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oneiric powered development environment for openstack

branch: master
Octocat-spinner-32 driver_certs always passes driver March 31, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 exercises Merge "Update client-env to use openstackclient commands" April 10, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 extras.d Set parameters for OpenDaylight ML2 driver April 08, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 files Merge "Avoid pm-is-supported spam in logs" April 14, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 lib Merge "Do not modify rsyslog files if rsyslog is not used." April 17, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 samples Update samples January 25, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 tests Enforce function declaration format in bash8 February 28, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 tools Merge "Edit docs to include url" April 04, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore Add*.qcow2 to .gitignore January 23, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitreview Add .gitreview config file for gerrit. November 16, 2011
Octocat-spinner-32 .mailmap Update my mailmap June 05, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 AUTHORS Add myself to AUTHORS and add my email addresses to .mailmap May 25, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 HACKING.rst Fix typos in HACKING.rst April 13, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 LICENSE Add Apache 2 LICENSE file April 18, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 Merge "Clarify deprecation of EXTRA_xxx_OPTS" March 15, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 bring back oslo_clean April 02, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 eucarc Move from keystoneclient to openstackclient in eucarc March 13, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 Formatting cleanups, doc updates and whatnot April 09, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 exerciserc Fix spelling mistakes June 30, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 functions XenAPI: Cirros images must always boot as PV. March 19, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 functions-common don't use pip -e install for libraries April 01, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 openrc Rename Openstack to OpenStack February 12, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 make keep the same service tags July 17, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 Fix run_tests to not mask bash8 errors March 21, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 Prevent the use of 'swift' in ENABLED_SERVICES April 13, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 stackrc Prevent the use of 'swift' in ENABLED_SERVICES April 13, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 Remove bm_poseur, unmaintained and obsolete February 28, 2014

DevStack is a set of scripts and utilities to quickly deploy an OpenStack cloud.


  • To quickly build dev OpenStack environments in a clean Ubuntu or Fedora environment
  • To describe working configurations of OpenStack (which code branches work together? what do config files look like for those branches?)
  • To make it easier for developers to dive into OpenStack so that they can productively contribute without having to understand every part of the system at once
  • To make it easy to prototype cross-project features
  • To provide an environment for the OpenStack CI testing on every commit to the projects


IMPORTANT: Be sure to carefully read and any other scripts you execute before you run them, as they install software and will alter your networking configuration. We strongly recommend that you run in a clean and disposable vm when you are first getting started.


The DevStack master branch generally points to trunk versions of OpenStack components. For older, stable versions, look for branches named stable/[release] in the DevStack repo. For example, you can do the following to create a grizzly OpenStack cloud:

git checkout stable/grizzly

You can also pick specific OpenStack project releases by setting the appropriate *_BRANCH variables in the localrc section of local.conf (look in stackrc for the default set). Usually just before a release there will be milestone-proposed branches that need to be tested::


Start A Dev Cloud

Installing in a dedicated disposable VM is safer than installing on your dev machine! Plus you can pick one of the supported Linux distros for your VM. To start a dev cloud run the following NOT AS ROOT (see DevStack Execution Environment below for more on user accounts):


When the script finishes executing, you should be able to access OpenStack endpoints, like so:

  • Horizon: http://myhost/
  • Keystone: http://myhost:5000/v2.0/

We also provide an environment file that you can use to interact with your cloud via CLI:

# source openrc file to load your environment with OpenStack CLI creds
. openrc
# list instances
nova list

If the EC2 API is your cup-o-tea, you can create credentials and use euca2ools:

# source eucarc to generate EC2 credentials and set up the environment
. eucarc
# list instances using ec2 api

DevStack Execution Environment

DevStack runs rampant over the system it runs on, installing things and uninstalling other things. Running this on a system you care about is a recipe for disappointment, or worse. Alas, we're all in the virtualization business here, so run it in a VM. And take advantage of the snapshot capabilities of your hypervisor of choice to reduce testing cycle times. You might even save enough time to write one more feature before the next feature freeze... needs to have root access for a lot of tasks, but uses sudo for all of those tasks. However, it needs to be not-root for most of its work and for all of the OpenStack services. specifically does not run if started as root.

