained within the bundle and must be downloaded and added separately to your ${openhab.home}/addons directory.

For Developers:

  • Clearly separated source files for the database-specific part of openHAB logic.
  • Code duplication by similar services is prevented.
  • Integrating a new SQL and JDBC enabled database is fairly simple.

Installing JDBC Persistence

New Installation

  1. For installation of this persistence bundle, please follow the same steps as if you would install a binding.
  2. Copy the database-specific driver JAR file (see below) to your ${openhab.home}/addons directory.
  3. Place a persistence file called jdbc.persist into the ${openhab.home}/configuration/persistence folder. This has the standard format as described in Persistence.
  4. In openhab.cfg change persistence:default parameter to jdbc:
persistence:default=jdbc

Migrating from MySQL Bundle

If you are migrating from the MySQL persistence bundle to the JDBC persistence bundle, follow these steps:

  1. For installation of this persistence bundle, please follow the same steps as if you would install a binding.
  2. Copy the database-specific driver JAR file (see below) to your ${openhab.home}/addons directory.
  3. Remove the MySQL persistence bundle from your ${openhab.home}/addons directory.
  4. In your ${openhab.home}/configurations/persistence directory, rename your mysql.persist file to jdbc.persist.
  5. In your openhab.cfg file, add or change these configuration items:
persistence:default=jdbc
jdbc:tableNamePrefix=Item
jdbc:tableUseRealItemNames=false
jdbc:tableIdDigitCount=0

JDBC Driver Files

Database Tested File Repository
Derby derby-10.12.1.1.jar Maven
H2 h2-1.4.191.jar Maven
HSQLDB hsqldb-2.3.3.jar Maven
MariaDB mariadb-java-client-1.4.6.jar Maven
MySQL mysql-connector-java-5.1.39.jar Maven
PostgreSQL postgresql-9.4.1209.jre7.jar Maven
SQLite sqlite-jdbc-3.8.11.2.jar Maven

Configuring JDBC Persistence

You can configure the persistence service in JDBC Persistence Service section in openhab.cfg.

Minimal Configuration

############################ JDBC Persistence Service ##################################
#
# required database url like 'jdbc:<service>:<host>[:<port>;<attributes>]'
jdbc:url=jdbc:postgresql://192.168.0.1:5432/testPostgresql
#

Migration from MYSQL Bundle to JDBC Bundle

############################ JDBC Persistence Service ##################################
#
# required database url like 'jdbc:<service>:<host>[:<port>;<attributes>]'
jdbc:url=jdbc:mysql://192.168.0.1:3306/testMysql
#
# optional database user
jdbc:user=test
#
# optional database password
jdbc:password=test
#
# for Migration from MYSQL-Bundle set to 'Item'.
jdbc:tableNamePrefix=Item
#
# for Migration from MYSQL-Bundle do not use real names.
jdbc:tableUseRealItemNames=false
#
# for Migration from MYSQL-Bundle set to 0.
jdbc:tableIdDigitCount=0

Full Configuration

############################ JDBC Persistence Service ##################################
# I N S T A L L   J D B C   P E R S I S T E N C E   S E R V I C E 
# To use this JDBC-service-bundle (org.openhab.persistence.jdbc-X.X.X.jar),
# a appropriate JDBC database-driver is needed in OpenHab addons Folder.
# Copy both (JDBC-service-bundle and a JDBC database-driver) to your OpenHab '[OpenHab]/addons' Folder to make it work. 
#
# Driver jars see: https://github.com/openhab/openhab/wiki/JDBC-Persistence#jdbc-driver-files
#
# Tested databases/url-prefix: jdbc:derby, jdbc:h2, jdbc:hsqldb, jdbc:mariadb, jdbc:mysql, jdbc:postgresql, jdbc:sqlite
# 
# derby, h2, hsqldb, sqlite can be embedded, 
# If no database is available it will be created, for example the url 'jdbc:h2:./testH2' creates a new DB in OpenHab Folder. 
#
# Create new database, for example on a MySQL-Server use: 
# CREATE DATABASE 'yourDB' CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;

# D A T A B A S E  C O N F I G
# Some URL-Examples, 'service' identifies and activates internally the correct jdbc driver.
# required database url like 'jdbc:<service>:<host>[:<port>;<attributes>]'
# jdbc:url=jdbc:derby:./testDerby;create=true
# jdbc:url=jdbc:h2:./testH2
# jdbc:url=jdbc:hsqldb:./testHsqlDb
# jdbc:url=jdbc:mariadb://192.168.0.1:3306/testMariadb
# jdbc:url=jdbc:mysql://192.168.0.1:3306/testMysql?serverTimezone=UTC
# jdbc:url=jdbc:postgresql://192.168.0.1:5432/testPostgresql
# jdbc:url=jdbc:sqlite:./testSqlite.db

# optional database user
#jdbc:user=
jdbc:user=test

# optional database password
#jdbc:password=
jdbc:password=test

# E R R O R   H A N D L I N G
# optional when Service is deactivated (optional, default: 0 -> ignore) 
#jdbc:errReconnectThreshold=

