SCAPE project for creating debian packages from command line tools.
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README.md

ToolWrapper

Wrap preservation tools once, deploy them everywhere

What you'll find in this README:

Tool Specification (toolspec)

Tools, and tools invocations, are described using a machine-readable language (XML, respecting a XML schema) called toolspec. On this file, one can specify:

  1. Tool information, i.e., name, version, homepage, etc;
  2. Tool installation information, i.e., software dependencies, license, etc;
  3. One or more concrete operations, pre-described, that can be executed for a particular input to generate a particular output

Changes from toolspec version 1.0 to 1.1:

  1. The element <otherProperties> no longer exists
  2. The element <installation> now allows to specify much more information
  3. An element <license> was added under <tool> to express the license of a tool description

Example

This example, even if simplified for presentation purpose, demonstrates how one could describe an image file format conversion using ImageMagick.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<tool name="ImageMagick" version="2.0.0"
      homepage="http://www.imagemagick.org/script/convert.php">
   <license name="Apache-2.0" type="FLOSS"
            uri="http://opensource.org/licenses/Apache-2.0"/>
   <installation>
      <operatingSystem operatingSystemName="Debian">
         <packageManager type="Dpkg">
            <config>imagemagick</config>
            <source>deb http://scape.keep.pt/apt stable main</source>
         </packageManager>
         <dependency name="imagemagick">
            <license name="Apache-2.0" type="FLOSS"
                     uri="http://opensource.org/licenses/Apache-2.0"/>
         </dependency>
      </operatingSystem>
   </installation>
   <operations>
      <operation name="digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt">
         <description>
            Converts any ImageMagick supported image format to Text
         </description>
         <command>/usr/bin/convert ${input} txt:${output}</command>
         <inputs>
            <input name="input" required="true">  
               <description>Reference to input file</description>
            </input>
            <parameter name="params" required="false">
               <description>Additional conversion parameters</description>
            </parameter>
         </inputs>
         <outputs>
            <output name="output" required="true">
               <description>Reference to output file</description>
               <extension>txt</extension>
            </output>
         </outputs>
      </operation>
   </operations>
</tool>

Component Specification (componentspec)

In the SCAPE context, a Component is a Taverna workflow adhering to a Component Profile and used as a building block in a Preservation Action Plan. These Taverna workflows will "live" in the myExperiment website and allow anyone to search/use them. In order to allow a more meaningful search/increase their discoverability, these workflows will be semantically annotated with special tool information such as the supported input formats and output formats of file format migration tools or, for the characterisation tools, what file characteristics the tool can extract, etc.

In what concerns the ToolWrapper, as it produces Taverna workflows from the toolspec and as the toolspec only allows to specify a limited set of information (described in the previous section), another spec file was created and named Component Spec (componentspec). It is also described using a machine-readable language (XML, respecting a XML schema) and allows one to specify (as specified in the different SCAPE Component Profiles):

Migration Component

One or more migration paths. E.g.

<migrationPath>
   <fromMimetype>image/png</fromMimetype>
   <toMimetype>text/plain</toMimetype>
</migrationPath>

Example

This example, even if simplified for presentation purpose, demonstrates how one could describe an image file format conversion using ImageMagick (in what concerns SCAPE Component info).

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<components schemaVersion="1.1">
   <component xsi:type="MigrationAction" profileVersion="1.0"
              profile="http://purl.org/DP/components#MigrationAction"
              name="digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt"
              author="Hélder Silva">
      <license name="Apache-2.0" type="FLOSS"
               uri="http://opensource.org/licenses/Apache-2.0"/>
      <migrationPath>
         <fromMimetype>image/jpeg</fromMimetype>
         <toMimetype>text/plain</toMimetype>
      </migrationPath>
      <migrationPath>
         <fromMimetype>image/png</fromMimetype>
         <toMimetype>text/plain</toMimetype>
      </migrationPath>
      <migrationPath>
         <fromMimetype>image/tiff</fromMimetype>
         <toMimetype>text/plain</toMimetype>
      </migrationPath>
      <migrationPath>
         <fromMimetype>image/jp2</fromMimetype>
         <toMimetype>text/plain</toMimetype>
      </migrationPath>
   </component>
</components>

Characterisation Component

One or more accepted mimetypes (the same # as the inputs of the operation). E.g.

