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/*
* Copyright (c) 2012 Will Drewry <wad@dataspill.org>
*
* Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
* purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
* copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
* WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
* MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
* ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
* WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
* ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
* OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
*/
/*
* Uncomment the SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG macro below to help diagnose
* filter breakage during development. *Do not* use this in production,
* as it relies on making library calls that are unsafe in signal context.
*
* Instead, live systems the auditctl(8) may be used to monitor failures.
* E.g.
* auditctl -a task,always -F uid=<privsep uid>
*/
/* #define SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG 1 */
/* XXX it should be possible to do logging via the log socket safely */
#ifdef SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG
/* Use the kernel headers in case of an older toolchain. */
# include <asm/siginfo.h>
# define __have_siginfo_t 1
# define __have_sigval_t 1
# define __have_sigevent_t 1
#endif /* SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG */
#include "includes.h"
#ifdef SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/filter.h>
#include <linux/seccomp.h>
#include <elf.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stddef.h> /* for offsetof */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "log.h"
#include "ssh-sandbox.h"
#include "xmalloc.h"
/* Linux seccomp_filter sandbox */
#define SECCOMP_FILTER_FAIL SECCOMP_RET_KILL
/* Use a signal handler to emit violations when debugging */
#ifdef SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG
# undef SECCOMP_FILTER_FAIL
# define SECCOMP_FILTER_FAIL SECCOMP_RET_TRAP
#endif /* SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG */
/* Simple helpers to avoid manual errors (but larger BPF programs). */
#define SC_DENY(_nr, _errno) \
BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP+BPF_JEQ+BPF_K, __NR_ ## _nr, 0, 1), \
BPF_STMT(BPF_RET+BPF_K, SECCOMP_RET_ERRNO|(_errno))
#define SC_ALLOW(_nr) \
BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP+BPF_JEQ+BPF_K, __NR_ ## _nr, 0, 1), \
BPF_STMT(BPF_RET+BPF_K, SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW)
#define SC_ALLOW_ARG(_nr, _arg_nr, _arg_val) \
BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP+BPF_JEQ+BPF_K, __NR_ ## _nr, 0, 4), \
/* load first syscall argument */ \
BPF_STMT(BPF_LD+BPF_W+BPF_ABS, \
offsetof(struct seccomp_data, args[(_arg_nr)])), \
BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP+BPF_JEQ+BPF_K, (_arg_val), 0, 1), \
BPF_STMT(BPF_RET+BPF_K, SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW), \
/* reload syscall number; all rules expect it in accumulator */ \
BPF_STMT(BPF_LD+BPF_W+BPF_ABS, \
offsetof(struct seccomp_data, nr))
/* Syscall filtering set for preauth. */
static const struct sock_filter preauth_insns[] = {
/* Ensure the syscall arch convention is as expected. */
BPF_STMT(BPF_LD+BPF_W+BPF_ABS,
offsetof(struct seccomp_data, arch)),
BPF_JUMP(BPF_JMP+BPF_JEQ+BPF_K, SECCOMP_AUDIT_ARCH, 1, 0),
BPF_STMT(BPF_RET+BPF_K, SECCOMP_FILTER_FAIL),
/* Load the syscall number for checking. */
BPF_STMT(BPF_LD+BPF_W+BPF_ABS,
offsetof(struct seccomp_data, nr)),
/* Syscalls to non-fatally deny */
#ifdef __NR_lstat
SC_DENY(lstat, EACCES),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_lstat64
SC_DENY(lstat64, EACCES),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_fstat
SC_DENY(fstat, EACCES),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_fstat64
SC_DENY(fstat64, EACCES),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_open
SC_DENY(open, EACCES),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_openat
SC_DENY(openat, EACCES),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_newfstatat
SC_DENY(newfstatat, EACCES),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_stat
SC_DENY(stat, EACCES),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_stat64
SC_DENY(stat64, EACCES),
#endif
/* Syscalls to permit */
#ifdef __NR_brk
SC_ALLOW(brk),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_clock_gettime
SC_ALLOW(clock_gettime),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_close
SC_ALLOW(close),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_exit
SC_ALLOW(exit),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_exit_group
SC_ALLOW(exit_group),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_getpgid
SC_ALLOW(getpgid),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_getpid
SC_ALLOW(getpid),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_getrandom