This is a recent change (Oct 2013) from the previous behaviour of automatically creating a stack user. Automatically creating user accounts is not the right response to running as root, so that bit is now an explicit step using tools/ Run that (as root!) or just check it out to see what DevStack's expectations are for the account it runs under. Many people simply use their usual login (the default 'ubuntu' login on a UEC image for example).


You can override environment variables used in by creating file name local.conf with a localrc section as shown below. It is likely that you will need to do this to tweak your networking configuration should you need to access your cloud from a different host.


See the Local Configuration section below for more details.

Database Backend

Multiple database backends are available. The available databases are defined in the lib/databases directory. mysql is the default database, choose a different one by putting the following in the localrc section:

disable_service mysql
enable_service postgresql

mysql is the default database.

RPC Backend

Multiple RPC backends are available. Currently, this includes RabbitMQ (default), Qpid, and ZeroMQ. Your backend of choice may be selected via the localrc section.

Note that selecting more than one RPC backend will result in a failure.

Example (ZeroMQ):


Example (Qpid):


Apache Frontend

Apache web server is enabled for wsgi services by setting APACHE_ENABLED_SERVICES in your localrc section. Remember to enable these services at first as above.



Swift is disabled by default. When enabled, it is configured with only one replica to avoid being IO/memory intensive on a small vm. When running with only one replica the account, container and object services will run directly in screen. The others services like replicator, updaters or auditor runs in background.

If you would like to enable Swift you can add this to your localrc section:

enable_service s-proxy s-object s-container s-account

If you want a minimal Swift install with only Swift and Keystone you can have this instead in your localrc section:

enable_service key mysql s-proxy s-object s-container s-account

If you only want to do some testing of a real normal swift cluster with multiple replicas you can do so by customizing the variable SWIFT_REPLICAS in your localrc section (usually to 3).

Swift S3

If you are enabling swift3 in ENABLED_SERVICES DevStack will install the swift3 middleware emulation. Swift will be configured to act as a S3 endpoint for Keystone so effectively replacing the nova-objectstore.

Only Swift proxy server is launched in the screen session all other services are started in background and managed by swift-init tool.


Basic Setup

In order to enable Neutron a single node setup, you'll need the following settings in your local.conf:

disable_service n-net
enable_service q-svc
enable_service q-agt
enable_service q-dhcp
enable_service q-l3
enable_service q-meta
enable_service q-metering
# Optional, to enable tempest configuration as part of DevStack
enable_service tempest

Then run as normal.

DevStack supports setting specific Neutron configuration flags to the service, Open vSwitch plugin and LinuxBridge plugin configuration files. To make use of this feature, the settings can be added to local.conf. The old Q_XXX_EXTRA_XXX_OPTS variables are deprecated and will be removed in the near future. The local.conf headers for the replacements are:


    [[post-config|/$Q_PLUGIN_CONF_FILE]] [linuxbridge] # or [ovs]


    [[post-config|/$Q_PLUGIN_CONF_FILE]] [agent]


    [[post-config|/$Q_PLUGIN_CONF_FILE]] [linuxbridge] # or [ovs]


    [[post-config|$NEUTRON_CONF]] [DEFAULT]

Example extra config in local.conf:



DevStack also supports configuring the Neutron ML2 plugin. The ML2 plugin can run with the OVS, LinuxBridge, or Hyper-V agents on compute hosts. This is a simple way to configure the ml2 plugin:

# VLAN configuration

# GRE tunnel configuration

# VXLAN tunnel configuration

The above will default in DevStack to using the OVS on each compute host. To change this, set the Q_AGENT variable to the agent you want to run (e.g. linuxbridge).

