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Tornado on OpenShift

Tornado is an open source version of the scalable, non-blocking web server and tools that power FriendFeed.

This article describes how to deploy a Tornado web application on OpenShift. It has been updated to leverage the DIY cartridge introduced in late March. We will deploy Tornado in a custom tailored virtualenv.

To create our new app on OpenShift:

rhc app create -a hellotornado -t diy-0.1
cd hellotornado

Now let's create the virtualenv (and don't forget to run this step on a python2.6 system, as that is the version of python hosted on OpenShift):

virtualenv --no-site-packages misc/virtenv

Activate your virtualenv and install the needed modules:

source misc/virtenv/bin/activate
pip install tornado
pip install pycurl

Now create your diy/hellotornado.py file:

#!/usr/bin/env python
import os

here = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
os.environ['PYTHON_EGG_CACHE'] = os.path.join(here, '..', 'misc/virtenv/lib/python2.6/site-packages')
virtualenv = os.path.join(here, '..', 'misc/virtenv/bin/activate_this.py')
execfile(virtualenv, dict(__file__=virtualenv))

import tornado.ioloop
import tornado.web

class MainHandler(tornado.web.RequestHandler):
    def get(self):
        self.write("Hello, world")

application = tornado.web.Application([
    (r"/", MainHandler),
])

if __name__ == "__main__":
    address = os.environ['OPENSHIFT_INTERNAL_IP']
    application.listen(8080, address=address)
    tornado.ioloop.IOLoop.instance().start()

Make sure your binary file is executable:

chmod a+x diy/hellotornado.py

Delete the diy/index.html file or you'll always get only the standard welcome page after pushing the code:

rm diy/index.html

Create the start/stop scripts (these are examples to start with):

$ more .openshift/action_hooks/start 
#!/bin/bash
# The logic to start up your application should be put in this
# script. The application will work only if it binds to
# $OPENSHIFT_INTERNAL_IP:8080
nohup ${OPENSHIFT_REPO_DIR}/diy/hellotornado.py > ${OPENSHIFT_LOG_DIR}/hellotornado.log 2>&1 &
$ more .openshift/action_hooks/stop 
#!/bin/bash
# The logic to stop your application should be put in this script.
kill `ps -ef | grep hellotornado | grep -v grep | awk '{ print $2 }'` > /dev/null 2>&1
exit 0

Finally, commit and push your project:

git add .
git commit -a -m "Initial commit"
git push

Go at http://hellotornado-$YOURDOMAIN.rhcloud.com and enjoy!

To run and test you application locally before committing, just source the virtualenv activate file and start with the custom made start/stop scripts.

Have fun!

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