<acceptedMimetype>video/quicktime</acceptedMimetype>

One or more output measures, measures produced by a certain tool operation, which may contain processing instructions that will be added to the Taverna workflow. E.g. (using Bash instruction)

<outputMeasure name="image_width_of_video"
               uri="http://purl.org/DP/quality/measures#390"
               typeOfProcessingInstruction="BASH">
    egrep "codec_type=\"video\"" %%output%% | sed 's#^.*width="##;s#".*##'
</outputMeasure>

or (using JAVA instruction)

<outputMeasure name="the_height_of_the_video_track"
               uri="http://purl.org/DP/quality/measures#391"
               typeOfProcessingInstruction="JAVA">
    // dummy result (always set the result to 500)
    the_height_of_the_video_track="500";
</outputMeasure>

Note: If no extra processing should be made, then just remove the attribute typeOfProcessingInstruction and use an empty element instead. E.g.

<outputMeasure name="image_width_of_video"
               uri="http://purl.org/DP/quality/measures#390" />

Example

This example, even if simplified for presentation purpose, demonstrates how one could describe a video characterisation using FFProbe (in what concerns SCAPE Component info).

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<components schemaVersion="1.1">
   <component xsi:type="Characterisation"
      profile="http://purl.org/DP/components#Characterisation"
      name="digital-preservation-characterisation-video-ffprobe-video2xml"
      author="Hélder Silva">
      <license name="Apache-2.0" type="FLOSS"  
         uri="http://opensource.org/licenses/Apache-2.0" />
      <acceptedMimetype>video/msvideo</acceptedMimetype>
      <acceptedMimetype>video/quicktime</acceptedMimetype>
      <outputMeasure name="image_width_of_video"
                     uri="http://purl.org/DP/quality/measures#390"
                     typeOfProcessingInstruction="BASH">
         egrep "codec_type=\"video\"" %%output%% | sed 's#^.*width="##;s#".*##'
      </outputMeasure>
      <outputMeasure name="the_height_of_the_video_track"
                     uri="http://purl.org/DP/quality/measures#391"
                     typeOfProcessingInstruction="BASH">
         egrep "codec_type=\"video\"" %%output%% | sed 's#^.*height="##;s#".*##'
      </outputMeasure>
   </component>
</components>

Quality Assurance Component

Two accepted mimetypes (as this compares 2 representations). E.g.

<acceptedMimetype>image/*</acceptedMimetype>
<acceptedMimetype>image/*</acceptedMimetype>

One or more output measures which can be compared by: "are the two representations equals, using a certain comparison algorithm?", e.g. using JAVA instruction.

<outputMeasure name="image_distance_mean_error_squared_MSE"
               uri="http://purl.org/DP/quality/measures#6"
               typeOfProcessingInstruction="JAVA">
    import java.util.regex.*;
    Pattern thePat = Pattern.compile(".+\\((\\d+\\.?\\d*)\\)");
    Matcher matcher = thePat.matcher(STDERR_IN);
    if (matcher.find()) {
       image_distance_mean_error_squared_MSE = matcher.group(1);
    }else{
       image_distance_mean_error_squared_MSE="ERROR";
    }
</outputMeasure>

Example

This example, even if simplified for presentation purpose, demonstrates how one could describe an image comparison using ImageMagick (in what concerns SCAPE Component info).

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<components schemaVersion="1.1">
   <component xsi:type="QAObjectComparison"
      profile="http://purl.org/DP/components#QAObjectComparison"
      name="digital-preservation-qaobject-imagemagick-compare-with-mse"
      author="Hélder Silva">
      <license name="Apache-2.0" type="FLOSS"  
         uri="http://opensource.org/licenses/Apache-2.0" />
      <acceptedMimetype>image/*</acceptedMimetype>
      <acceptedMimetype>image/*</acceptedMimetype>
		<outputMeasure name="image_distance_mean_error_squared_MSE"
                     uri="http://purl.org/DP/quality/measures#6"
                     typeOfProcessingInstruction="JAVA">
         import java.util.regex.*;
         Pattern thePat = Pattern.compile(".+\\((\\d+\\.?\\d*)\\)");
         Matcher matcher = thePat.matcher(STDERR_IN);
         if (matcher.find()) {
            image_distance_mean_error_squared_MSE = matcher.group(1);
         }else{
            image_distance_mean_error_squared_MSE="ERROR";
         }
      </outputMeasure>
   </component>
</components>

Getting started

Requirements

  1. Unix/linux operating system;
  2. Java SDK (version >= 1.6)
    • Debian/ubuntu: sudo apt-get install openjdk-6-jdk
  3. Build tools (for Java and Debian packaging)
    • Debian/ubuntu: sudo apt-get install build-essential dh-make devscripts debhelper lintian maven
  4. Clone of Scape ToolWrapper github repository
    • Unix/linux: git clone https://github.com/openplanets/scape-toolwrapper.git

