Thank you for contributing to OpenShift Ansible. This document explains how the repository is organized, and how to submit contributions.
Table of Contents
- Submitting contributions
- Running tests and other verification tasks
Before submitting code changes, get familiarized with these documents:
Please consider opening an issue or discussing on an existing one if you are planning to work on something larger, to make sure your time investment is something that can be merged to the repository.
- Fork this repository and create a work branch in your fork.
- Go through the documents mentioned in the introduction.
- Make changes and commit. You may want to review your changes and run tests before pushing your branch.
- Open a Pull Request. Give it a meaningful title explaining the changes you are proposing, and then add further details in the description.
One of the repository maintainers will then review the PR and trigger tests, and possibly start a discussion that goes on until the PR is ready to be merged. This process is further explained in the Pull Request process document.
If you get no timely feedback from a project contributor / maintainer, sorry for the delay. You can help us speed up triaging, reviewing and eventually merging contributions by requesting a review or tagging in a comment someone who has worked on the files you're proposing changes to.
Note: during the review process, you may add new commits to address review comments or change existing commits. However, before getting your PR merged, please squash commits to a minimum set of meaningful commits.
If you've broken your work up into a set of sequential changes and each commit pass the tests on their own then that's fine. If you've got commits fixing typos or other problems introduced by previous commits in the same PR, then those should be squashed before merging.
If you are new to Git, these links might help:
Running tests and other verification tasks
tox, one can use
detox for running verification tasks in
parallel. Note that while
detox may be useful in development to make use of
multiple cores, it can be buggy at times and produce flakes, thus we do not use
it in our CI jobs.
pip install tox
To run all tests and verification tasks:
Note: before running
detox, ensure that the only virtualenvs
within the repository root are the ones managed by
tox, those in a
Use this command to list paths that are likely part of a virtualenv not managed
$ find . -path '*/bin/python' | grep -vF .tox
The reason for this recommendation is that extraneous virtualenvs cause tools
pylint to take a very long time going through files that are part of
the virtualenv, and test discovery to go through lots of irrelevant files and
Running only specific tasks
The tox configuration describes environments based on either Python 2 or Python 3. Each environment is associated with a command that is executed in the context of a virtualenv, with a specific version of Python, installed dependencies, environment variables and so on. To list the environments available:
To run the command of a particular environment, e.g.,
flake8 on Python 2.7:
tox -e py27-flake8
To run the command of a particular environment in a clean virtualenv, e.g.,
pylint on Python 3.5:
tox -re py35-pylint
-r flag recreates existing environments, useful to force dependencies to
Here are some useful tips that might improve your workflow while working on this repository.
Activating a virtualenv managed by tox
If you want to enter a virtualenv created by tox to do additional debugging, you can activate it just like any other virtualenv (py27-flake8 environment in this example):
Limiting the unit tests that are run
During development, it might be useful to constantly run just a single test file
or test method, or to pass custom arguments to
tox -e py27-unit -- path/to/test/file.py
-- is passed directly to
pytest. To learn more about what
other flags you can use, try:
tox -e py27-unit -- -h
As a practical example, the snippet below shows how to list all tests in a certain file, and then execute only one test of interest:
$ tox -e py27-unit -- roles/lib_openshift/src/test/unit/test_oc_project.py --collect-only --no-cov ... collected 1 items <Module 'roles/lib_openshift/src/test/unit/test_oc_project.py'> <UnitTestCase 'OCProjectTest'> <TestCaseFunction 'test_adding_a_project'> ... $ tox -e py27-unit -- roles/lib_openshift/src/test/unit/test_oc_project.py -k test_adding_a_project
Among other things, this can be used for instance to see the coverage levels of individual modules as we work on improving tests.
Finding unused Python code
If you are contributing with Python code, you can use the tool
vulture to verify that you are not
introducing unused code by accident.
This tool is not used in an automated form in CI nor otherwise because it may produce both false positives and false negatives. Still, it can be helpful to detect dead code that escapes our eyes.