DCM.pl command line interface for OpenNetAdmin
Perl Shell
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dcm.pl is the command line interface tool to the core modules of OpenNetAdmin. It is intended to provide a batch interface for doing adds, modifies, deletes etc.


This tool can be installed on just about any system that has perl installed. It is simply a command line interface to the modules that ONA uses to do work in the core. There are two files that need to be placed in your operating system somewhere.

bin/dcm.pl: This is the main program file. It needs to be in /opt/ona/bin. If you choose to install it elsewhere, like /usr/local/bin for instance, you should have a symlink that points to it in /opt/ona/bin as there are several ONA related processes that expect it to be there. In the event you have not installed ONA in /opt/ona, then put it in $ONABASE/bin.

etc/dcm.conf: This is the configuration file for dcm.pl. The prefered location is /opt/ona/etc but dcm.pl will look for the configuration file in the following locations and will use the first one it finds:

`$xdg_config_home . '/dcm/dcm.conf'`,
`$homedir . '/.config/dcm/dcm.conf'`,
`$homedir . '/.dcm/dcm.conf'`,
`$homedir . '/dcm.conf'`,
`$onabase . '/etc/dcm.conf'`,

You can also specify any path using the -c commandline option.

If you desire you can run make-package.sh to build a system package of dcm. It utilizes the fpm package tool to create a package. By default it will create .deb packages but should be easily updated to .rpm or others.

You can also copy the bash_completion file over, if desired using cp dcm-completion /etc/bash_completion.d/dcm.pl


You will need to adjust the 'url' value in the [networking] section of the config file. This is the URL to the dcm.php file. This file is in the same directory as the main ONA index.php file would be located. So if you reach the ONA website by using http://myserver.example.com/ipam/ then use the same url but just tack on dcm.php. Some examples might be:

url                      => https://localhost/ona/dcm.php
url                      => http://myserver.example.com/ipam/dcm.php

The dcm.pl user will also need to be manually created via the ONA GUI. For more detail on how you can leverage a different user, please see the SECURITY section. Once that user is created, be sure to also give it the "interface_modify" and "ona_sql" permissions via the Permissions Editor - also in the ONA GUI.


You should be careful as to how you configure and utilize dcm.pl. By default it grants very high level access to the ONA system and will allow you to add, delete or modify just about any record. It will also allow you to use unencrypted connections to the ONA database.

It is recommended that you configure your web server to utilize https only and that you set the allow-http-fallback option to 0 to disable the downgrade to http style connections. This setting only affects how dcm itself operates so having https turned on your web server is good practice anyway as it relates to the ONA web interface. For dcm to utilize https you will need the following perl modules installed on your system: Net::SSleay and IO::Socket::SSL.

I have provided an example .htaccess file in the ONA install that will restrict the dcm tool even further. To enable it you can simply rename the www/.htaccess.example file to www/.htaccess. By default this example file will restrict dcm to work only from the localhost IP address. This means that dcm can only be run from the same server that the ONA web interface is on. You can adjust the IP address ranges used or if you choose, you can utilize basic http auth via .htpasswd. These are a few examples of how one could lock it down via .htaccess so I will leave any advanced methods up to the user.

By default dcm will try to connect to ONA as the user 'dcm.pl'. If that user does not exist in the ona system then you will get an error. You can specify an alternate user to connect as using the -l option for dcm. The commands that you are allowed to execute must fall within the privileges that you have been granted in the ONA web interface. You will however be able to list (--list) all of the available commands.

If you have a system with multiple users and do not want to set username and password in the .conf file it would be best to have users set an ENV variable in their shell to define the login information specific to them. They can also use -l and -p but the ENV option provides a more convenient way of dealing with this. You can also use these in cron jobs or other batch scripts to control access. The two variables to set are:



Once you have installed via the steps above, you can test that it is functioning by issuing the following command:

dcm.pl --list

This should return a large list of modules and their descriptions. If not, then you should see an error message explaining the issue.

Here is an example of some of the modules available:

interface_move            :: Move an interface from one subnet to another
interface_move_host       :: Moves an interface from one host to another
interface_share           :: Share an existing interface with another host
interface_share_del       :: Delete an interface share entry
location_add              :: Add a location record
location_del              :: Delete a location
location_modify           :: Modify a location record
mangle_ip                 :: Converts between various IP address representations
nat_add                   :: Add external NAT IP to existing internal IP
nat_del                   :: Delete external NAT IP from existing internal IP
ona_sql                   :: Perform basic SQL operations on the database
report_run                :: Run a report
subnet_add                :: Add a new subnet
subnet_del                :: Delete an existing subnet
subnet_display            :: Display an existing subnet
subnet_modify             :: Modify an existing subnet
subnet_nextip             :: Return the next available IP address on a subnet
vlan_add                  :: Add a VLAN
vlan_campus_add           :: Add a VLAN campus (VTP Domain)
vlan_campus_del           :: Delete a VLAN campus
vlan_campus_modify        :: Modify a VLAN campus record
vlan_del                  :: Delete a VLAN
vlan_modify               :: Modify a VLAN

You can also run dcm.pl on its own to get help text. The typical usage is as follows:

dcm.pl -r <modulename>

This should then display the usage information for the specified module. Lets assume you have selected host_display as your module. You would run dcm.pl with that module name with its required option of host and optional verbose flag, which would look something like this:

$ dcm.pl -r host_display host=test.example.com verbose=n
HOST RECORD (test.example.com)
  id                          23
  primary_dns_id              62
  device_id                   15
  name                        test
  fqdn                        test.example.com
  domain_id                   1                   (example.com)
  domain_fqdn                 example.com

NOTE: One feature of dcm.pl is that it can take files as input. So if I pass dcm.pl the option file=myfile.txt it will look in the current path for myfile.txt. This is a great feature for passing things into ONA. There is however a drawback at times. For example, if you are passing in an option like host=test.example.com and you also happen to be in a directory where there is a file or directory named test.example.com the dcm.pl script will probably not behave as you expect. Be aware of this behavior, it bites me still sometimes.