dcm.pl is the command line interface tool to the core modules of OpenNetAdmin. It is intended to provide a batch interface for doing adds, modifies, deletes etc.
This tool can be installed on just about any system that has perl installed. It is simply a command line interface to the modules that ONA uses to do work in the core. There are two files that need to be placed in your operating system somewhere.
dcm.pl: This is the main program file. It needs to be in
If you choose to install it elsewhere, like
/usr/local/bin for instance,
you should have a symlink that points to it in
there are several ONA related processes that expect it to be there.
In the event you have not installed ONA in
/opt/ona, then put
dcm.conf: This is the configuration file for dcm.pl. dcm.pl will look for the configuration file in the following locations and it will use the first one it finds in this list:
`'./.dcm/dcm.conf'`, `'./dcm.conf'`, `$xdg_config_home . '/dcm/dcm.conf'`, `$homedir . '/.config/dcm/dcm.conf'`, `$homedir . '/.dcm/dcm.conf'`, `$homedir . '/dcm.conf'`, `$onabase . '/etc/dcm.conf'`, `'/opt/ona/etc/dcm.conf'`, `'/etc/dcm.conf'`, `'/etc/dcm/dcm.conf'`
You can also specify any path using the -c commandline option.
You will need to adjust the 'url' value in the [networking] section of the config file. This is the URL to the dcm.php file. This file is in the same directory as the main ONA index.php file would be located. So if you reach the ONA website by using http://myserver.example.com/ipam/ then use the same url but just tack on dcm.php. Some examples might be:
url => https://localhost/ona/dcm.php url => http://myserver.example.com/ipam/dcm.php
You should be careful as to how you configure and utilize dcm.pl. By default it grants very high level access to the ONA system and will allow you to add, delete or modify just about any record. It will also allow you to use unencrypted connections to the ONA database.
It is recommended that you configure your web server to utilize https only
and that you set the
allow-http-fallback option to 0 to disable the
downgrade to http style connections. This setting only affects how dcm
itself operates so having https turned on your web server is good practice
anyway as it relates to the ONA web interface. For dcm to utilize https you
will need the following perl modules installed on your system:
Net::SSleay and IO::Socket::SSL.
I have provided an example .htaccess file in the ONA install that will restrict the dcm tool even further. To enable it you can simply rename the www/.htaccess.example file to www/.htaccess. By default this example file will restrict dcm to work only from the localhost IP address. This means that dcm can only be run from the same server that the ONA web interface is on. You can adjust the IP address ranges used or if you choose, you can utilize basic http auth via .htpasswd. These are a few examples of how one could lock it down via .htaccess so I will leave any advanced methods up to the user.
By default dcm will try to connect to ONA as the user 'dcm.pl'. If that user does not exist in the ona system then you will get an error. You can specify an alternate user to connect as using the -l option for dcm. The commands that you are allowed to execute must fall within the privileges that you have been granted in the ONA web interface. You will however be able to list (--list) all of the available commands.
If you have a system with multiple users and do not want to set username and password in the .conf file it would be best to have users set an ENV variable in their shell to define the login information specific to them. They can also use -l and -p but the ENV option provides a more convenient way of dealing with this. You can also use these in cron jobs or other batch scripts to control access. The two variables to set are:
Once you have installed via the steps above, you can test that it is functioning by issuing the following command:
This should return a large list of modules and their descriptions. If not, then you should see an error message explaining the issue.
Here is an example of some of the modules available:
interface_move :: Move an interface from one subnet to another interface_move_host :: Moves an interface from one host to another interface_share :: Share an existing interface with another host interface_share_del :: Delete an interface share entry location_add :: Add a location record location_del :: Delete a location location_modify :: Modify a location record mangle_ip :: Converts between various IP address representations nat_add :: Add external NAT IP to existing internal IP nat_del :: Delete external NAT IP from existing internal IP ona_sql :: Perform basic SQL operations on the database report_run :: Run a report subnet_add :: Add a new subnet subnet_del :: Delete an existing subnet subnet_display :: Display an existing subnet subnet_modify :: Modify an existing subnet subnet_nextip :: Return the next available IP address on a subnet vlan_add :: Add a VLAN vlan_campus_add :: Add a VLAN campus (VTP Domain) vlan_campus_del :: Delete a VLAN campus vlan_campus_modify :: Modify a VLAN campus record vlan_del :: Delete a VLAN vlan_modify :: Modify a VLAN
You can also run dcm.pl on its own to get help text. The typical usage is as follows:
dcm.pl -r <modulename>
This should then display the usage information for the specified module.
Lets assume you have selected
host_display as your module. You would run
dcm.pl with that module name with its required option of
host and optional
verbose flag, which would look something like this:
$ dcm.pl -r host_display host=test.example.com verbose=n HOST RECORD (test.example.com) id 23 primary_dns_id 62 device_id 15 name test fqdn test.example.com domain_id 1 (example.com) domain_fqdn example.com
NOTE: One feature of dcm.pl is that it can take files as input. So if I pass dcm.pl the option file=myfile.txt it will look in the current path for myfile.txt. This is a great feature for passing things into ONA. There is however a drawback at times. For example, if you are passing in an option like host=test.example.com and you also happen to be in a directory where there is a file or directory named test.example.com the dcm.pl script will probably not behave as you expect. Be aware of this behavior, it bites me still sometimes.