Variable Name                    Notes
Q_AGENT                          This specifies which agent to run with the ML2 Plugin (either `openvswitch` or `linuxbridge`).
Q_ML2_PLUGIN_MECHANISM_DRIVERS   The ML2 MechanismDrivers to load. The default is none. Note, ML2 will work with the OVS and LinuxBridge agents by default.
Q_ML2_PLUGIN_TYPE_DRIVERS        The ML2 TypeDrivers to load. Defaults to all available TypeDrivers.
Q_ML2_PLUGIN_GRE_TYPE_OPTIONS    GRE TypeDriver options. Defaults to none.
Q_ML2_PLUGIN_VXLAN_TYPE_OPTIONS  VXLAN TypeDriver options. Defaults to none.
Q_ML2_PLUGIN_VLAN_TYPE_OPTIONS   VLAN TypeDriver options. Defaults to none.


Heat is disabled by default. To enable it you'll need the following settings in your localrc section:

enable_service heat h-api h-api-cfn h-api-cw h-eng

Heat can also run in standalone mode, and be configured to orchestrate on an external OpenStack cloud. To launch only Heat in standalone mode you'll need the following settings in your localrc section:

enable_service rabbit mysql heat h-api h-api-cfn h-api-cw h-eng


If tempest has been successfully configured, a basic set of smoke tests can be run as follows:

$ cd /opt/stack/tempest
$ nosetests tempest/scenario/

DevStack on Xenserver

If you would like to use Xenserver as the hypervisor, please refer to the instructions in ./tools/xen/

Additional Projects

DevStack has a hook mechanism to call out to a dispatch script at specific points in the execution of, and This allows upper-layer projects, especially those that the lower layer projects have no dependency on, to be added to DevStack without modifying the core scripts. Tempest is built this way as an example of how to structure the dispatch script, see extras.d/ See extras.d/ for more information.

Multi-Node Setup

A more interesting setup involves running multiple compute nodes, with Neutron networks connecting VMs on different compute nodes. You should run at least one "controller node", which should have a stackrc that includes at least:

disable_service n-net
enable_service q-svc
enable_service q-agt
enable_service q-dhcp
enable_service q-l3
enable_service q-meta
enable_service neutron

You likely want to change your localrc section to run a scheduler that will balance VMs across hosts:


You can then run many compute nodes, each of which should have a stackrc which includes the following, with the IP address of the above controller node:

SERVICE_HOST=[IP of controller node]


Cells is a new scaling option with a full spec at

To setup a cells environment add the following to your localrc section:

enable_service n-cell

Be aware that there are some features currently missing in cells, one notable one being security groups. The exercises have been patched to disable functionality not supported by cells.

Local Configuration

Historically DevStack has used localrc to contain all local configuration and customizations. More and more of the configuration variables available for DevStack are passed-through to the individual project configuration files. The old mechanism for this required specific code for each file and did not scale well. This is handled now by a master local configuration file.


The new config file local.conf is an extended-INI format that introduces a new meta-section header that provides some additional information such as a phase name and destination config filename:

[[ <phase> | <config-file-name> ]]

where <phase> is one of a set of phase names defined by and <config-file-name> is the configuration filename. The filename is eval'ed in the context so all environment variables are available and may be used. Using the project config file variables in the header is strongly suggested (see the NOVA_CONF example below). If the path of the config file does not exist it is skipped.

The defined phases are:

  • local - extracts localrc from local.conf before stackrc is sourced
  • post-config - runs after the layer 2 services are configured and before they are started
  • extra - runs after services are started and before any files in extra.d are executed
  • post-extra - runs after files in extra.d are executed

The file is processed strictly in sequence; meta-sections may be specified more than once but if any settings are duplicated the last to appear in the file will be used.

use_syslog = True

enabled = False

A specific meta-section local|localrc is used to provide a default localrc file (actually This allows all custom settings for DevStack to be contained in a single file. If localrc exists it will be used instead to preserve backward-compatibility.


Note that Q_PLUGIN_CONF_FILE is unique in that it is assumed to NOT start with a / (slash) character. A slash will need to be added:

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