Project directory structure

  • toolwrapper-bash-debian-generator toolwrapper component that generates, from a set of bash wrappers, one or more Debian packages
    • bin folder with script that eases the component execution
    • pom.xml
    • src java source code and other resources (templates for debian package generation)
  • toolwrapper-bash-generator toolwrapper component that generates a set of bash wrappers and the correspondent Taverna workflows
    • bin folder with script that eases the component execution
    • pom.xml
    • src java source code and other resources (templates for bash wrapper and Taverna workflow)
  • toolwrapper-component-uploader Toolwrapper component that eases the process of uploading a Component (Taverna workflow) to the myExperiment website
    • bin folder with script that eases the component execution
    • pom.xml
    • src java source code and other resources
  • CHANGELOG.txt
  • toolwrapper-core toolwrapper component with common core functionalities
    • pom.xml
    • src java source code and other resources (log4j.xml)
  • toolwrapper-data toolwrapper component with JAXB related code/resources
    • pom.xml
    • src java source code and other resources (toolspec & componentspec XML Schema)
  • LICENSE
  • pom.xml
  • README_FILES folder with files mentioned on the README file
  • README.md

Compilation process

Execute the following on the command-line ($TOOLWRAPPER_GITHUB_FOLDER denotes the path to the folder where the Scape Toolwrapper repository was cloned into):

$> cd $TOOLWRAPPER_GITHUB_FOLDER
$> mvn package

How ToolWrapper works

In the project directory, there are 2 ToolWrapper components (for now) whose name ends up with "generator". These, when executed in a certain sequence, generate different outputs.
If one executes the bash-generator first, for a given toolspec (and optionally for the respective componentspec), one will end up with a bash wrapper and a Taverna workflow, as the following diagram explains.

                                             +---------------------+
                                             |  output_directory   |
                                             |---------------------|
                      +----------------+     | ./bash/             |
   +--------+         |                |     |    ./bash_wrapper_1 |
   |toolspec|+------->|                |     |                     |
   +--------+         | bash-generator |+--->| ./workflow/         |
+- - - - - - -+       |                |     |    ./workflow_1     |
|componentspec|+----->|                |     |                     |
+- - - - - - -+       +----------------+     | ./install/          |
                                             |    ./toolspec       |
                                             |    ./componentspec  |
                                             +---------------------+

Note: when executing the bash wrapped version of the tool, please make sure that parameters made of multiple terms (white-space delimited) are provided within double quotes (e.g. -compress None should be "-compress None").

Then, if one wants to generate a Debian package, for a given toolspec (and optionally for the respective componentspec) and for the previously generated artifacts, one executes the bash-debian-generator, as the following diagram explains.

 +---------------------+
 |  output_directory   |
 |---------------------|                                     +---------------------+
 | ./bash/             |                                     |  output_directory   |
 |    ./bash_wrapper_1 |+--|                                 |---------------------|
 |                     |   |                                 | ./bash/             |
 | ./workflow/         |   |   +-----------------------+     |    ./bash_wrapper_1 |
 |    ./workflow_1     |   --> |                       |     |                     |
 |                     |       |                       |     | ./workflow/         |
 | ./install/          | ----> | bash-debian-generator |+--->|    ./workflow_1     |
 |    ./toolspec       | |     |                       |     |                     |
 |    ./componentspec  | | --> |                       |     | ./install/          |
 +---------------------+ | |   +-----------------------+     |    ./toolspec       |
        +--------+       | |                                 |    ./componentspec  |
        |toolspec|+------| |                                 |                     |
        +--------+         |                                 | ./debian/           |
     +- - - - - - -+       |                                 |    ./debian_1       |
     |componentspec|+------|                                 +---------------------+
     +- - - - - - -+

Sum up:

  1. ToolWrapper components can be combined, in the correct order, passing generated artifacts through a folder (i.e., the output folder of the bash-generator will be the input folder of the bash-debian-generator).
  2. An install folder is generated by the bash-generator, which can be used to place scripts/files/programs that should be installed alongside with the bash wrapper and workflow. These scripts/files/programs are going to be placed under /usr/share/OPERATION-NAME/.

