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OpenShift, Kubernetes and Docker: Performance, Scalability and Capacity Planning Research by Red Hat

OpenShift v3 Scaling, Performance and Capacity Planning Whitepaper

This repository details the approach, process and procedures used by engineering teams at Red Hat to analyze and improve the performance and scalability of integrated platform and infrastructure stacks. It shares results, best practices and reference architectures for the Kubernetes and docker-based OpenShift v3 Platform-as-a-Service, as well as the Red Hat Atomic technologies.

Unsurprisingly, performance analysis and tuning in the container and container-orchestration space has tremendous overlap with previous generation approaches to distributed computing. Performance still boils down to identifying and resolving bottlenecks, data- and compute-locality, and applying best-practices to software scale-out design hard-won over decades of grid- and high-performance computing research.

Further tests quantify application performance when running in a container hosted by OpenShift, as well as measure reliability over time, searching for things like memory leaks.


While the tests in this repository are used by the Red Hat team to measure performance, these are not supported in any OpenShift environments, and Red Hat support services cannot provide assistance with any problems.

How this repository is organized:

The hierarchy of this repository is as follows:

├── application_performance:  JMeter-based performance testing of applications hosted on OpenShift.
├── applications_scalability:  Performance and scalability testing of the OpenShift web UI.
├── conformance: Wrappers to run a subset of e2e/conformance tests in an SVT environment (work in progress)
├── image_provisioner:  Ansible playbooks for building AMI and qcow2 images with OpenShift rpms and Docker images baked in.
├── networking: Performance tests for the OpenShift SDN and kube-proxy.
├── openshift_performance:  Performance tests for container build parallelism, projects and persistent storage (EBS, Ceph, Gluster and NFS)
├── openshift_scalability: Home of the infamous "cluster-loader", details in openshift_scalability/
└── reliability: Run tests over long periods of time (weeks), cycle object quantity up and down.

Dockerfiles and Dependencies

Certain tests use the Quickstarts from the openshift/origin repository. Ensure that they are available in your openshift project environment before using any of the tests:

Ensure also that the requisite image streams are available in your openshift project environment:

Also, for disconnected installations, the following Dockerfiles should be located somewhere in the target installation machines:


Feedback and Issues

Feedback, issues and pull requests will be happily accepted. Feel free to submit any pull requests or issues.