SC_ALLOW(getrandom),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_gettimeofday
SC_ALLOW(gettimeofday),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_madvise
SC_ALLOW(madvise),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_mmap
SC_ALLOW(mmap),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_mmap2
SC_ALLOW(mmap2),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_mremap
SC_ALLOW(mremap),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_munmap
SC_ALLOW(munmap),
#endif
#ifdef __NR__newselect
SC_ALLOW(_newselect),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_poll
SC_ALLOW(poll),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_pselect6
SC_ALLOW(pselect6),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_read
SC_ALLOW(read),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_rt_sigprocmask
SC_ALLOW(rt_sigprocmask),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_select
SC_ALLOW(select),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_shutdown
SC_ALLOW(shutdown),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_sigprocmask
SC_ALLOW(sigprocmask),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_time
SC_ALLOW(time),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_write
SC_ALLOW(write),
#endif
#ifdef __NR_socketcall
SC_ALLOW_ARG(socketcall, 0, SYS_SHUTDOWN),
#endif
/* Default deny */
BPF_STMT(BPF_RET+BPF_K, SECCOMP_FILTER_FAIL),
};
static const struct sock_fprog preauth_program = {
.len = (unsigned short)(sizeof(preauth_insns)/sizeof(preauth_insns[0])),
.filter = (struct sock_filter *)preauth_insns,
};
struct ssh_sandbox {
pid_t child_pid;
};
struct ssh_sandbox *
ssh_sandbox_init(struct monitor *monitor)
{
struct ssh_sandbox *box;
/*
* Strictly, we don't need to maintain any state here but we need
* to return non-NULL to satisfy the API.
*/
debug3("%s: preparing seccomp filter sandbox", __func__);
box = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*box));
box->child_pid = 0;
return box;
}
#ifdef SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG
extern struct monitor *pmonitor;
void mm_log_handler(LogLevel level, const char *msg, void *ctx);
static void
ssh_sandbox_violation(int signum, siginfo_t *info, void *void_context)
{
char msg[256];
snprintf(msg, sizeof(msg),
"%s: unexpected system call (arch:0x%x,syscall:%d @ %p)",
__func__, info->si_arch, info->si_syscall, info->si_call_addr);
mm_log_handler(SYSLOG_LEVEL_FATAL, msg, pmonitor);
_exit(1);
}
static void
ssh_sandbox_child_debugging(void)
{
struct sigaction act;
sigset_t mask;
debug3("%s: installing SIGSYS handler", __func__);
memset(&act, 0, sizeof(act));
sigemptyset(&mask);
sigaddset(&mask, SIGSYS);
act.sa_sigaction = &ssh_sandbox_violation;
act.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
if (sigaction(SIGSYS, &act, NULL) == -1)
fatal("%s: sigaction(SIGSYS): %s", __func__, strerror(errno));
if (sigprocmask(SIG_UNBLOCK, &mask, NULL) == -1)
fatal("%s: sigprocmask(SIGSYS): %s",
__func__, strerror(errno));
}
#endif /* SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG */
void
ssh_sandbox_child(struct ssh_sandbox *box)
{
struct rlimit rl_zero;
int nnp_failed = 0;
/* Set rlimits for completeness if possible. */
rl_zero.rlim_cur = rl_zero.rlim_max = 0;
if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_FSIZE, &rl_zero) == -1)
fatal("%s: setrlimit(RLIMIT_FSIZE, { 0, 0 }): %s",
__func__, strerror(errno));
if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &rl_zero) == -1)
fatal("%s: setrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, { 0, 0 }): %s",
__func__, strerror(errno));
if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC, &rl_zero) == -1)
fatal("%s: setrlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC, { 0, 0 }): %s",
__func__, strerror(errno));
#ifdef SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG
ssh_sandbox_child_debugging();
#endif /* SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER_DEBUG */
debug3("%s: setting PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS", __func__);
if (prctl(PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS, 1, 0, 0, 0) == -1) {
debug("%s: prctl(PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS): %s",
__func__, strerror(errno));
nnp_failed = 1;
}
debug3("%s: attaching seccomp filter program", __func__);
if (prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP, SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER, &preauth_program) == -1)
debug("%s: prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP): %s",
__func__, strerror(errno));
else if (nnp_failed)
fatal("%s: SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER activated but "
"PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS failed", __func__);
}
void
ssh_sandbox_parent_finish(struct ssh_sandbox *box)
{
free(box);
debug3("%s: finished", __func__);
}
void
ssh_sandbox_parent_preauth(struct ssh_sandbox *box, pid_t child_pid)
{
box->child_pid = child_pid;
}
#endif /* SANDBOX_SECCOMP_FILTER */