Different Debian package generation scenarios

  1. 1 toolspec with 1 operation
    This will generate 1 Debian package named OPERATION-NAME_VERSION_all.deb
  2. 1 toolspec with n operations (n > 1)
    1. Generate a Debian package with all artifacts (named DEB-NAME_VERSION_all.deb, where DEB-NAME is passed as a parameter through the command-line)
    2. Generate a Debian package per operation (named OPERATION-NAME_VERSION_all.deb) DEFAULT

How to's...

How to validate a toolspec against the schema

The schema for the toolspec is located under toolwrapper-data/src/main/resources/ and it's named tool-1.X_draft.xsd, where X is a number.

To validate a toolspec called toolspec.xml, located in TOOLWRAPPER_SOURCE_DIR, in linux do (to install xmllint in Debian based machines do sudo apt-get install libxml2-utils):

$> cd $TOOLWRAPPER_SOURCE_DIR
$> xmllint --noout --schema toolwrapper-data/src/main/resources/tool-1.1_draft.xsd toolspec.xml

How to validate a componentspec against the schema

The schema for the componentspec is located under toolwrapper-data/src/main/resources/ and it's named component-1.X_draft.xsd, where X is a number.

To validate a componentspec called componentspec.xml, located in TOOLWRAPPER_SOURCE_DIR, in linux do (to install xmllint in Debian based machines do sudo apt-get install libxml2-utils):

$> cd $TOOLWRAPPER_SOURCE_DIR
$> xmllint --noout --schema toolwrapper-data/src/main/resources/component-1.1_draft.xsd componentspec.xml

How to generate a bash wrapper

And optionally a Component, i.e. Taverna workflow with semantic annotations

Files required:

  • toolspec (e.g. digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.xml)
  • changelog (e.g. digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.changelog)

Optional file:

  • componentspec (e.g. digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.component) Note: If no componentspec is provided, the ToolWrapper will still produce a Taverna workflow but without any semantic annotations regarding a Component.

Execute the following on the command-line ($TOOLWRAPPER_GITHUB_FOLDER denotes the path to the folder where the Scape ToolWrapper repository was cloned into):

Tip: If run without any argument, the generate.sh script will output an usage message explaining what arguments one can pass (and their meaning) and which of them are mandatory.

$> cd $TOOLWRAPPER_GITHUB_FOLDER
$> ./toolwrapper-bash-generator/bin/generate.sh -o output_dir -t \
  README_FILES/digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.xml -c \
  README_FILES/digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.component

One may find the produced artifacts under the directory output_dir. The bash will be located under output_dir/bash and the Taverna workflow under output_dir/workflow.

How to generate a Debian package

How to generate a Debian package from previously generated bash wrapper and Taverna workflow.

Execute the following on the command-line ($TOOLWRAPPER_GITHUB_FOLDER denotes the path to the folder where the Scape ToolWrapper repository was cloned into):

Tip: If run without any argument, the generate.sh script will output an usage message explaining what arguments one can pass (and their meaning) and which of them are mandatory.

$> cd $TOOLWRAPPER_GITHUB_FOLDER
$> ./toolwrapper-bash-debian-generator/bin/generate.sh -e EMAIL -t \
  README_FILES/digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.xml -ch \
  README_FILES/digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.changelog \
  -i output_dir -o output_dir

The produced Debian package may be found under the directory output_dir/debian.

How to upload a Component to the myExperiment website

How to upload a Component to the myExperiment website using previously generated Taverna workflow.

Tip: If run without any argument, the upload.sh script will output an usage message explaining what arguments one can pass (and their meaning) and which of them are mandatory.

$> cd $TOOLWRAPPER_GITHUB_FOLDER
$> ./toolwrapper-component-uploader/bin/upload.sh -u USERNAME -p PASSWORD \
-t README_FILES/digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.xml \
-c output_dir/workflow/digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.t2flow \
-i 579 -s README_FILES/digital-preservation-migration-image-imagemagick-image2txt.component

More information

Licence

SCAPE Toolwrapper is released under Apache version 2.0 license.

Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by the SCAPE project. The SCAPE project is co-funded by the European Union under FP7 ICT-2009.4.1 (Grant Agreement number 270137)

Contribute

  1. Fork the GitHub project
  2. Change the code and push into the forked project
  3. Submit a pull request

To increase the changes of you code being accepted and merged into the official source here's a checklist of things to go over before submitting a contribution. For example:

  • Has unit tests (that covers at least 80% of the code)
  • Has documentation (at least 80% of public API)
  • Agrees to contributor license agreement, certifying that any contributed code is original work and that the copyright is turned over to the project