README-windows - README for the official 32-bit and 64-bit Windows builds of OpenResty
Table of Contents
- Details About The Building Process
- Copyright & License
The official binary Win32 and Win64 distributions of OpenResty can be downloaded from the following web page:
To start the NGINX server of the nginx server of the Win32 binary distribution of OpenResty:
You can also specify the
-p PATH/ option to override the default server prefix, as in
cd /path/to/my/openresty/app/ start nginx -p $PWD
Then you can use the
tasklist command to check the nginx processes running in the background:
C:\> tasklist /fi "imagename eq nginx.exe" Image Name PID Session Name Session# Mem Usage ========================= ======== ================ =========== ============ nginx.exe 4616 Console 1 7,412 K nginx.exe 5836 Console 1 7,800 K
One of the two processes is the master process while the other is the worker.
If you are using the MSYS2 bash instead of the
cmd.exe console, then you should replace the
-fi in the command above instead.
You can quickly shut down the server like this:
nginx -s stop
or gracefully shut it down like this:
nginx -s quit
You can also forcibly kill the nginx processes via their PIDs with
taskkill, as in
C:\> taskkill /pid 5488 /F
where the PID (5488 in this example) can be found via the aforementioned
Again, you should use the form
-F for the options if you are in an MSYS2 bash
Similarly, you can use the
nginx -s reload command to reload nginx configurations without
stopping the server. And you can use
nginx -s reopen to instruct nginx to re-open
all the log files.
You can run the
resty script like this:
C:\> resty -e "ngx.say('Hello, OpenResty!')" Hello, OpenResty!
resty command-line utility requires a Perl interpreter installed in your
system and visible to your PATH environment. Any perl distributions should
work, including StrawberryPerl, ActivePerl, and MSYS2 perl.
Debug symbosl are enabled even in release builds. So that when things go very wrong, one can still debug things with tools like MSYS2 GDB.
Inclusion of debug symbols make the binary files (
.dll files) much larger,
but it generally will not load into memory during normal execution on a modern operating
The Win32/Win64 port of the NGINX core supports the good old
select IO multiplexing mechanism
The I/O Completion Ports (IOCP) feature is not supported (yet). So do not use this build
for production environments with very high concurrency levels.
This Win32/Win64 build of OpenResty is mainly for developers who want to develop their applications in native Windows environment (though they eventually push the finished work onto a Linux or *BSD box, most of the time).
- Add support for more than one NGINX worker processes.
- Add support for concurrent connections more than 1024.
- Switch to the Microsoft Visual Studio compiler toolchain for better performance and easier binary package redistribution.
- Bundle StrawberryPerl to make command-line utilities like
restywork out of the box (without manually installing a Perl).
- Deliver an alternative Win32/Win64 binary package built with best debuggin capabilities (like enabling NGINX debugging logs, disabling C compiler optimizations, and enabling all the assertions and checks).
Details About The Building Process
Usually you do not need to worry about how the Win32/Win64 binaries were built on the maintainers'' side. But if you do, please read on.
The Win32/Win64 build of OpenResty is currently built via the MSYS2/MinGW toolchain, including MinGW gcc 7.2.3, MSYS2 perl 5.24.4, MSYS2 bash, MSYS2 make, and etc. Basically, it is currently built via the following commands:
PCRE=pcre-8.42 ZLIB=zlib-1.2.11 OPENSSL=openssl-1.1.0h mkdir -p objs/lib || exit 1 cd objs/lib || exit 1 ls ../../.. tar -xf ../../../$OPENSSL.tar.gz || exit 1 tar -xf ../../../$ZLIB.tar.gz || exit 1 tar -xf ../../../$PCRE.tar.gz || exit 1 cd ../.. cd objs/lib/$OPENSSL || exit 1 patch -p1 < ../../../patches/openssl-1.1.0d-sess_set_get_cb_yield.patch || exit 1 cd ../../.. ./configure \ --with-cc=gcc \ --with-ipv6 \ --prefix= \ --with-cc-opt='-DFD_SETSIZE=1024' \ --sbin-path=nginx.exe \ --with-pcre-jit \ --without-http_rds_json_module \ --without-http_rds_csv_module \ --without-lua_rds_parser \ --with-ipv6 \ --with-stream \ --with-stream_ssl_module \ --with-stream_ssl_preread_module \ --with-http_v2_module \ --without-mail_pop3_module \ --without-mail_imap_module \ --without-mail_smtp_module \ --with-http_stub_status_module \ --with-http_realip_module \ --with-http_addition_module \ --with-http_auth_request_module \ --with-http_secure_link_module \ --with-http_random_index_module \ --with-http_gzip_static_module \ --with-http_sub_module \ --with-http_dav_module \ --with-http_flv_module \ --with-http_mp4_module \ --with-http_gunzip_module \ --with-select_module \ --with-luajit-xcflags="-DLUAJIT_NUMMODE=2 -DLUAJIT_ENABLE_LUA52COMPAT" \ --with-pcre=objs/lib/$PCRE \ --with-zlib=objs/lib/$ZLIB \ --with-openssl=objs/lib/$OPENSSL \ -j9 || exit 1 make -j9 make install
where the dependency library source tarballs for OpenSSL, Zlib, and PCRE are downloaded from their official sites, respectively.
We automate these commands in a dedicated shell script named build-win32.sh.
Furthermore, we automate the packaging process of the resulting binaries and supporting files with this package-win32.sh script.
Usually you can just download and use the binary distribution of OpenResty without installing the build toolchain.
Yichun "agentzh" Zhang firstname.lastname@example.org, OpenResty Inc.
Copyright & License
This module is licensed under the BSD license.
Copyright (C) 2015-2019, by Yichun "agentzh" Zhang (章亦春) email@example.com, OpenResty Inc.
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.