# I T E M   O P E R A T I O N S
# optional tweaking SQL datatypes
# see: https://mybatis.github.io/mybatis-3/apidocs/reference/org/apache/ibatis/type/JdbcType.html	
# see: http://www.h2database.com/html/datatypes.html
# see: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.3/static/datatype.html
# defaults:
#jdbc:sqltype.CALL			=	VARCHAR(200)
#jdbc:sqltype.COLOR			=	VARCHAR(70)
#jdbc:sqltype.CONTACT		=	VARCHAR(6)
#jdbc:sqltype.DATETIME		=	DATETIME
#jdbc:sqltype.DIMMER		=	TINYINT
#jdbc:sqltype.LOCATION		=	VARCHAR(30)
#jdbc:sqltype.NUMBER		=	DOUBLE
#jdbc:sqltype.ROLLERSHUTTER	=	TINYINT
#jdbc:sqltype.STRING		=	VARCHAR(65500)
#jdbc:sqltype.SWITCH		=	VARCHAR(6)
#jdbc:sqltype.TABLEPRIMARYKEY   =	TIMESTAMP
#jdbc:sqltype.TABLEPRIMARYVALUE =	NOW()

# For Itemtype "Number" default decimal digit count (optional, default: 3) 
#jdbc:numberDecimalcount=

# T A B L E   O P E R A T I O N S
# Tablename Prefix String (optional, default: "item") 
# for Migration from MYSQL-Bundle set to 'Item'.
#jdbc:tableNamePrefix=Item

# Tablename Prefix generation, using Item real names or "item" (optional, default: false -> "item") 
# If true, 'tableNamePrefix' is ignored.
#jdbc:tableUseRealItemNames=
jdbc:tableUseRealItemNames=true

# Tablename Suffix length (optional, default: 4 -> 0001-9999) 
# for Migration from MYSQL-Bundle set to 0.
#jdbc:tableIdDigitCount=

# Rename existing Tables using tableUseRealItemNames and tableIdDigitCount (optional, default: false) 
# USE WITH CARE! Deactivate after Renaming is done!
#jdbc:rebuildTableNames=true

# D A T A B A S E  C O N N E C T I O N S
# Some embeded Databases can handle only one Connection (optional, default: configured per database in packet org.openhab.persistence.jdbc.db.* )
# see: https://github.com/brettwooldridge/HikariCP/issues/256
# jdbc.maximumPoolSize = 1
# jdbc.minimumIdle = 1

# T I M E K E E P I N G
# (optional, default: false) 
#jdbc:enableLogTime=true

Database Table Schema

The service will create a mapping table to link each item to a table, and a separate table is generated for each item. The item data tables include time and data values. The SQL data type used depends on the openHAB item type, and allows the item state to be recovered back into openHAB in the same way it was stored. With this per-item layout, the scalability and easy maintenance of the database is ensured, even if large amounts of data must be managed. To rename existing tables, use the parameters jdbc:tableUseRealItemNames and jdbc:tableIdDigitCount in the JDBC Persistence Service section of openhab.cfg.

Number Precision

Default openHab number items are persisted with sql datatype double. Internally openHab uses BigDecimal. If better numerical precision is needed, for example set jdbc:sqltype.NUMBER = DECIMAL(max digits, max decimals) in the JDBC Persistence Service section of openhab.cfg, then on java side the service works with BigDecimal without type conversion. If more come decimals as max decimals provides, this persisted value is rounded mathematically correct. The sql types DECIMAL or NUMERIC are precise, but to work with DOUBLE is faster.

Rounding results

The results of database queries of number items are rounded to three decimal places by default. With jdbc:numberDecimalcount in the JDBC Persistence Service section of openhab.cfg decimals can be changed. Especially if sql types DECIMAL or NUMERIC are used for jdbc:sqltype.NUMBER, rounding can be disabled by setting jdbc:numberDecimalcount=-1.

Not representative Database Performance Tests

Results per DATABASE:

DATABASE FIRST RUN AVERAGE FASTEST SIZE AFTER COMMENT
Derby 7.829 6.892 5.381 5.36 MB local embedded
H2 1.797 2.080 1.580 0.96 MB local embedded
hsqldb 3.474 2.104 1.310 1.23 MB local embedded
mysql 11.873 11.524 10.971 - ext. Server VM
postgresql 8.147 7.072 6.895 - ext. Server VM
sqlite 2.406 1.249 1.137 0.28 MB local embedded

Each Test ran about 20 Times every 30 seconds. OpenHAB has ready started for about a Minute. The data in seconds for the evaluation are from the Console Output.

Used a script like this:

var count = 0;
rule "DB STRESS TEST"
when 
	Time cron "30 * * * * ?"
then
	if( count = 24) count = 0
	count = count+1
	if( count > 3 && count < 23){
		for( var i=500; i>1; i=i-1){
			postUpdate( NUMBERITEM, i)
			SWITCHITEM.previousState().state
			postUpdate( DIMMERITEM, OFF)
			NUMBERITEM.changedSince( now().minusMinutes(1))
			postUpdate( DIMMERITEM, ON)
		}
	}
end

feature overview

Installation

Setup intro

Linux and OS X

Windows

FreeBSD


Configuration

Automation*

User Interfaces

Persistence


Community

(link to openHAB forum)

Development


Bindings


Application Integration

Misc


Samples

A good source of inspiration and tips from users gathered over the years. Be aware that things may have changed since they were written and some examples might not work correctly.

Please update the wiki if you do come across any out of date information.

Binding configurations

Use case examples

Item definition examples

Sitemap definition examples

Collections of Rules on a single page

Single Rules

Scripts

Syntax highlighting for external editors


Release Notes

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